Wednesday, June 20, 2018

June 20 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1790 – The Second Fleet materalised on the Holo Deck at Port Jackson.

1793 - The colony's administrator Lieut-Gov Francis Grose was empowered to assign convicts as servants to civil and military officers. He was instructed to prevent the secret and clandestine sale of spirits in the colony.
And, oh, how we laughed....

1802 - French explorer Nicholas Baudin washed ashore at Port Jackson aboard Le Geographe.

1808 - Michael Bagan was hanged at the Parramatta brickfields. Entered the house of Jane Codd near Parramatta, assaulted her and stole items from her home.

1808 - Felix Donnelly was hanged at the Parramatta brickfields. Entered the house of Jane Codd near Parramatta, assaulted her and stole items from her home.

1832 - Sydney Monitor: Report on Bong Bong to Wollongong road.

1839 - Robert William Newland and party shifted into Victor Harbour, SA.
And there went the neighbourhood.

1840 - First land sales held at Jervis Bay, NSW.

1843 - The first election in Victoria to vote in six members to represent the residents of Port Phillip in the NSW Legislative Council. Voters had to be male over the age of 21 and own freehold property worth at least 200 pounds. Candidates had to own property to the value of 2000 pounds. The vote for the Melbourne representative drew a total of 556 voters.

1846 - Brisbane 's first newspaper, the Moreton Bay Courier (later the Brisbane Courier, then Courier-Mail) began publication.

1866 – Adelaide's Town Hall opened for the usual shenanigans.

1899 - The Perth Mint opened to convert the colony's glittery, glittery gold into gold sovereigns.

1911 - The narrow gauge Crowes Railway Line (Vic) was opened from Beech Forest to Crowes.

1916 - The 26 miles / 42 kms of Broad Gauge Heywood to Mount Gambier Railway Line (Vic & SA) was opened as far as Dartmoor, only 10 miles / 16 kms from the SA border.

1927 – Film premiere of For the Term of his Natural Life.

1931 -  Forty NSW Police were involved in a bloody gun battle with 18 unemployed Communist squatters over an eviction order at 143 Union St, Newtown.

1932 - The Boggabilla Railway Branch line(NSW) was opened to those delicious steam locomotives from Camurra - North Star - Boggabilla.

1949 – Lance Sharkey, chairman of the Communist Party, was convicted for sedition.

1961 - The book, The Trial of Lady Chatterley, was banned.
First they banned Lady Chatterley's Lover.
Then they banned the book of the trial.

1964 - The first Pioneer Valley show was held at Finch Hatton, Mackay.

1965 - The rail passenger service from Heathcote Jct to Heathcote (on the North East Railway Line, Vic) was voted off the island.

1991 - Mining at Coronation Hill, NT, was banned by Federal Cabinet. It was incorporated into Kakadu National Park.

1999 – Australia won the 1999 Cricket World Cup, defeating Pakistan in the final.
With nary a sandpaper in sight.

2001 -  The first World Refugee Day was celebrated, having been decided upon by the UN General Assembly the previous December.

2002 – Australia decided to ratify the International Criminal Court.

2005 -  The longest serving detainee, Peter Qasim, was released. Fleeing from Indian Kashmir, he spent a total of seven years in detention. For years the Australian Government refused to recognise him as a refugee and Indian authorities denied he was Indian. He was finally released on a bridging visa only (into a psychiatric hospital) which denied him the right to permanent protection in Australia.

2007 - Australia announced that it will spend 9.3 billion US dollars on five Spanish-designed warships to boost its capacity to face military threats in the region.

2012 -  A Sydney brothel was reported to have received the green light for a multi-million-dollar expansion which will see it become the nation’s largest sex premises. Stiletto’s hourly rate of Aus$370 includes room, lady of choice and beverages.

2015 - Newspoll says 63 per cent of voters support recognition in the constitution.

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

June 19 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1801 - Governor King sent a party in HMS Lady Nelson, commanded by Lieutenant James Grant, to establish a convict settlement at the mouth of the Hunter River, 160 kilometres north of Sydney (now Newcastle). ‘With us likewise,’ Grant noted, ‘went one of the Natives, named Bangaree [Bungaree].’

