Thursday, February 22, 2018

February 22 On This Day in Australian History

1701 - Roebuck, the Royal Navy vessel on which William Dampier sailed to and explored the coast of New Holland including the Abrolhos islands and Shark Bay, was leaking and falling apart when she slowly and quiety sank in six metres of water at Ascension island in the Atlantic.

1791 - James Ruse was a clever little dicky-bird and proved he could sustain himself with the first land grant at Rose Hill on the bush block he dubbed Experiment Farm.

1796 -  Hawkesbury settlers agreed they will assemble for mutual protection when Aboriginal people were seen near their farms.
‘It has been intimated to the governor, that two white men had been frequently seen with the natives … and
were supposed to direct and assist in those acts of hostility by which the settlers had lately suffered,’ writes Collins.
The two renegades, Wilson and Knight have shown the Darug that English muskets, once discharged, are useless until reloaded. This, says Collins, ‘effectually removed that terror of our fire-arms with which it had been our constant endeavour to inspire them’.

1805 - James Lovell was Hanged for forging and uttering (NSW).

1838 - William Moore was publicly hanged in High St Maitland for the murder of his master John Hoskyns.

1855 - There was order in the court for the trial of the 13 miners who lead the Eureka Stockade and who were charged with High Tea, High Tide and High Treason.

1867 - Royal Commission into the best means of clearing the Murray River presented its final report to Parliament.
Hmph, 5 mins in the country and they've soiled the mighty Murray already.

1874 - A number of Aboriginal men descended from the hill behind the Barrow Creek Telegraph Station and fatally speared the Station Master and a linesman.
The Kaytetye say the attack was in response to the theft of their land and the exploitation of the women by the new settlers. Reprisal was swift and severe and many innocent Aboriginal people were killed in the months following the event.

1879 - The Aussie artist, author and sculptor who scandalised society, Norman Lindsay, was found in a Bunyip nest.

1889 - Southern Cross was an iron steamship who was impaled amidships by an uncharted rock right in the middle of the fairway off Rocky Cape, north-west Tasmania, about half a mile offshore. Crew and passengers were saved with assistance from SS Herbert. It was hoped she may be saved with the rising tide, but it was not to be. Some gear was salvaged but all passenger luggage was lost.

1901 - Leading Aussie film pioneer Ken Hall was bumped into the world. Producing many films for both Aussie and overseas studios he gave us many Aussie classics that are still watched today.

1910 - The black hole in the ground, the Wonthaggi Coal Mine, trundled its first train-load of coal to the masses.

1928 - Bert Hinkler dropped in for a spot of tea and scones in Darwin after his 15 day solo flight from UK. He became the nation's golden haired lad for awhile there with everything stamped with his face and name selling like dirty magazines & tinea cream to footballers.

1932 - Melbourne's *ahem* preferred radio station 3AW officially debuted today.

1932 - The ship Northern Firth struck rocks off  Brush Island, NSW, with a hole torn in her side resulting in the engine room quickly filling with water putting the engines out of commission and leaving her at the mercy of a strong north-easterly which drove her on to a reef about ten metres off shore. Locals were quickly on the scene and some of the cargo of shoes, clothing and spirits was pillaged before officials arrived to place a guard over the wreck.

1936 - Former Vic Premier John Allan copied Charles Sladen- exit stage left.

1936 - William Cooper sent a missive to the Minister of the Interior with an outline of the constitution of the Australian Aborigines  League.
Dear Sir,
I am forwarding herewith a copy of the constitution of our League, setting out, in a summarised form, what the darkman conceives should be the programme for the raising of the race from its present deplorable condition. We trust that your Government will take steps to improve our lot along the lines indicated. Nothing less than the elevation of the race to equality with the white race is entirely satisfactory to the dark folk but everything done to help on the way is deeply appreciated.

We are delighted to see the increasing interest evidenced in our race a desire which extends to the administration. It does appear that that there is, on ebery hand, a willingness to mitigate the conditions applying rather than to regard them as the permanent condition.

Though our previous approach to you was not entirely successful, we do feel, and are glad to say it, that we did consider you were anxious to help us and for that we thank you.

