Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Still alive!

You have probably noticed the lack of On This Day history posts (if you haven't then you haven't been paying attention!).
Apologies but mental health issues have taken front row in our life, and I've been holding the Feral family together with string and band-aids.
I hear duct tape is better but for some reason the offspring won't let me wrap him in it...!
I hope to get back to the history blatherings as soon as I get a minute to scratch myself (no lice or fleas will be harmed in the aforesaid scratching) and I hope more people are able to get the mental health assistance they require.
Cos we all know how utterly broken the mental health system is.
Please remember - if it was a physical injury everyone would openly talk about it and understand, yet mental health is still just as debilitating but is not openly discussed or understood, with the damned stigma of shame still attached.
It's 2018, not 1918.
Let's lose the damned stigma!

Tuesday, July 3, 2018

July 3 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1788 - Gov Arthur Phillip penned a note, (not with a thumbnail dipped in tar but who are we to judge?)  to the Marquis of Lansdowne...
"...a late excursion seen Smoke; which, with my having traced the Natives thirty miles towards these Hills, leaves no doubt but that there are Inhabitants in the interiour parts of the Country..."

1789 - Governor Phillip, accompanied by Captains Hunter, Collins and George Johnston and Surgeon White went for a Sunday punt on the water when they rowed approximately 12kms up the Colo from the Hawkesbury and stopped at the sand bank just east of the present day bridge on the Putty road.

1797 – Following Aboriginal attacks on farms in the Hawkesbury region, Hunter dispatched a party of soldiers from the New South Wales Corps to protect settlers.

1807 - Joseph Eades was hanged at Sydney for robbing a cart of alcohol and clothing items.

1807  - John Higgins. Hanged at Sydney for robbing a cart of alcohol and clothing items.

1807 - William Morgan was hanged at Sydney for robbing a cart of alcohol and clothing items.

1807 - Robert Murray was hanged at Sydney for sheep stealing from the property of James Larratts.

1807 - Benjamin Yeates was hanged at Sydney for sheep stealing from the property of James Larratts.

1826 - William Cusack was hanged at Sydney for burglary at Campbelltown.

1826 - John Hossle was hanged at Sydney for burglary of John Blackman at Bathurst.

1827 - John Cruitt Hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing.

1827 - Henry Oakley Hanged at Hobart for burglary from Mr Brodie on the Clyde.

1827 - Thomas Bidwell Child Hanged at Hobart for forgery.

1827 - John Wright  Hanged at Hobart for robbery at Old Beach.

1827 - John Clayton Hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing.

1827 - George Dunning Hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing.

1827 - William Longhurst  Hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing.

1827 -Daniel McPherson Hanged at Hobart  "stealing in a dwelling house at noon-day".

1827 - Martin Higgins Hanged at Hobart for "stealing in a dwelling house at noon-day".

1841 - Mullan was hanged at the Windmill, Wickham Terrace, Brisbane, for the murder of surveyor Granville Chetwynd Stapylton at Mount Lindsay.

1841 - Ningavil was hanged at the Windmill, Wickham Terrace, Brisbane, for the murder of surveyor Granville Chetwynd Stapylton at Mount Lindsay.

1850 - Thank god for sod turning to break up the hangings!
The first sod of the railway from Sydney to Parramatta was turned by Mrs Keith Stewart (daughter of the Governor) at Cleveland Paddocks (an area between the southern end of the current Sydney station and Cleveland Street).

1854 - The Foundation Stone of Melbourne University was laid by Governor Sir Charles Hotham.

1866 - The good peeps of Brisvegas were a splishin and a splashin when their water supply from Enoggera Creek reservoir was turned on.

1872 - The first child born to English settlers in Sullivan Bay (now Sorrento) Victoria, William Thorne, went off into the sunset at the grand old age of 68.

1876 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened all over the shop.

1879 - The NSW Government rescinded its resolution to abolish road and ferry tolls.
Ahhh, one of those non-core promise thingies.

1891 - The foundation stone for the magnificent bluestone tower at St Peter's Anglican Church (Ballarat) was laid.

1905 - The Walgett Railway Branch Line (NSW) was opened from Burren - Cryon.

1915 - On this day a medical report from the 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station at ANZAC Cove stated -
"Dysentery is becoming very acute, and cases of extreme collapse are occurring."

1916 - The Temora - Roto Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Barellan - Griffith.

1931 - And the delightfully titled Chemical Warfare Board (established in 1924) was recycled, rebranded and relaunched today as the Chemical Defence Board.

1939 - Ready mixed concrete became available for the first time in Australia with the commencement of trading by the Readymix Concrete Company in Sydney.
Builders and underworld folk were simply delighted.