1803 - Assistant Surgeon at Norfolk Island, William Redfern, was kicking up his heels in glee as he was granted a free pardon.

1810 - James Davis was hanged at Portland Head (Hawkesbury) for burglary from the house of John Cox.

1812 - The United States of America declared war on Britain, which dragged the Australian colonies also into conflict with America.

1820 -  Joseph Banks, English natural historian, dropped off the budgie perch.

1843 - Gettin' all high falutin' those Cockroaches were bewitched by their f irst Italian opera - The Barber of Seville - performed in Sydney.

1851 - Gold was discovered on the Turon River, NSW.

1874 - The first Hospital above Doctors Gully, Darwin was completed. Built largely by public subscription it was extended further in 1876.

1894 - The Yaapeet Railway Branch Line (Vic) was opened from Dimboola to Jeparit.

1908 - The dead were dancing at the extension of the Rookwood Cemetery Railway Line (NSW) when Them In Power opened No 3 Mortuary Station to No 4 Mortuary Station.

1921 - At 75,604, the Aboriginal population of Australia reached its lowest point ever, being reduced by 77 percent since colonisation began.

1933 - Imperial Airways began flitting between England and Australia.

1942 - Arrival of chemical weapons stocks on ship “Glenhartney”.

1946 – Hon. John Dedman introduced legislation to establish the Australian National University.

1956 - A gift that just keeps on giving Britain exploded another nuclear bomb over the Monto Bello Islands, WA, creating a radioactive cloud that drifted over the mainland.

1958 - Entrepreneurs Richard Knerr and Arthur Melin sought a trademark for a plastic cylinder based on a similar toy in Australia. Wham-O began selling the Hula Hoop following a demonstration of a rattan hoop imported from Australia. After one year teenagers in the US purchased some 100 million hoops at a suggested retail price of $1.98.
Ripped off!

1967 - Darwin Maru arrived on its maiden voyage to load the first shipment of iron ore from the new iron ore handling wharf at Fort Hill, Darwin.

1969 – Equal pay for women was granted by the Arbitration Commission.

1975 - Manning Clark and Dame Joan Sutherland were amomg the first fancy-pants recipients of the newly established Order of Australia announced in the Queen's Birthday honours

1983 - The first public meeting on AIDS, Action Against AIDS, was held at the Sydney Gay Centre. At least 23 organisations and businesses attended and adopted a pro-active strategy of research, media releases, government and community support.

1990 - Stars of the Australian Opera Concert raised $50 000 for the AIDS Trust.

2002 - Steve Fossett, an adventurous, Chicago-based aviator, launched the Bud Light Spirit of Freedom balloon from Northam, Australia.

2003 - A team of Australian researchers reported that bananas and taro were cultivated in the highlands of Papua New Guinea as long as 7,000 years ago.

2006 - 15 activists marched along Oxford Street in protest against the federal government’s cancellation of the ACT civil unions legislation.

 2013 - The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights released the report of its inquiry into changes introduced in response to the Expert Panel’s recommendations. The Committee, which included Members of Parliaments and Senators from the Australian Labor Party, Liberal Party and the Australian Greens, concluded that “the measures as currently implemented carry a significant risk of being incompatible with a range of human rights”.

2014 - Australia's highest court ruled that it is unconstitutional for the federal government to fund a program that provides chaplains to schools.

Monday, June 18, 2018

June 18 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1808 - Alexander Wilson (alias Charles Boyle) was hanged at Sydney for burglary from the house of William Moad.

1808 - John MacNeal was hanged at Sydney for burglary and robbery upon his master, having stolen two half casks and two quarter casks of gunpowder from the house of Robert Campbell.

1808 - Mary Grady was hanged at Sydney for burglary from the house of Charles Stuart at Parramatta.