We will later take an opportunity of requesting you to meet us again when we will move for further ameliorative effort.

With best wishes,
I remain,
Your obedient servant,
W Cooper Hon.Sec.
William Cooper

1951 - The Argus published an interview with Mary Clarke of Framlingham, Vic, under the title;
'Leave us a tiny corner native plea'
"The white people never thought of paying US rent for the whole country that they took from our ancestors. Leave us this tiny corner where our homes are. Why should we pay rent for it at all? We regard that little bit of land as ours still. "

1958 - Australian swimmer Jon Konrads set 6 world records in 2 days.

1962 - The Late Great Crocodile Hunter Steve Irwin was born.

1965 - The Royal Mint was opened for business by Phil The Greek aka HRH Prince Phillip, keeping the workers out of mischief and off the streets the following year by churning out 1,500,000,000 to replace the Imperial coins with the new fandangled decimal currency.

1965 - Newspapers around the country announced that the Freedom Ride bus driver had walked out for fear of violence to both himself and the bus after a violent mob of 500 people at Moree pelted the students and the bus with eggs and fruit, several of the students were spat on and punched, many of them were thrown to the ground.
Police had to escort the bus 30 miles out of town.
This was in response to the students blocking the Moree Baths after they'd been refused admittance with 9 Aboriginal children.
10 of the students had also been bodily thrown from the entrance of the pools.
Four men were charged and faced court, the Mayor agreed to rescind a 1955 council regulation that banned Aboriginal people from the pools.

1967 - Cyclone Barbara left wind damage at Coolangatta. Crossed at Lismore, NSW.

1971 - Oh, My!
They were gettin' all fancy-pants and bungin' on the dog by having a hip n happenin' Cafeteria Car on "The Overland" railway service.

1976 - Cyclone Beth left over 200 homes damaged when it passed the Maryborough / Bundaberg area. Significant wave peaks recorded at 10 meters.

1984 - Barry Cecchini presented Luna Park for Adults at Luna Park.

1984 - Legislatin was passed with the prunes ...

".... that part of Condah land shown shaded and hatched on the plan in Part A of Schedule 1 was originally Aboriginal land and was on 22 February 1984 acquired under the Crown Land (Reserves) Act 1978 of Victoria and is deemed to be temporarily reserved under that Act as an area of historic and archaeological interest;...."

1985 - Cyclone Pierre hit Shoalwater Bay. Minor flooding.

1986 - 10,000 take part in and 60,000 watch the annual Gay Mardi Gras Parade which commenced at Art Gallery Road, and proceeded via Oxford Street and Flinders Street to the Showgrounds, where a dance party was held at the Manufacturer’s Hall.
Poster designer was David McDiarmid.

1986 - The AIDS Council of New South Wales' entered their first-ever Mardi Gras Parade float , with the motto  'Get Bold About Safer Sex'.
ACON has participated in the parade ever since,

1987 - The 1987 Australian Film Institute and Sydney Gay Mardi Gras (SGMG) Gay Film Festival was held at the Chauvel Cinema, Paddington.

1988 - The Gay Mardi Gras Festival Art Exhibition, opened at the Roslyn Oxley Gallery.

1997 - X Lines, an association of gay and lesbian Telstra staff raised over $1100 for the Bobby Goldsmith Foundation during the annual Shop Yourself Stupid.

1997 - The Sydney Morning Herald wrote  “Heroin is permeating the community” and that there were “no local services available for mental health, drug-abuse, alcohol counselling or pregnancy” in the Aboriginal community.

1998 - The third national conference of the Australian Bisexual Network was held at the PRIDE Centre.

1998 - An exhibition of photos of the first Mardi Gras and associated protests, was held at the Pitt Centre and then at the Raw Nerve Gallery in Erskineville.

2004 - New Mardi Gras Fair Day attracted 75,000 people to Victoria Park, Camperdown.

2011 - An earthquake killed 181 people and caused substantial damage to Christchurch, New Zealand's second largest city. The country's second major earthquake in 6 months was followed by further severe aftershocks 4 months later.

