Tuesday, December 12, 2017

December 12 On This Day in Australian History

1787 - Eleanor Higgins was a Convict and early settler of the Epping area. She was tried at the Old Bailey, London on 12 December 1787 for stealing four linen sheets and was sentenced to transportation for 7 years. She married David Kilpack who received a grant of 80 acres in Ryde which was known as the 'Field of Mars'. When David died she sold part of the land but continued to farm in her own right.

1787 - Rachel Moore was convicted of 'feloniously stealing' a range of clothing items including a muslin apron, silk border and velvet hood at the Old Bailey on 12 December 1787, she was transported to Sydney for seven years. In Sydney she formed a relationship with First Fleet surgeon John White with whom she had a son, and she later married Thomas Moore.

1815 – Captain James Kelly set out on circumnavigation of Tasmania, during which important observations were made on the resources of the west coast.

1851 - Standing Orders were adopted, the rules and protocols that govern Parliament. John Barker was appointed the Clerk of the Legislative Council, Captain Conran the Serjeant-at-Arms and Charles Ridgway the Librarian.

 1859 - The Richmond to Cremorne Railway line (Vic) opened.

 1860 – Initial riots on the Lambing Flat goldfields near present day Young, New South Wales.

1877 - Two males were washed overboard from the barque Mary Eady, near Sydney, and were both killed by sharks.

1882 - Australia’s worst gold mining disaster, to date, occured in Creswick, Victoria; water which had been accumulating in the Australasia No 1 mine burst through the wall of the reef drive, trapping 27 workers. Hearing the noise of the flooding above ground, water pump engine driver James Spargo increased the speed of the pump, and was quickly joined by two other engine drivers, James Harris and Thomas Clough. Over the next few days, the men ran the engines at more than 10 times their normal speed, trying to lower the water to save the trapped men. Unable to escape from the mine, the men sought respite from the rising waters in the small space of the No 11 jump-up, one of several cutaways where the men would “jump up” out of the way of the mine trucks. A special train was dispatched from Melbourne with equipment to dive into the water. Diving equipment borrowed from the HMS Cerberus, together with experienced divers, was sent up from Melbourne. It was Thursday (some sources say Friday) before the trapped men could be reached, and by that time, 22 had died. Only 5 were brought out alive.

 1884 - The Railway Construction Act, called the 'Octopus Act', authorizing 66 new railway lines in Victoria was assented to.

1895 -  T'was a dark day indeed when land and income tax was introduced in NSW.
 1906 – Australian federal election, 1906: The government of Prime Minister Alfred Deakin was returned to power, however voter turn-out was low.

1917 - The battle cruiser HMAS Australia was danaged in a collision with the battle cruiser HMS Repulse.

1917 -  Billy Hughes' Commonwealth Police were born, to protect the Little Digger against those nasty-pasties who frew a wotten eggie-weggie at poor widdle Biwwy.
1910 - The Oaklands Railway line (NSW) was opened from Lockhart to Yuluma.

1923 - Leo Wohill was swimming in the Tweed River at Murwillumbah, NSW, when he sustained non-fatal
lacerations to his leg following an unprovoked shark attack.

1928 -  Men! Gird your loins and brace yourselves with boardshorts, for goodness sake!
Speedos aka Budgie Smugglers were first produced.
1936 - George Lundberg was swimming at Throsby Creek, Newcastle when he was attacked by a shark, his leg was severed at the knee, an injury which proved fatal.

1941 - General evacuation of women, children, the aged and infirm of Darwin began, five days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

1943 - The Royal Australian Air Force Armament School moved from Hamilton to Nhill and the ChemicalWarfare School was established as a section of the Armament School.

1945 - Burning disposal of chemical warfare stocks at No. 19 Replenishing Centre commenced.

 1945 - Australian pathologist Professor Howard Florey awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his development of the antibiotic penicillin.

1961 - A Woman was fined for being "unsuitably dressed" ; wearing a bikini at Bondi Beach!

1966 - Lone round-the-world yachtsman Francis Chichester arrived in Sydney in his yacht Gypsy Moth IV.

1974 - A 32 year old male survived an unprovoked shark attack whilst swimming at Geographe Bay, WA.

1978 - Hundreds were arrested in Brisvegas after wild demonstrations in protest against Queensland's anti street march laws.

