Sunday, August 28, 2016

August 28 On This Day in Australian History

1816: Aborigines at Mulgoa spear and kill a shepherd, throw 50 of his sheep over a cliff and mutilate and gouge out the eyes of the rest.

 1829: The first ever Greek immigrants to Australia were seven convict sailors from Hydra, convicted of piracy by a British naval court and sent to serve out their terms in New South Wales. The sailors were crew members of the ship Hercules which attacked the British Ship Alceste off the shore of Libya and removed part of its cargo in July 1827. In 1834, the seven Greek convicts were eventually pardoned. Five of them left Australia and two decided to stay in the country’s settlements. The two men who stayed were Gikas Voulgaris and Antonios Manolis.

 1838: Explorer Captain Charles Sturt failed as a farmer and the overlanding of cattle to the newly established colony of South Australia was not a financial success either. This trip was made with Captain Finniss, G. Strangways, Mr McLeod and eleven men. They arrived in Adelaide on this day. 

1847: The Perth Gazette reported on this day that Legislation was enacted to deal specifically with cemeteries. Perth Town Lot R1 was officially designated as a public cemetery.

 1882: Australia v. England played at Kennington Oval: won by Australians by 7 runs

 1883: The shores of Tassie, NSW and WA were awash with the effects of a tsunami which was unleashed by the explosion of Krakatoa.

 1894. : Paddlesteamer, the "Rodney", is burnt by unionist shearers in protest at it being used as a strike breaker. The Rodney was transporting non-union labour upstream to the shearing shed at Tolarno Station on the Darling River. It was also hauling a barge carrying goods and supplies for the stations enroute. As it reached a woodpile two miles above Moorara Station, it was boarded by 150 striking shearers who removed the passengers, then proceeded to soak the Rodney in kerosene and set it alight. The paddlesteamer was irreparably damaged after being burnt to the waterline.

1908: Then-prime minister Alfred Deakin, the member for Ballarat and a proud Victorian, proclaimed to the Australasian Football Council Jubilee Carnival that the Australian game of football embodied Australian values and ideals of manhood he believed to be foundational to its nation-building project more perfectly than any imported sporting code.

 1931: Hubert Wilkins, Australian explorer, reached within 550 miles of the North Pole in the submarine Nautilus.

 1941: Party dissension led Robert Menzies to resign as Prime Minister. However, after forming the Liberal Party of Australia from the remnants of the UAP in 1944, Menzies regrouped to become Prime Minister for the second time on 19 December 1949 when the new Liberal Party, in coalition with the Country Party, beat Labor. He then remained as Prime Minister for another 16 years, a record which has not been broken in Australian politics. He retired in 1966, and died in 1978.

 1945 : Australian destroyers entered Tokyo Bay; Ships of the Royal Australian Navy joined Royal Navy and United States Navy ships in Tokyo Bay to receive the main Japanese surrender on 2 September.

 1948:805 Squadron re-formed as the Royal Australian Navy's (RAN) first fighter squadron at Royal Naval Air Station (RNAS) Eglinton in Northern Ireland.

1963: A bark petition, known as the Yirrkala Bark Petitions,were presented to the House of Representatives to protest against mining on the Gove Peninsula. On 28 August the petition is presented to the Governor General William De L’Isle. Although it was signed by more senior clan members, the federal government failed to recognise Aboriginal political structure and rejected the petition because of insufficient signatures.

 1964: In a drive to reclaim the Bagot Aboriginal Reserve land for prime real estate for Darwin's expansion a memorandum in the NT Hansard suggests the ‘scrubland and swamps [on the Bagot Aboriginal Reserve] provide the seclusion ideal for drinking and gambling orgies and other forms of anti‐social behaviour. The very nature of the land prevents adequate supervision by authority’. Perhaps referring to the initiation area, Gunabibi site and burial grounds.

 1970: The Save the Gurindji committee supported by members of Sydney Abschol (Aboriginal Scholarship Scheme), campaigned for a boycott of Vestey products.

 1972: Heavy loss of life in PNG accident. The crash of a DHC-4 Caribou in Papua New Guinea on this day was probably the most tragic accident in RAAF history. Aircraft A4-233, one of a pair of Caribous detached semipermanently from No 38 Squadron, was returning PNG school cadets from their annual training camp when it went missing on a flight from Lae to Port Moresby. Despite a large-scale air search, it was not until three days later that four schoolboy survivors were located, having attempted to walk out for assistance. They were able to direct rescuers to the crash site at Kudjeru Gap, near Wau, and a fifth schoolboy was winched out of the thick jungle, only to die later. The Caribou's crew of three, plus a ground liaison officer from the Army, and 21 school cadets had all been killed in the disaster.