Wednesday, February 21, 2018

February 21 On This Day in Australian History

1802 - HMS Investigator was misplaced (some say lost but I believe it will resurface down the back of someone's couch) whilst under the command of Matthew Flinders, who was stickybeaking about the coastline in the vicinity of present day Port  Lincoln. A water party, comprising two officers and a crew of six left the ship to land on the mainland and was not seen again.

1802 - Corio Bay, near Geelong, discovered John Murray poking about its shoreline.

1804 - Niberlooner was renamed Sullivan's Cove (Tassie) on this date when Lt David Collins cast his baby blues over the area.
Not to be confused with Sullivan Bay, Victoria, a settlement Lt David Collins named and abandoned after 7 months.

1840 - The cat was out of the bag when a particular gossip from Penwortham told the press of the vile events of this day when a shepherd promised a starving Indigenous woman a sheep in exchange for sex which he neglected to fulfill then, later forced to face the woman's rightly angry relatives, he killed her.

1842 - Dig out the feather boa and polish up that rhinestone garter-belt Mavis...the first play to be wrought in Melbourne was sprung upon the populace at the Theatre Royal, the title "Widow's Victim".

1848 - A hefty cutter named Psyche. Cutter was shop-lifted from Hobart by four convicts. Two survivors from her were picked up at Percy Island by the barque Freak, but the fate of their two companions was never discovered although some suspected cannibalism.

1881 - The Grey River Argus proclaimed that John Almao of Dunedin had been awarded a second order of merit, from the Melbourne Exhibition, for his model aerial tramway, while Reid and Duncan, civil engineers from Dunedin, received an Honourable Mention for their plain wire rope railway.
Well, I found it interesting...

1891 - Two Indigenous men were murdered by a policeman in Central Australia.

1894 - The Wanganui Herald whispered how Mr. Hindle, MLA of Lithgow, denounced Parliament for containing drunken blackguards.
One feels that Mr. Hindle was holding himself back, not really letting rip and tellin' like it was....

1899 - Sir George Bowen popped his clogs. Georgie-boy was a busy lad with fingers in political pies, being the Guv for Qld, the Guv for NZ and the Guv for Victoria where he didn't kiss the girls to make 'em cry but sacked 400 public servants and made 'em cry.

1907 - Tired of swimmers ignoring the SWIM BETWEEN THE DAMN FLAGS ALREADY message
The Bondi Surf Bathers’ Life Saving Club was established on this day at the Royal Hotel, Bondi Beach.

1927 - Radio station 3DB began broadcasting in Melbourne. It borrowed the initials of the Druleigh Business and Technology college and was launched upon the world with a Children's Hour at 6.30pm.

1929 - The Cenotaph in Martin Place was unveiled on what was the anniversary of the Light Horse entering Jericho.

1929 - Riding the peace train, compulsory military training in peacetime was done away with.

1931 - Avoiding the knackers yard by a mile Phar Lap became the highest stakes winner.

1937 - Fleet of foot fellow Ron Clarke was pupped on this day.

1943 - Start of Forbes 25 pounder trials where 276 Y4 (mustard) and 53 B4 (tear gas) rounds were fired.

1943 - In a letter to the Australian Prime Minister , Macarthur concurred that a decision for gas warfare would not be taken independently, but only when agreement had been reached between the Prime Minister and himself.

1945 - Menzies decided on changing the cuffs to match the collars so he formally notified Parliament his party was no longer to be called Greedy Fatty BoomBah and The Profits of Doom United Australia Party but was now the (Not Really) Liberal Party of Oz.

1953 - The Taree RSL , down near the riverbank, had a small room attached to the side in which the radio station 2RE was birthed on this day.

1956 - Showing that we knew how to meet new friends and kill them, Australian and British aircraft bombed Kluang, Malaya

1963 -  The QE II beamed down from the mothership and visited the new town of Elizabeth, established to the north of Adelaide, which was named after her.

1965 - The Freedom Ride bus hit Grafton, NSW.