1981 – A referendum was held in Tasmania to vote for whether or not the Franklin Dam should be built. 47% voted for the original proposal, 8% vote for the compromise solution and 45% voted informally. It is estimated that up to one-third of all votes were for "no dams", which was not a sanctioned option.

1997 - Port Adelaide joined the AFL

1997 - NT introduced mandatory sentencing.

1997 - Federal Government signed Greenhouse Gas Emissions Protocol.

2002 - Australia's highest court dismissed one of the nation's longest running tribal land claims. The Yorta tribe began the battle in 1994 for a special property right known as native title in 800 square miles of land around the Murray River in eastern Australia. The area is now occupied by farmers.

2005 - Young people riding in vehicles smashed cars and store windows in suburban Sydney, a day after thousands of drunken white youths attacked people they believed were of Arab descent at a beach in the same area in one of Australia's worst outbursts of racial violence. About 50 cars had swept into the area, disgorging men of Middle Eastern appearance who began trashing every car in sight with baseball bats.

2007 - In Indonesia new Australian PM Kevin Rudd completed ratification of the Kyoto Protocol as he pressed for all nations, rich and poor, to commit to fighting global warming.

2008 - A court in Australia approved the use of Facebook, a popular social networking Web site, to notify a couple that they lost their home after defaulting on a loan.

2010 - Australia unveiled tough changes to finance laws, banning unpopular mortgage fees and cracking down on price collusion between major banks in a bid to boost competition in the sector.

2011 - Senior Australian naval officer Lieutenant Commander John Alan Jones (58) was convicted by a court martial of repeatedly spanking a junior female sailor to test her discipline and obedience.

2012 - In an historic day for Australia, SBS begin broadcasting nationally a dedicated Aboriginal TV service available free-to-air for the first time. The new channel incorporates NITV (National Indigenous Television) on SBS4 (digital channel 34) and starts at 12pm on 12/12/2012.

2013 - Australia's top court struck down gay marriage in the nation's capital, ruling that parliament must decide on same-sex unions.

2014 - Inverbrackie Detention Facility in South Australia, considered a detention facility with more humane conditions, closed and people detained there were relocated (the majority to the community after being granted a bridging visa).

Monday, December 11, 2017

December 11 On This Day in Australian History

1823 – Richmond Bridge (Tas) was opened, it is the oldest bridge in Australia still in use.

1848 - Edmund Kennedy was killed by Aborigines just short of his destination of Cape York.

1862 - A large number of people gathered in the streets of Adelaide to see the procession bearing the remains of Burke and Wills. From Kapunda the bodies were brought by train to North Adelaide and were then conveyed in a hearse drawn by four black horses along Port Road to the city where a band played the ‘Dead March from Saul’. The ill-fated pair was then transported to Melbourne by rail.

1922 - The Eugowra Branch Railway line (NSW) was opened.

1922 - Electric train services commenced from Oakleigh to Dandenong (Vic) and from Springvale to Springvale Cemetery (Vic).

1931 - Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland (not then part of Canada).

1941 - Single men aged 18 to 45 and married men aged 18 to 35 were called up for war.

1942 - Australian Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia.

1950 - Prostitute Jean Lee was sentenced to hang at Pentridge with 2 of her pimps after being convicted of the killing of SP bookmaker William Kent.
Lee is the first woman to be hanged at Pentridge since 1894

1950 - A Town Like Alice by Nevil Shute was published.

1952 - The 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment begins Operation Fauna in Korea, its objective is to capture prisoners and destroy enemy defences. Operation Fauna was a major trench raid on Chinese positions near Hill 355 to snatch a prisoner. Although no prisoners were taken, Chinese dispositions near Hill 355 were seriously disrupted.

1958 – The ICI House opened in Melbourne, the tallest building in Australia at the time.

1964 - Easybeats guitarist Harry Vanda married; in the evening The Easybeats met future manager Mike Vaughan at a dance in the the northern Sydney suburb of Hornsby.

1967 - The ABC premiered its new children's TV series, Adventure Island.

1972 - The Whitlam government announced the withdrawal of the last Australian forces in Vietnam.

1978 - The third Flinders St. to Spencer St.(Vic)  railway viaduct was opened.

1989 - Australia & Indonesia signed the Timor Gap Treaty

1990 – John Fairfax Holdings was placed into receivership.

