Tuesday, September 1, 2015

September 1 On This Day in Australian History

1776 - The British Government placed the first of a series of advertisements in the London The Morning Herald for the hiring of the required shipping for the First Fleet. The offer was first taken up by William Richards Junior, a little-known Navy broker.

1808 - William Redfern received the first medical diploma issued in Australia. Having come to Australia as a convict, being emancipated in 1803, he had to obtain this diploma in order to quality for the post of assistant colonial surgeon.

1811 - Maj Thomas Davey was commissioned as Lietenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land.

1819 - Gov Lachlan Macquarie laid the foundation stone of St Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney. Commissioner John Thomas Bigge ordered construction work to stop a month later soon after his arrival in the colony.

1824 - Gov Brisbane sent John Oxley with a party of convicts and soldiers under Lieutenant Henry Miller to found a penal settlement at Moreton Bay. Oxley recommended an alternative settlement site on the Brisbane River.

1825 - Major Lockyer left Sydney in the Mermaid for Moreton Bay.

1829 - East of Ben Lomand (Tas) John Batman, the leader of a government roving party, made a dawn attack on an Aboriginal camp, numbering 60 or 70 men, women and children. In his report of the incident to the police magistrate at Oatlands, Batman estimated that 15 Aborigines died of wounds, and that he executed two other wounded prisoners.

1830 - John 'Bold Jack' Donohoe was shot dead by the soldier John Muckleston following a shootout between bushrangers and troops at Bringelly, near Campbelltown, NSW.

1830 - The Port Arthur penal settlement was founded in Van Diemen's Land. It was named after Lieut-Gov George Arthur.

1841 - The Savings Bank of Port Phillip was established.

1846 - A camel shot explorer John Horrocks. John Horrocks was the first to employ camels in exploration. Nine camels were imported from the Canary islands in 1840, but by 1846, only one still survived a bad-tempered beast by the name of Harry. On 1 September 1846, Horrocks stopped near Lake Dutton to shoot a bird to add to his collection of specimens. In the letter Horrocks wrote whilst he awaited help, he recorded the following events: "My gun being loaded with slugs in one barrel and ball in the other, I stopped the camel to get at the shot belt, which I could not get without his lying down. "Whilst Mr. Gill was unfastening it, I was screwing the ramrod into the wad over the slugs, standing close alongside of the camel. At this moment the camel gave a lurch to one side, and caught his pack in the cock of my gun, which discharged the barrel I was unloading, the contents of which first took off the middle fingers of my right hand between the second and third joints, and entered my left cheek by my lower jaw, knocking out a row of teeth from my upper jaw." One of Horrocks' men walked 113 km through the night to obtain help, and Horrocks was then conveyed home. A doctor was unable to do anything for his injuries, which had become infected, and Horrocks died three weeks later, on September 23.
Harry the camel was taken out and shot.

1851 - Licences were first issued to Gold Diggers in Victoria.

1857 - Sir Robert Richard Torrens replaced John Baker as Premier of SA; Torrens was replaced by Sir Richard Davies Hanson on 30th September.

1862 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Campbelltown - North Menangle and between Menangle Racecourse Junction - Menangle Racecourse.

1865 - Hobsons Bay United Railway company assumed control of the St Kilda and Brighton company (Vic) for £99,500.

1869 - The Weekly Times was launched by The Melbourne Herald.

1873 - 450 employees and 50 employers came together at a banquet, at Whites Concert and Assembly Rooms Adelaide, to celebrate the first 48 hour week. This had been achieved through the efforts of building trade workers who had appointed a committee to work on an agreement acceptable to the industry. The first firm approached was one of the largest contracting firms in the city and after negotiations the agreement was signed.

1874 - The George Street section of Sydney General Post Office opened.

1879 - The Main South Rail Line (NSW) was opened between Bomen - Wagga Wagga.

1880 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Wagga Wagga - Gerogery.

1881 - The Shepparton to Numurkah rail line (Vic) opened.

1881 - The Hay Branch Rail Line (NSW) was opened between Narrandera - Yanco, between Yanco - Jct (Yanco), and between Jct (Yanco) - Willbriggie.

1883 - The Yass Gaol was opened for business.

1884 - The rail line from Henty to Casterton (Vic) opened.

1885 - Trades and Labour Council, Brisbane, opened.

1886 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Glen Innes - Tenterfield.

1890 - The railway line from Murchison East to Rushworth (Vic) opened.

1892 - The Belmont Branch Rail Line (NSW) was opened between Adamstown - Burwood Extended Colliery DE, and from Dudley Junction - Dudley Colliery.

1893 - The Lake Cargelligo Branch Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Cootamundra - Temora.

1898 - Police reported the death of “the oldest [A]boriginal in the district”, Tommy Cox at the age of 75 (born 1822). The APB paid for his funeral, he was buried at Sackville Reach, probably at the Aboriginal cemetery near “Lilburndale” close to West Portland Road. His passing was the end of an era. “King” Tommy was the last local Aborigine linked to the colony’s formative years.

1899 - A camp of local Kaurna People on the banks of the Patawalonga River, Adelaide, were packed up and sent by train to Milang, en route to the mission station at Point McLeay.

1906 - Papua New Guinea was placed under Australian administration, which continued to 1973.

1908 - The Barraba Branch Rail Line (NSW) was opened between Manilla - Barraba.

1908 - Shenton Park Railway Station (WA) was opened.

1912 – The Golden Wattle was declared as Australia's national flower but only declared as Australia's official floral emblem in 1988.