1947 - Sweeties galore! Sugar rationing ended in Oz and the dentists rubbed their hands with glee!

1957 - The CSIRO took part in the International Geophysical Year activities.

1966 - Shortly before leaving for London, The Easybeats recorded their legendary Coca Cola Special at the Channel 7 studios in Sydney.

1966 - Australian racing driver Jack Brabham won the French Grand Prix in a car of his own design.

1969 - Dr Thomas Mautner (Australian National University (ANU) Philosophy Dept) and solicitor Michael Landale decided to set up a homosexual law reform group after the conviction and gaoling of a Canberra man. Lex Watson joined the group.

1970 - The real reason why enlistment numbers have dropped in the Royal Navy has, curiously, not yet been traced back to the banishment of the daily ration of rum that was savagely done to death on this day. *hic*

1971 - Police attacked demonstrators at Melbourne's Olympic Park when 3000 people protested against the Springbok Rugby tour.

1972 - The acclaimed David Williamson play, Don's Party, opened in Sydney at the Jane Street Theatre.

1973 - The new Supporting Mother's Benefit came into being.

1977 - The Labor Party’s Tassie State Council supported homosexual law reform.

1978 - The Daylesford Railway Branch Line (Vic) was ceased and desisted from Carlshrue to Trentham, and from Trentham to Daylesford.

1981 - The Sydney Star Observer ran the first article in Australia about a new disease effecting gay men in the US.
Gay Related Immune Deficiency (GRID) was one of the early terms used to relay the group of varied illnesses and infections being reported.

1982 - The Parap open air market began in Darwin.

1982 - Stonewall Gay Pride Day was held with a rally and parade starting in Belmore Park, a concert in Hyde Park and a cabaret at Leichhardt Town Hall.

1989 – The Fitzgerald Inquiry into possible illegal activities and associated police misconduct in Queensland ended.
Along with many careers.

1991 - Charges against two people arrested during the 1 October 1990 anti-Fred Nile demonstration were dismissed.

1995 - NSW Premier Bob Carr announced that his government was committed only to specific homosexual reforms – clarifying property transfers during inheritance and hospital access when there is a same sex partner dying in hospital.

1995 - The Federal Department of Immigration introduced changes to its “Interdependency” visa category which grants lesbians and gay men applying for off shore migration, the same rights as heterosexual de facto spouses.

2002 - Over Australia balloonist Steve Fossett was forced to spend an extra night in the air as the winds that helped him become the first person to fly solo around the world bedeviled the final stage of his voyage.

2002 - A nationally televised fund raising campaign, “Just a dollar a day”, to build community action against HIV/AIDS was launched by the AIDS Trust of Australia.

2005 - One of Australia's 12 Apostles disappeared. One of nine limestone stacks that made up the famous landmark off Australia's southern coast collapsed into the Indian Ocean.

2008 -  Today saw 400 Aboriginal men take part in a men's health summit where they issued the Inteyerrkwe Statement, an apology to the women for domestic abuse. 

2009 - Australia announced a 155 million US dollar package for isolated Aboriginal communities, after a new report revealed shocking levels of child abuse among the downtrodden minority.

2013 -  The Government resumed processing of asylum claims for people who arrived by boat on or after 13 August 2012. By this point, the backlog stood at over 20,000.

Monday, July 2, 2018

July 2 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1841 -  First execution Brisbane at Windmill (Observatory) for murder of Staplyton and Tuck. (The First Execution).

1851 - The population of Ballarat exploded; not by the horizontal limbo shenanigans but by a shepherd finding the glittery stuff called gold.
Within days gold discoveries were made throughout Victoria prompting a huge explosion in the population. The colonys population of 76,162 in December 1850 rose to over 500,000 by the end of the decade.

1858 – Possible birth date of King O'Malley, one of the more colourful characters of the early federal period of Australian political history. He claimed to have been born in Canada which would have made him a British subject, if he was born in Vermont, as was likely, he would have been ineligible for a seat in Australian parliament.

1858 - Smarty pants Crow Eaters were leading the way  yet again when the Torrens System of Land Conveyancing and Registration (The Real Property Act) came into operation in SA. This was adopted Qld. 1861, NSW, Vic, Tas, in 1862, WA 1874 and progressively around the world.

1860 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was tossed open with gay abandon from Maitland - Lochinvar.

1883 - The Robinvale Railway Line (Vic) was opened from Korong Vale to Boort.

1883 - The Port Fairy Railway Line (Vic) was tossed open from Colac to Camperdown.

1907 - The dual-line cables necessary for telephone conversations first linked the Sydney and Melbourne exchanges.
Carrier pigeon still remains the most reliable and fastest form of the interwebs.

