1642 - Abel Janszoon Tasmen set off on a Sunday sail from Batavia puttering along, visiting several holiday spots before spying the coast of Oz in November.
1809 -Schooner Boyd arrived at Port Jackson with 134 Irish convicts and a detachment of the 73rd Regiment ( Gov.Macquarie's own regiment).
1824 - Governor Brisbane imposed martial law , because of his concern over reports of conflict around Bathurst resulting in seven Europeans and twice that number of Aboriginal people being killed.
1834 - The Colony of South Australia was established today when the British Parliament passed the South Australian Act aka the Foundation Act.
1840 - Edward John Eyre tripped over a body of water he sooo imaginatively dubbed Lake Eyre all the while thinking it was part of Lake Torrens.
1861 - William Landsborough organiseed a relief expedition to find missing explorers Burke and Wills.
1875 - ‘The Queenslander’ newspaper reported on the first ever game of Association Football, later Soccer, played in Australia.
1891 - Aboriginal Cricketer died, Johnny Mullagh was the star of the Aboriginal cricket team that toured England in 1868.
1900 - Boxer rebellion in China ended. Some 460 Australians served in China and six were killed.
1906 - The NSW Govt was feeling all happy and generous on this day when it approved of FREE EDUCATION for ALL children.
1911 - The North Coast Rail Line (NSW) between Maitland Junctions - Dungog, opened.
1917 - Lieutenant Charles Kingsford Smith was shot down over France.
1924 - The last Cobb & Co coach made its very final run from Surat, QLD.
1925 - The Country Party of NSW was formed.
1928 - From today until 18 October 1928 the Coniston Massacre took place; the last known officially sanctioned massacre of Aboriginal Australians in response to the murder of a dingo trapper,The Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye believe that up to 170 died.
1930 - The Townsville Supreme Court heard the case against Palm Island resident Aboriginal man Peter Prior and Assistant Superintendant of Palm Island Thomas Hoffman; in Feb that year Palm Island Superintendant Robert Curry shot 2 people, burnt down staff buildings including his own house which killed his own son and step daughter. Peter Prior fatally wounded Curry under instructions from Hoffman.
Thankfully Justice Douglas concluded the case should never have been brought to trial as the mens actions were completely justified.
1963 - The Yirrkala Bark Petitions were presented to the Australian Parliament, becoming a catalyst to the recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Commonwealth law.
1980 - Drillers refused to work the rig at Noonkanbah, Western Australia, in support of Aboriginal claims that it was a sacred site. As a result the State Government took over the rig and began drilling on August 22.
1983 - A Twenty Ten survey, on gay youth in Sydney, was released.
1984 -The racehorse Fine Cotton was the centre of a substitution scam at Eagle Farm Racecourse Brisbane Queensland.
1987 - All the children held at Kia Lama, a rural property Lake Eildon Australia, run by The Family Santiniketan Park Association are released after a police raid.
1989 -Anthony Westmore took up his appointment as the Executive Director of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.
1990 - Aussie troops were sent to Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
1997 - Redland Shire Council and Quandamooka Land Council Aboriginal Corporation signed Australia’s first agreement between a local government authority and a Native Title claimant, based on a common goal of ecologically sustainable development. The agreement titled the Native Title Process Agreement paved the way for the two councils to ensure North Stradbroke Island (Minjerribah) in Moreton Bay is preserved for all future generations.
1999 -An organised ticket, called New Mardi Gras Magic stood against the incumbent team for the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras annual Board elections. David McLachlan and the incumbent ticket, won all 14 Board positions.
2003 -The 16-member Pacific Islands Forum (Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Marshall Islands, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu) planned to create a region-wide aviation market aimed at encouraging tourism.
2006 - The "Migration Amendment (Designated Unauthorised Arrivals) Bill 2006" was withdrawn after fierce dissent from community groups and some politicians.
2007 - A new study said nearly every Australian city would have to find new water supplies over the next decade as climate change and population growth stretch the nation's already limited water resources.
2009 - An Australian judge ruled that Christian Rossiter (49), a quadriplegic man who said he couldn't "undertake any basic human functions," had the right to direct a nursing home to stop feeding him and allow him to die.
2012 -The Australian Government introduced legislation to allow offshore processing of asylum seekers in Nauru and Papua New Guinea. It was passed by both houses of Parliament and became law on 17 August. The legislation strips away legal safeguards for asylum seekers subject to offshore processing, including those which led the High Court to rule the Malaysia arrangement invalid. Any asylum seeker who arrived in Australia on or after 13 August 2012 is now at risk of being processed offshore.