1814 -  In a General Order, Governor Macquarie said he regreted ‘the unhappy Conflicts’ between the ‘natives of the Mountains’ and settlers at Bringelly, Airds and Appin, caused by the Aborigines helping themselves to the maize. He promised to punish anyone involved in hostilities on either side.

1827 – James Stirling established a settlement at Raffles Bay.

1829 – Official proclamation of the Swan River Colony.

1839 - Explorer Edward John Eyre shot through from Adelaide to explore the northern regions of SA.

1868 - An earthquake shook NSW. The quake was centred around the Hunter Valley town of Maitland. Minor damage to buildings only.

1868 - The first rowing race was held between Scotch College (originally known as the Melbourne Academy) and Church of England Grammar School on Yarra River, Melbourne, Vic

1872 - George Robert Nichols (The Parramatta River Murders) was hanged at Darlinghurst for the murder of William Percy Walker (and John Bridger) in upper Sydney Harbour.

1872 - Alfred Lester (alias Froude)(The Parramatta River Murders) was hanged at Darlinghurst for the murder of William Percy Walker (and John Bridger) in upper Sydney Harbour.

1883 - Wangabiddi was hanged at Rottnest Island for the murder of Charles Redfern at Minni-Minni on the Gascoyne River.

1883 - Guerilla was hanged at Rottnest Island for the murder of Anthony Cornish at Fitzroy River.

1881 – The Art Gallery of South Australia was opened by Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence.

1901 - Victorian Parliament parked their posteriors for the first time at the Exhibition Buildings following the Commonwealth Parliament’s use of Parliament House, Melbourne. State Parliament remained there until 1927.

1906 - Counting the Commonwealth
GH Knibbs was appointed head of the new Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics. Some 4.5 million people were counted in the first census on 3 April 1911. Indigenous people were first included officially in the federal census in 1971 when the population was 12.8 million.

1915 - The first lock on the Murray River opened...or closed, depending on your view,  at Blanchetown, Vic.

1923 - The Temora - Roto Railway Line (NSW) was flung open from Griffith to Hillston.

1926 - The Tottenham Railway Branch Line (NSW) was closed.

1927 - The South Oz  Governor, Sir Tom Bridges, opened the Angorichina TB Hostel at Angorichina in the Flinders Ranges. Angorichina is derived from the Aboriginal janaritjina meaning 'open place' or 'wide valley'. The land was given to the Tubercular Soldiers' Aid Society by the owner of Angorichina Station. The Society raised money, which was subsidised with a grant from the government, to build the hostel.

1942 - Aboriginal patrols were organised along the northern and western coasts of Australia.

1964 - The Beatles returned to Sydney and performed two shows each day over three days at Sydney Stadium, Rushcutter's Bay. A sound technician hired by Sydney's Daily Telegraph to attend the first concert recorded sound levels as high as 114 decibels from the screaming crowd.

1968 - The Warringah Expressway opened in Sydney.

1970 - Reverend D.A. Trathen was dismissed as headmaster of Sydney's exclusive private school Newington College after he called on Australian youth to resist the National Service Act.
Oh, you rebel, you!

1971 - The first "Green Ban" was imposed by the Builders' Labourers Federation to prevent development at Kelly's Bush,  a track of bush in the Sydney suburb of Hunters Hill.
A number of housewives also joined the Builders Labourers Federation to save Kelly's Bush.

1973 - The special Aunty Jack Rox On aired on ABC-TV; the special included performances by the late great Rory O'Donoghue's group Cool Bananas, which featured the late great Stevie Wright as guest lead vocalist.

1981 - The 4 millionth Holden car rolled off the GMH assembly line.

1992 - Gorgeous person with oodles of soul and talent singer Peter Allen died from complications due to AIDS.

1997 - Former NSW Premier the Hon. Bob Carr, issued a formal apology in response to Bringing them home. Premier Carr moved that NSW ‘apologises unreservedly to the Aboriginal people of Australia
for the systematic separation of generations of Aboriginal children from their parents, families and
communities’ and ‘acknowledges and regrets Parliament’s role in enacting laws and endorsing policies of successive governments whereby profound grief and loss have been inflicted upon Aboriginal Australians’

2005 - The sixth Rainbow Umbrella Walk for gay and lesbian rights met at the Opera House and strolled to Mrs Macquarie’s Chair.

