Friday, August 28, 2015

August 28 On This Day in Australian History

1791 - The HMS Pandora, sent after those dastardly Bounty mutineers, met a sticky wicket when she was wrecked on the Great Barrier Reef. All 31 crew and 4 prisoners drowned.

1801 - George Bass returned to Sydney aboard Venus, with Charles Bishop Bass' co-owner of the ship.

1816 - Aborigines at Mulgoa speared and killed a shepherd, threw 50 of his sheep over a cliff and mutilated the rest.

1833 - Legislation was passed with the breakfast prunes in NSW providing for trial by jury in criminal cases.

1838 - The once successful explorer Charles Sturt was down on his uppers; failing as a farmer in NSW he graced Adelaide with his presence on this day after over-landing 399 head of cattle with Captain Finniss, G. Strangways, Mr McLeod and eleven men.

1846 - A Lands Act was passed in UK offering squatters long leases in unsettled districts and other privileges.

1858 - John McDouall Stuart and his companion reached Streaky Bay in a state of near starvation after travelling more than 1,600 km.

1858 - The Empire newspaper, run by the Father of Federation himself, Henry Parkes, ceased trundling off the presses (resumed its prattling in May the following year).

1860 - The peasants were revolting when Melbourne's Parliament House was attacked and stoned by an angry crowd during a debate on a controversial land bill.

1876 - Cape Moreton Provisional School, on Moreton Island (QLD) opened.

1877 - WA joined the other states in being declared severely drought affected.

1883 - The shores of WA, NSW and Tassie were scrubbed clean by a tsunami that began in Indonesia thanks to the efforts of Krakatoa exploding.

1887 - The Overland Telegraph Line was opened to Lawlers, Westralia.

1891 - The steamer Gambier sunk in Sydney Harbour after a collision. 21 people died.

1894 - The Paddlesteamer, the "Rodney", was burnt by unionist shearers in protest at it being used as a strike breaker; it was transporting non-union labour upstream to the shearing shed at Tolarno Station on the Darling River.

1894 - The second sighting of a sea monster off Newcastle, NSW, was recorded.

1904 - George Houston Reid was commissioned to form a government of Free Traders in place of Chris Watson's Labor government.

1910 - The Toronto Branch rail line (NSW) was opened between Fassifern - Toronto.

1911 - John Flynn, a Presbyterian Minister, wrote to his father in Victoria about his trip up the Birdsville track as far as Pandie Pandie station some 11 miles from the Queensland border.

1914 - In the wake of the outbreak of war between Britain and Germany P.E. Stolz, the Lutheran “Pastor for Germans and Scandinavians” in WA, wrote to the Premier pleading for “more generous treatment” of those “individuals, whose only crime it is, that they are of German blood, but otherwise citizens & loyal subjects of the State”.

1915 - Electrical power supply was opened in Barcaldine.

1922 - The North Coast Rail Line (QLD) between Pakula-Owens Creek opened.

1923 - Construction began on Parliament House below below Camp Hill in Canberra.

1926 - Lionel Laughton Hill became Premier of South Australia.

1931 - Hubert Wilkins, Australian explorer, reached within 550 miles of the North Pole in the submarine Nautilus.

1933 - The Brisbane newspaper, The Courier-Mail, was first published after the amalgamation of the Brisbane Courier and the Daily Mail.

1941 - Party dissension caused Robert Menzies to resign as Prime Minister and was replaced by Arthur Fadden. Under pressure from his political opposition he demanded the relief of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk in Libya.

1944 - The Allied Works Council work force was withdrawn from Iron Range (Lockhart River).

1945 - Australian destroyers entered Tokyo Bay; Ships of the Royal Australian Navy joined Royal Navy and United States Navy ships in Tokyo Bay to receive the main Japanese surrender on 2 September.

1945 - A special tax was imposed to finance the new social services benefits.

1963 - The Yirrkala Bark Petitions, requesting an inquiry into the Govt removal of 300 square kms from the Arnhem Land Reserve for bauxite mining, were presented in the House of Representatives on 14 August by Jock Nelson, Member for the Northern Territory, and on 28 August by Arthur Calwell, Leader of the Opposition to the Governor General William De L’Isle.

1964 - In a drive to reclaim the Bagot Aboriginal Reserve land for prime real estate for Darwin's expansion a memorandum in the NT Hansard suggests the ‘scrubland and swamps [on the Bagot Aboriginal Reserve] provide the seclusion ideal for drinking and gambling orgies and other forms of anti‐social behaviour. The very nature of the land prevents adequate supervision by authority’. Perhaps referring to the initiation area, Gunabibi site and burial grounds.

1966 - The Main North Rail Line (NSW) was closed between Old Main North DE (1966) - Jct (Antiene).

1966 - The Main North Rail Line (NSW) was opened between Newdell Junction - Jct (Antiene).

1970 - The Save the Gurindji committee supported by members of Sydney Abschol (Aboriginal Scholarship Scheme), campaigned for a boycott of Vestey products.

1975 - The Henderson Commission into poverty tabled its report in Parliament.  Its key findings included revelations that an estimated 10% of Australian households were living below the poverty line in 1973, that fatherless families were the poorest, and that 250,000 dependent children were living in poverty. It also recommended the establishment of a guaranteed income scheme, and the boosting of pensions and child endowments which it declares to be "hopelessly inadequate" for large families on the minimum wage.

1984 - Weep, you smutty little devils....The NSW Government banned X-rated videos.

1993 - The first of six new $800 million Collins Class submarines being built in South Australia was unfinished but launched anyway.

1997 - The Federal Government announced it would provide $1.5 million for a Queensland Indigenous Higher Education Centre specialising in health.

1998 - A two-day meeting of over 70 members of the full council of the Northern Land Council reiterated its opposition to the establishment of 18 Northern Territory Land Councils, one of the recommendations contained in the then recently tabled Review of the Northern Territory Land Rights Act.

2001 - The opening day of the Kimberley region‘s week-long Aboriginal Law and Cultural Festival which attracted approximately 2,000 people from across the Kimberley region, representing 30 language groups. It is known to locals as Junba Nyanangarriyu Biya Yuwa or simply Biya Yuwa (pron: Bee-Yay You- Way, this is short for, ―Corroboree for Big Mob at 12-mile‖).

2002 - Sydney‘s first Indigenous Employment Centre (IEC) was launched in Redfern with the aim of providing services to Indigenous job seekers who were ready to move from part-time, unskilled employment to more permanent work.

2002 - SGLMG directors refuted administrators, Sims Lockwood’s claim, that the board was guilty of insolvent trading since mid-March.

2003 - The Queensland Government announced Indigenous workers across the Torres Strait would learn valuable new skills and enjoy improved employment opportunities, following a State Government grant to the Island Coordinating Council.

2005 - The Cross City Tunnel (Sydney) was flung open for business by the Premier of New South Wales, Morris Iemma, using the same pair of scissors used to open the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 1932, the Sydney Harbour Tunnel in 1992 and the Anzac Bridge in 1996.

2005 - Harbour City Bears celebrated their 10th anniversary over two weekends.

2006 - 800 people attended the 16th annual DIVA awards at Star City Showroom.

2010 - The UN Committee on the Eliminiation of Racial Discrimination (CERD) delivered a damning report on Australia’s failure to meet international commitments on eliminating discrimination.