1913 - Home Hill-Carstairs Railway Line (QLD), including low level Burdekin bridge opened, linking Bowen to Townsville.

1916 - Billy Hughes, trying to enforce conscription, attacked a meeting of the Victorian executive and tried to gain support for his conscription proposals, but failed.

1920 - The Flinders Naval Base opened on Westernport Bay, Victoria.

1922 - Station masters appointed to Victoria Park, Carlisle and Welshpool Railway stations (WA), Mr. F. Flood to Victoria Park.

1923 - 21 coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Bellbird coal mine in the NSW Hunter Valley.

1926 - The Black Rock to Beaumaris (Vic) tramline opened.

1931 - The East Hills Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Wolli Creek - Kingsgrove.

1931 - Electrical power supply opened in Mt Isa.

1934 - The body of the Pyjama Girl (real name Linda Agostini) was discovered in Albury, New South Wales.

1946 - Consumer goods shortages in evidence as the nation ran out of socks.

1951 - Voters rejected a referendum to change the Constitution to allow the Menzies Government to ban the Communist Party.

1951 - Australia signed the ANZUS treaty with the United States and New Zealand.

1959 - The Metropolis of Australia and New Zealand was elevated to Archdiocese and Metropolitan Ezekiel was elevated to Archbishop of the Greek Orthodox Church in Oceania.

1963 - Serial killer Eric Edgar Cooke was arrested by Detectives Hawker and Skehan when he returned to recover a hidden gun with the intention of committing a further shooting. Cooke was the last man hanged in WA.

1963 - Uniformity on marriage laws was brought to all states.

1969 - Area News, Griffith, bi-weekly, and Riverina Advocate, Griffith, weekly, merged to become the Riverina Daily News (morning daily), the first NSW regional daily printed on a web offset press.

1970 - Queensland Mines announced the discovery of a major uranium deposit at Naabarlek in the Northern Territory.

1970 - The Australia government banned a proposed visit by comedian and anti-war activist Dick Gregory.

1970 - Martin Plaza (formerly Martin Place) was officially opened as Sydney's first pedestrian plaza.

1972 - Australia officially changed from the Fahrenheit to the Celsius scale for temperature measurement.

1974 - Radio and TV licence fees were abolished. The annual fees, which were previously charged for all TV and radio sets, had been a major source of the ABC's budget. The federal government switched to direct funding of the ABC.

1975 - The first issue of Campaign: Australia’s gay newspaper was published by Rod Stringer.

1976 - All cigarette advertising in Australia was banned.

1977 - Official visit to Victorian Parliament by His Highness Prince Prem Purachatra and Her Highness Princess Prem Purachatra of Thailand. Princess Prem Purachatra came in her capacity as President of the International Council of Women.

1978 - Legendary Aboriginal cricketer Eddie Gilbert who once knocked the bat from Sir Donald Bradman’s hand and also dismissed him for a duck, died aged 74 years.

1979 - Fanny Bay Gaol, Darwin, was kicked to the kerb after 96 years of service.

1979 - Berrimah Prison, Darwin, was opened.

1979 - Suburban passenger services ceased on the Perth-Fremantle Line (WA).

1983 - Tasmania was promised $30 million in interim compensation for the banning of construction of the Gordon-below-Franklin Hydro-Electric Dam.

1986 - The Temora-Roto Railway Line (NSW) was closed between Hillston to Roto Sth Junction, from Roto Sth Junction to Roto East Junction and between Roto Sth junction to Roto West junction.

1987 - Coffs Harbour, NSW, now the fastest growing region in Australia, was proclaimed a city.

1987 - The NSW Minister for Health, Peter Anderson pledged $500,000 to extend the availability for AZT (HIV/AIDS drug).

1988 - The Golden Wattle was officially proclaimed as the floral emblem of Australia.

1989 - McIvor Railway Station (WA) was opened.

1992 - 1 September every year was declared ‘National Wattle Day’ throughout Australia. The purpose of National Wattle Day is to essentially promote all things Australian.

1993 - The Australian Press Council dismissed Mannie De Saxe and Ian MacNeill’s complaint against the Sydney Morning Herald’s use of the term HIV and AIDS ‘victims’.

1993 - Bowen Rail line (QLD) realignment opened.

1996 - Fitzroy played its last AFL match.

1999 - Australian Democrats Senator Brian Greig used his maiden speech to describe the homophobic environment in which gay men and lesbians live, as akin to apartheid.

2000 - The annual queerDoc Film Festival opened with the screening of Paragraph 175.

2001 - The Pacific Solution was implemented. Under the policy, asylum seekers arriving without authorisation are sent to Australian-funded detention camps in Pacific Island states, rather than being allowed to claim asylum on the Australian mainland.

2002 - Tasmania's fast ferries Spirit of Tasmania I and II replaced original Spirit of Tasmania on Bass Strait trade.

2004 - Pacific National assumed control of Freight Australia.

2006 - Rebellion held its 7th anniversary dinner at the Erskineville Hotel.

2008 - In his swearing-in speech, High Court Chief Justice Robert French acknowledged the Ngunnawal people present as the ‘traditional people’ of the area and paid tribute to Aboriginal culture and history. It is believed to be the first time such comments came from Australia’s highest legal seat.

2009 - A treatment for HIV-associated facial wasting, Poly-l-lactic acid injection (Sculptra) was listed on the PBS.

2014 - Federal Member for Dawson, George Christensen and the Federal Member for Hinkler, Keith Pitt tabled a motion calling for the full recognition of the descendants of South Sea Islanders.