Wednesday, August 12, 2015

August 12 On This Day in Australian History

1770 - Having a lazy day off exploring Jimmy Cook climbed a couple of islands and, very unimaginatively, named them after the creatures that featured most heavily on them...Lizard Island and Eagle Island.

 1806 - Captain Philip Gidley King, third Governor of New South Wales, was succeeded by Captain William Bligh.

 1821 - At the age of forty, Nanbarry, the last-known Cadigal, died at James Squires’ orchard at Kissing Point (Ryde) and was buried, at his request, in the same grave as Bennelong.

 1829 - The settlement of Perth was founded.

 1832 - Gov. Stirling returned to England to seek more support for the colony (WA).

 1842 - Melbourne was incorporated as a Town.

 1851 - The Geelong Advertiser trumpted the news that Thomas Hiscock, Buninyong blacksmith, had discovered GOLD! in that place.

 1864 - Three white children, Isaac, Jane and Frank Duff, went missing in the Mallee scrub of the Wimmera near Natimuk on the edge of the Little Desert and although their tracks were found the following day, a thunderstorm erupted soon after and destroyed the tracks. The official search was cancelled soon after the storm and newspapers reported the children as dead. On Thursday, 18 August, a neighbour of the Duff's suggested asking Dick-a-Dick and other Wotjobaluk trackers for assistance and the parents, who had not given up hope of finding their children, readily agreed. Dick-a-Dick took two other Wotjobaluk men, Jerry and Fred, with him and within hours had rediscovered the children's trail and hours later had found the children near death. Dick-a-Dick was lauded a hero and subsequently called King Richard. He and his tracker colleagues received a reward of ₤15 between them, of which ₤5 they could spend in whatever way they wished, while the remainder was given to their white employer to ensure it was not wasted.

 1867 - At the Aboriginal establishment, Oyster Cove, in southern Tasmania, Wapperty, the last of the "sealing women", died.

 1886 - Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner was pupped.

 1914 - Australian commander General Sir John Monash was knighted in the field of battle by King George V.

 1916 – Over the preceding four days Martin O'Meara repeatedly went out and brought in wounded officers and men from "No Man's Land" under intense artillery and machine-gun fire during the Battle of Pozières; for his gallantry he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

 1920 - Louisa Lawson died. Louisa Lawson may be familiar to many as the mother of poet Henry Lawson. Louisa is also remembered as a writer, poet, newspaper proprietor and suffragist in her own right.

 1921 - Australian Federation of Women Voters was founded by Bessie Rischbieth as a national group to liaise with international feminist organisations and establish credentials as lobbyists and advisers at the League of Nations.

 1923 - Owned and operated by The Adelaide Electric Supply Company the Osborne ‘A’ power station came on stream.

 1971 - Prime Minister William McMahon dismissed former PM John Gorton as Minister of Defence, on the grounds that he had breached Cabinet solidarity. In a Sunday newspaper article, Gorton had responded to criticism of his leadership by journalist Alan Reid, complaining of leaks and gossip which undermined the cabinet.

 1973 - AFL footy player Laclan Ross was recruited to Essendon.

 1974 - Excavation of an Aboriginal Midden at Boat Harbour.

 1989 - Gay activist, Bruce Belcher aka Sister Rose Incarnate of the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence died. 

1995 - Positive Relief organised a forum to address poverty of people living with HIV/AIDS.

 1996 - On the shores of Australia’s Cocos and North Keeling Islands thousands of thongs (flip-flops) have been washing up on the shore as discards from Indonesia.

 2004 - It was reported that a huge ant colony measuring 100 kilometers (62 miles) across had been found under the southern Australian city of Melbourne. The ants were a mutant variety of Argentine ants.