Thursday, August 27, 2015

August 27 On This Day in Australian History

1814 - William Cox, whilst making a road through the Blue Mountains, named his guides: ‘Got 2 Natives, who promise to continue with us. Joe from Mulgoa and Coleby from Richmond.’

1824 - Sir Thomas Brisbane, Gov of NSW, to Lt Miller in a letter that while Miller was establishing the Moreton Bay Penal Settlement; "You will take an early opportunity of establishing a friendly intercourse with the neighbouring blacks, but you will not permit them to an imprudent familiarity. Whenever they apprehend strayed cattle or runaways small presents are to be issued to them of food, tomahawks, or fish hooks and you are to punish very severely any ill treatment of them."

1830 - Part of the GOVERNMENT NOTICE.NO 166.Colonial Secretary's Office, issued on this day read,".....Any wanton attack against he inoffensive tribes on the west and south west districts of the Colony, or against the tribes inhabiting the adjacent islands, or against any aborigines who manifest a disposition to conciliate and to surrender themselves will undoubtedly be vigorously prosecuted; but it is not expected, much less required, that the settlers are calmly to wait in their dwellings to sustain the repeated and continued attacks of the tribes, who are manifesting such a rancorous and barbarous disposition as has characterised their late proceedings. They are, by every possible means, to be captures, or driven beyond the settled districts. By His Excellency's Command, J. BURNETT."

1841 - Police and volunteers killed about 50 Aborigines in an encounter near Rufus River, south-western NSW.

1841 - An extensive Aboriginal massacre at Lake Minimup in Western Australia, lead by Captain John Molloy who "gave special instructions that no woman or child should be killed, but that no mercy should be offered the men. A strong and final lesson must be taught the blacks. ... The white men had no mercy. The black men were killed by dozens, and their corpses lined the route of march of the avengers."

1853 - The Argus (Vic) announced that Smith and Pritchard had won first prize for their Legislative Council design. John George Knight and Thomas Kemp won first prize for the Government House design.

1858 -Sixteen year old Nathan Cohen, future successful businessman, arrived in Tamworth from Newcastle so he could go to work in his uncle William Cohen’s store on Ebsworth Street.

1861 - Francis Gregory, lesser-known explorer in Western Australia, tripped over the De Grey River which he named after one of his sponsors, Lord De Grey. It was from the De Grey River that many expeditions later departed to explore further eastwards.

1867 - In Tamworth, Esther and Nathan Cohen gave birth to Ida Cohen who married her first cousin Victor Cohen in 1901 with whom she had three sons: George, Nathan and Alan; Ida Cohen (MBE) lived to the age of 102 and was a staunch supporter of a wide range charitable and community causes until her final years.

1870 – John Forrest rocked up in Adelaide from Perth, after leading an expedition on a Sunday stroll along the south coast via the Great Australian Bight.

1883 - The explosion of Krakatoa was heard in Australia, while the air waves were detected all over the world.

1883 - A tsunami tickled the coastline of Westralia as a result of Krakatoa blowing its top in Indonesia.

1884 - As drought and an economic depression began to bite, the Planters Association in Mackay, Qld, voted to cut wages by 10 percent.

1890 - Perth GPO was formally opened by the Administrator of WA, Sir Malcolm Fraser before the process of moving the GPO to the new premises was completed.

1891 - Brisbanes first wool sales were held.

1902 - The Women's Franchise Act gave women the right to vote in state elections in NSW.

1907 - American born F. Peters began whipping up that icy goodness known as Peters Ice Cream in Sydney.

1914 - In the wake of the outbreak of WW1 the German merchant ship, Thuringen, was captured off Wajemup (Rottnest Island) and became property of the Crown.

1915 - The second major assault on Hill 60 at Çanakkale (Gallipoli) was made by the Allies (NZ, Australia, India and UK).

1920 - Electric train services commenced running from Flinders St to Williamstown (Vic).

1922 - Electric train services commenced running from Mordialloc to Frankston (Vic).

1928 - After an all night flight from Perth Squadron-Leader Kingsford- Smith and the crew of the ‘Southern Cross’ landed at Parafield at 7.48 am. They were returning from a non-stop flight from Melbourne to Perth which took 23 ½ hours and was described as ‘a feat unparalleled in Australia’.

1934 - Florence Linda Platt aka Linda Agostini aka the infamous Pyjama Girl murder victim was killed. The body, dressed in pyjamas, was discovered along the side of Howlong Road near Albury in a culvert running under the road. Slightly concealed and badly burnt her identity could not be established. After the initial investigation failed to identify her, the body was taken to Sydney where it was put on public exhibition. She was preserved in a bath of formalin at the Sydney University Medical School until 1942, then transferred to police headquarters until 1944 when she was finally identified from dental records as Linda Agostini. Her husband, Antonio Agostinin confessed to accidentally killing her; he was tried, acquitted of murder but found guilty of manslaughter, sentenced for 6 years, released in 1948 then deported to Italy.