2005 - In Australia more than a dozen Chinese nationals detained for immigration violations slashed their wrists and body parts in attempted suicide fearing they will be deported.

2007 - A good Samaritan who tried to rescue a woman being dragged by her hair on a busy Melbourne street was shot dead and two other people were wounded when her attacker opened fire. On June 20 a Hells Angel biker was charged with the murder after surrendering to authorities.

2008 -  A government minister warned a drought crisis needed urgent attention or a crucial river system could suffer permanent ecological damage by October.

2012 - Archaeologist Bryce Barker said he has found the oldest piece of rock art in Australia and one of the oldest in the world: an Aboriginal work created 28,000 years ago in the Northern Territory rock shelter known as Nawarla Gabarnmang.

2015 - TAFE Western Yarradamarra Centre head teacher Connie Ah See officially launched the online Certificate I Aboriginal Languages and Culture course for people to learn in the privacy of their own homes.

2017 - Australian Aboriginal rights activist Rodney Kelly visited the British Museum to demand the return of an artifact with a potent history: the Gweagal shield. The shield belonged to Kelly’s great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather, Cooman, and was seized in 1770 by Captain James Cook during the first encounter between the British and Indigenous Australians. It was later given to the British Museum. The bark shield bears a bullet hole, marking the first shot fired in the long history of violence toward the continent’s Indigenous people.

Sunday, June 17, 2018

June 17 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1788 - The name "Sydney" was used for the first time in some new settlement in some strange, far off land where the dregs of society were, not 10 Downing St, although that sounded just as promising as Canberra....
The original name/s for Sydney are Djubuguli (Bennelong Point) and Cadi (all of Sydney Cove).

1804 - Some 300 Aboriginal people threw spears at armed Hawkesbury River settlers, who opened fire and returned to Richmond Hill with stolen goods they have retrieved. A military detachment at Windsor shot two Aboriginal people.

1826 - One bloke who does a bit of haunting is Frederick Fisher - he was done a nasty mischief on this day and his ghost has been seen, celebrated and interviewed at length ever since.

1836 - Michael Maloney was hanged at Sydney for burglary from the house of Richard Hamlyn at Goulburn.

1836 - James Hare was hanged at Sydney for burglary from the house of Richard Hamlyn at Goulburn.

1843 - Continuing the grisly theme and today saw The Wairau Massacre take place, the first deadly fight between the Maori and Europeans since the since the Treaty of Waitangi was signed.

1843 - Gov George Gipps ordered the removal from office of Justice John Walpole Willis, resident Judge in the Port Phillip District, after powerful interests in Melbourne petitioned for his recall.

1867 - One of our greatest writers, Henry Lawson, was birthed on the gold fields.

1890 - The Mansfield Railway Line (Vic) was extended a whopping 4.5 kms from Molesworth to Cathkin.

1891 – The Labor party first entered the New South Wales Legislative Assembly with 35 members elected.

1893 – Prospector Paddy Hannan filed a Reward Claim, announcing the discovery of gold at Kalgoorlie, Western Australia.

1906 - The highly celebrated (go on, admit you raise a glass to it every day!) Prahran to Malvern steam bus service, reputedly the first Victorian use of self propelled vehicles for public passenger traffic, was abandoned.

1911 - Suffrage in Britain
A week before the Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary, Margaret Fisher led Australian and New Zealand women in a London demonstration. Some 40,000 marched in support of a Bill granting women the right to vote. The British government did not enact the suffrage law until 1919.

1912 - William Frederick Ball was hanged at Armidale Gaol for the murder of Louisa Ball at Bingara.

1926 - The coastline of NSW was gently handwashed, rinsed and hung out to drip dry when the effects of a tsunami were felt courtesy of an earthquake in our unofficial 7th state, NZ.

