1788 - Arthur Phillip, who'd had a decent night's snooze, led a bush walk to Manly and eyeballed the Blue Mountains.
1790 - Arthur Phillip wasn't feeling too well (probably a lack of rest at night) and so he penned a missive to Lord Sydney asking for permission to return to England.
1793 - Tuki Tahua and Ngahuruhuru were kidnapped by the British and arrived in Sydney on this day.
1794 - Armed watchmen guarding the crop of maize at Toongabbie shot three Darug Aboriginal men and beheaded one to prove their tale; on this day Judge Advocate Richard Atkins scribed in his diary how,
‘The head of one is brought in and the Lt. Govr [Major Francis Grose] has preserved it, as a present for Dr. Hunter.’
1800 - Phillip Gidley King rocked up, as fresh as a daisy, to take over as Guv from Hunter.Among the great unwashed on board were naturalist and explorer George Caley, engineer and explorer Francis Louis Barrallier and 50 convicts.
1804 - The Sydney Gazette employed sharp, on the ball reporters - who obviously got their 8 hours dreaming - who mentioned a new gambling game called "Chuck Farthing" which later became known as Two Up.
1822 - An Illawarra Aboriginal woman was fired at, and set upon by dogs, whilst in the act of appropriating corn from a local settler near Lake Illawarra. Whilst a number of convicts were initially involved in the attack, one Seth Hawker later returned to the scene, shot the woman in the stomach, and again set the dogs upon her. As a result she died in the field, unattended. Hawker was subsequently tried in Sydney for wilful murder, and acquitted by the Judge Advocate, with the women’s act of theft clearly identified as culpable and Hawker commended for ‘endeavouring to protect that property that was confided to his care’.
1823 - Allan Cunningham departed Bathurst to find an easier overland stock route to the Liverpool Plains.
1828 - Lieut-Gov George Arthur issued a proclamation excluding all Aboriginal people from settled areas in Tasmania.
1833 - Governor Burke visited Newcastle having made the voyage from Sydney on the Steamer Sophia Jane where an address was presented to him by some of the leading citizens of the Newcastle district.
1834 - Dr. John Lhotsky, the Polish born naturalist, explored parts of the Bega region in 1834 visiting unsettled country before any European system of settlement and roads had been established that decreed how traffic should go from and to. In a letter to the Sydney Gazette on this day he refered to a mysterious Pass: ‘The discovery of Pass Britannia will before long become of a great importance to the colony, this being the place where a road connecting Twofold Bay with the Murrumbidgee and the SW parts of the colony may be executed.’
1838 - The first punt was launched on the Yarra by William Watts.
1841 - James Broomfield and Josiah Hodgkins were not the Messiahs, they were Very Naughty Boys cos today they a'bushrangin did go.
After bailing up Henry Atkins Bonney in his own home and nicking his 35 pounds these likely lads made their way to a house at Norfolk Plains and, feeling a tad peckish, baked themselves some damper from scratch.
At least they didn't expect the home owner to cook for them.
1847 - The colony of North Australia was revoked and reincorporated into New South Wales.
1847 - The Gladstone colony disbanded on the instructions of the Colonial Office.
1873 - Colonel Warburton lead a small camel train out from Alice Springs to explore the country to the west of the overland telegraph line and, if possible, penetrate to the Western Australian coast.
1876 - The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil published a news item stating that the station-master at Leigh Road Railway Station (aka Bannockburn) was fined 5 pounds as he'd popped a coffin in the guards van...containing a dead body.
One must always place the dead body in a seated position in 3rd class.
No, actually he should have called for a truck to convey the corpse to Geelong, instead.
1878 - Hugh Fagan (alias James Lynch) was hanged at Adelaide Gaol for the murder of Patrick Bannon at Saltire.
1878 - Ellen Kelly was arrested for supposedly aiding and abetting in the attempted murder of Constable Arthur Fitzpatrick.
1878 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Cootamundra to Bethungra.
1880 - The Barrenjoey Lighthouse on Barrenjoey Head near the mouth of the Hawkesbury River, NSW, opens.
1882 - The Inglewood to Korong Vale Railway Line (VIC) opened.
1901 - The Devonport Railway Line (TAS) was extended to Burnie, connecting with the Emu Bay Railway's line to Zeehan.
1903 – Electric trams begin operating in Bendigo.
1903 - Stelios Psichitas, Greek national, was hanged at Fremantle Prison for having raped and murdered his sister-in-law and 4 month-old nephew at Lawlers.
1912 - Under new laws, strikes and lock-outs are no longer punishable by imprisonment in NSW.
1918 - George Farrow Blunderfield was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of mother and daughter Margaret & Rose Taylor at Trawool.
1923 - Electric train services commenced from Heidelberg to Eltham (VIC),
1944 – Fred Paterson is elected to the Parliament of Queensland, representing the seat of Bowen. He remains the only member of the Communist Party of Australia to ever be elected to an Australian Parliament.
1950 - The Bayles to Yannathan Railway Line (VIC) was closed.
1953 - Australia entered the nuclear science arena, when the Atomic Energy Act came into effect.
1959 - The Korumburra to Coal Creek Railway Line (VIC) closed.
1968 - Northern Territory News changed from an afternoon to a morning daily.
1971 - Legislation which gave adult rights to 18 year-olds in South Australia was proclaimed.
1981 – Foreign Minister Andrew Peacock resigns from cabinet accusing the Prime Minister of gross disloyalty.
1983 - A National Economic Summit of political, business, trade union and community leaders establishes a new spirit of consensus.
1990 - The tenth running of the Australian BMX Championships were held at Eastfield Victoria. Paul Addams took the Pro Am win, with Tai Lee Muxlow winning the Open Women's class.
1991 – The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody hands down its findings.
2011 - In a Schrodinger's cat experiment, researchers in Japan and Australia successfully teleport wave packets of light; this is the first transfer of quantum information from one point to another.
2013 - After more than a year consulting with Aboriginal people around the state, the NSW Government released its new Aboriginal affairs plan.