Tuesday, April 4, 2017

April 4

1789 - Smallpox (or it is suspected now it was chickenpox) decimated the Aboriginal population of Port Jackson, Botany Bay and Broken Bay. The disease spread inland and along the coast.

1801 - Governor King ordered Aboriginal people gathering around Parramatta, Georges River and Prospect Hill "to be driven back from the settler's habitation by firing at them".

1817 - Macquarie was able to report to Earl Bathurst “that all hostility on both sides has since ceased.” He commented therein on the success of the military campaign, though omitted its more barbaric and brutal elements, including the massacre at Appin on 17 April 1816 of a tribe comprising 15 men, women and children, carried out by soldiers under cover of darkness. No accounts survive by Aboriginal people of their view of the campaign, and none was sought by the English at the time.

1820 - The foundation stone is laid for what later becomes the magnificent Queen Victoria Building in Sydney.

1821 - Sir John Jamieson, Merchant Browne, William Cox, James Smith, Robert Cowper, James Jenkins, et al, obtained permission to cut cedar at Illawarra.

1845 - The cutter Americana was wrecked in the Torres Strait, the sole survivor, Barbara Thompson, lived with the local indigenous people until 1849.

1846 - The first payable gold discovery in South Australia, gives rise to the first Australian gold mine, five years before the official discovery of gold in Australia at Bathurst.

1866 - W.O. Hodgkinson commenced publication of the newspaper the "Mackay Mercury".

1874 - ‘The Abandonment of Gilberton’, was reported in The Queenslander.

In 1874, the missionary Reverend E. Fuller travelled to Cardwell with the ambition of establishing a mission for Aboriginal people on Hinchinbrook Island. Before his arrival, Native Police had decimated the Aboriginal population of the Island. After three weeks searching, Rev. Fuller was unable to the find a single Aboriginal person living on Hinchinbrook Island

1875 - The railway line from Beaufort to Ararat (VIC) opened.

1876 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Kelso to Bathurst.

1918 - First action at Villers-Bretonneux.

1923 - The Country Women's Association held its first annual conference.

1929 - A dam on the Cascade River collapsed, the subsequent torrent killed 14.

1948 - The first meeting organised in Australia for spearfishermen was held near Long Reef Golf Club on a Sunday on this date.

1970 - Albert Abbott won the election to become Mackay's longest serving Mayor losing his position in 1988.

1972 - ABC-TV's Gerald Stone hosted a live, three-hour forum, "The Great Debate on Education", with participants from all state capitals.

1978 - Cyclone Alby killed five people in Western Australia.

1984 - : New Zealand reported on its first AIDS death.

2005 - The leaders of Australia and Indonesia signed a partnership agreement that they said would lead to new security pact between their countries.

April 4-7, 2006 - Cyclone Hubert didn’t bring much rain to the WA coast, with the largest disruptions made to industry production and shipping.

2011 - The Australian Institute of Criminology's "Fraud against the Commonwealth" report showed Australia is losing almost Aus$600 million a year to social security fraud and crooked public servants as the government announced new measures to tackle the menace.

2014 - ictorian Aboriginal Heritage Council declined Wurundjeri Tribe Land and Compensation Cultural Heritage Council Inc's RAP application area and declined part of Taungurung Clans Aboriginal Corporation's RAP application area.

2014 - The Victorian Aboriginal Heritage Council received an application for RAP status from Bunurong Land and Sea Association Inc

2015 - A lunar eclipse was visible across Australia.

2016 - A New Zealand man detained in Villawood Immigration Detention Centre died. The Department of Immigration issued a statement, saying the man is suspected to have suffered a heart attack. The matter is subject to coronial inquiry.

2016 - Immigration Minister, Peter Dutton, confirmed that of the 30,037 asylum seekers who are awaiting assessment of their protection claims in Australia after arriving by boat, 28,290 people are yet to have their cases assessed, while about 1,700 have been forced to leave or have left voluntarily.

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