1990 – Christine Woolgar and Noel Hayman graduated from the University of Queensland, to become the state's first Aboriginal doctors.

1991 - Loyalists crowded into PM Bob Hawke's office on this day and urged him to resign in the face of a challenge from Paul Keating. Gareth Evans' very colloquial advice to Hawke became part of political folklore:
"Pull out, digger, the dogs are pissing on your swag."

1993 – Dean Brown and the Liberal Party won the South Australian elections, winning government from Lynn Arnold and the ALP.

2001 - Australia reported that an Australian citizen, David Hicks (26), who had trained with the al Qaeda, had been captured in Afghanistan.

2005 – The Cronulla riots took place; racial tension erupted into violence on a Sydney beach when around 5,000 people, some yelling racist chants, attacked youths of a Middle Eastern background. White youths were angered by reports that youths of Lebanese descent had assaulted two lifeguards. Young men of Arab descent retaliated in several Sydney suburbs, fighting with police and smashing cars.

2006 - The Government announced its intention to introduce a citizenship test and values statements for permanent and selected temporary visa applicants.

2007 - Australia's Deputy PM Julia Gillard (46) took charge of government in the absence of the prime minister, becoming the first woman to run the country in its 106 years as an independent nation. Gillard will lead the government for just 60 hours while PM Kevin Rudd is in Bali for the United Nations climate conference.

2007 - Us Taken-Away Kids was launched – a magazine commemorating ten years since the Bringing Them Home Report was released.

2007 - Australian officials conceded that the welfare system failed a girl who was removed from a remote Aboriginal community after being sexually abused at age 7, then gang raped in 2006 at age 10 when she was returned to live in the town.

2008 - Australian police said detectives have charged 22 men including a policeman, a senior lawyer and a child care worker in connection with a child pornography-sharing network spanning 70 countries. Brazilian information, which was shared via the international policing network Interpol, identified more than 200 suspects in 70 countries.

2009 - Australia's PM Kevin Rudd threatened legal action against Japan if it does not stop its research whaling program that kills up to 1,000 whales a year.

2012 - In response to the heavy-handed police tactics (cars were stopped and Christmas hampers seized from Aboriginal people), and in the middle of a significant initiation ceremony, Garawa, Gudanji, Mara, Waanyi and Yanyuwa leaders and community members met with the police. It was a hot day and a hot meeting. Senior Aboriginal people were dismayed that they hadn’t been spoken to about the problem that unfolded at Borroloola, NT.

2013 - Amnesty International Australia released a report of its visit to the offshore processing facility in Manus Island. Entitled This is Breaking Peoplethe report asserts that offshore processing in Papua New Guinea “has resulted in a host of human rights violations” and recommends that the Manus Island facility be closed and all asylum seekers be transferred back to Australia to have their claims processed.

2015 - Australian naturalist and controversial conservationist Harry Butler dropped off the perch.

Sunday, December 10, 2017

December 10 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1790 - John McEntire was a convict gamekeeper to Governor Arthur Phillip, feared and hated by the Eora people he was speared by Pemulwuy and died soon after of his injuries, sparking a retaliatory expedition around Botany Bay.
On this day John McEntire was resting in a hide with a hunting party near Cooks River when they heard a noise in the bush and saw four Aboriginal men crawling towards them. 'Don't be afraid, I know them,' said McEntire, who spoke to the men in their own language, asking them to stop and offering them bread. McEntire believed Pemulwuy had been in Sydney because he was clean-shaven and had short hair. As the game shooter put down his gun, Pemulwuy stood on a log, fixed a spear in his womera (spear thrower) and threw it. 'I am a dead man', cried McEntire.
The jagged spearhead penetrated deep into McEntire's body, perforating his lung. When he extracted the spearhead, Surgeon John White found that it was barbed with 'small pieces of red stone' (silcrete flakes).
To show they were not at Cooks River during the attack on McEntire, Colebee and Bennelong separately travelled to Rose Hill (Parramatta) to visit Phillip that day. 

1792 – Governor of New South Wales Captain Arthur Phillip was granted leave and permitted to return to England.

1792 - Yemmerrawanne left his homeland on the banks of the Parramatta River to sail 10,000 miles to England with Governor Arthur Phillip and his Wangal kinsman Woollarawarre Bennelong, arriving at Falmouth in Cornwall on 19 May 1793.
1817 – Bushranger Michael Howe was caught, but escaped after killing his captors.