1936 - The A.C.T.U. embarked on a 2 minute strike in support of its push for a 40 hour working week.

1942 - Broome was again bombed by the Japanese.

1944 - The disappearance of Vultee Vengeance dive-bomber A27-295 in south-west Western Australia on this day triggered one of the largest searches in Australian history. The aircraft from No 25 Squadron was on a routine navigational training flight when it encountered bad weather and lost its way. The two-man crew was forced to bale out when A27-295 ran out of fuel. The initial air search for the missing pair focused north-east of RAAF Base Pearce, but this error was realised only when the pilot walked into a remote farm 100 kilometres south of Southern Cross on 31 August. On 2 September, the wreckage of the Vengeance was spotted from the air 25 kilometres further east. A huge ground search by Defence personnel and police failed to find the navigator either in the wreck or anywhere along the aircraft’s presumed route, although the effort continued until 16 September.

1957 - The Democratic Labor Party formed in a breakaway of anti-Communist groups from the Australian Labor Party.

1969 - The very first issue of the Homosexual Law Reform Society of the A.C.T newsletter was published.

1970 - The Southern hairy-nosed wombat is adopted as the official faunal emblem of South Australia.

1970 - Interior Minister Peter Nixon on behalf of the Federal Government declared it would not recognise claims of Aboriginal people to traditional land. Aboriginal squatters claimed part of the NT station, Wave Hill, but the Government’s decision meant that even if relinquished by the owners, it would not be reallocated to the Aboriginal people.

1971 - At The Aboriginal Legal Service, then located at 142 Regent St, Redfern, a 24 hour answering service came into operation.

1973 - The South Australian government offered a $5,000 reward for information about the disappearance of Joanne Ratliffe and Kirste Gordon. The hunt for the two girls intensified with the setting up of a special operations centre and a task force of twenty police officers. It was the biggest investigation of its kind in South Australia since the mysterious disappearance of the three Beaumont children from Glenelg Beach in January 1966. It was widely believed that the Adelaide Oval abduction and the Beaumont were the work of the same man. Descriptions of the suspect in both cases were very similar, the modus operandi was similar, and in both cases the suspect and the children all vanished without trace. Neither case has ever been solved.

1978 - 104 people taking part in a march for homosexual rights were arrested in Sydney.

1978 - Labor Senator Susan Ryan opened the 4th National Homosexual Conference in Paddington Town Hall, Sydney. The conference theme was Homosexuals at Work. The Gay Trade Unionists’ Group and the Australian Gay Archives were formed at the Conference

1978 - Police arrested 73 Gay Rights protesters at Taylor Square and 31 protesters were arrested at the Right to Life Rally in Hyde Park. (The total arrested was now 178).

1978 - A workshop was held at the Fourth National Homosexual Conference in Sydney where it was agreed to establish a gay archives. The workshop discussed ‘A Proposal For An Australian Gay Archives’ presented by Graham Carbery. The workshop submitted a motion which was passed at the final plenary session of the conference that formally endorsed the establishment of the Australian Gay Archives

1983 - Old Club 80 was raided and 11 men were charged. A hastily organised march attracted 300 to a sit-down protest in Taylor Square.

1988 - 26th - 28th August - 200 people with AIDS, ARC (AIDS related condition) and HIV, attended the first “Living Well” conference.

1991 - South Sydney City council approved a proposal to erect a Gay and Lesbian Holocaust Memorial in Green Park.

1992 - The Australian Indigenous Peoples Party was formally launched, at a meeting where every major Aboriginal and Islander community organisation from the Brisbane metropolitan area was represented.

1995 - Queerlit 95 Australia’s largest lesbian and gay literary event was held at Rozelle Writers’ Centre.

1995 - 200 protested against the Fox Corporation’s planned development of the Royal Agricultural Showground in Sydney and the absence of a transparent planning and consent process.

2001 - Australia denied access to the Tampa, a Norwegian cargo ship carrying some 433 refugees, mostly from Afghanistan, who had been rescued from a sinking Indonesian ferry.

2006 - Final crossing of the Spirit of Tasmania III from Sydney to Devonport.

2009 - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner Tom Calma outlined the proposed model for a new national Indigenous representative body to fill the void since the demise of ATSIC in 2004. The model enables representation by Indigenous land councils, peak bodies and other Indigenous organisations, as well as a place for leaders operating at all levels. It has a 50/50 gender rule for representatives and an overseeing role of an ethics committee.

2009 - A senior UN official condemned Australia's controversial intervention into remote Aboriginal communities, describing the measures as discriminatory and finding entrenched racism in Australia.

2009 - A new dinosaur species was discovered in Australia by paleontologists on a sheep farm in Queensland. The fossils of the dinosaur were estimated to be around 97 million years old and belong to an herbivore sauropod.

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