1975: The Henderson Commission into poverty tabled its report in Parliament. Established in 1972, the commission was chaired by Professor Ronald Henderson, director of the Institute of Economic Research at Melbourne University. Its key findings included revelations that an estimated 10% of Australian households were living below the poverty line in 1973, that fatherless families were the poorest, and that 250,000 dependent children were living in poverty. It also recommended the establishment of a guaranteed income scheme, and the boosting of pensions and child endowments which it declared to be "hopelessly inadequate" for large families on the minimum wage.

1981: HIV/AIDS: The CDC report, in the MMWR, that 108 cases have been reported to the CDC. 94% were gay or bisexual men. Only a few were not white men, and only one case had occurred in a woman. The mortality rate is terrible with 40% of the reported patients dead so far.

1985: An Aboriginal reserve held by the Queensland Government was transferred to the trusteeship of the Cherbourg Aboriginal Council under a Deed of Grant in Trust.

1985 INXS (formed in Sydney in 1977 as Farriss Brothers) begin their first world tour, in Australia.

 1997: The Federal Government announced it would provide $1.5 million for a Queensland Indigenous Higher Education Centre specialising in health.

 1998: A two-day meeting of over 70 members of the full council of the Northern Land Council reiterated its opposition to the establishment of 18 Northern Territory Land Councils, one of the recommendations contained in the then recently tabled Review of the Northern Territory Land Rights Act.

 2000: Foster's Brewing of Australia acquired Beringer Wine Estates of Napa, California for $1.5 billion.

 2001: The opening day of the Kimberley region‘s week-long Aboriginal Law and Cultural Festival which attracted approximately 2,000 people from across the Kimberley region, representing 30 language groups. It is known to locals as Junba Nyanangarriyu Biya Yuwa or simply Biya Yuwa (pron: Bee-Yay You- Way, this is short for, ―Corroboree for Big Mob at 12-mile‖).

 2002: A little bit of Australian history was undone when the premiers of Victoria and New South Wales released the first flush of extra water to save the Snowy River. Victorian Premier Steve Bracks and NSW Premier Bob Carr opened of the sluice at Mowamba aqueduct to restore the 28 per cent minimum scientists say is needed to restore the river's ecological health down its entire 435-kilometre length.

 2002: Sydney‘s first Indigenous Employment Centre (IEC) was launched in Redfern with the aim of providing services to Indigenous job seekers who were ready to move from part-time, unskilled employment to more permanent work.

 2003: The Queensland Government announced Indigenous workers across the Torres Strait would learn valuable new skills and enjoy improved employment opportunities, following a State Government grant to the Island Coordinating Council.

 2006: Don Chipp (81), an Australian politician famed for his pledge to "keep the bastards honest," died after a long battle with Parkinson's disease.

2010:The UN Committee on the Eliminiation of Racial Discrimination (CERD) delivered a damning report on Australia’s failure to meet international commitments on eliminating discrimination.

 2013: Prime Minister Kevin Rudd mounted a spirited defence of same-sex marriage only days out from Australian elections during a forum with Tony Abbott in Sydney.

2013: Maptek I-Site Studio software was used to create a 3D reproduction of historical Aboriginal rock art at Kakadu National Park in Australia’s Northern Territory.The CyArk 500 challenge aims to digitally preserve 500 cultural heritage sites using 3D technology within the next 5 years.

2013: Australian Geographic announced that The South Australian Museum has undertaken a significant project to digitally photograph and database every object in its Aboriginal Material Culture collection, which is recognised as the world’s largest and most comprehensive.

 2014: Australia and Indonesia signed a new security agreement to mend a relationship badly damaged by allegations last year that Australia was listening to the telephone conversations of Pres. Susilo Bambang.

 2015: The revised National Strategic Plan for Asbestos Management and Awareness launched on this day by the Minister for Employment.

2015:Prime Minister Tony Abbott became the first prime minister to visit the grave of land rights campaigner Eddie Koiki Mabo on Murray Island in the Torres Strait.

2015: Complaints regarding the food on sale at the Yirrkala Store were reported by the ABC. Silence on the food has reigned ever since.

2015: Border Farce...Within hours of the Australian Border Force — Prime Minister Tony Abbott's paramilitary amalgamation of the Customs Service and immigration department — announcing that they would be joining the Victorian police and privatised public transport operators in Operation Fortitude to check the visa status of “anti-social” elements on the streets of Melbourne, hundreds of protesters had gathered at Flinders Street Station and social media had exploded in outrage.