Thursday, August 20, 2015

August 20 On This Day in Australian History

1770 - Cap. Jimmy (of the Cook variety) was tossing monikers about with gay abandon having dubbed a couple of places Shelburne Bay and Orfordness in sunny QLD on this day.

1788 - Lt. William Bligh in HMS Bounty, en route to Tahiti, anchored at Adventure Bay, Van Diemen's Land. The party planted apple trees, fruit stones and various vegetables before departing on 4 September.

1794 - Henry Hacking led an expedition to cross the Blue Mountains but returned, unsuccessful, within seven days.

1796 - Gov Hunter drew a map upon which he dubbed the area now known as Camden "Cowpastures".

1797 - . Henry Waterhouse wrote to Lord Sydney: Benalong in general lives with the Governor &  occasionally takes a trip with his friends in their stile [style] & is subject to all their Laws, &  seems to throw the Spear and wield the Club with his former dexterity.

1799 - After exploring the north coastlines and examining Moreton Bay and Hervey Bay Matthew Flinders washed back ashore at Sydney.

1806 - Transport Alexander arrived at Port Jackson with 56 convicts, including Solomon Wiseman.

1814 - Aleksey Rossiyski, sturman (steersman or navigator) on the Russian-American Company cargo ship Suvorov, witnessed an Aboriginal payback fight that started with 30 men and lasted for two hours, finishing with about 100 participants.

1830 - From the Colonial Secretary's Office Govt Notice No. 161 -
 THE Lieutenant Governor has learned with much regret, that the Government Order, No. 2, of the 25th February last, offering certain Rewards for the capture of the Aborigines, appears in some recent instances to have been misapprehended, and in order to remove the possibility of any future misunderstanding on this important subject,
His Excellency has directed it to be distinctly notified, that nothing can be more opposed to the spirit of the above named Order, and to that of all the different Proclamations and Orders which preceded it, than to offer any sort of violence or restraint to such of the Aboriginal Natives as may approach the European Inhabitants with friendly views; the Reward was offered for the capture of such Natives only as were committing Aggressions on the Inhabitants of the Settled Districts, from which it was the object of the Government to expel them, with every degree of humanity that was practicable, when all efforts for their conciliation had proved abortive.
It is His Excellency's most particular desire, and most peremptory order to all persons employed under the Government that no violence or restraint shall be offered to the inoffensive Natives of the remote and unsettled parts of the Territory, and that all such as may approach the Settled Districts, and offer to hold intercourse with the Inhabitants, in a friendly manner, may be encouraged to do so, and permitted to depart whenever they desire it, and, if, after the promulgation of this Notice, any wanton attack or aggression against the Natives becomes known to the Government, the offenders will be immediately brought to Justice and punished. The Lieutenant Governor desires that this Notice may be read by all Magistrates to the Constables under their orders, and requests that Settlers will take every means of making it known to their Assigned Servants.
 By His Excellency's Command, J. BURNETT.

1835 - John Batman's ship Enterprise reached the mouth of the Yarra River and on 29th August anchored a little to the west of Spencer Street.

1836 - Colonel William Light rocked up in South Australia to survey a site for the first settlement.

1849 - Public anger at the continuance of the practice of transportation of convicts was so high that, when the convict transport Randolph arrived at Port Jackson, Gov Charles Augustus Fitzroy ordered it to sail to Moreton Bay. All subsequent convict transport ships were sent direct to Moreton Bay.

1851 - SA's new Legislative Council, with 16 of 24 members, held its first meeting.

1857 - 121 people died when the ship, the 'Dunbar', runs aground at The Gap, Sydney.

1860 - Australian explorers Burke and Wills set off on their Sunday stroll to cross the continent from south to north. Alas, they forgot to pack their bathers and clean jocks.

1861 - The current Parliamentary Library in Victoria's Parliament House was opened.

1864 - Moreton Island Pilot Station and Lighthouse was connected by telegraph line to Brisbane.

1868 - Diary entry for the NW Cooke expedition in WA : "Travelled all day along the gully … until at length its source was reached, when the country became dense thickets, through which I travelled until I came across numerous native tracks, which being followed in a southern direction, brought me to a fresh-water swamp, where I stopped, having travelled 28 miles due east from last night’s camp."

1869 - National Mutual Life Assurance opened in Melbourne, Vic.

