Monday, August 29, 2016

August 29 On This Day in Australian History

1796 - ‘I have not my wife: another black man took her away,’ Bennelong confessed in a letter he dictated and asked to be sent to Mr Phillips, Lord Sydney’s steward. ‘We have had murray [big] doings: he speared me in the back... but I am better now: his name is now Carroway [Caruey]’

 1817 - Explorers Oxley and Evans returned to Bathurst after unsuccessfully following the Lachlan River.

 1826 - Governor Ralph Darling canceled tickets-of-occupation of land (from 1st March 1827) and substituted grazing licences at £1 per 100 acres.

 1834 - South Australia Literary Association was formed by Richard Hanson & Gouger. Their book collection was the basis of the colony's 1st library.The object of the society was to satisfy intellectual pursuits such as literature, arts, history and natural science.

 1836 - Sir Thomas Mitchell popped into Portland Bay for a quick cuppa and found the Henty Brothers in residence.

 1837 - The Select Committee on Aborigines in the British Settlements tabled its report in the House of Commons. It noted that the invasion of Aboriginal lands by Europeans had intentionally or unintentionally led to the destruction of Aboriginal society, even genocide.

 1848 - The Cape Otway Lighthouse was finally lit; after years of exploration work followed by years of logistical challenges and gruelling physical work in truly tough conditions. The construction of the lighthouse was an amazing feat. Manufactured in London, the lantern was brought ashore through crashing surf in small boats. The light mechanism consisted of 21 polished reflectors and lamps mounted on a frame.

 1857 - Captain A.H. Freeling, the Surveyor-General, was in the Flinders Ranges on the way to Lake Torrens to confirm the discovery of George Goyder who had reported finding a large body of fresh water (Lake Blanche).

 1868 - A 5.0 magnitude earthquake rocked North-eastern Victoria, Gippsland, Albury and South-eastern New South Wales. Not felt in Melbourne.

 1882 - , Australia defeated England in cricket for the first time. The following day a obituary appeared in the Sporting Times addressed to the British team.

 1908 - The sailors of the Great White Fleet (USA) came ashore at Melbourne.

 1914 - University played its last (VFL) League match.

 1916 - NSW Government Aviation School was established at Richmond, NSW, with three US Curtiss Jenny trainers.

 1941 - Arthur Fadden, the second of five men who served as Australian Prime Minister during World War II, was sworn into office.

 1945 - The Cadia Mine Branch Rail Line (NSW) was closed between Spring Hill - Cadia Mine.

 1960 - Jack Brabham became the Formula One Motor racing world champion for the second successive year after winning the Portuguese Grand Prix.

 1969 - Australia's last trolleybus service, between Perth and suburban Wembley and Floreat Park, was withdrawn from service. The trolley buses were first installed on the route in 1938 to replace trams.

 1978 - The Sydney Morning Herald again published names and personal details of the 104 people arrested at the gay rights protests in Sydney.

 1979 - A heliport was opened at Darling Harbour, Sydney, Dah-links.

 1980 - First woman Cabinet minister in Tassie, Gill James, was appointed.

 1981 - The seventh National Conference for Lesbians and Homosexual Men was held in Adelaide.

 1984 - Following the 1966 Wave Hill Station walk off by the Gurindji people The Daguragu Aboriginal Land Trust was established by gazette notice to hold title to the land identified by the then Aboriginal land commissioners, Mr Justice Toohey.

 1985 - Dr Julian Gold, Director of the Albion Street Clinic, argues that high-risk groups will only continue to use his facility if they are guaranteed total confidentiality and privacy and that the Albion Street Centre will not release records without patient permission.

 1985 - Taylor Square Clinic, a Sydney private clinic with a large AIDS caseload and high number of gay clients, declares they will burn their records rather than release them to NSW Health without patient consent.

 1992 - The Sydney Gay and Lesbian Choir won the Community Choir’s section of the Australian National Choral Championships in Wagga.

 1996 - The Sydney Star Observer was made available on the web.

 1997 - After barely 5 months the new national weekly newspaper, The Republican, ceased production on this day.

 1998 - All but one candidate on the incumbent Board ticket were elected at the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras AGM. Dr Happy Ho was the only successful independent.

 2000 - A 5.0 magnitude earthquake that originated in Boolarra (Vic) was felt strongly throughout Gippsland and South Eastern Suburbs of Melbourne.

 2000 - The Federal Government withdrew from the United Nations Human Rights Committees and will obstruct monitoring of Australian human rights.

 2000 - The National Native Title Tribunal hailed as an historic breakthrough the first agreement to formally recognise native title in Western Australia and the largest native title settlement in the nation. The decision involved around 50,000 square kilometres, and a range of interests which included 24 pastoral interests, 28 mining companies, Telstra, the Shire of Meekatharra and the Western Australian government.

 2001 – Graham "Shirley" Strachan, lead singer of Australian 1970s rock group Skyhooks, was killed in a helicopter accident.

 2001 - The Border Protection Bill was introduced. This provided the Australian Government with the power to: remove any ship in the territorial waters of Australia; use reasonable force to do so; provide that any person who was on the ship may be forcibly returned to the ship; guarantee that no asylum applications may be made by people on board the ship.

 2001 - Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth cricket team held a moving ceremony at the gravesite of King Cole, a player who died on the original 1868 all-Aboriginal tour 133 years previously.

 2001 - Democrats Brian Greig moved an urgency motion in the Senate to “enact national laws against sexuality discrimination”. The motion was passed with support of Labor and the Greens.

 2001 - Australian commandos seized the Norway cargo ship carrying 438 rescued refugees after the captain defied orders not to enter Australian waters.

 2002 - The first International Desert Knowledge Symposium was held in Alice Springs to discuss issues surrounding traditional knowledge and culture.

 2003 - A new study found the life expectancy of Aboriginal Australians was 20 years less than the general population.

 2007 - Thousands of hardline supporters of Robert Mugabe marched through Harare, denouncing the Zimbabwe president's Western critics and endorsing his controversial program of farm seizures. Zimbabwe's state media called on the government to sever ties with Australia, accusing PM John Howard's government of seeking to topple Pres. Mugabe.

 2009 - Australian authorities intercepted a boat carrying 52 suspected asylum seekers, the 18th such vessel to be discovered this year.

 2012 - An asylum-seeker boat heading for Australia disappeared off the Indonesian coast with 150 people aboard. Over the next 24 hours rescuers recovered 54 survivors, mostly males from Afghanistan.

 2012 - A man in his thirties suffered injuries on his abdomen and right arm after being attacked by a shark in waters near Western Australia. Other surfers dragged the man from the water and he was taken to a hospital and was reported in stable condition. Authorities were unable to identify what kind of shark attacked.

 2014 - Prime Minister Tony Abbott launched the Defining Moments in Australian History project at the National Museum in Canberra.

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