Tuesday, August 25, 2015

August 25 On This Day in Australia History

Australian South Sea Islander Federal Government Recognition Day 25th August.

1794 - In his State of the Settlement report, Grose writes: ‘Natives victualled from the store, five’.

1801 - Referring to Aboriginal attacks around Parramatta, George Caley told his employer, Sir Joseph Banks, ‘I have every reason to believe that the whites have been the greatest aggressors upon the whole.’

1824 - The first meeting of the Legislative Council of NSW was held in Government House in Sydney. The Legislative Council had five members appointed by Britain's Secretary of State and was presided over by Governor Brisbane.

1828 - Explorer Allan Cunningham set out from Ipswich in August, and after travelling for several days, he climbed Mount Mitchell. It was from here that he sighted Cunningham's Gap and the pastoral country that lay beyond, on this day. The discovery of Cunningham's Gap meant that graziers and farmers of the Darling Downs no longer needed to send their products overland to Sydney and markets. Instead, they could now travel the less arduous way of coastal shipping.

1831 - Captain Moriarty's letter of August 25 to the Colonial Secretary, fully set out the circumstances of the attack upon Dolly Dalrymple Johnson and her children in May earlier that year; a group of Aborigines mounted an attack on the Johnsons' hut while the mother was alone with her children. Armed with a musket, she held off the attack for six hours until help arrived. As a reward, the government granted her twenty acres (8 ha) of land at nearby Perth (Tasmania), where Johnson erected a dwelling.

1835 - Governor Arthur (via John Hilder Wedge), sent a written testimonial of thanks to Murrengurk (William Buckley) for his services rendered during the negotiations of the treaty between John Batman and the Port Phillip Aboriginal peoples.

1840 - Two Aboriginal people were hanged at Encounter Bay on this day for their alleged part in the murder of 24 crew and passengers after the brig ‘Maria’ was wrecked on the Coorong.

1847 - The foundation stone of the first Jewish synagogue in Melbourne was laid by the synagogue president Solomon Benjamin. A scroll was placed in the foundation stone referring to the congregation as the “remnant of Israel”, a name that Melbourne Hebrew Congregation (MHC) still uses today.

1851 - With the introduction of a 30 shillings miners licensing fee the first protests against the fee erupted in Buninyong on the very day the policy was announced there.

1852 - First land sale at Ballarat, Vic, was conducted.

1865 - The Illustrated Australian News published an article on the new Coranderrk Aboriginal Station with words from Simon Wonga (Wurundjeri leader), "This is the first meeting like this I have ever seen. I am very glad this night. When I was camping about in every place I never got any meeting like this. Mr Green spoke to me a long time ago. He told me not to walk about any more. I kept his word. Mr Green told me plenty of good words from the Bible, and they made me very glad. Mr Hamilton spoke to me at Woori-Yaloak, and made me to know more. I now know plenty of good words from the Bible. I am very glad. Mr Green and all the Yarra blacks and me went through the mountain. We had no bread for four or five days. We did all this to let you (Goulburn blacks) know about the good word. Now you have all come to the Yarra, I am glad. You now know plenty. Do not go away any more, else you will lose it again. This is better than drinking. We are all glad this night. This is good."

1887 - The Horsham to Noradjuha rail line (Vic) opened.

1892 - During a strike at Broken Hill mining companies announced that they would re-open the mines with non-union labour on this day; fearing an outbreak of violence against the strike-breakers, the mining companies sought and received the support of police in readiness for the opening of the mines. A crowd estimated at 10 000 had organised to be witness to the arrival of the strike-breakers. This included the Women's Brigade who were 'armed with sticks, broom handles and axe handles, set upon any man who attempted to pass through the union picket lines'. A street march was also held on the afternoon of the 25th led by Richard Sleath 'and a woman' on horseback which was accompanied by a brass marching band which led back through Argent St to the Central Reserve to receive speeches from several women and union leaders.

1893 - Coolgardie, WA, was laid out and declared a townsite.

1903 – The Judiciary Act 1903 received Royal Assent, creating the High Court of Australia.

1930 - The Ballina branch rail line (NSW) opened between Booyong Junction - Ballina.

1931 - At Cadell, S.A., during floods an alarm was sounded on August 25th for all available men to help reinforce the top of the (Murray) river bank because it was being washed away badly by wind and waves.

