Monday, August 10, 2015

August 10 On This Day in Australian History

1805 - Governor King informed John Piper, commandant at Norfolk Island: ‘The Two Natives, Bull Dog and Musquito having been given up by the other Natives as principals in the late outrages are sent to Norfolk Isld [Island] where they are to be kept, and if they can be brought to Labour will earn their Food—but as they must not be let to starve for want of Substance—they are to be victualled from the Stores.’

1815 - Samuel Leigh, the first Methodist minister in Australia rocked up for some God bothering.

1832 -  In an attempt to learn more about Aboriginal language and culture, humanitarian Robert Lyon joined a group of Aboriginal people lead by resistance fighter Yagan, on a small island off the coast of Freemantle.

 1839 -  In New South Wales, the legislative council passed an Act allowing Aboriginal people to give evidence in criminal courts. The legislation was later found to be repugnant to British law and was disallowed.

1844  - Charles Sturt set out on his final expedition to search for an inland sea in Australia.
Which ended in tears as the tide was definitely out.

1846 - Billibellary  died from a chest infection on this day; he was Ngurungaeta or clan headman for one of the three sections that comprised the Wurundjeri-willam patriline of the Wurundjeri-balluk clan (Vic). Billibellary’s section lived in an area north of the Yarra River that includes the area now known as the City of Yarra.

1852 - Town of Glen Innes, NSW, was proclaimed.

1853 - When convict transportation was ceased to Van Dieman's Land a festival was held to celebrate the closure of this phase of Tasmania's history.

1853 - A public meeting in Sydney was held to express opposition to William Charles Wentworth's proposed hereditary nobility aka the Bunyip Aristocracy.  

1857 - Melbourne's streets first lit by gas.

1857 - Telegraph line between Hobart and Launceston, Tas, was officially opened.

1871 - The lighthouse at Cape Jervis (SA) went into operation.

1875 - Crown Lands Act was amended to stop 'dummying', fraud, intimidation in fight between squatters and selectors for land.

1885 - A horse drawn tram service was instigated between Woolloongabba and Breakfast Creek, Brisbane.

1885 - The Broken Hill Proprietary Company (later to become the world's largest mining company, BHP Billiton) was registered as a company in Victoria.

1890 - The Hawthorn to Kew Junction (Vic) rail line opened.

1891 - Victory was celebrated by the pastoralists when the five month shearers' strike ended.

1894 - The new Sydney Hospital opened. When Governor Macquarie arrived in the Colony in 1810 the hospital was housed in tents in George St in The Rocks. Macquarie had the 'Rum Hospital' built on Macquarie St but from the outset there were problems with the shoddy construction. The central building of the 'Rum Hospital' was demolished in 1879 to make way for a new Victorian Classical Revival building designed by Thomas Rowe. Problems with the budget meant the Hospital was not finished until 1894 under a revised design by architect John Kirkpatrick. Sydney Hospital is the oldest hospital in Australia.

1901 - A mission station under the NSW Aborigines Mission, controlled by Miss Retta Dixon, was established at the Sackville Reach Reserve.

1904 - Henry Daglish became the sixth Premier of Western Australia and the state's first Labor Premier.

1914 - Voluntary recruitment for the First AIF began.

1915 - The first Australian built military aircraft, the Boxkite, was test flown at Point Cook, Vic.

1920 -  The Princes Highway was opened, connecting Sydney and Adelaide via Melbourne.

1927 - Electric trains were brought into service on Sydney's North Shore line between Hornsby and Milsons Point.

1939 - At a meeting of The League of NSW Wheelmen it was stated that media reporting was biased in favour of cars and petrol-powered cycles against the pedal brigade.

1948 - Bradman scored 133* Australia vs. Lancashire, 216 minutes, 17 fours.

1967 Following the overwhelming YES vote for the referendum question (“Do you approve the proposed law for the alteration of the Constitution entitled ‘An Act to alter the Constitution’ so as to omit certain words relating to the people of the Aboriginal race in any state so that Aboriginals are to be counted in reckoning the population?”)  the act changing the Constitution became law in Australia on this day.

1968 -  Tamam Shud played a benefit for the Coogee Boardriders Club (with lightshow by UBU) at the Hefferon Hall in East Sydney. Partway through the show the hall manager cuts the power, calling it "the ultimate in depravity".

1969 - Captains Flat branch rail line (NSW) was temporarily re-opening as the location for the railway scenes in the feature film, Ned Kelly, starring Mick Jagger.

1972 - Gay Liberation Forum, “Homosexuals on Campus” was held at University of NSW.

1973 - Renowned Australian journalist Lillian Roxon died of an asthma attack at her New York apartment, aged 41. Roxon, who moved to New York in 1959, was Australia's first female foreign newspaper correspondent and wrote the landmark book Lillian Roxon's Rock Encyclopedia (1969) the first work of its kind ever published.

1977 - The New South Wales Government was the first to announce a Royal Commission into drug trafficking.

1981 - The Gay Business Association was formed.

1981 - The Aboriginal Lands Council met in Adelaide and called for a moratorium on uranium mining at Roxby Downs.

1982 -  Singleton Shire Council gave permission for an Aboriginal skeleton to be reburied in a recreation reserve near the building site where it was uncovered. After discussion with the Newcastle Awabakal Aboriginal Co-operative and Singleton Aborigines, the National Parks and Wildlife Service recommended that the skeleton be reburied and that a stone monument be erected. The reburial took place in a rare and moving Aboriginal burial ceremony held in front of 200 children and adults.

1987 - The AIDS Council of NSW Committee was elected at its AGM.

1989 - Australia was 0-301 at end of day one, 5th Test Cricket at Trent Bridge.

1992 - Artist Peter Tully died from AIDS in Paris. His biological family claimed his estate and moved it to rural Victoria.

1997 - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs Minister, Senator John Herron, announced that the review of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act (Northern Territory) 1976 would be headed by NT barrister John Reeves.

1997 - A 6.3 earthquake at 5.20pm WST  was felt strongly across the Kimberley region of north-western WA with reports received from Halls Creek, Fitzroy Crossing, Derby, Broome and even as far as Darwin and Kununurra 600km away.

2000 - ATSIC recommended that UNESCO place the Kakadu World Heritage Area on the in danger list as a matter of urgency.

2004 -  The collection of 461 Sorry Books out of the estimated 1,000 that were produced held by the AIATSIS Library was inscribed on the UNESCO Australian Memory of the World Register.

2008 -  In southern Australia some 5,000 people rallied to protest the dwindling water levels of the Murray River, claiming the loss was causing an environmental disaster.

2009 - Australia said it has pledged 7.8 million US dollars this year to help save more than 100 indigenous languages which are in grave danger of dying out.

2011 - The Prime Minister released the Productivity Commission’s report into the public inquiry for a long-term disability care and support scheme,  known as the NDIS.