1858 - The first meeting of the Perth City Council was held on this day.

1859 - Today is Proclamation Day, marking Queensland's official separation from New South Wales.

1860 - The first annual Anniversary Regatta was held on this day and continued annually as one of Brisbane's most popular sporting fixtures of the year.

1862 - The Ebenezer Church Foundation Stone was laid today at Ballarat.

1877 - First issue of the Mackay Standard Newspaper.

1888 - Railway service to Burrundie, NT began.

1895 – Launceston, Tasmania became the first city in Australia to have streets lit by electricity; Launceston, becomes the first Australian city to be powered by hydro-electricity with the opening of the Duck Reach Power Station.

1897 - The Up side station building at Woodend, (Vic) was destroyed by fire.

1912 - The Jeparit to Lorquon Railway line (Vic) opened.

1915 – Father and son scientists William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg won the Nobel Prize in Physics, and were the first Australians awarded the prize.

1919 – Ross and Keith Macpherson Smith completed the first flight from Britain to Australia; Captain Ross Smith and his crew landed in Darwin and won a £10,000 Prize from the Australian Government for completing the first flight from London to Australia in under thirty days.

1923 – Sculptor Daphne Mayo became the first woman to receive a medal for sculpture from the Royal Academy.

1928 - The Department of Industry was established on this day as part of the Attorney-General's Dept to be responsible for industrial matters. The staff positions of the Dept were abolished in 1932 and the Dept superseded by the Dept of Labour and National Service in 1940.

1932 - The Great Emu War was declared over ; an abject failure after little more than 1 month with 986 emus killed with 9,860 rounds.

1934 – Qantas made its first international flight from Darwin to Singapore.

1941 - HM Ships Repulse and Prince of Wales sunk by Japanese torpedo bombers off Malaya , which came as a shock to those who had under-estimated Japan's military ability and had relied on the imagined impregnable Singapore naval base. The sinkings heralded the significance of air power in the Pacific war.

1945 - A deadly accident occurred at Labuan, off the north-west coast of Borneo, which killed six RAAF personnel including some senior officers. The Commanding Officer of No 93 Squadron, Squadron Leader D.K.M. Gulliver, was embarking on a communications flight in Beaufighter A8-184 when the aircraft swung on take-off and collided with two stationary Mustangs of No 77 Squadron parked alongside the strip. The Beaufighter sheared the engines off both Mustangs, A68-761 and A68-714, before bursting into flames. Five personnel on the ground were killed, including the Officer Commanding No 86 Wing, Group Captain L.C.M. Holswich. Squadron Leader Gulliver died in hospital 12 hours later as a result of burns. The cause of the accident could not be determined.

1948 - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly of which Australia is a member. The Declaration arose directly from the experiences of World War II, and represents the first global expression of basic rights and fundamental freedoms to which all human beings are entitled.

1954 - The Weeaproinah to Crowes (narrow gauge) Railway line (Vic) closed.

1958 - The Glenlee Colliery Railway Branch line (NSW) was opened.

1964 - Queensland Government declared a state of emergency in an attempt to end an industrial dispute at Mt Isa mines.

1966 - A helicopter crash in Sydney killed three people, the pilot and a man and a woman from an ABC-TV film crew. The chopper got into difficulty while filming over the centre of the city and attempted an emergency landing on the roof of the AMP building, but missed, careening off the wall of an adjoining office block before crashing through the roof of a third building. The helicopter narrowly missed the Rugby Union Club, where a Xmas party for 200 children is in progress. At the time of the crash UBU film makers David Perry and Aggy Read were shooting a new film, Harbour, at Darling Harbour and Read managed to capture a dramatic still shot of the doomed helicopter moments before it crashed; his picture was widely used in subsequent media reports of the crash.

1981 - Darwin Plaza on Smith Street, Darwin was opened by the Hon Paul Everingham Chief Minister.

1986 - The Australian Human Rights Commission (formerly known as the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission) was established on this day (International Human Rights Day) as Australia’s national human rights watchdog.

1988 - Gay Hate Murder 
Scott Johnson was killed for being gay. Fishermen found Johnson’s body at the bottom of a nearly 200-foot cliff at North Head in Manly, New South Wales on this day. His clothes were neatly folded at the top of the cliff. There was no suicide note.
At the time of Johnson’s death, it was common for groups of men in Sydney to go to these known spots at coastal cliffs, hunting for gay men to assault, rob and, at times, kill.

