Saturday, September 3, 2016

September 3 #OnThisDay in #AustralianHistory


1809 - The Sydney Gazette reported that Bundle and Tedbury menaced a man named Tunks near Parramatta. Tedbury had been involved in several similar attacks.

 1835 - J.H. Wedge wrote to John Batman, stating "that when on his arrival at the encampment, he found Mr. Aitkens, & Mr. Thomson connected to Mr. Fawkner, with in the limits described in our Deeds and they intent to persist in holding possession of our domain" ..I have told them that as we have purchased the land, and in part paid for it" Wedge was greatly concerned that he believed John Batman and his brother Henry, an advocate for using force, or instigating the (Sydney) Natives to molest them, formerly I think would be a bad police, because it would afford the Government a pretext for interfering, & of not confirming our arrangements with the natives" Wedge was well aware, Batman history when working for Governor Arthur and private businessmen in Van Diemens land, Wedge wrote "Under these circumstances I think it would be well for the proprietors to meet & discuss the proper steps to be taken, as suggested in Wedge letter to Mr.Simpson (3/9/1835) "I think it would be as well to offer them our assistance in negotiating a treaty with the natives".

 1840 - The Australian newspaper reported that one “alert and sagacious” Aboriginal tracker together with Magistrate of Wollombi David Dunlop, pursued the Tunnel Gang for several hours through ravines and over precipices on foot where horses could not go until about eight miles off the northern road all tracks failed.

1855 - All property of the Sydney Railway Company was transferred to the New South Wales government.

 1878 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Junee - Bomen.

 1878 - The Dunolly to Bealiba railway line (Vic) opened.

 1880 - Four lives were lost when the three-masted wooden ship Eric the Red was wrecked about two miles out to sea in a south-easterly direction from the Cape Otway Lighthouse.

 1880 - The Duke of Manchester arrived in South Australia on board the ship Sorata.


1883 - The Benalla to St. James Railway line (Vic) opened.

 1885 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Byrock - Bourke.

 1894 - The Cambus Wallace was a 75 m iron hulled steamer, carrying a load of whiskey and dynamite. It ran aground off Jumpinpin, the narrow neck of sand that joined North and South Stradbroke Islands. The ship began to break apart, six crew members were drowned, and much of the cargo was washed up on the sand. During the cleanup afterwards, the explosives were piled in a hollow between the sand dunes and detonated, blowing several craters in the sand and destabilising the dune structure in an explosion that was heard as far away as Cleveland. This was the first of two events which caused the island to be broken into North and South.

 1901 - The new Australian flag flew for the first time from the top of the Exhibition Building in Melbourne.

 1926 – The Canberra Times was first published.

 1928 - Clifford Hulme was hanged at Fremantle Prison for the shooting murder of his employer Harold Smith.

 1932 - For Sir Sidney Kidman's 75th birthday his employees put on a rodeo in Adelaide, which was attended by nearly fifty thousand people.

 1932 - A 4.5 magnitude earthquake, centred at Mornington, Vic, was felt widely across Melbourne, Geelong, Mornington Peninsula, Westernport Bay and Gippsland. Minor damage. Largest earthquake along the infamous Selwyn Fault since the 5.5 magnitude quake of 1855 which occurred a few kilometres offshore Cape Schanck.

 1939 - Australian Prime Minister, Robert Gordon Menzies, announced that Australia was at war with Germany.

 1954 - The Piangil to Yungera (Vic) rail passenger service ended.

 1972 - Mr Kep Enderby, Member of the House of Representatives, gave a notice of motion stating, ‘that this house is of the opinion that the lawns in front of Parliament House should always remain available to the people of Australia for the purpose of peaceful assembly to demonstrate political points of view in a manner of their own choice and that no limit should be placed on the duration of such assembly’. 

1972 - Swimmer Shane Gould won a total of five medals in the Munich Olympics.

 1984 - The Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 brought the Cummeragunja people a step closer to ownership by making provision for reserved lands to be transferred free-hold to local Aboriginal land councils. Under this Act the title deeds for the former reserve passed to its people this day through the newly created Yorta Yorta Land Council. 

1993 - The Last rail passenger service to Mildura (Vic).