1966 -  Brisvegas got legit wif the yoof of the day when The Rolling Stones rocked out two shows at the Brisbane City Hall.

1968 - World-famous Australian scientist Sir Howard Florey dropped off the perch, aged 69.
Yes, you should give a fat rats clacker cos Florey's work was crucial in creating a useful antibiotic from Sir Alexander Fleming's discovery of penicillin. 
And without it most of you would never have been born.

1973 - It was The City of Churches turn to get all funky and hipster with Mick, Keith and the gang aka The Rolling Stones spending the night together at two shows at Memorial Drive Park, Adelaide.

1980 – A Beech 200 light aircraft crashed at Sydney Airport, killing 13.

1981 - Whats da matter, you? Hey! Gotta no respect!
"Shaddap You Face", by Australian Joe Dolce, topped the UK singles chart.
Ahhh, shaddap you face!

1981 - Today saw torrential rain grace the streets of Sydney and force the postponement of the Oh So Fabulous Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras, themed "We are the People our Parents Warned us Against"
The Street Parade of Splendidness was played a month later on March 21.

1984 - Things were crook up north when nurses from Brisbane's 3 public hospitals walked out in what was their very first strike. It only lasted 24 hours, probably because the Qld Govt (didn't have their heads up their backsides) wanted to keep the health system running and appreciated their nurses.

1997 - Former Westralia Premier Carmen Lawrence was in a spot of bother when she was charged with bad taste in clothing perjury. 
She was later found not guilty.

2009 - Saw the very last race at Cheltenham Park Racecourse in Adelaide.
Sold for $85 million for housing development.

2016 -  Baby Asha, a one-year old asylum seeker child who was transferred along with her family from Nauru to Brisbane’s Lady Cilento Children’s hospital for medical treatment was released into community detention. It came after the doctors at the hospital refused to discharge Asha after the completion of her treatment, fearing she would be transferred back to Nauru. Many members of the public rallied and held vigils outside the hospital.

2015 - Severe Tropical Cyclone Marcia (Marcia, Marcia, Marcia, it's always about Marcia) crossed the coast at Shoalwater Bay (north northwest of Yeppoon) . Marcia crossed the coast at category 5 intensity in a largely uninhabited area, although significant damage was recorded at Yeppoon and Rockhampton as the system weakened after making landfall.
Proving she was full of hot air Marcia was downgraded to a tropical low and buggered off out to sea.

2017 - A plane crashed at the Essendon DFO near the Essendon Airport, killing all onboard.

Tuesday, February 20, 2018

February 20 On This Day in Australian History

1804 - Charles Crump was Hanged in Sydney for the theft of 9 pieces of chintzes and printed calicoes from William Tough in Sydney Cove.

1809 - Poor old Billy Bligh boarded a boat after agreeing to go straight to England,not pop into any part of the colony for a cuppa or pass Go and collect $200.

1835 - Charles Norford was Hanged at Sydney for the attempted murder of Patrick Lynch. Norford was shaving Lynch when he suddenly cut his throat.

1863 - Hendrick Witnalder was Hanged at Campbell Street Gaolm Tassie, for sodomy.

1872 William Lygon, aka the 7th Earl Beachamp, popped into the world today. Willy-boy became Gov of NSW and was a patron to Henry Lawson for awhile. 
Shoved out of the closet by his brother-in-law in 1931, Willy quietly went into exile.

1879 - The Cape Bedford Massacre took place; Cooktown based Native Police Sub-inspector Stanhope O'Connor with his troopers, Barney, Jack, Corporal Hero, Johnny and Jimmy hunted down and "hemmed in" a group of Guugu-Yimidhirr Aborigines in "a narrow gorge", north of Cooktown on, "of which both outlets were secured by the troopers. There were twenty-eight men and thirteen gins thus enclosed, of whom none of the former escaped. Twenty-four were shot down on the beach, and four swam out to the sea" never to be seen again.

1880 - The Newcastle Morning Herald announced that a local Aboriginal woman known as Old Margaret , who was purported to be the last surviving Aboriginal people of Lake Macquarie (along with her children) would be formally offered a grant to the land on which they have resided for years.

