1851 Twas a Monday when the first gold was discovered at Clunes in Victoria.
1860 - The 'Sydney Morning Herald' reported that gold had been found at Lambing Flat, later the scene of Australia's largest anti-Chinese riots.
1906 - Central Railway Station in Sydney was opened. It is the largest railway station in Australia, servicing almost all of the lines on the railway network in Sydney. This was the third station on the southern Sydney site and was built on land previously used by the Devonshire St Cemetery, a convent, a female refuge, police barracks and the Benevolent Society.
1911 - At the Cheltenham racecourse (South Oz) Lieutenant Watkins took his Vickers monoplane for test flight around the course. Reaching a height of 400 feet he completed five circuits, but on landing the end of the left wing struck a post and broke a stay.
The following day on a further test flight the plane was wrecked. The accident was an unfortunate blow to Watkins and Douglas Mawson as it was intended to take the plane to the Antarctic for exploration work there. The plane was fitted out to travel on ice in the form of a sledge. Mawson’s party left Adelaide for the Antarctic trip in November 1911 without the plane.
1918 The first Masses in the Murgon (QLD) region were held in private homes until the first Church was built and blessed on this day by Fr M O’Flynn, for Archbishop Duhig.
1923 – Reg Grundy the Australian television producer was born on this day.
1929 - The first passenger train departed Adelaide on the Ghan railway line to Alice Springs.
1937 - The policy of assimilation for ‘part-Aboriginal’ people to be mainstreamed into the white community was announced by the Federal Minister for Interior, at a conference attended by Federal and State officials.
1960 – Tim Winton the Australian writer was born today.
1973 - The reported Aboriginal population of Australia was 116,000 – with Queensland being the most populated state.
1988 - National Aboriginal and Islander Children’s Day (NAICD) was officially started by the Secretariat of National Aboriginal and Islander Child Care (SNAICC) .
The day aims to focus on themes related to Aboriginal children like poverty, education access and pride in culture, and recognises their strengths and culture.
1989 – Jessica Mauboy the Indigenous Australian singer-songwriter and actress was born today.
1991 - National Aboriginal and Islander Children’s Day, SNAICC in conjunction with high profile Aboriginal entertainers, Archie Roach and Ruby Hunter, publicly launched a demand for an inquiry into the removal of Aboriginal children.
1996 - The State Attorney General, Jeff Shaw, launched the NSW Lesbian and Gay Anti-Violence Project Youth Violence Prevention Campaign, Homophobia: What are you scared of?
1998 - The AIDS Council of NSW launched its 3 year Strategic Directions Plan, which identified HIV positive men and the lesbian community as its core constituency.
2000 - The President of the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission affirmed that “faith-based” job networks were subject to international and national discrimination laws when dealing with employees.
2001 - Adventurer Steve Fossett made his fifth attempt to circumnavigate the world in a balloon, launching from Northam, Western Australia.
2011 ~ Red Dog the Australian film starring Koko the Kelpie (who was pupped in #Dunolly) was released today.
2014 - Ms Dhu, an Aboriginal woman taken into custody for $1,000 in unpaid fines, was found dead in her cell at Port Hedland police station despite the fact she was twice taken to a local hospital after complaining to police about severe pain, vomiting and partial paralysis but on both occasions declared well enough to be sent back to prison.