Sunday, September 4, 2016

September 4 On This Day in Australian History

National Macadamia Nut Day - Macadamia nuts are native to Australia. They are named for John Macadam, a Scottish born physician and chemist who promoted the nuts cultivation in Australia.

 1787 - The Fleet left Rio de Janeiro on 4 September to run before the westerlies to the Cape of Good Hope in southern Africa, which it reached on 13 October.

 1808 - Artist John Lewin painted an Aboriginal man, armed with a spear, gazing across Sydney Cove towards the governor’s house. Two others are fishing in a bark canoe.

 1828 - Rev Threlkeld was troubled at the increasing violence and hatred expressed towards Aborigines in Brisbane Water District: “The Attorney General…asked my opinion if it would be beneficial, to bring Lieut Lowe to trial for shooting a Black. I urged him not as [if] he was removed this would satisfy the Blacks and the other would only exasperate the Settlers more…But I fear party will bring him to trial as some wish to say it is the private intimation of the Governor [Darling] that they should be shot and no further notice taken of it”.

 1869 - Twas a Saturday when John Pascoe Fawkner, founder of the Colony of Victoria, popped his clogs.

 1873 - Colonel Warburton captures an Aboriginal woman with the intent of forcing her to reveal the whereabouts of native wells. Warburton recorded the following: "A howling hideous old hag was captured, and worried by the former escape, we secured this old witch by tying her thumbs behind her back, and haltering her by the neck to a tree;during which time we had to watch her by turns, or she would have got away also." In the end, the old woman was released, as she was clearly leading the party away from native wells.

 1884 - Britain ended its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia.

1897 - Essendon *gag* won the very first *gag* Aussie Rules Football Premiership.

 1922 - In an ironic twist the politicians who ignored him for most of his life gave Henry Lawson a state funeral.

 1922 - Phillip Morrison, a Nyungar man, observed of the Moore River Native Settlement: They make the boys carry wood from away up in the cliffs, about two miles to; the settlement. That's pretty heavy humpin', what you spect a horse to do any where else in the country. And they must do it or go in the," boob ; and if they give any bother then, they go to Fremantle or Rottnest for just about nothing at all. Seen the ole people .there an' they have no fresh, clothing for months I see little boys and girls humpin' sugar bags full of gravel for long distances from the pits to the camp to make footpaths, instead of bein' at school. … We can't let our children [from the Katanning district] go there for schoolin'. Too far to go – anyhow only teach them to carry gravel and wood.

 1926 - A referendum (as opposed to a pissy plebiscite) was held today to determine ; " *Industry and Commerce To authorise the creation of authorities to control the terms and conditions of industrial employment, to give State authorities similar powers to Commonwealth authorities, and to regulate and control trusts and combinations" and "*Essential Services to allow the Commonwealth to take measures to protect the public against interruption of essential services" but don't fret, neither of these was carried.

 1928 - Proof that politics is dangerous...George Swinburne, businessman, politician and philanthropist, collapsed and died in the Legislative Council chamber at the Melbourne Parliament House, aged 67.

 1934 - Bradman scored 149* Australia vs. England XI, 104 minutes, 17 fours 4 sixes

 1942 - The fighting at Milne Bay resulted in the first defeat of a Japanese amphibious landing in the Second World War.

 1943 - Lae was the focus of a major land, sea, and air operation by Australian and American forces. Fighting lasted until 16 September, when the encircled Japanese garrison were either killed, captured, or escaped.

 1951 - Bungaree Racecourse branch line (Vic) was kicked to the kerb when it was closed on this day.
 
1953 - The manager of the mine at Radium Hill (South Oz) announced the completion of setting up of the uranium mine for initial production would cost £5 million with an annual operating cost of £2 million.

 1954 - A 35 year old Indigenous man was spearfishing at Erub (Darnley) Island in the Torres Strait when he was attacked by a shark:The 85-foot trochus vessel Toorah had put into to Darnley Island for water when a nursing sister told them about the accident. The Toorah was on a mercy mission to transport the patient to Thursday Island for medical care when she ran into heavy seas, and was wrecked on a reef 65 miles from Thursday Island, and was a total loss. The patient’s wounds reopened and he died of blood loss.

 1966 - In Italy, Jack Brabham won the Italian Grand Prix, earning him the World Formula 1 driver's championship.