1895 - The Timaru Herald declared that those on the Oz side of the ditch were claiming that sharing a treaty over a few bottles of plonk with those on the NZ side of the ditch would 'retard Federation".
How abouts we let those Kiwis piff a few of their apples at the silly Aussies in question...?
1900 - The Taranaki Herald reported that, while two men arguing over the war ended in the murder of one in Charters Towers on the other hand it wasn't Bubonic Plague like they'd suspected on a ship in port.
The Laboratory giveth and the war taketh away.....

1903 - The first design change to the original Australian national flags were made.
For civil use, the British Red ensign and six pointed federation star stayed, but the design of the Southern Cross was changed so that all but the smallest star had seven points, ostensibly to improve the ease of manufacture.
The exact date of this change is not known. The earliest known official use was from the belated Gazettal of the Australian flag design on this day.

1913 - Instead of driving women crazy, today King O'Malley was driving a steel peg into the top soil to mark the beginning of building Canberra.

1919 - Dr John A. Gilruth and his family departed Darwin in the night aboard HMAS Encounter after Government House had been placed under virtual siege for several weeks following the Darwin Rebellion -  a culmination of unrest in the Australian Workers' Union whose  grievances were against the two main Northern Territory employers, Vestey’s Meatworks and the Commonwealth of Australia, and concerned political representation, unemployment, taxation and ongoing industrial disputes following the implementation of the White Australia policy.

1956 - South Australian police officer Theodore Arthur Nixon died as a result of a motor accident.

1961 -  Lt  G. O'Day, RAN of 725 Squadron had his undercarriage let down during a single-engine flypast at RANAS Nowra, suffered an engine stall, and landed in a tree.
 Just the way to start the day.

1962 - Perth was dubbed The City of Light when everyone switched on their outside lights for US astronaut John Glenn, who was passing overhead in Friendship 7.

1965 - Freedom Ride members including Charles Perkins were ejected from Moree's municipal swimming baths after protesting against its policy of not admitting Aborigines.

1975 - In Parliament, Deputy PM Jim Cairns was in hot water when he was forced to defend his appointment of Juni Morosi after claims by Liberal backbencher Billy Wentworth that she was unfit for her position and a newspaper report suggesting a romantic link between Morosi and Cairns.

1980 - Ash Wednesday bushfires; In a strange coincidence two of the worst bushfires in South Australia occurred on Ash Wednesday, the first day of Lent.
On 20 February 1980 a fire, believed to have started from smouldering rubbish in the Heathfield dump, swept through the hills destroying 51 homes but fortunately with no loss of life.

1981 - Actor Peter Regan (married to actress Olivia Hamnett) was a tad miffed at workers who started work far too early on a construction site next door to his hotel he piffed eggs at them. They started at the proper time the following day.

1981 - An inquest into the disappearance of baby Azaria Chamberlain finds that she was taken by a dingo.

1984 - Sergeant 1st Class Rhoderic Lindsay (NSW) died whilst undertaking a rescue at sea.

1992 -  Two months after losing his position as Prime Minister, Bob Hawke took his bat and ball and buggered off home when he resigned from his House of Representatives seat.

Monday, February 19, 2018

February 19 On This Day in Australian History

1804 - David Collins decided to up sticks and shift his non-Corey Worthington organised party to Sullivan Cove in Tassie.

1810 - Edward Luttrell Jnr, a ship’s officer and son of Surgeon Edward Luttrell, shot Pemulwuy’s son ‘Tidbury’ (Tedbury or Tjedboro) in the face during an argument at Parramatta.

1836 - British Parliament officially proclaimed the colony of South Australia and formally defined its boundaries.
King William IV recognised the continued rights to land for Aboriginal people in South Australia's founding document, the Letters Patent. It was the first ever recognition of Aboriginal rights granted in Australia's colonial history. But the promise of legal entitlement to the land was never kept.

1852 - That glittery gold stuff that gets the population so excited was tripped over in Beechworth.