1992 - Former Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating delivered a speech at Redfern Park to officially launch of the Year of the Indigenous Person. Subsequently referred to as the ‘Redfern Speech’, it focused on reconciliation, and was the first acknowledgement by a Commonwealth Government of the dispossession of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

1997 - The Victorian Parliament passed the Audit Act Amendment Bill, reconstructing the office of the Auditor-General, after a three and a half hour debate in the Legislative Council. The WorkCover Bill abolishing the right of workers to sue their employers for workplace injuries was similarly passed next day.

1998 - The Derby Aboriginal Health Service (DAHS) was incorporated in June 1997 and opened its doors to the public in December 1998, with an official opening ceremony on December 10, 1998.

2002 – The High Court of Australia handed down judgment in the Internet defamation case, Gutnick v Dow Jones.

2006 - More than 3,000 firefighters battled some of Australia's worst wildfires in 70 years, as flames fanned by strong winds and searing temperatures destroyed one home and threatened dozens more.

2007 - Australia accepted seven asylum seekers from Myanmar as refugees as the country's new Labor government began unwinding tough immigration laws which force boatpeople into detention on Pacific island nations.

2008 - Taha Abdul-Rahman of Sydney was jailed for 3½ years for buying seven rocket launchers stolen from the military between 2001 and 2003, most of which have never been recovered by authorities.

2009 - In southeastern Australia more than 120 wildfires fanned by high winds and soaring temperatures raged, prompting emergency warnings for several towns.

2010 - Australia's attorney general declared 45 communities along the country's east coast disaster areas, following weeks of drenching rains that have submerged homes, destroyed crops and killed four people.

2012 - The Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia (ALSWA) was honoured with a Human Rights Award at the 25th Human Rights Awards, held in Sydney on this day.

Saturday, December 9, 2017

December 9 On This Day in Australian History

1790, a shooting party left for Botany Bay, including a sergeant of marines and three convicts, including Governor Phillip's gamekeeper John McIntyre. According to Watkin Tench:
"About one o’clock, the sergeant was awakened by a rustling noise in the bushes near him, and supposing it to proceed from a kangaroo, called to his comrades, who instantly jumped up. On looking about more narrowly, they saw two natives with spears in their hands, creeping towards them, and three others a little farther behind. As this naturally created alarm, McIntyre said, “don’t be afraid, I know them,” and immediately laying down his gun, stepped forward, and spoke to them in their own language. The Indians, finding they were discovered, kept slowly retreating, and McIntyre accompanied them about a hundred yards, talking familiarly all the while. One of them now jumped on a fallen tree and, without giving the least warning of his intention, launched his spear at McIntyre and lodged it in his left side. The person who committed this wanton act was described as a young man with a speck or blemish on his left eye. That he had been lately among us was evident from his being newly shaved."

1815 Joseph Wild, assistant to Charles Throsby, was appointed constable for the Five Islands district.

1858 Royal Commission on the defences of the colony presented its final report to Parliament (Vic).

1862 The Sydney Morning Herald published a short observation from their Lower Murrumbidgee Correspondant regarding "THE MARRIAGE OF ABORIGINES.
-I have latelyheard of a case where a black man and a white woman wished to get married. They applied to several registrars and to some ministers, none of whom, however, could be prevailed on to perform the ceremony, being apparently under the impression that such unions are not permitted by law."

1867 First Royal visit to Ballarat, by Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

1878 Ned Kelly and his gang locked 22 people in a storehouse on a sheep station near Euroa, Victoria.

1882 One of the earliest sightings of Australia's mythical 'yowie' was recorded in a letter from naturalist H J McCooey in "The Australian Town and Country Journal". McCooey claimed to have seen the yowie in 1880, in an area of bushland between Ulladulla and Bateman's Bay on the New South Wales southern coast. He described the yowie as being about 5 feet high, and it stood on its hind legs as it watched the birds up in trees. It had long black hair which was reddish about its throat. Its eyes seemed small and were hidden by dirty, matted fur around its forhead. Its forearms seemed grotesquely long, though the rest of its body seemed to be in relative proportions. Repulsed by the appearance of the creature, McCooey threw a stone at it, whereupon it disappeared into a nearby ravine.
As you do.