1908 - James (Joe) Coleman was hanged at Adelaide Gaol for the murder of Constable Albert Ring at Glenelg.

1910 - A 3.5 mag earthquake was felt in the Macleay district, NSW.

1913 - Philatelists were contemplating a quiet, orderly protest just as soon as they'd finished cataloging their latest stamps....a furore erupted over the announcement that the image of a kangaroo on the penny postage stamp would be replaced by the bust of the king.
What a bloody liberty!

1919 - Britain, New Zealand and Australia signed an agreement for Australian administration of Nauru, located 4000 km northeast of Sydney. Australia had captured the island from Germany in 1914 and in 1920 the League of Nations designated it an Australian mandate.

1931 - Australian National Airways, heard of it?
I certainly hope you didn't buy tickets through them as they folded up on this day after their aircraft Southern Cloud disappeared over the Great Dividing Range.

1934 - Two large earthquake shocks were felt in Bathurst, Orange and surrounding areas, with windows,doors and iron roofing sheets rattling. Measured 4.0.

1936 - Royal Commission on the alleged shooting at and wounding of John O'Connell Brophy, a superintendent of police presented its final report to Parliament.

1949 - A MacRobertson Miller Airlines Douglas DC-3 crashed near Guildford, WA, killing 18 people.

1950 -  No. 77 Squadron flew first combat mission in Korea.

1951 - The Foundation stone was laid for La Trobe Library Wing at the State Library of Victoria.

1952 - A Company, 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, raided Chinese positions on Hill 227 during Operation Blaze, Korea. The objective of the operation was to capture a prisoner and destroy the Chinese position's garrison.

1954 - Today saw the closure *sob* of the Beechworth to Yackandandah railway line with the last train tootling through the day before.

1955 - The Nature Conservation Council of NSW was founded at a meeting in Phillip St, Sydney.

1965 - Realising there'd been a long time between drinks, secondary teachers tossed together a strike in Victoria, the first throughout the whole island since 1920. Some would say they've been making up for lost time in recent years....

1968 - 30 protesters were arrested when police clashed with anti-conscription demonstrators in Sydney.

1970 - The multiple murders of the Crawford family were uncovered in Victoria.  The initial discovery was made by a tourist visiting scenic Loch Ard Gorge who saw a wrecked car balancing precariously on the lip of a small ledge, below the cliff top.  Late in the day, a search-and-rescue officer scaled the sheer cliff to examine the car in fading light. He found a loaded rifle inside, and noticed a strange smell emanating from the wreck, but the search has to be called off for the night.
Meanwhile, police traced the car's registration to a house hundreds of kilometres away in Cardinal Rd, Glenroy, the home of the Crawford family where they discovered a blood-spattered crime scene. When the car was retrieved the following day, police discovered the grisly remains of four people in the boot. Theresa Crawford, 35, pregnant with her fourth child and her three children Katherine, 13, James, 8 and Karen, 6, all savagely bashed with a hammer, shot and electrocuted. The bodies were loaded into the car and driven over the cliff. Had the car not lodged on the rock ledge, it would have undoubtedly plunged into the deep water, and the bodies would never have been found. The discoveries triggered one of the biggest manhunts the state had ever seen. The prime suspect was, and remains, husband and father Elmer Kyle Crawford but the time police uncovered the full extent of the crime, Crawford had fled the country and was never seen again. If still alive, he would now be 89. The unsolved case remains one of the most enduring murder mysteries in Australian criminal history.

1971 - Today saw the perennially youthful Evonne Goolagong Cawley defeat Margaret Court in the final at Wimbeldon.

1971 - Opposition leader Gough Whitlam lead a political delegation to China, becoming the first Western leader to visit there since the 1949 revolution.

1975 - Deputy Prime Minister Dr Jim Cairns resigned after misleading parliament over attempts to raise government loans overseas.

1978 - Having a hankering for the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, the Oz Govt made the owners - the Clunies-Ross family - an offer they couldn't refuse; accept the offer of $6,250,000 or get nothing under compulsory acquisition.
They accepted the cheque.

1991 - Reverend Fred Nile attempted to ban Mardi Gras in a notice of motion to the NSW Legislative Council.

1993 - The Governor General, Bill Hayden launched the Australian Centre for Gay and Lesbian Research at University of Sydney.

1993 - War hero and saviour of many soldiers on the Burma-Thailand Railway, Sir Edward 'Weary' Dunlop, died in Melbourne, age 85.

2001 - Finally, proof  that Melbourne is the thinking centre of the universe - or just full of weird notions the rest of the world disproved centuries ago - the wheel was patented.
Now we're just waiting for the Govt to realise transport involves wheels on trains, as well as on cars...