1940 - The Captains Flat Railway Branch Line (NSW) was opened for train business from Bungendore Junction to Captains Flat.

1940 - Ten organisations, including the Communist Party of Australia, were declared illegal.

1946 - The Australian Labor Party severed its links with communist factions.
But still wear red ties...?

1947 - Sir Edward Holden, chairman of General Motors Holden and grandson of James Holden who had established his saddlery and leathergoods business, on the corner of King William and Rundle Streets, Adelaide, in 1856, was the last Holden to hold the senior position in the company when he drove off into the sunset today.

1960 - Woolworths bought out A E Jolly & Co on the corner of Smith Street and Knuckey Street, Darwin.

1965 - Dame Joan Sutherland launched herself back on Australia for a season of grand opera after 14 years overseas.

1973 - Chain rocked out at one of the last gigs held at Garrison Disco in Prahran, Melbourne. The popular venue was forced to close due to pressure from the local council. The farewell concerts were recorded and later released as Garrison: The Final Blow Vols I and II by Mushroom Records.

1980 - The Federal Executive of the ACOA union supported anti-discrimination protection for homosexual public servants.

1982 - S 317, on an up standard gauge goods runs into the back of the up Spirit of Progress at Barnawartha, killing both crewmembers on the goods train.

1998 - The Gay and Lesbian Rights Lobby organised a 3,000 strong rally outside NSW Parliament House in support of a Domestic Relationships Bill which would give legal recognition to same sex relationships.

2002 - Australian scientists said they had successfully "teleported" a laser beam encoded with data, breaking it up and reconstructing an exact replica a yard away.

2005 - Australia pledged to ease a controversial policy of locking up refugees.

2011 - A research report by Dr Graeme Hugo, one of Australia’s leading demographers, was released, highlighting the many economic, civic and social contributions made by refugees and humanitarian entrants to Australian society.

Saturday, June 16, 2018

June 16 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1806 - Some convicts decided on a change of scenery so they lifted the brig 'Venus' from Port Dalrymple (in Tassie) and sailed off into the sunset and over the ditch to NZ.

1801 - Lieut William Paterson founded a settlement on the Hunter River. Alas! He forgot the first rule in real estate - location, location, location, and thus it was kicked to the kerb (abandoned to you fancy-pants readers) in 1802.

1806 - Sydney's very first girl's school was opened by Mrs Williams while many parents breathed a sigh of relief and stopped eyeing off the latest line of chastity belts.
An early St Trinian's....?

1807 - The first Russian ship in Australian waters, the trading sloop Neva, 370 tons, popped into Sydney to share a bottle of voddy with the colonials. While anchored in Neutral Bay, Lieutenant Leonid Hagemeister collected Aboriginal weapons, which were sent to St. Petersburg

1828 - John Curtis was hanged at Sydney for the theft of a cow from the herd of William Wentworth, at Bringelly.

1828 - James (or Joseph) Johnson (also called Philip Macauley, Phillip Gawley) was hanged at Sydney for highway robbery and assault of George Tills outside Liverpool.

1857 - Beginning the looong tradition of pollies wasting time & money by "looking into it" Member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, Sir Charles Gavan Duffy, headed a select committee established to inquire into federation of the Australia's colonies.

1869 – Explorer Charles Sturt dropped off the perch.

1879 - Proving that scratching about in the dirt isn't just a fun hobby prospectors John Atherton and James Robson tripped over tin deposits on the tablelands inland from Cairns, Queensland.

1884 - The Bendigo Railway Line (Vic) was opened from the glorious Castlemaine Station (Maldon Junction) to equally delicious Maldon Station.

1885 - Not to be outdone by Benders transport improvements, Ballarat saw the launch of the Golden City steamer on Lake Wendouree.

1887 - Queen's College at Uni of Melbourne (named for the Jubilee of Queen Vicky's reign), was founded by the Reverend William Quick (Founder’s Day) on the piece of land granted by the Victorian Government to the Methodist Church.

