Sunday, August 2, 2015

August 2 On This Day in Australian History

1837 - An earthquake of unknown magnitude shook Newcastle (NSW) although miners under the ground were unaware of the shaking.

1849 - The police offices and court rooms in Melbourne were first opened in Swanston Street next to the existing Town Hall.

1851 – Gold was first discovered in Ballarat, Victoria, leading to the Victorian gold rush.

1861 – Edith Cowan, the first Australian woman elected as a representative in an Australian parliament, was born near Geraldton, Western Australia.

1873 -  The Adelaide, Glenelg and Suburban Railway Company opened a line between Adelaide and Glenelg via King William Street and South Terrace to Moseley Square, Glenelg on the route of the present tramway.

1900 - The Aborigines Protection Board minutes for this date record the discontinuation of rations to families in the Rooty Hill area, including the family of William Stubbings who was serving in the Boer War with D Squadron of the 3rd Regiment, New South Wales Mounted Rifles with Regimental Number 1533.

1929 - Great Northern Railway (later called The Ghan in honour of the Afghan cameleers who opened up the interior of Australia) finally reached Alice Springs on this day.

1945 -  Immigration Minister Arthur Calwell announced the proposal to take 50,000 British war orphans.

1957 - Both former Sackville Reach Aborigines Reserves Nos 23598 and 28546 (revoked 1946) were set aside for public recreation.

1965 - The ALP finally deleted the racist "White Australia" platform from its immigration policy.

1967 -  The premiere of ABC-TV's new drama serial Bellbird. Originally shown in 15-minute episodes on Monday-Thursday, just before the main 7pm news bulletin, the series was set in a fictional country town in Victoria (although the opening credit shots are actually the town of Daylesford). "Bellbird" soon picked up a huge and dedicated following and won a swag of awards over the next few years. By 1969 it had become the most popular drama series in Australian TV history, with an estimated nightly audience of 1.2 million viewers (around 10% of the then-Australian population).

1994 -  Sydney's The Rex Hotel’s 37 year old  Bottoms Up Bar closed its doors.

1995 - 'As long as I’ve got my doona ' – a report by 2010 (Twenty Ten Association) on LGBT youth homelessness was co-launched by the NSW Community Service Minister.

1995 -  The Commonwealth of Australia Attorney-General, the Honourable Michael Lavarch commissioned the Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission to conduct a national inquiry into the separation of Aboriginal children from their families – to examine and report on the history and effects of Aboriginal child removals, improve service delivery to Aboriginal people, principles for awarding compensation and current Aboriginal child welfare.

1997 – Stuart Diver, a ski instructor, was rescued as the sole survivor of the Thredbo landslide.

1998 - Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras released an economic impact survey of the Mardi Gras season which estimated $99 million flow from this event, the majority of the expenditure being concentrated in the South Sydney Council Area.

1998 - In Amsterdam 300 Australian lesbians and gay men participated in the 1998 Gay Games, with half of the contingent coming from Sydney.

1999 - Banatjarl Health Summit ; held from the 2 to 6 August the Summit was a forum for Aboriginal people, organisations and communities to discuss their health concerns and examine ways of improving their own health.

2002 -  The Queensland Minister for Families and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Is-lander Policy Judy Spence opened  $2.5 million in infrastructure projects on Thursday Island, in the Torres Strait.