2002 - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO) suggested that drug resistance, an increase in unprotected sex by gay men and a larger than ever viral pool is fuelling a second wave of the AIDS epidemic in Australia. AFAO was so concerned about what it described as Australia’s “faltering response” to the epidemic that it called for the urgent fast tracking of a new HIV/AIDS strategy.

2005 - Australia and New Zealand agreed on tough new measures to pressure Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe to respect human rights, including a sports ban and action against him in the International Criminal Court.

2007 - And we all sang "...she's leavin', she's leavin'..." as the Pasha Bulker was once more afloat and ready to scurry away from Nobby's Beach where she'd been stranded for 25 days.

2012 - Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono arrived in Australia as a political storm over people-smuggling raged.

2016 - A record number of 13 Aboriginal candidates ran for the federal election: Linda Burney (electorate: Barton, NSW), Ken Canning (Sydney, NSW), Pat Dodson, Jacqui Lambie (TAS), Sharlene Leroy-Dyer (Senate, NSW), Kerryanne Liddle (Senate, SA), Joanna Lindgren, Carol Martin, Malarndirri McCarthy (NT), Kado Muir, Tammy Solonec (Swan, WA), Shea Taylor (Senate, QLD), Ken Wyatt (Hasluck, WA).

Sunday, July 1, 2018

July 1 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1793 - Gnung-a Gnung-a Murremurgan, husband of Bennelong’s sister Warreeweer, sailed on the storeship HMS Daedalus for Norfolk Island, Nootka Sound (now Vancouver, Canada) on the Pacific coast of North America and Hawaii.

1804 -  Lieutenant Charles Menzies, commander at the Hunters River, praised Bungaree’s skill as an intermediary. ‘I have directed the Storekeeper to victual Boungaree. He is the most intelligent of that race I have as yet Seen,’ he tells King, ‘and Should a misunderstanding unfortunately take place he will be Sure to reconcile them’

1804 -  Two Aboriginal people, Nabbin and Major White, were reported killed at Richmond Hill. They were believed to have murdered Thomas Hodgkinson and John Wimbow late in 1799.
Magistrates Samuel Marsden and Thomas Arndell give food and clothing to two Richmond Hill chiefs, Yaragowhy and Yaramandy [Yarramundi], and ask them to help put an end to the ‘mischiefs’

1819  - Licenses were issued to bond and free to cut cedar at Illawarra.

1824 - Lachlan Macquarie, five weeks after his piddly £1,000 a year pension was granted, died alone in his London lodgings.

1841 – The convict assignment system was abolished in New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land and was replaced by the probation gang system.

1846 - The Cooking pot uprising occurred; this was a convict mutiny led by William Westwood (a "gentleman bushranger" with the nickname 'Jackey Jackey' from the aboriginal people) on the penal colony of Norfolk Island. The Mutiny occurred over the persistent abuse, strict orders and harsher penalties giving by Major Joseph Childs who was in command of the colony after his predecessor Alexander Maconochie who was seen as a kind figure and gave the prisoners more freedom.
The straw that broke the camels proverbial was the proclamation that food was to be served in bulk, that no personal cooking was to be permitted, and that kettles and saucepans held by prisoners were to be handed in.
Four soldiers were killed with several more injured, while several convicts were wounded it resulted in 17 convicts being executed.

1851 - Big things happened - writs were issued for the elections for the Legislative Council of Victoria, Port Phillip Colony changed it's name by deed poll to Independent Colony of Victoria and a public holiday was declared. Finally the Gum Suckers were autonomous...almost.

1853 - Thomas Bath opened the Ballaarat (not a typo) Hotel (now known as Craig's Hotel).

1857 - The Union Bank gaily tossed open its doors in Lydiard St, Ballarat.

1863 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened from North Menangle - Picton.

1864 - The Ballarat College was founded.

1864 - Melbourne and Essendon Railway Co.  (Vic) closed their 4 year old line.
The Melbourne to Essendon line opened from Spencer Street to Essendon, in October 1860. One unreliable engine and two carriages conducted an intermittent service between the five stations along the line until its premature closure in July 1864. Regular passenger service resumed under government ownership in 1871.

1866 - Umpires were used for the first time in Aussie Rules Football. But we shall not call them nasty names like blind bastards...or white maggots...no, we shall not.

1867 - The General Post Office in Elizabeth St, Melbourne - yes, kiddies, it was an actual post office before it became a fashion mecca - was officially opened.

1870 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Wallerawang - Rydal.