1895 Darling to Waverley Road Railway line (Vic) was closed.

1895 Camberwell to Ashburton Railway line (Vic) was closed.

1903 The Walgett Railway Branch line (NSW) opened.

1906 Pastor "Doug" Nicholls, of the Yorta Yorta people, and Governor of South Australia, was born.

1908 The Whitburn Colliery Railway Branch line (NSW) opened.

1911 The Oaklands Railway Branch line (NSW) opened.

1913 George Alexander Elmslie, Victoria's first Labor Premier, assumed office, lasting just 14 days in office.

1930 Royal Commission on migrant land settlement established (Vic).

1942 Australians occupy Gona, New Guinea.

1952 The Main North Railway line (NSW) was closed from Hunter River - Nundah Junction.

1954 The Ferguson to Crowes passenger service (Vic) ended.

1958 Nick Seymour – Crowded House – Born Nicholas More Seymour in Benalla, Victoria.

1960 The cricket match which became known as the Tied Test commenced at the Brisbane Cricket Ground.

1966 Australia negotiated an agreement for an American spy satellite base to be established at Pine Gap in the Northern Territory.

1970 The Melbourne hump rail yard was commissioned.

1977 AC/DC were on a US tour, spending last 2 weeks supporting Kiss, Aerosmith, Styx & Blue Oyster Cult, & Cheap Trick.

1983 The Australian dollar was floated.
Then, lacking water wings, it sunk.

1991 The Queensland Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 passed through its final reading in the Queensland Parliament on 3 December 1991 and received assent on 9 December, giving Queensland specific, state-based, anti-discrimination legislation.

1996 The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Newdell Junction - Ravensworth Coal Washery.

1997 Death of Mr Ted Matthews, the last survivor of those who landed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915.

2008  Les Kaczmerek, founding member and original bass player in Cold Chisel died on this day in Adelaide of liver failure. He was 53 years old.

2009 Australia’s government said 5 North Korean artists have been banned from entering Australia for an exhibition of their work, drawing accusations of censorship from the arts community. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said the artists and a translator have been refused visas because it is contrary to foreign policy interests and because they are from a studio linked to North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il.

2010 In Japan the 3rd International Pole Dancing Championships concluded. The competition was held in a large arena near the Tokyo Dome, the Japanese capital's main sports stadium, with competitors from countries ranging from Malaysia to Moldova. Japan's Mai Sato defended her title as the women's champion, and Duncan West of Australia won in men's. This year also had a disabled division, which was won by hearing-impaired Eri Kamimoto of Japan.
Yay, go Duncan!

2011 Australia's highest court dismissed rival Apple's appeal in its global patent battle against South Korea’s Samsung Electronics. Samsung is now free to sell its Galaxy tablet computers in Australia.

2011 A senior Queensland Health executive, Hohepa Morehu-Barlow (36), also known as Joel Barlow, was being hunted after Aus$16 million (US$16 million) went missing from the government department. He was arrested at his own apartment Dec 12 after three days on the run from police following the discovery of his alleged theft.

Friday, December 8, 2017

Decemmber 8 On This Day in Australian History

1789 James Ruse was a chuffed chappie when he reaped the first harvest on Government Farm at Parramatta.

1801 Flinders explored and charts King George's Sound (later Albany) in Western Australia.

1838 During the Myall Creek trials The Australian newspaper reported that one of the jurors remarked:
‘I look on the blacks as a set of monkeys, and the earlier they are exterminated from the face of the earth the better. I would never consent to hang a white man for a black one. I knew well (the settlers) were guilty of the murder, but I for one would never see a white man suffer for shooting a black.’

1839 Rev. James Gunther wrote in his journal;
We had 14 Young men & elderly boys at Church, also, many Natives, besides about the Establishment. It is pleasing, after all, that however much they wander, they again & again come back to the Mission and seem to consider it their home. - Mr W. being poorly I officiated both times. A certain neighbouring Gentleman, who bears J.P. behind his name, sent, to day, a Black woman to attend Church, dressed in a theatrical & ridiculous style, men’s clothes, and with his own, handsomely, bound, Bible & Prayer-book in the hand. Had she come into the Church door, it would, no doubt, have caused laughter with some & thus a disturbance. But fortunately Mrs G. saw her before she had proceeded so far, and kept her in her room, as she was obliged to stay at home. When I came from Church Mrs G. pointed her out to me, and, happily, another Magistrate who had been at Church, just called in, so when we presented the theatrical figure. He was shocked, and said, he would give the Gent a strong reprimand, and I requested him to tell him, if he did so again, I should certainly take some steps against him.