1941 - The Cadia Mine branch rail line (NSW) opened between Spring Hill - Cadia Mine.

1942 - Battle of Milne Bay began; the fighting at Milne Bay resulted in the first defeat of the Japanese on land in the Second World War.

1952 - Australia's intake of assisted passage migrants was reduced because of a surplus of unskilled workers.

1952 - It was reported that more than half the Aboriginal people in older settlements had tuberculosis.

1962 - Over 200 parents from across Australia met in Goulburn to decide the details of the new national organisation. The Australian Parents Council for the Advancement of Education was formed, with this significant insertion in the formal motion of establishment: ‘ Realizing that independent schools are an integral part of the Australian education system – to lend full support to other citizen organisations in their efforts to improve Australian educational standards generally'.

1969 - The cargo ship Noongah left Newcastle with a cargo of steel for Townsville  but struck bad weather off Smokey Cape near Kempsey. The vessel developed a list and sank with the loss of 21 members of the crew . At that time the wind was blowing at 70 knots (110 kph) with the seas at 30 feet. Two survivors escaped by life raft, and three others were found clinging to a plank.The search for survivors was one of the greatest in Australia's history involving five destroyers, three minesweepers, seven aircraft, two helicopters and a number of other vessels.

1969 - The twelve-sided 50 cent piece replaced the round 50 cent coin.

1973 - The South Australian capital of Adelaide was stunned by another sensational multiple child kidnapping -- the second such case in less than ten years. Joanne Ratcliffe, 11, and Kirste Gordon, 4, were abducted from Adelaide Oval while attending an Australian Rules football match with their families.

1977 - The last Bendigo to Cohuna (Vic) railmotor service operated.

1985 - Bond Corporation's $1.2 billion takeover of Castlemaine Tooheys breweries became the biggest corporate buyout in Australian history.

1988 - NT Chief minister Mr Stephen Hatton had appointed a committee lead by then solicitor-general Mr Brian Martin to review legislation relating to sites of significance to Aboriginal people in 1986. These included the Aboriginal Sacred Sites Act, the Aboriginal Land Act and the Native and Historical Objects and Areas Preservation Act. The review was completed in June 1987 and tabled in Parliament on 25 August 1988.

1989 - After an industrial dispute involving domestic airline pilots led to the shutting down of Australia’s civil air transport network, the Government responded by using the armed services - principally the Air Force - to help deal with the resulting chaos. From this day, civilian travelers were moved around the country by the RAAF, which used its Boeing 707 ex-commercial airliners, C-130 Hercules medium-lift transports and even HS-748 navigational trainers. Although the public overwhelmingly accepted their experience of ‘RAAF Airlines’ as a novelty, Operation Immune placed a huge strain on the Service. The greatly increased hours being flown led to a greater maintenance load, with many teams being deployed around Australia to maintain aircraft away from their home bases. By the time the dispute was resolved and Air Force aircraft ceased to be involved on 15 December, the RAAF had flown 6524 hours and carried 172 287 passengers.

1994 - The Commonwealth Government formally recognised Australian South Sea Islanders as a distinct community within Australia and in 2000 the Queensland Government followed suit. The significance of this culture and the contribution to the economic, cultural and regional development of Queensland has been officially recognised.

1996 - Australia came second in the medal tally at the Atlanta Paralympic Games.

2002 - Football lovers had a rare opportunity to witness Marn Grook – the Aboriginal forerunner of Australian Rules Football at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Fifty Indigenous footballers comprising a team from the Tiwi Islands and an ATSIC Chairman‘s team combining Victorian and Northern Territory players demonstrated this spectacular and high-marking football game as a curtain-raiser to the Collingwood – St Kilda clash.

2004 - David Hicks, an Australian who'd converted to Islam and allegedly fought for the Taliban in Afghanistan, pleaded innocent to war crimes charges before a U.S. military commission. He was detained by the U.S. Government in Guantanamo Bay until 2007 when he became the first to be tried and convicted under the U.S. Military Commissions Act of 2006. He was extradited to Australia to serve the remainder of his sentence. Hicks served his nine month term in Adelaide's Yatala Labor Prison and was released under control order on December 29, 2007.

2012 - Sri Lanka's navy detained 98 would-be asylum-seekers making for Australia, the largest group since Canberra tightened restrictions on boatpeople headed to its shores.

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