 1997 - The Parramatta Correctional Centre shut up shop after 155 years.

 1999 - Up to 40,000 Queenslanders living in remote and rural regions of outback Queensland were able to get a second commercial television service, as a result of an ATSIC initiative. ATSIC Commissioners Ray Robinson and Ian Delaney said on this day the extension of Imparja’s TV service to eleven remote and rural centres in Western Queensland was a ‘direct result’ of ATSIC’s funding for the new service.

 2001 - The Australian Defence Force commenced Operation Relex to interdict vessels carrying asylum seekers. Between September and December 2001, 13 asylum seeker boats tried and failed to reach Australia’s migration zone: four were intercepted by the Navy and forced back to Indonesia; five were held in custody then immediately sent to Nauru; two were sent to Christmas Island and then Nauru; one was sent to Christmas Island and then Papua New Guinea; and one was the SIEV X, which sank.

 2003 - Claims that radio broadcaster 2UE presenters John Laws and Steve Price’s comments about the openly gay stars of the Channel 9 program The Block would ‘incite the reasonable listener to hatred’ were heard in the Administrative Decisions Tribunal.

 2004 - Work resumed at the Northern Territory's Ranger uranium mine after the Office of the Supervising Scientist gave health and safety upgrades at the site the all clear. In March, workers at the mine drank and showered in water contaminated with uranium.

 2005 - A Northern Territory legal advocacy group was trying to use a little-known clause to remove a police sergeant from the community of Ngukurr, about 300 kilometres east of Katherine. The Aboriginal Justice Advocacy Committee said the officer was involved in the wrongful arrest of the Ngukurr Community Council President David Daniels five months earlier.

 2006 - A plan was completed for the future commercial development of Katherine Gorge, in the Northern Territory. Chief Minister Clare Martin today officially launched the plan, which would guide tourism initiatives in the Nitmiluk National Park and Katherine region.

 2007 - The Northern Territory Government welcomed a High Court decision not to hear an appeal by a group of traditional owners regarding their native title claim over Darwin. Three days earlier the High Court refused to hear the Larrakia people's appeal against an earlier court decision not to grant them native title rights because they had failed to maintain continuous cultural links with the land.

 2008 - A water economist urged the Federal Government to consider abandoning parts of the River Murray in order to ensure enough water for Adelaide and other communities.

 2009 - The former Indigenous Policy minister Alison Anderson said under the Rudd Government, the NT intervention was "withering and dying" under the weight of bureaucracy. She said Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, the Federal Indigenous Affairs Minister Jenny Macklin and the Northern Territory Government were spending too much time talking to each other about Indigenous policy. Ms Anderson says the two governments were also spending too much time supposedly consulting communities, rather than taking action, so the Intervention had "practically come to a halt".

 2010 - A plaque honouring merchant navy sailors who lost their lives at sea during the two World Wars was unveiled by Governor Peter Underwood at King's Pier, as part of the third annual Merchant Navy Day celebrations.

 2011 - Australian wildlife campaigners Bob Irwin and Ben Cropp called on Indigenous Australians to stop hunting dugongs and sea turtles.

 2011 - The West Australian Premier, Colin Barnett, said the failure of the Malaysia solution would see more asylum seekers arrive in Australia. He hoped the Federal Government didn't increase the capacity at the new detention centre due to open in Northam.

 2012 - Member for Stuart, Bess Price, said she wanted to see ongoing feuds in the remote community of Yuendumu fixed within six months.

 2012 - The Northern Territory Opposition said it was a disgrace that the Country Liberals made an election promise to reintroduce full-strength beer on the Tiwi Islands. The Liquor Commission , after consultation, banned full-strength beer because of the role it played in alcohol-fuelled violence on the islands.

 2013 - The MFB began trialling drones to help emergency crews deal with fires and other major incidents.

 2013 - Activist group GetUp lodged a complaint with the consumer watchdog, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) arguing that the networks are blocking free speech. after commercial television networks refused to play an ad criticising Rupert Murdoch's News Corp Australia.

 2014 - Researchers put Tasmanian devils and fat-tailed dunnarts on diet to boost reproductive rates.

 2015 - Women in police mark 100 years since entering force with parade through Sydney.

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