1871 - Missionaries of the London Missionary Society arrived in the Torres Strait at Erub Island, introducing Christianity to the region. The Coming of the Light festival marks this important day for Torres Strait Islanders, who are mainly of Christian faith. They celebrate the day with cultural and religious activities.

1872 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Locksley - Brewongle.

1873 - Julius Krauss (also called William Cross) was hanged at Darlinghurst Gaol for the murder of Captain John Longmuir on board HMS Rifleman.

1878 - The Government purchase of Melbourne & Hobson's Bay United Railway Co. (Vic) was authorised.

1881 - Henry Byron Moore had founded the Melbourne Electric Light Co., and lit up the Eastern Market in a memorable night for Melbourne on this day.

1882 - The Serviceton Railway Line aka the western Railway Line (Vic) was opened from Horsham to Dimboola.

1885 - Dorothea Mackellar, who gave Aussies the classic poem My Country, was hatched.

1887 - The infamous Melbourne Customs Dept detective, Inspector John Mitchell Christie was promoted to revenue detective.
And the smugglers were rooted.

1892 - The Cobar Railway Branch Line (NSW) was opened from Nyngan Junction - Cobar.

1895 - Arthur Buck was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of Catherine Norton at South Melbourne.

1901 - Arthur Wadsworth was appointed the Victorian Parliamentary Librarian; remaining with the Library during the Commonwealth occupation of Parliament House he also became the Commonwealth Parliamentary Librarian and de facto the first Australian National Librarian.

1903 - Ornithologist Thomas Carter, on good terms with the Talandji tribe in the Pilbara region, recorded their bird names in 'Birds Occurring in the Region of the North-West Cape', published in the Emu on this day.

1909 - The Robinvale Railway Line (Vic) was opened from Ultima to Chillingollah.

1913 - Charles Spargo was hanged at Fremantle Prison for the murder of Gilbert Pickering Jones at Broom.

1919 - The North Coast Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Kempsey - Macksville.

1921 -  G. J. Coles & Co. Pty Ltd was established.

1925 - Ballarat Bods were quietly squealing with joy when the Sewerage scheme began...er,  operating.

1926 - Eric Frazer, Victoria’s longest serving Parliamentary Librarian, was appointed to the post. He retired in 1957.

1929 - The Albion to Broadmedows double railway track line (Vic) opened.

1932 – The Australian Broadcasting Commission was inaugurated by Prime Minister Joseph Lyons.

1934 - The State Electricity Commission (who remembers ye olde SEC? No one? Ok, I'm old) took over the Liverpool, England-based Electricty Supply Company of Victoria holdings which included private power companies and the tramways in both Bendigo and Ballarat.

1940 - Australia refused entry to Dutch Jewish refugees.
The more things change...

1942 - 200 Australian civilian prisoners of war died when the Japanese transport, the Montevideo Maru, on a journey from Rabaul to Hainan Island, was torpedoed by an American submarine off Luzon in the South China Sea.

1946 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Jct (Start Hawkesbury Bridge deviation) - Jct (End Hawkesbury Bridge deviation).

1947 - Rockhampton City Council took over the Rockhampton School of Arts.

1947 - The Tatong Broad Gauge Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed from Benalla toTatong.

1947 - At 7 pm, the first ABC news broadcast under amendments to the Broadcasting Act was aired. The changes aimed at removing bias by requiring all news to be produced by ABC journalists, rather than gathered from commercial sources.

1948 - The Burrembeet Racecourse Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed.

1953 - The Red Hill Railway Line (Vic) was closed.

1954 - The last train trundled its way along the Beechworth to Yackandandah Railway Line (Vic).

1957 - The Elwood to Park Street VR "electric street railway" (Vic) closed.

1959 - Mr Squiggle was born!

1962 - The Crowes Narrow Gauge Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed from Colac to Weeaproinah.

1964 - TV station TCN 9 (Sydney) broadcast The Beatles Sing For Shell from 7:30-8:30 pm, which included footage of their performance from the Melbourne Festival Hall on Jun 15.

1967 - The Mildura to Merbein railway passenger service was kicked to the kerb.

1970 – Melbourne Airport was flung open at Tullamarine.
For those with extra-big broomsticks, obviously.

1973 - A Motorail service began tootling between Melbourne and Sydney on the "Southern Aurora".

1973 - Being all funky and down wif it, Victorian Railways got all fancy-pants by going metric.

1975 – Medibank was introduced, Australia Post and Telecom were formed from the Postmaster-General's Department.

1977 - The first Commonwealth Ombudsman took office. The Ombudsman has responsibility to investigate complaints about administrative decisions and make recommendations for remedy.

1977 - The Mackay Electricity Board took over Electricity Supply from the Mackay Regional Electricty Board (M.R.E.B).

