Monday, September 12, 2016

September 12 On This Day in Australian History

Morning, punters, another fabulous drizzly day in Melbourne where I shall park my arse on the couch whilst trialing a plethora of sub-standard shows on the idiot box to spare you the same grief.
Yeah, I'm generous like that.
A bit miffed to find that the anniversary of the rediscovery of the Wollemi Pine was September 10, 1994, courtesy of some nature-thing popping up in my Facebook feed...last night.
Yeah, thanks for that.

BUT I'm excited about a new book by Roland Perry called
Celeste: The Parisian Courtesan Who Became a Countess and Bestselling Writer
Woke up at 4am to hear Trevor Chappell chatting to Roland Perry about his new book; I've come across Countess Celeste de Chabrillan a number of times but getting a bio on THE first foreign author based in Oz who wrote THE first novel in Oz, about Oz (she visited many goldfields) will be a delicious devouring encounter.
  The interview isn't up online yet but keep checking the Overnights site because it's a bloody good listen to find out about Celeste.


1843 - In September 1843, an elder of the Jagera tribe called Multuggera (also known as 'King Moppy') sent warning to his friend - John Campbell of Westbrook Station - that an uprising was imminent. Campbell ignored the warning and on September 12, 1843, Multuggera led around 100 Aborigines in an ambush of three drays heading up the range crossing. This was an attempt to stop the drays from travelling and so starve the settlers. They were determined to first rid the Downs of the settlers and then blockade the road to prevent more invaders from coming. The armed white men, numbering about eighteen, fled to the campsite of a group of squatters and police. Multuggera and his men took supplies from the drays and made their retreat into the nearby mountain. When the European men returned to the scene the Aborigines threw stones at them until they withdrew to a nearby shack. In the following weeks the settlers located Multuggera and his men to reclaim the stolen goods. It is believed that Multuggera was killed when found and today there is a plaque in Duggan Park honouring him.

1844 – The Royal Society of Tasmania was formed, it was the first branch of the Society established outside Britain.

1846 - The first service of St Mary’s Church of England on South Road (South Oz) was actually held in a schoolroom on this day.

1854 - The very first railway service in The Fair Isle of Oz began when the Hobson’s Bay Railway Company’s train chugged out of Melbourne’s Flinders Street station hauling three carriages on the 4.5 km run to Sandridge (Port Melbourne). The small locally-built engine refused to move off for the return journey and twenty policemen had to give it a push.

1854 - Flinders Street Railway Station , the first railway station in the whole of Oz, was opened by Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria Charles Hotham .

1872 - The Government passed a Bill providing 'free, compulsory and secular' primary school education in the colony of Victoria. All children in Victoria are now required to attend school.

1889 - The Bunny Hop Line Opened!
The Buninyong Railway Line opened; it branched from the main Melbourne - Ballarat Railway Line at Ballarat East, was 11 kms in length and was known affectionately as The Bunny Hop Line.

1892 - Ambulance Services, the first of any kind in the world, were pupped in Brisvegas; City Ambulance Transport Brigade, or CATB.
The first meeting of the brigade was held on 12 September 1892. Operations of Queensland’s first ambulance station were initially conducted from the Brisbane Newspaper Company. Officers on night duty spent the night on rolls of newspaper on the floor rather than beds. Transportation of victims was limited to being on foot as, while there was a stretcher, there was no vehicle. As donations flowed in, more equipment was able to be purchased. After first aid kits were put together, one of the first major changes was a stretcher attached to a set of cart wheels, which could then be conveyed by two men at a running pace. Later, the first horse with harness for a cart was purchased.

1901 - Attorney-General Alfred Deakin raised the question of how the Commonwealth would define non-European aliens once the program of a white Australia had been implemented;The two things that Deakin identified as going hand in hand, as a ‘necessary complement of a single policy’, were the repatriation of existing coloured labour currently domiciled in Australia, under the Pacific Islanders Labourers Act, and the prevention of any non-whites from settling in Australian in the future, via the Immigration Restriction Act.

1903 - Saturday bathing is bad for your health!
Former Victorian Premier Duncan Gillies died after suffering a heart attack whilst taking a bath at Parliament House.

1943 - As a part of the good will tour for the American Red Cross Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of US President Roosevelt, visited Mackay, QLD.