1856 - Exotic dancer (that's exotic NOT erotic you smutty minded people) Lola Montez - who was neither Spanish nor a trained dancer -was greatly displeased with a bad review written by the editor of the Ballarat Times, Henry Seekamp, about her.
So she took to him with a horse whip.
Totally justified, Your Honour...!

1863 - Thomas McGee was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of Alexander Brown at Maiden Gully.

1865 - The tender was issued for work on Parliament House for the construction of the Legislative Council foundations.

1877 - A few glasses and stumps were raised when the patent for the stump-jump plough was registered in South Oz.

1879 - The foundation stone for Melbourne's Royal Exhibition Building was laid.

1883 - Sir William Robinson was having a bad hair day so he decided to cover it up by popping on the South Oz Governor's hat.

1892 - Eileen O'Connor, the next possible Aussie saint, was delivered by the stork in Richmond (Struggletown), Melbourne.
She was yet another ballsy gal who took on Rome to establish Our Lady's Nurses For The Poor.

1894 - Steam trams began chugging their way to Bondi; getting a full head of steam up they could gallop along at 65km/ph, birthing the saying "to shoot through like a Bondi tram".

1894 - The Sydney Anarchy Trial found several well-known chappies were a bit naughty for flogging editions of the anarchist newspaper Hard Cash that cast aspersions upon trustees of the Savings Bank of NSW. Tsk tsk tsk. Because banks are always so trust-worthy during a depression... aren't they?
Of course 2 chappies in particular were let off the hook...future NSW Premier Jack Lang and future Prime Minister Billy Hughes.

1912 - Royal Commission into the claims arising out of the contract entered into between Peter Rodger and the Victorian Railways Commissioners for the erection of Flinders Street new Station Buildings presented its final report to Parliament.

1918 - The Australian Corps Signal Company was formed.

1928 - Thousands of spectators crammed into the Kings Oak Speedway to eyeball the latest mad craze to shift from Oz - the uber dangerous dirt track racing.

1942 - Darwin was bombed twice  on this day with deaths far exceeding the originally quoted 15 and the later revised 243.

1942 - A Japanese Zero crash-landed on Melville Island to Darwin’s north, and its pilot was captured by a local  Tiwi Islander man named Matthias Ulungura snuck up behind the Japanese pilot with a tomahawk and said, 'Stick 'em up!'— the first prisoner of war taken on Australian soil.

1942 - During the Bombing of Darwin the first wave of 188 Japanese planes was spotted by Father John McGrath, a Catholic priest at the mission station on Bathurst Island. Father McGrath sent a message on the radio saying "An unusually large air formation bearing down on us from the northwest". Nearly everyone ignored this, though it was on the most popular radio station. About an hour later there were roughly 100 people dead, but the people who followed his instruction all survived.

1942 - Following the Bombing of Darwin many Aboriginal people were relocated to 'control camps' and restrictions were places on Aboriginal movement, especially women. In Arnhem Land Aboriginal people made up special reconnaissance units in defence against the Japanese.
The United Church in North Australia set up an Aboriginal mission on Elcho Island, Northern Territory.

 1943 - The Militia Bill was passed along with the metamucil which made all Aussie troops available to Gen. Douglas MacArthur in the Pacific Campaign.

1943 - Japanese planes flew over Sydney, sparking sirens and anti-aircraft fire.

1944 - Royal Commission to inquire into the place of origin and the causes of the fires which commenced at Yallourn on the 14th day of February, 1944 established.

1946 -  “All personnel from No. 19 Replenishing Centre posted and disbandment of the unit is complete”.

1951 - Norman Andrews was Hanged at Pentridge for the murder of 'Pop' Kent.

1951 - Robert David Clayton was Hanged at Pentridge for the murder of 'Pop' Kent.

1951 -Jean Lee was Hanged at Pentridge for the murder of 'Pop' Kent in Dorrit Street Carlton. Jean Lee was the last woman executed in Australia.

1955 – The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty (SEATO) came into force.

1962 - The Upper Ferntree Gully to Belgrave railway line (Vic) opened reopened as broad gauge.

1966 - The Rolling Stones performed three shows at Sydney Showground.