1978 – The Northern Territory became self-governing.

1979 - First Bougainvillea Festival was held with much festivities, later called the Darwin Festival.

1979 - The Balmoral Railway Line (Vic) was shut to passing choo-choos when the Noradjuha to Hamilton section was done a nasty mischief by bean counters.

1982 - GSG picketed in Blacktown against the homophobic local member John Aquilina.

1983 - The High Court blocked the building of the Franklin Dam in Tassie. Hands up those who don't remember this? You may complete 50 lines of "I must pay more attention in class" by tomorrow morning.

1983 - Changing their collective frocks Victoria Rrailways became blinged up with the new moniker of State Transport Authority with V/Line and The Met as its operations.

1986 – Fringe Benefits Tax was introduced.

1989 - Changing their frilly knickers yet again the Metropolitan Transit Authority and State Transport Authority amalgamated to form "Public Transport Corporation".

1988 - A 300 strong Stonewall Week Rally for the Defence of Lesbian and Gay Rights was held at Parliament House.

1990 - The wearing of bicycle helmets upon one's head became compulsory but many ignore this law. Never mind, they obviously have nothing in their heads to protect!

1996 – The Northern Territory legalised voluntary euthanasia. It would be repealed by a conscience vote in the federal Parliament in 1997.

1997 – Deregulation of the Telecommunications market, allowing the entry of competitors other than Telstra and Optus.

1998 - Divesting their bits like tired tiaras, PTC cast off Bayside Trains, Hillside Trains and V/Line Passenger.

1999 - Two seats in the Australian Senate were occupied by openly gay politicians – Bob Brown and Brian Greig.

2000 - The GST (Goods and Services Tax) we were never, ever, ever going to have was introduced for most goods and services. Sadly not many of them are very good or very serviceable.

2004 - The new governmental changes regarding the “whole-of-government” approach to Indigenous affairs at a Federal level began being implemented. Under these arrangements, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services (ATSIS) and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) were abolished and responsibility for Indigenous specific programs transferred to mainstream government departments and agencies.

2006 - Funding for Migrant Resource Centres and the Community Settlement Services Scheme (CSSS) was replaced by the Settlement Grants Program (SGP). Under the SGP, community organisations can apply for funding for projects to assist new migrants and refugees to settle in Australia.

2007 - The Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act came into effect, aiming to strengthen governance and management of Aboriginal corporations with consistent practices and standards.

2008 - The Convention Centre was opened in the Waterfront Precinct of Darwin.

2012 - Australia introduced a controversial carbon tax in a bid to tackle climate change, with PM Julia Gillard hailing the move amid opposition warnings it will stifle industry. A mining levy was also introduced.

2014 - Asylum seekers who registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Indonesia after this date will no longer be able to be resettled under Australia’s humanitarian program.

2015 - The Migration Review Tribunal (MRT), Refugee Review Tribunal (RRT) and Social Security Appeals Tribunal (SSAT) merged with the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT). The amalgamated AAT is responsible for the independent review of a wide range of decisions made by the Australian Government, including the Department of Immigration.

2015 -  The Australian Border Force Act took effect on 1 July 2015. The Secrecy and Disclosure provisions of the Act makes it a crime punishable by two years’ imprisonment for an “entrusted person” to make record of or disclose protected information. According to the Act, the “entrusted person” could be an Immigration and Border Protection worker, including people engaged or employed by the Department of Immigration. This can include medical professionals, educators and others contracted by the Australian Government to perform services on behalf of the Department.

2017 - The NSW Government’s landmark Stolen Generations Reparations Scheme was open to survivors from today.

Saturday, June 30, 2018

June 30 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1802 - Proclamation was issued stating: "His Majesty forbids any act of injustice or wanton cruelty to the Natives, yet the settler is not to suffer his property to be invaded or his existence endangered by them, in preserving which he is to use the effectual, but at the same time the most humane, means of resisting such attacks".

1818 - Sydney's female orphans were moved to a new orphanage at Parramatta.

1821 - John Septimus Roe, sailing aboard the Bathurst, survived a 16 metre fall from the masthead.

1830 - Edward Sweeney was hanged at Launceston for the murder of his wife Mary Sweeney.

1830  - William Thomas was hanged at Launceston for the murder of John 'Smutty Jack' Warne.

1834 - Historic Public Meeting at Exeter Hall to explain the new colony of South Australia.
And we're still waiting for the explanation...

1849 - Betsy and George Langlands camped by the Wimmera River on this day, where the teamsters' tracks from many stations met at the crossing. The tiny settlement of Horsham received official recognition in October when Langlands opened his log store and post office. The site later became the corner of Hamilton and Darlot Streets. This little outpost served squatters spreading west as far as the new colony's border, north beyond Lake Hindmarsh to the mallee country and south to the Glenelg River.