1944
- A US submarine patrol came upon a Japanese convoy carrying war material. The Japanese transport Kachidoki Maru, carrying over 900 British soldiers was sunk. Much of the convoy was sunk including most of some 2,000 Allied prisoners of war. The subs after chasing stragglers of the convoy returned to find 159 British and Australian survivors clinging to wreckage . Some 1000 POWs from Australia were on the Japanese freighter Enoura Maru sunk by the USS Sealion. 


1955 -
2nd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, advance party arrived in Penang, Malaya, Their primary role was to deter external communist aggression against south-east Asia and their secondary role was to assist in the suppression of the communist insurrection in Malaya.


1972 - After a series of clashes between protesters and police over the Aboriginal Tent Embassy, today the ACT Supreme Court ruled against the use of the trespass laws, and the Aboriginal Embassy was symbolically re-erected before being removed the following morning.



1975 - In a speech to the Goulburn College of Advanced Education PM Gough Whitlam announced the creation of a Childrens Commission which included pilot programs of before & after school care programs.


1990 - Following a number of High Profile deaths and many other injuries the activity known as Bungee Jumping (or as I like to call it "Natural Selection") was banned in Australia.


1990 - Advertising Standards Council bans the VAC poster from appearing in all publications under its jurisdiction.
*The Victorian AIDS Council (VAC) became embroiled in a controversy about a poster, “When you say yes…” promoting safe sex to young gay men who were struggling with, or afraid to accept, their sexual orientation. The poster has two fully clothed young gay men kissing with text about safe sex.*
1993 - The Melbourne to Mildura overnight sleeping train named "The Vinelander" had its last run today; it was Jeffed (by then-Vic Premier Jeff Kennett). These days the trip is made via an uncomfortable bus trip where one arrives exhausted and as unrefreshed as if one had walked the entire distance on ones legs.


1993 - The Sept 12 issue of Talkabout (newsletter of people living with HIV/AIDS in Sydney) included "No More Blacks at the Back" a collection of four stories of Aboriginal people living with HIV/AIDS.

2000 - A series of clashes between police and protesters marred a generally peaceful second day of the three-day Asia-Pacific Economic Summit in Melbourne,


2001 - Ansett Australia, Australia’s 1st commercial interstate airline, collapsed leaving 10,000 people unemployed.


2004 - At a public meeting at Paddington Town Hall about two hundred people attended the meeting. Speakers included Mary McNish for the Australia Party, Jamie Doughney from the Socialist Youth Alliance, Mike Hourihan of the NSW Teachers’ Federation, Judy Mundey from the Communist Party of Australia, the Reverend Norton from the Presbyterian Church and a gay activist from the United States, Wayne Nelson.


2005 - England won The Ashes back from Australia for the first time since 1987.


2006 - Many witnesses reported hearing a very loud explosion right over the Central Ferntree Gully area, to Belgrave Heights. It was theorized that a large meteor had passed overhead and exploded. Although the fire brigade went up and down the street a few times, but nothing was found.

2006 - The Australian newspaper reported that Britain's Natural History Museum appeared unwilling to return Aboriginal remains collected in Tasmania in the 1800s, the Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre said today.


2007 - Aboriginal leader Pat Dodson described the Howard government's intervention in the Northern Territory as a sinister attempt to extinguish indigenous culture.

2008 - At Campbelltown 3 witnesses reported a UFO sighting; Slow moving red flashing lights, some in sequence, 3 in total. Then the sequence would change. There was no sound.

2009 - Australia intercepted a boat carrying 83 suspected asylum seekers off its northwest coast after it was spotted from the air by a military patrol plane. Later in the day the Australian navy intercepted a suspected people-smuggling boat carrying 65 asylum seekers off the country's northwest coast.

2011 - The Australian Government proposed legislative amendments to nullify the High Court’s decision on the Malaysia transfer arrangement.
2011- Aboriginal leader Noel Pearson took over the troubled indigenous school Djarragun College from the Anglican Church.

2014 -
The Australian government raised its terrorism threat level to the second-highest warning in response to the domestic threat posed by Islamic State movement supporters.

2 comments:

Elephant's Child said...

I wish our current guvermint believed in free and secular schools.
When we lived in Central West NSW a friend came out as gay. His first partner was an aboriginal. An HIV positive aboriginal. Oh they prejudice they faced - from the diagnosing medico who said 'you've been doing dirty things', to the funeral director who would only show his body to his family completely sealed in a canvas bag.

Jayne said...

Oh, EC, aren't we a bloody cruel species? :(
Temple Grandin has a great saying,
"Nature is cruel, we don't have to be"

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