1966 - Aussie gal Heather McKay won her fifth successive British squash title.

1969 - Some bloke was seen leading animals onto his boat 2 by 2 when Darwin had a spot of rain with 125mm throwing itself from the sky within 24 hours. 1 inch fell in 5 mins...impatient little buggers!

1969 - Australian cricketer Doug Walters made the record books by taking both a century and a double century in the same match during the Fifth Test against India.

1980 - This day  saw the sad demise of one of rock's enduring legends - Bon Scott passed away.

1983 - The scary boogy monster under the ALP bed became known as Westralian Premier Brian Burke on this day.

1987 - Henry Ramsay aka Craig McLachlan  graced our idiot boxes for his debut appearance in Neighbours on this day.

1996 - Rob Borbidge threw his hat into the ring and came away as the 35th Premier of Qld.

1996 - Sky News Australia was spawned on this day.

1998 - Zali Steggall broke the drought and took home the first individual Winter Olympic medal for the Aussies when she won Bronze for the downhill slalom.

Sunday, February 18, 2018

February 18 On This Day in Australian History

1793 - The first school in the new colony began thumping learnin' into young heads in an unfinished church building in Sydney with the first teacher being one Mr Stephen Barnes.

1796 - One of the Scottish martyrs, Thomas Muir, did a bunk and successfully escaped on an American ship Otter.

1804 - The first Russian to become an Aussie resident - before we were known as Aussies - was John Potocki who was given the Grande Tour of Tassie as a transported convict.

1815 - George Wood and others were lost en route from Illawarra to Shoalhaven to pick up cedar.

1844 - The foundation stone of the monument to Surveyor-General Colonel William Light, over his grave in Light Square, was laid on this day.

1856 - A bovine lad by the name of King Oscar was pupped on this day; being of a lowly state his fate was in the hands of others and, thus, he was sold to Mr Broadie and travelled to Oz where he spent the remainder of his days.

1858 - The HMS Sappho may have been armed with sixteen cannon but she still managed to disappear on her voyage from England ; she was last sighted a few miles off Cape Otway, Vic, on this day and then not seen again. Despite an extensive search in Bass Strait and a report that the masts of a ship were seen protruding from the sea near Wilson’s Promontory, no definite trace was ever discovered.

1862 - Margaret Coghlan was Hanged at Campbell Street Gaol, Tassie, for the murder of her husband.

1865 - John McDonald was another Melbournian who chose to chance it aboard the CSS Shenandoah; he popped out of his hiding place after the ship had sailed, becoming another of the OZ & NZ veterans of the American Civil War.

1869 - A transported Fenian, JB O'Reilly, took his unlawful leave from Fremantle in the American whaling ship Gazelle and sailed off into the sunset for USA.

1874 - Little Nell was a steam launch whose boiler exploded during a race with the tug Tamar, off Coulson, Tasmania.  In an attempt to beat the powerful tug, the safety valve of the launch’s boiler was clamped down and more fuel thrown on the fire. Eleven on board; the river cutter Margaret rescued three passengers, one dying a few days later, the other two badly scalded.

1874 -  I say, What!
That earnest explorer chappy Ernest Giles was nearly killed by one of his horses when he was thrown and dragged along, only narrowly escaping being killed.

1883 - Jessie Litchfield, a fantastically inspirational woman, was found in the tulip patch. She was an author, poet, Aussie and international journalist and editor of a NT newspaper, who helped push tourism in the Top End.

1893 - The Marlborough Express succinctly stated how both Tamworth and Toowoomba were out of railway and telegraph communication reach due to floods which had 'surpassed the last one'.

1903 - The Coonamble Branch Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Dubbo - Coonamble.

1907 -  D'Arcy Wentworth Uhr, policeman, prospector, drover, found not guilty for cattle stealing and organiser of reprisals against Aboriginal People (a PC way of saying revenge attacks) popped his clogs.

1911 - The MCG was hosting the test cricket match between South Africa and Oz when former Oz captain who had leapt the fence to play for the Old Dart, Billy Murdoch, turned up his toes during the lunch interval.