1850 - First Unitarian Church congregation in Australia was formed in Sydney.

1861 - More attacks on the Chinese tent town at Lambing Flat gold diggings (Young), NSW. Five white leaders were arrested the next day.

1861 - James Torpy , miner and hotel-keeper at Lambing Flat (Young) was charged with riot, unlawful assembly and wilful destruction of Chinese property at Burrangong; denying the allegations, he was allowed bail and appeared in the Burrangong court. The charges were dismissed as the prosecution's witnesses could not be found.

1861 -  When miners tried to storm the police quarters to release three men arrested for the anti-Chinese riots at Lambing Flat (Young) Police Superintendent Zouch ordered his troopers to charge and in the mêlée one miner was killed and many injured. That night he ordered the withdrawal of the commissioners and police to Yass to avoid further bloodshed.

1864 - James Paul (Jim) Whelan aka Whelan the Wrecker was hatched in Stawell, Vic.

1865 - The Melbourne & Hobson's Bay United Railway Co. was formed by amalgamating the Hobson's Bay and Melbourne Railway companies.

1873 - The Sunnyside Woollen Mill commenced production at Ballarat.

1875 - A telegraph worker from Daly Waters was killed at the Roper River while his two mates were badly wounded thought to be by Mangarrayi men. In revenge a large group of civilians and police slaughtered Aboriginals along the length of the Roper River for four weeks throughout August.

1890 - The Adelaide Public Library opened in the Mortlock Library building.

1896 - The New South Wales Government took steps to stop a tick plague entering NSW from Qld.

1900 - The Woronora Cemetery Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Sutherland - Woronora Cemetery.

1904 - The Lancefield to Kilmore section of the Clarkefield and Lancefield Railway Line (Vic) was closed.

1905 - Aussie goldfish Annette Kellermann swam the Thames from Putney bridge to Blackwall pier (over thirteen miles (21 km)) in 3 hours, 54 minutes.

1909 - Perth Children's Hospital opened.

1910 - The government offered 5000 pounds for the invention of a military flying machine. Australia’s first five military aircraft, ordered in 1912, were French and British designs. They were first used in 1914 at the new Central Flying School at Point Cook, Victoria, the nucleus of the Royal Australian Air Force in 1921.

1913 - Royal Commission into the sufficiency or otherwise of life-saving equipment on vessels carrying passengers on rivers, lakes or land-locked waters within the State of Victoria presented its final report to Parliament.

1914 - The Benalla to Tatong Railway Branch Line (Vic) was opened.

1917 - Today saw the closure of all German schools in South Australia. These schools were mainly run by the Lutheran Church. In some cases the South Australian government then leased the buildings and took over the education of the children, while in others, such as the Hahndorf Lutheran School, the children were moved into the local public school. This action was the culmination of agitation, which began soon after the commencement of World War I, on the part of some people against anything German.

1921 - Lapsed nun Bridget Partridge sued Bishop Dwyer for £5000 for wrongful arrest and mistreatment at Mount Erin in a scandalous trial, after the bishop had the nun arrested for insanity when she voiced her wish to leave the church. Before a packed court and in a blaze of publicity, every detail of convent life was exposed.

1922 – The Industrial Court of Appeal rejected the concept of equal pay for women.

1927 - Charles Kingsford Smith and Charles Thomas Philippe Ulm circumnavigated Australia by air in a record 10 days, 5 hours and 15 minutes in a Bristol Tourer.

1937 - The Aborigines Protection Board (A.P.B) secured gazettal of a large block for Burnt Bridge Aboriginal station adjoining the farm belonging to Aboriginal farming family the Moseleys. Aborigines from various communities were accommodated there without adequate housing or a satisfactory water supply. The Moseleys refused to move and on 30 June the manager arrived at their cottages and the school and began to demolish the buildings. Percy Mosely nailed up the gate to stop him returning, so the manager called the police and with their assistance removed the family's water tank. The Macleay Chronicle published John Moseley's letter:
"I made a protest . . . and . . . was told that I own nothing . . . not even the land which I spent the best part of my life working and improving for the past forty-five years . . . I served my State with honesty. The very thing I took pride in, the Police Force, two days ago made me feel as small as a slug under an elephant foot."
When the manager began to erect a fence across what Percy regarded as the family's land, he chopped it down and reputedly fired a shotgun to warn off the workers. After Michael Sawtell's intervention, and the visit to Sydney of one of John's sons, the board directed that the old man was 'not to be removed' without authorization.