 1967 - A brand new 30 mins morning current affairs magazine-style program was pupped on this day at 8am on ABC Radio 2; titled AM the original host was Robert Peach (cousin to the recently departed Bill Peach).

 1969 - A new portfolio of Conservation, Marine and Aboriginal Affairs was created on this day, and continued to December 1974.

 1970 - HAIR cast member Marcia Hines gave birth to daughter Deni.

 1972 - The Hebburn Railway (NSW) left the line to Cessnock at Weston. It extended south to the Hebburn No and Elrington Collieries. Due to their remoteness and poor local transport, passenger trains were provided by the owner, Hebburn Limited, for mine employees. The mine closed in June 1972 and the Junction at Weston closed on this day.

 1979 - INXS performed for the first time in Sydney, Australia.

 1985 - Ignorance certainly wasn't bliss for Eve van Grafthorst, the toddler with HIV living in Gosford NSW, briefly returned to kindergarten. This issue was reported widely in Australian media. Later, after a long battle against parents and school authorities, she and her family left Australia to live in New Zealand. Eve died in November of 1993.

 1992 - Night of Your Life a book on Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras photography was launched at the POD Gallery, Sydney.

 1997 - Harold Thomas, an artist, was recognised by the Federal Court as the original designer and copyright owner of the Aboriginal Flag.

 2000 - A Beechcraft King Air 200 plane crashed near Mount Isa after flying for 6 hours on autopilot. 8 people were killed and believed to have blacked out after loss of cabin pressure following takeoff from Perth.

2003 - The city of Fremantle and the Nyoongar Patrol System have launched an Aboriginal Liaison Team in the port town. The council says the $140,000 plan is a response to community concerns about anti-social behaviour and alcoholism. Ten local Indigenous staff will liaise with the business community, defuse conflict situations and provide transport and referrals for people to appropriate support services.

2003 - The regional airline Aboriginal Air Services says it is willing to take over some of the routes scrapped by Air North in the Northern Territory earlier this week. Air North has reduced flights linking Alice Springs, Tennant Creek, Katherine and Darwin from five a week to three because it is losing money.

2003 - The United Nations ruled in favour of the gay partner of a deceased World War II veteran, finding that the Sydney man was entitled to a pension like that paid to war widows.
Edward Young was denied a pension by the Department of Veterans Affairs after the death of his partner, on the grounds that the legislation covering such benefits did not recognise same-sex relationships.

2004 - A woman was elected as president of the Western Australian National Party.
The appointment of Wendy Duncan was ratified at the party's annual conference today.

2004 - SAS The Australian Army's Special Air Service regiment (SAS) celebrated its 40th anniversary today in Sydney.

  2005 - A surfer at Fishery Bay, Eyre Peninsula in South Oz was attacked by 4 metre White Shark resulting in cuts to his arm and thigh.

 2006 - Wildlife Warrior and larger than life personality Steve Irwin died suddenly after being struck by the barb from a sting ray.

2006 - The Northern Territory's Licensing Commission gave its in-principle support to a plan to introduce new alcohol swipe cards on the Gove Penninsula.

 2007 - In Australia 2 Indonesians were jailed over a people-smuggling operation to bring 83 Sri Lankans into Australia. The two pleaded guilty to smuggling 83 Sri Lankans into Australian waters in February near Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.

 2007 - US President George W. Bush arrived in Sydney for a regional summit with the city locked down in the biggest security operation in Australian history.

 2007 - Three new creek names for tributaries of lower Ironbark Creek were submitted for Council endorsement: “Bow-in-bah Creek”, “Boatman Creek” and “Koba Creek”. The endorsement by Council as part land-owner was sought before the names were submitted to the NSW Geographical Names Board. The naming process involved consultation with representatives of the local Aboriginal community and had the support of all other land owners. These creek name proposals were a cooperative project of Council’s Guraki Committee and the ‘Creeks Alive’ program.

 2011 - In Australia a shark bit the legs off a bodyboarder, killing the man, at a popular surfing spot at Bunker Bay near the western town of Dunsborough.

 2012 - Indonesia's justice minister said that his country would extradite Sayed Abbas, an Afghan-born human trafficking kingpin, to Australia next year. He was suspected of having arranged the voyage of a vessel that sank in December, killing some 200 Australia-bound asylum seekers.

 2015 - A surf-skier at Hallidays Point in NSW was not-fatally attacked by a 2.5 metre White Shark and was left to tell the tale of the injuries to his lower left leg and ankle.

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