1888 - Melbourne Footy Club were trying to spread the love of the game in Banana Bender country where they played a match against QLD at the Exhibition Ground.
Melbourne 6.16 defeated Queensland 3.5 (Attendance: 5,000)

1903 - The Lake Condah Mission Aboriginals formed an ‘unbeatable’ football team in 1902, the Darlot Creek Wanderers which the Hamilton Spectator reported on this day having won by 52 points against Condah.

1906 – The town of Roma, Queensland became the first town in Australia to be lit and powered by natural gas, however the gas reserve only lasts ten days.

1917 - Christian William Benzing was hanged at Long Bay Gaol for the rape and murder of eleven-year-old Dorothy Myra Small at Rockdale.

1919 - The Balmoral Railway Line (Vic) finally reached Balmoral when the line was extended from Kanagulk to Balmoral.

1920 - The people of Kulwin were dancing in the street (maybe) when the railway line was extended 14kms from Mittyack to Kulwin (Vic).

1931 - The soldier settlement of Morkalla (Vic) finally had a railway when the line was extended 15.5 kms from Meringur to Morkalla.

1936 – Charles Perkins, Aboriginal activist was born.

1948 -  Malayan Emergency declared The Australian involvement in Malayan Emergency lasted from 1950 to 1960, making it the longest continuing military commitment in our history. Fifty-one Australian servicemen died in Malaya (although only 15 of these deaths occurred as a result of operations) and 27 were wounded, the majority of whom were in the army.

1950 - Yippee! Bust out the toaster, Mildred, butter rationing finally ended.

1958 - The biggest home and away crowd of 99,256 footy tragics were packed into the MCG to watch the top two teams Demons and Magpies clash.

1964 - The Beatles got the girls and guys screaming and fainting at their two shows at Festival Hall, Melbourne.

1964 - Architect Joern Utzon announced that the Sydney Opera House would cost £17.4 million -- five times the original estimate.

1973 - ABC-TV's The Comedy Game featured Flash Nick From Jindivik (Part 1), a bushranger spoof by Grahame Bond. The character reappeared in a four-show miniseries in 1974.

1974 - First Darwin Beer Can Regatta was held, enjoyed, laughed at and partied.

1975 - Multicultural radio began broadcasting in Australia from 2EA in Sydney.

1976 - Treaty of Friendship
The Australia-Japan Treaty of Friendship was signed, confirming the important trade relations between the two nations. By 1970 Japan had become Australia’s main overseas customer, with some 19.4 per cent of export trade while Britain’s share fell to 13.4 per cent.

1983 - The health subcommittee of the Alternative Life Styles Organisation (ALSO) in Melbourne held a public meeting to hear doctors answer questions about AIDS. Over 300 attended.

1988 - *Sigh* Those glorious blue Harris trains that clattered about the Vic railways (in conjunction with their Red Rattler cohorts) were completely withdrawn from service.

1993 - The Victorian Government and Telecom Australia launched a new $25 million emergency service communications network to link all State public sector agencies on one network, the first in Australia and one of the largest in the world.

1996 - The Big Issue, a monthly magazine, was launched in Melbourne for sale by homeless people in the street. So next time you see one, buy it - it could be the difference between someone eating or going hungry that night.

1999 - Sydney 2002 Gay Games, announced the appointment of Robyn Archer as the artistic director of the Games Cultural Festival.

1999 - The NSW Upper House Standing Committee on Social Issues called for submissions to its inquiry into De Facto Relationships Legislation.

2005 - Australian scientists said they have found a way to make blood cells in volume out of human master cells, which could eventually lead to production of safe blood cells for transfusions and organ transplants.

2006 - East Timor rebel soldiers surrendered the first of their weapons to Australian peacekeepers, beginning a process deemed vital to ending months of bloody unrest.

2011 -  The Parliament of Australia established the Joint Select Committee on Australia’s Immigration Detention Network to conduct a comprehensive inquiry into Australia’s immigration detention system.

2016 - The Wurundjeri Land Council publically called for a review of Aboriginal Cultural Heritage legislation....which has still yet to happen.