1939 - Meatworks were denied paid annual leave by the Commonwealth Arbitration Court because the industry could not afford it.

1942 - The Commonwealth Widows' Pension Scheme was implemented.

1943 - As many as 178,000 US servicemen were stationed in Australia

1944 - Antonio Agostini was sentenced to six years gaol for the murder of his wife Linda, which wrapped up what became known as the 'Pyjama Girl' mystery.

1947 - 2nd AIF disbanded. Army serving in Japan now called British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF)

1949 -  The Annual Report of the Director of Native Affairs , the transfer of the Director to Thursday Island was made in an
"... effort to give the Northern Torres Strait Islanders and aboriginals a greater measure of control, direction, and management than had previously applied to them, and furthermore to give these people the same encouragement, industrial progress, and general amenities as prevails with Southern aboriginals,"

1957 - Darwin’s population reached 9395.
This figure does not include Aboriginal people.

1959 - National Service training ended.

1961 - The South Coast Railway Line (NSW) was closed from Nerang - Tweed Heads.

1962 - The Crowes Narrow Gauge Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed from Colac to Beech Forest, and from Beech Forest to Weeaproinah.

1962 - The remaining open section of the Gembrook Railway (Vic) closed due to a decline in business. It is eventually taken over by the Puffing Billy Preservation Society.

1964 - The Mont Park Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed.

1964 - The Beatles performed their last two Australian shows at Festival Hall, Brisbane, the final performances on their world tour.

1965 - Ina speech to the Australian Club in London PM Menzies declared war on Vietnam.

1965 - First national service intake began recruit training.

1966 - A national census was held, revealing Australia's full-blood [sic] Aboriginal population is 80,207.

1966 - While visiting Washington, Harold Holt promised complete support for the escalation of US military involvement, making his infamous "All the way with LBJ!" declaration. His visit coincided with the first US bombing raid on Hanoi.

1967 - Qualified disabled persons began receiving a disability allowance.

1967 - Prime Minister Harold Holt gave the go-ahead to assist in financing the controversial Lake Pedda and Gordon River Hydro-Electric Schemes.

1970 - The newspapers The Australian and the Canberra Times reported of gay liberation marches in the USA to commemorate the first anniversary of the Stonewall riot.

1971 - Some miners in NSW, Qld and Tas were awarded a 37 1/2 hour week.

1971 - Third and last of the big anti-war rallies.  About 110,000 demonstrated in State capitals.

1972 - Lake Argyle Dam, the second stage in the Ord River Irrigation Scheme, was completed.

1973 - The Saigon Embassy Guard Platoon were the last Australian troops to leave Vietnam.

1973 - The federal Tariff Board tabled the report of its inquiry into the film and TV industry, recommending a radical restructure of the production, distribution and exhibition industries.

1976 - Palmerston (Darwin) to Pine Creek Railway (NT) ceased operation by order of the Commonwealth Government.

1978 - In Melbourne 400-600 march against the Sydney arrests.

1978 - A protest was held in Brisbane against the Sydney arrests.

1978 - 400 people met at the Stanley Palmer Culture Palace in Darlinghurst and voted to hold a daytime march on 15th July.

1979 - A Saturday morning march ended with a rally in Hyde Park. 5000 took part in the second Gay Mardi Gras that night.

1982 - Australia's biggest uranium mining project, the $500 million Jabiluka Mine, was given the go-ahead by the Northern Land Council, NT.

1989 - Actor Tony Sheldon claimed that an illegal “pink list”, banning gay or gay associated actors was maintained by several television casting directors.

1992 - The Barry Beach Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed.

1992 - The South Gippsland Railway Line (Vic) was closed from Leongatha to Welshpool.

2004 - The Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Choice of Superannuation Funds) Act 2004 was passed by the federal government and included the term “interdependent relationship” which will include many same sex couples. It failed to cover government and public sector employees.

2004 - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services (ATSIS) was abolished.

2005 - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) was abolished.

2005 - Storms lashed Australia's east coast in a violent end to one of the country's worst droughts on record.

2009 - Australian serial rapist John Xydias (45) was jailed for 28 years. For over 15 years he had dressed his unconscious victims in his collection of women's underwear and filmed assaults on them.

2014 - Australia’s Catholic church said Bishop Max Davis has stepped down after being accused of sexually abusing a teenage student decades ago. Davis denied the charges.

2014 -  In England Rolf Harris (84) an Australian-born artist, TV presenter and performer of songs like "Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport," was convicted at Southwark Crown Court on all 12 counts of indecently assaulting girls and young women from 1968-1986.

2017 - The Final Report of the Referendum Council was delivered to the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition.