1799 - Matthew Flinders departed from Moreton Bay on this day but not before his party shot at and wounded two Aboriginal people at Skirmish Point.
1805 - Musquito and Bulldog threatened to set Parramatta Gaol on fire and ‘destroy every white man within it’. Their attempt to escape was thwarted when a white prisoner informed a gaoler.
1839 - Having nothing on his dance card for a week or two Edward John Eyre began his second trip into South Australia’s inland.
1850 - A British Act of Parliament separating Victoria from New South Wales was signed by Queen Victoria.
1859 - Leaving Port Adelaide on this day the SS Admella was bound for Melbourne. Early the following morning she ran onto Carpenter Rocks a few kilometres offshore, almost due south of the current town of Millicent (South Oz). The loss of 89 lives, mostly due to cold and exposure, makes the wreck one of the worst maritime disasters in Australian history.
1867 - Between today and August 15 the coast of NSW was thoroughly washed, scrubbed, rinsed and repeated due to the effects of a tsunami from regions unknown.
1876: Truganini (Trugernanner), the daughter of Mangana, chief of the Bruny Island tribe, died this day.
1879 - Twas a Tuesday when the first game of night football at Melbourne Cricket Ground was played under gas-lights.
1901 - Capt. Hunt and 17 Carbineers rushed a Boer farmhouse and were surprised to find four times as many Boers as expected. During the attack both Capain Hunt and Sergeant Eland were killed; Hunt, was killed and mutilated, his neck broken, his face stamped upon with hob-nailed boots and his legs slashed with a knife. His body had also been stripped completely of clothes. An enraged and grieving Morant exacted his revenge by executing Visser, a Boer found wearing Hunt's clothes, and some other Boer prisoners. A German missionary named Hesse was also killed after Morant had suspicions about his motives in speaking with Boer prisoners.
1908 – Harold Holt the 17th Prime Minister of Australia was born.
1916 - During the Battle of Romani ( the last ground attack of the Central Powers on the Suez Canal at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during WW1) Michael Shanahan persuaded his captain, Banjo Paterson, to let him take his infamous horse Bill the Bastard into battle where he earned a DSO for saving 4 Tassie men.
1944 - Japanese prisoners at Cowra, New South Wales, staged a breakout: 4 Australians and 234 Japanese were killed.
1947 – Angry Anderson the Australian singer-songwriter from Rose Tattoo, The Party Boys, and Buster Brown was born.
1957 - The Kooloonong to Yungera rail line closed.
1971 - Bondi taxi driver Peter Macari was charged with extortion over the Qantas "Mr Brown" bomb hoax case.
1972 - The Nine Network broadcast the last episode of long-running popular music show Bandstand, which premiered in 1958.
1975 - A seven year dispute between the national executive and the Tasmanian branch of the ALP climaxed with an ultimatum by federal secretary David Combe that the national executive would disband the Tasmanian branch if it did not back down from its decision to re-admit Brian Harradine. The dispute dated back to 1968 when Harradine, then secretary of the Tasmanian Trades and Labour Council, accused "friends of the communists" on the national executive of trying to silence him.
1976 - CAMP sent a deputation to the new Attorney-General, Frank Walker.
1983 - First Friday night match for premiership points: Geelong defeated Sydney at the SCG.
1989 - The Aboriginal Children’s Centre in Tasmania was opened in Hobart.
1991 - Queensland Police Commissioner, Sir Terrence Lewis, was found guilty of corruption and sentenced to 14 years in jail.
1997 - Cathy Freeman won gold in the 400m final at Athens, becoming the first Indigenous Australian to win a world track and field event.
1998 - It was reported that Ian Murphy, founder of the Freedom Scouts, believed that a million Indonesians planned to invade the Australia within 5 years. His organization trained as a guerrilla force to hit and run and protect Australia from attack.
1998 - The launch of Radio 5NPY,radio network to service remote communities in South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, broadcasting to over one-fifth of Australia.
2004 - David Hicks, Australian terror suspect held at the Guantanamo Bay base in Cuba, signed an affidavit stating: "Interrogators once offered me the services of a prostitute for 15 minutes if I would spy on other detainees.” Hicks documented a number of physical abuses.
2007 - It was announced that the high rate of suicide in indigenous communities in Western Australia would be scrutinised by the State Coroner, Alastair Hope.
2009 - Australian police charged four men with planning to attack an army base and shoot soldiers as the government considered whether to ban a Somalia militant group linked to the plot.