1911 - Beech Forest became home to the very first Bush Nurse, Mary Thompson, who no doubt patched together a great number of people in Australia's first Bush Nursing appointment.

1929 - Kanowna was steaming her way between Sydney and Melbourne when she ran on to rocks in foggy weather near Cleft Island (Skull Rock) south of Wilsons Promontory. Boats were immediately lowered and the passengers were transferred to SS Mackarra. It was first thought that the vessel could be saved, but owing to her boiler fires being extinguished she could not be beached. After remaining afloat for several hours, she sank the following morning.
Included in the £200,000 cargo lost was a racehorse, dog and three cars.
Vale the horse and dog.

1931 - Mawson landed at Cape Bruce – the first known landing in that part of East Antarctica.

1942 - Japanese air raid on Darwin;
Gunbar. Auxiliary minesweeper,Minor damage  One dead.
Coongoola. Channel patrol vessel.  Minor damage
Benjamin Franklin. United States oil tanker. Minor damage
Kangaroo. Boom working vessel. Minor damage. One dead.
Kara-kara. Boom defence vessel. Minor damage. Two dead.
Kookaburra. Boom working vessel. Minor damage. Two wounded.
Platypus. Depot/Repair ship. Minor damage, One dead.
Tulagi. Australian transport. Damaged during the Japanese air raid.

William B. Preston. Ex destroyer converted to a seaplane tender.Damaged during the Japanese air raid. Four dead.

Manunda. Australian hospital ship.Damaged during the Japanese air raid. Twelve died and 58 were wounded when she suffered several near misses and one direct hit.

Portmar. United States transport. Damaged during the Japanese air raid. She was beached, then salvaged and towed to Brisbane for repairs, only to be torpedoed and sunk on her first voyage.

1944 - Operation Jericho was off to a flying start when 19 de Havilland Mosquitos (comprising of RAF, RAAF and RNZAF pilots)  took off to bomb the walls of a Gestapo prison to liberate French political prisoners; of the 700 held there 258 managed to escape.

 1944 - The United States War department approached the Royal Australian Air Force on whether it should obtain its requirements of gas weapons and chemicals from American sources.

1954 - Bust out the popcorn and shove your mates in the car boot!
The first drive-in theatre opened in Oz at 6.30pm ; the Skyline Drive-in in Burwood, Melbourne.

1958 - 200,000 people went to Brisbane to peer at an old gal known as the Queen Mum.

1962 - The railway line from Upper Fern Tree Gully to Belgrave was re-opened after having been shaken but not stirred as it was converted from narrow gauge to broad gauge railway track.

1963 - Not to be outdone by the old gal, QEII and Phil the Greek beamed down from the mothership for some Aussie lovin'.

1965 - Esso-BHP struck gas, and later oil, at the Barracouta well in Bass Strait.

1965 - The editorial in The Australian on this day highlighted the need for all Aussies to face up to the fact that there was (and is) widespread discrimination against Aboriginal people, both obvious and subtly covert.
(My, my, how things haven'y changed)

1966 - There was a whole lotta shakin' goin' on at the Sydney Showgrounds when The Rolling Stones shook their thang during 2 shows.

1966 - The Canberra Times reported that Charles Perkins, in his role as Manager of the Foundation for Aboriginal Affairs, had stated that unless funds were donated the foundation would be forced to close within three months.

1967 - Those Aussie teens were shockers!
Go-Set published its first anniversary issue, which carried a story about a riot at a Loved Ones concert in Tasmania at which lead singer Gerry Humphreys had his trousers completely torn off by the crowd.

1989 - The Oh So Fabulously Wonderfully Out There Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras was celebrated with an estimated 200,000 peeps whilst the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence carried forth a platter on which the head of raging right-wing fundamentalist bible thumping God botherer Fred Nile lounged.

2001 – Four people were killed when a landslide forced a bus into a ravine at Cradle Mountain.

2006 – Six teenagers were killed and another was injured in a hit and run accident in Cardross, near Mildura.

2006 - The Pride History Group launched its new comprehensive history web site.