1855 Ballarat was proclaimed a Municipality.

1888 Mr J.T Williams leapt from a hot air balloon over Sydney....and proceeded to demonstrate the amazing powers of the parachute.
At least....we hope the chap remembered to sling one on his back...

1888 The village of Gilgandra (NSW) was proclaimed on this day.

1899 George St in Sydney was beside itself with the comings and goings of the new electric tramway sliding its length.

1909 Lady Dudley got on the blower and called a meeting at Govt House in Melbourne from which lead the formation of the legendary Bush Nursing Service.

1910 Geelong, Victoria was declared a city.

1934 Imperial Airways extended its airmail service to Australia.

1941 The Kiwis and Aussies declared war on Japan.

1941 War returned to Broome the day after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour. Australia instantly joined America in declaring war on the Japanese and almost immediately, all pearling activity ceased in Broome. Men rushed to join the war effort and the industry’s labour pool vanished overnight as Japanese residents were interred in camps.

1956 The 16th Olympic games closed at Melbourne, Australia.

1965 Martin Sharp's first exhibition of paintings opened at the Clune Galleries in Potts Point, Sydney. Sharp was the main illustrator and co-editor of Oz magazine.

1966 A pioneering piece of legislation was passed in the South Australian Parliament when the Aboriginal Lands Trust Act, the first ever Act in Australia to recognize Aboriginal land rights, was assented to on this day.

1970 Victoria passed the Aboriginal Land Act 1970 which is supposed to recognise the Aboriginal people's right to hold the title of the land where they lived.

1972 Australia’s military commitment in South Vietnam ended, although controversy about the precise end date of the war continues.

1975 Probably the only rock anthem with bagpipes, Aussie rock group AC/DC's It's a Long Way To The Top was released.
To promote it, ABC-TV's Countdown filmed the now-classic video-clip for the single, featuring the band playing the song live on the back of a flatbed truck as they are driven through Melbourne.

1983 Stated by Hon C Holding MHR, Commonwealth of Australia   
"This Government looks to achieve further progress for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people through the two principles of consultation and self-determination, that is, with the involvement of the Aboriginal people in the whole process ... All our policies, each of our programs and projects, have been and will continue to be fashioned in discussions with Aboriginal people and their organisations at national and community levels."

1986 The Balranald Railway Line (NSW) was closed.

1986 In Victoria they had a field day kicking umpteen stations and railway lines to the kerb....
Curdie's River Junction (later renamed Timboon Junction) to Timboon (Vic) closed.
Hopetoun to Patchewollock line closed
North Creswick to Allendale line closed
Jeparit to Yanac line closed
East Natimuk to Carpolac line closed .
 East Natimuk to Noradjuha closed .
Moulamein to Balranald line (services suspended) .
 Wedderburn Jct to Wedderburn line closed .
 Elmore to Diggora West line closed .
Piangil to Kooloonong line closed .
 Dookie to Katamatite line closed .
 Numurkah to Picola line closed .
 Bowser to Peechelba East line closed .
 Moe to Yallourn line closed .
 Traralgon to Cowwarr line closed

1987 Queen Street Post Office Massacre
Frank Vitkovic enters Melbourne's Queen Street Post Office and opens fire on customers and staff with a sawn-off shotgun killing 8 before taking his own life.

1988 Mabo Vs Queensland 1988 took place.
The High Court of Oz declared that the Queensland Coast Islands Declaratory Act - which tried to abolish native title rights - was not valid.

2005 A plaque was unvieled to honour the Aboriginal warrior Multuggerah who was an Aboriginal leader of the Jagera (Yuggera) nation, of the Lockyer Valley area near Toowoomba, Queensland. He was part of the resistance to European colonisation of the Darling Downs. In December 1843 Multuggerah led the Battle of One Tree Hill (Tabletop) in defence of the hill, a site of spiritual significance to his people.

2006 Thousands of firefighters rushed to contain more than a dozen wildfires burning across southern Australia amid fears that high temperatures and gusty winds forecast this weekend could further stoke the blazes, threatening farms and towns.