Thursday, August 13, 2015

August 13 On This Day in Australian History

1806  - Captain William Bligh put on his tiara and became Governor of New South Wales.

1817  - Explorer John Oxley tripped over the Bogan River in central western New South Wales

1841 - Johnny Mullagh (Muarrinim), Aboriginal cricketer, was born on this day. Mullagh was an important figure in the first Australian cricket team to tour England.

1844 - Explorer Ludwig Leichhardt went for a post-luncheon stroll in Sydney on his first expedition into the Australian outback from Jimbour Station, Darling Downs, to Port Essington, NT.

1861 - Cootamundra, NSW,  was gazetted as a town.

1877 - The Main North Rail Line from Murrurundi - Quirindi (NSW) was opened.

1882 - One his way around the world in 7 months and 19 days Sir Henry Parkes rocked up in Hobson's Bay aboard the "John Elder".

1882 - The first intercolonial Rugby Union match was held between New South Wales and Queensland ended in a four tries-four goals to one goal win to NSW.

1892 - NSW, SA and Vic held a wild knees-up at the Intercolonial Postal and Telegraph Convention in Melbourne.

1895 - Despite the lack of 'official' mention of the chickybabes on the WA goldfields  , prospector John Aspinall noted in his diary of Coolgardie on this day, 'There are women to be seen everywhere'.

1902 - England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval .

1909 - One of the more substantial Australian UFO reports occurred at about eleven o'clock at night on August 13th, in Glen Innes, when "several responsible residents described an object like a balloon moving in a northerly direction. A night glass was obtained and the object was found to be shaped like an inverted top. The lower portion was lighted, and as the body revolved a light like a small flashlight kept turning on the land beneath. The upper portion was in darkness and the object continued drifting in a northerly direction".

1919 - George Fisk of AWA demonstrated radio broadcasting in Sydney.

1934 - Flood waters damaged many buildings and took two lives in towns along St Vincents Gulf, SA.

1940  - A dual-controlled Hudson bomber, the A16-97, crashed into a hillside near Canberra airport. In what is still Canberra’s worst disaster in terms of loss of life, all ten aboard died, including the chief of the general staff, Cyril Brudenell White, and three of Robert Gordon Menzies’ closest cabinet supporters: minister for the army Geoffrey Street, minister for air James Fairbairn and information minister Henry Gullett.

1941  - The Australian Women’s Army Service was formed, to enable more men to serve in fighting units.

1945 - Mackay (QLD) celebrated the end of World War 2 on VJ (Victory over Japan) day with daylong celebrations.

1956 - Clarkefield to Lancefield (Vic) rail line closed.

1959 - In the midst of debating Australia's first national Marriage Act - the one Howard later amended - the House of Representatives erupted at the news an Aboriginal woman had been denied permission to marry.
In Darwin the protector of Aborigines had refused Gladys Namagu permission to marry her white fiance, Mick Daly. In response to questions from the opposition, the Menzies government promised such discrimination would never be written into Australian marriage law.

1966 - A fire killed 30 residents of a Salvation Army men's convalescent home in Little Lonsdale St, Melbourne and destroyed the home.

1972 -  Daddy Cool performed their farewell show at the Much More Ballroom in Melbourne. The concert was recorded, and released in 1973 as the LP The Last Drive-In Movie.

1973 - 15 people died in a Brisbane nightclub fire.

1980 - Aboriginal people marched from Redfern to Parliament House to demonstrate support for the recommendations on land rights by the NSW Parliamentary Select Committee upon Aborigines.

1989  - Thirteen people died in the world's worst hot-air balloon crash, near Alice Springs in central Australia.

2002 - Key stakeholders joined action groups on this day in Cairns, Townsville and Mount Isa to help the Beattie Government develop local plans to address Indigenous homelessness.

 2003 - Geoff Clark was suspended from his post as chairman of Australia’s peak Indigenous body ATSIC on the grounds of misbehaviour.

2004 - In a debate punctuated by rage and tears, the Senate passed a Howard government amendment to the Marriage Act banning same-sex marriages.

2004 -   Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement ; Legislation implementing the AUSFTA was passed by the parliament, concluding a lengthy process of negotiation that had taken place in 2003 and early 2004. The agreement came into operation on 1 January 2005.

2008 - In a letter from the Dept of Justice (Rob Hulls) to the Aboriginal Embassy of Victoria it was stated -
"You have requested that the Attorney-General clarify the following issues: 1. Has the Victorian Parliament the proper power to make laws for the Aboriginal People of Victoria, considering that the Victorian Constitution Act 1975 does not mention the Aboriginal race of Victoria: and 2. If the Courts jurisdiction is questioned in the Magistrates Court, should the matter then be transferred to the Supreme Court of Victoria, to address the Jurisdiction issue. ...The matters you raised are legal issues; neither the Attorney-General nor any public servant can provide you with legal advice about your matter"

2009 - The legislative bills for the  Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS), first introduced into the House of Representatives on 14 May 2009. These bills were opposed by the Opposition and rejected by the Senate on this day.

2009 -  Australian police said a 20-year-old Australian man had been charged with infecting more than 3,000 computers around the world with a virus designed to capture banking and credit card data.

2010 - In Australia 2 men were gunned down in a popular Melbourne bar area, shortly after the killing of a known crime figure sparked fears of a new gang war in the city's notorious underworld.

2012 - , Australia's PM Gillard announced a sharp reversal in her government's policy on asylum seekers, saying it will introduce legislation allowing their deportation to the poor Pacific nations of Papua New Guinea and Nauru to face lengthy stays in detention camps.