1805 - Musquito and Bulldog were sent as prisoners to Norfolk Island aboard the storeship HMS Buffalo.
1814 - The Russian ship General Suvorov visited Port Jackson.
1843 - Bushranger Martin Cash was captured in Hobart. He was later sentenced to death, commuted to life, then pardoned in 1853.
1864 - Foundation stone was laid for the first permanent Victoria Bridge, Brisbane.
1870 - Frank Jardine resumed control of the settlement of Somerset (QLD) in his position of Police Magistrate.
1872 - The Northern and Southern sections of the Overland Telegraph Line, crossing the Australian continent, were joined at Frew's Pond, NT (but it was South Oz back then) at 3.15 pm by engineer R.C.Patterson.
1872 - Explorer (and impressive moustashe breeder) Ernest Giles went off on a leisurely trot with two other men from Chambers Pillar, South Australia (now in the Northern Territory), and traversed much previously untrodden country to the north-west and west.
1876 - An Intercolonial Exhibition opened in Brisbane, Qld.
1882 - Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) commenced operation in New South Wales in the Temperance Hall in Pitt Street, Sydney. The meeting was hosted by Mr Eli Johnson, a visiting American temperance lecturer.
1890 - The Kilmore to Tooborac rail line, the Dunkeld to Koroit rail line and the Hamilton to Penshurst rail line (Vic) opened.
1892 - Police Inspector Lodge reported that pastoralists in the Upper Murchison continued to sign up excessive numbers of Aborigines: ‘the settler would still consider himself the rightful master of such natives and not expect any other settler to employ them and this I believe is the sort of unwritten law or mutual agreement between the settlers‘.
1894 - Reverend Alexander Robert Edgar of Melbourne's Wesleyan Church was called to the bar of the Legislative Assembly chamber over his sermons criticising the behaviour of Victoria's Parliamentarians and their connection with the loss of the mace (rumoured to have been misplaced in a brothel..how does one misplace a Parliamentary Mace in a brothel? Very carefully!.
1918 - Australians pushed into enemy territory at Chivigny, France.
1919 - At a meeting of the Toowoomba branch of the Royal Society of St. George a member objected that the price of six shillings a head for the annual dinner was too high.
“The Branch should cater for the working class,” he said.
“The price might be all right for the silver-tails but not for the workers.”
The decision of the meeting was “no change for the present.”
1923 - First "wig-wag" level crossing signal was installed at Ames St. North Carlton (Vic).
1925 - William Henry Willshire, a member of the South Australian police posted to central Australia, popped his clogs on this day. His ruthless command produced allegations of unethical behaviour and unwarranted violence against Aboriginals which resulted in a government inquiry into his actions in 1890, and a murder trial the following year for ordering his men to kill two Aboriginal men on Tempe Downs.
1926 - The Western Australian Secessionist League was formed to provide a public vehicle for advancing the secession cause.
1927 - Aboriginal people protested against the removal of sacred stones in central Australia by a tourist while on a tour with the "Reso" train tour (National Resources Development Train). This protest was supported (and the actions of the tourist widely denounced) by the Archbishop of Melbourne, the chairman of the national museum and many, many more.
1942 - 18th Australian Brigade landed at Milne Bay, New Guinea.
1965 - Lord Casey was appointed Governor General.
1966 - 200 Aboriginal stockmen of the Gurindji people and their families walked off Wave Hill pastoral station, 600km south of Darwin in the Northern Territory, owned by a British aristocrat Lord Vestey.
Led by Vincent Lingiari, a community elder and head stockman at the station, they set up camp in the bed of Victoria River. While the initial strike was about wages and living conditions it soon spread to include the more fundamental issue about their traditional lands.
1968 - The Northam Advertiser reported that possibly the oldest resident of the Toodyay district, Mr James Gillespie, had died in Northam on August 15, aged 109 years.
An [Noongar] Aboriginal, Jimmy Gillespie was widely known and respected throughout the district. He was employed for a greater part of his life on the Wicklow Hills property, which is now owned by Mr E.D.P Hayes.
1980 - After drillers refused to work the rig at Noonkanbah, Western Australia, in support of Aboriginal claims that it was a sacred site the State Govt took over and began drilling on this day.
1985 – A Royal Commission found that there was no link between chemical defoliant Agent Orange and health problems of Vietnam war veterans.*cough cough bullshit cough cough*.
1988 - Australia unveiled its 1st platinum coin (Koala).
1991 - The NSW Anti-discrimination Board held its second of 3 public hearings as part of its inquiry into HIV and AIDS related discrimination.
1992 - 249 students attended the second national Queer Collaborations Conference in Sydney.
1993 - The SGLMG secured a $50,000 grant from the South Sydney Council for the 1994 Mardi Gras Parade.
1996 - The inaugural Vincent Lingiari Memorial Lecture, in Darwin, was delivered by Sir William Deane, with "Some signposts from Daguragu".
1996 - The Governor General of Australia stated that reconciliation between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians should be Australia’s prime objective in the years leading up to the year 2001.
1998 - Queensland Justice Minister Matt Foley handed over freehold title of five islands in the Torres Strait to their customary owners the Gau people. The islands are Bet and Poll Islets, which form part of the Warraber Island Deed of Grand in Trust, and Aureed, Roberts Islet and Saddle Island which were former reserves.
1999 - Australian swimmer Ian Thorpe set the world record in the 400-meter world freestyle at 3 minutes 41.83 seconds at the Pan Pacific Championships in Sydney.
2001 - A boat, carrying 360 people, landed on Christmas Island, reportedly the biggest boatload of asylum seekers ever to reach Australia.
2002 - ATSIC congratulated the Northern Territory Government on the 2002/03 Budget, saying it was a further indication of the willingness of the NT Government to develop meaningful partnerships with Indigenous Territorians.
2009 - The West Australian town of Broome, with deep historical ties to Japan, voted to sever its sister city relationship with the Japanese village of Taiji to protest an annual dolphin slaughter near there. At an extraordinary meeting on October 13 Broome rescinded the decision, which it said was made in haste and without wide consultation, and issued an apology to the Japanese community in Broome and Taiji, their families and friends for any disrespect caused by council's resolution. But it noted that it did not condone the harvest of dolphins in Taiji, with which it forged sister-city relations in 1981.
2011 - The Australian Multicultural Council was officially launched on this day.
2011 - Bosses at Australia's BlueScope steel were attacked for pocketing "obscene" bonuses worth Aus$3.0 million (US$3.1 million), after they sacked 1,000 workers and abandoned their export business.
2012 - At celebrations marking the 40th anniversary of the Aboriginal Tent Embassy, representatives from First Nations peoples across Australia decided to make August 22 National Sovereignty Day.
2013 - The UN said Australia’s indefinite detention of 46 recognized refugees amounts to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. Many have been held as security threats for over two years.