1888 - Barton and White Co. commenced first public supply of electricity in 110v d.c. from their power station in Telegraph (later Edison) Lane, Brisbane; their first customer was electric lighting in the Brisbane GPO.

1908 - The first successful Australian transcontinental motor car journey was done and dusted.

1908 - The 'Great White Fleet', and her many American sailors, washed up in Sydney, Australia. This was part of a round the world cruise by the fleet which had originally set out on 16 December 1907. The sixteen warships were painted white to denote peace. They became known as The Great White Fleet.

1931 - New South Wales held its first State Lottery.

1932 - The Unanderra to Moss Vale rail line (NSW) between Unanderra - Moss Vale Junction was opened.

1936 - During the All-Australian Amateur Football Carnival on this day NSW beat Tasmania 18.24 (132) to 12.17 (89).

1943 - Brock's Creek, NT, was bombed by Japanese aircraft.

1951 - The Horsham to Balmoral (Vic) rail passenger service ended.

1963 - Arnhem Land Aboriginal communities protested to Canberra about the handing over of land to bauxite mining concerns.

1964 - Australia joined INTELSAT; Australia became part of the International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium. INTELSAT was established to develop a global system of commercial satellite links.
1968 - The National Gallery of Victoria opened in Melbourne.

1971 - Writer Bob Ellis was dismissed from the ABC after breaking staff rules about making public comments on the ABC's activities.

1976 - CAMP held its first meeting with NSW Premier Wran.

1978 - A Drop the Charges motorcade drove from Glebe to Parramatta.

1988 - 3,000 attended the first winter Mardi Gras fund raising dance party, “Cool with Sunny Periods”, at the Hordern Pavilion.

1997 - The release of a study into the social impact of development on Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory’s Kakadu region by Environment Minister Robert Hill. A major report published on this day said mining, tourism and other developments in the Kakadu area have had virtually no benefits for the region’s Indigenous people.

1997 - The highly-acclaimed documentary “Mabo – Life of an Island Man” aired on ABC-TV.

1997 - 27,000 Catholic school children gathered at Suncorp Stadium in Brisbane to celebrate the process of reconciliation. In the front row, elders from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community sat with children from as far afield as Gympie and the Gold Coast.

1998 - SOCOG President and minister for the Olympics Michael Knight announced that Olympic gold medallist Nova Peris-Kneebone, the first Aboriginal athlete to win a gold medal, would be the first person in Australia to carry the Sydney 2000 Olympic Torch.

1998 - The 1998 Aboriginal Health Conference commenced on this day at the Millennium Hotel, Sydney. Its purpose was to identify pathways for government, Aboriginal communities and the health industry to work together to achieve real improvements in the health status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

1998 - The Kalkaringi Statement adopted today by the Combined Aboriginal Nations of Central Australia, provided: “I9b) That a Northern Territory Constitution must contain a commitment to negotiate with Aboriginal peoples a framework agreement, setting out processes for the mutual recognition of our governance structures, the sharing of power and the development of fiscal autonomies.

2001 - The Australian youth cricket team defeated a Kent representative XI by 143 runs. On the same day England defeated Australia at Headingly, the young Aboriginal cricketers, bowled the Kent side out for 84 in just 37 over’s.

2001 - An agreement was ratified to recognise the native title rights of the Tjurabalan traditional owners of a 26, area of the Tanami Desert region, south of Halls Creek. It was the first negotiated settlement of a native title application by the newly elected Labor Government.

2003 - In Australia Pauline Hanson, the right-wing firebrand known for her anti-immigration rhetoric, was sentenced to three years in jail for fraudulently setting up her One Nation political party and illegally using electoral funds.

2009 - Australia passed a clean energy law requiring the country to produce 20 percent of its power from renewable sources by 2020 in move that could draw billions of dollars of green investment.

2012 - Sri Lanka's navy stopped two Australia-bound trawlers carrying 83 would-be asylum seekers in the first detection since Canberra tightened restrictions on boat people.

2012 - The Deputy Speaker heard Tony Abbott referring to the prime minister as a 'liar' and demanded he withdraw. It is 'unparliamentary' to call someone a 'liar. Abbott's withdrawal was qualified, so much so that he was thrown out of Parliament for an hour, becoming the first Leader of the Opposition to be ejected from the House since the mid-1980s.