Thursday, February 1, 2018

February 1 On This Day in Australian History

1606 - Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon becomes the first (that we know of) European to map parts of the Australian coast

1788 - The Government of the colony of NSW decided to start a farm at...Farm Cove so they did the usual and started clearing their weekender bush block.

1794 - (Date unspecified)
Aboriginal people attacked, robbed and beat settlers’ wives, stripping one woman of her clothes.

1796 - (Date unspecified)
The Darug severely wounded a man travelling by boat on the Hawkesbury River.
John Wimbow, who was living with an Aboriginal woman at the Hawkesbury River, shot and killed John Caesar for a reward of five gallons of rum.

1798 - (Date unspecified)
As the maize again ripened, a settler was killed and three others wounded at Toongabbie. Two more were killed a few days later. Hunter wrote: ‘It became absolutely necessary… to send out numerous well-armed parties, and attack them [natives] wherever they should be met with; for leniency had only been followed by
repeated acts of cruelty.’

1805 - The cutter, Ann, sallied forth from Sydney for Shoalhaven with surveyor James Meehan (instead of G.W. Evans) and Lt Kent of HMS Buffalo to eyeball at length the Shoalhaven River and Jervis Bay.

1811 – John Oxley was appointed Surveyor-General of New South Wales.

1819 - (Date unspecified)
Twenty Aboriginal children competed in the New South Wales Anniversary Schools Examination with 100 white children. ‘A black girl of fourteen years of age, between three and four years at the school, bore away the prize …’
The clever Aboriginal girl is believed to be Maria Lock.

1825 - Charles Macarthur was pinky-promised 2000 acres at Illawarra.

1830 - Michael Best was Hanged at Hobart for murdering Richard Garner.

1842 - A new law for insolvency was passed in New South Wales. The insolvent person had to surrender all of his estate. He had to make a declaration stating why he had reached his present financial position and after satisfying the requirements of the Law, he could apply to the Commissioner of Insolvent Estates for a certificate of release.

1843 - The gals in the Female Factory in Parramatta had such a riot of a time the military was called out to politely ask them to cease and desist as it was past the neighbourhood party hour of 11pm.

1844 - Finding they had no service for their Next G mobile phones a monthly sea mail service was started between Britain and Sydney instead.

1851 - Finding  they'd developed a plum in their mouths along with a silver spoon and a crooked pinkie finger anti-transportation groups got together to discuss ending the simply horrid practice of shipping those dreadful convicts to Or-Stray-Lia.

1852 - Corporal William Harvey (Victoria Police) was killed when he was shot with a firearm.

1858 - Captain William Dean in his balloon Australiasian made the first balloon ascent in Oz at Cremorne Gardens Melbourne.

1858 - Const. Edward Barnett (Vic) was shot whilst attempting to arrest offender.

1859 - Princes Bridge Railway station (Vic) opened.

1861 - The  first part of Ballarat City Hall was officially opened.

1864 - Thomas McCann was Hanged at Darlinghurst for highway robbery and the attempted murder of William Saville near Cordeaux Creek, Berrima.

1873 - The Italian war vessel Vittor Pisani arrived in Sydney.

1878 - The Geelong Racecourse Railway branch line(Vic) was opened.

1879 - A touch of the vapours was felt when W.A was visited by a UFO.

1881 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) opened from Wellington to Dubbo.

1882 - The Victorian Parliamentary peeps popped on their frilly aprons and had the Vic Parliament Library interior decorated by Charles Paterson; previously the plasterwork had been left white.
Ugh.
White is sooo 1881.

1883 - Patrick Brady was Hanged at Sydney for the murder of Daniel Stewart at Webb's Creek, Windsor.

1883 - John Walsh was Hanged at Sydney for the murder of Henry Kenyon at Bathurst.

1883 - James Dwyer was Hanged at Sydney for the murder of Henry Dawkins at Bathurst.

1886 - The locals in Alphington and Clifton Hill were a tad miffed at the lack of direct links to Melbourne so they cobbled together their own private passenger service and on this day the Alphington Gas Tram began choofing along the streets, strictly between the hours of 9am -5pm.
It was simply a gas engine, designed by John Danks of the Danks plumbing company, attached to the back of a garden variety tram carriage. The little gas engine that could hung up its tram ticket in May 1888 when the Outer Circle railway gave Clifton Hill a connection to Melbourne.
A possible answer to our current transport woes, gentlemen?!

1888 - The Torres Strait Island newspaper The Daily Pilot began publication on this day.

1889 - According to the old jingle "it's got the flavour that's taken it all round the world"...but Fosters hadn't got a passport yet when it went on sale for the first time today.

1895 - All clocks in Australia were altered to bring Australian colonies in line with international standard times. This system meant that there were standard hourly time zones for eastern, central and western Australia. Prior to this change the colonies had followed their own times based upon the times their capital cities set at the local observatory. In the new system eastern time was set by the 150th meridian, South Australia by the 135th meridian, and Western Australia by the 120th meridian, east of Greenwich.

1895 - The Bankstown Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Sydenham to Belmore.

1897 - The NSW Post Office became the first postal service in Australia to use bicycles.

1898 - Cyclone "Eline" struck Mackay. Flooding changed the mouth of the Pioneer River to the current entrance at East Point.

1899 - At the Premiers' Conference it was agreed to select a site within New South Wales for the national capital.

1900 - The Inverell Railway Line (NSW) was flung open from Moree - Biniguy and from Biniguy - Gravesend.

1903 - The populace of Coolgardie was humming along with Bonnie Riatt's single of Cool Clear Water when the waterpipe from Perth was finally opened.

1915 - Coober Pedy opals found themselves turning up in pockets and jewellery stores when word went out about them.
Coober Pedy was originally known as the Stuart Range Opal Field, named after John McDouall Stuart, who in 1858 was the first European explorer in the area. In 1920 it was re-named Coober Pedy, an anglicised version of Aboriginal words "kupa piti", commonly assumed to mean "white man in a hole".

1915 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was closed from Jct (Start Mundoon deviation) to Coolalie Temporary Junction.

1922 - Red flag for merchant ships
The red Australian flag, authorised by the British Admiralty for merchant shipping in 1902, became compulsory under the 1920 Navigation Act.

1923 - Finding the sensation of being kicked up the bum a little tiring Billy Hughes and his Nationalistic Govt sang "you can take this job and shove it".

1925 - The gracious and gorgeous Melbourne Town Hall was gutted by fire.

1929 - The Naradhan Branch Railway line (NSW) was opened from Ungarie to Naradhan.

1930 - Robert Curry, the Superintendent on Palm, murdered his children and attempted to murder several
other members of the white administration. Peter Prior was ordered by the Deputy Superintendent to shoot
Curry and dis so, unwillingly, in self defence.
He was charged with murder but eventually acquitted.

1931 - Tightening belts and cooking that Bushman's Underground Mutton Mince recipe became the fashionable thing to do when, during the Great Depression, the Commonwealth Arbitration Court marked down wages by 10%.

1931 - Floods damaged more than 1,000 homes in a belt from Innisfail to Brisbane.

1937 - Author Mary Gilmore was named a Grand Dame in the King George VI New Year honours list.

1937 - Const.Leonard Cardell Rymer (Vic) died after his vehicle overturned.

1943 - Last Australian forces sailed for home from the Middle East. Japan's entry into the war forced the Australian Government to decline British requests to concentrate on the war in North Africa and Europe.

1943 - Aboriginal stockmen were employed to drive cattle towards the Army slaughter yards from widely dispersed areas in northern Australia.

1946 - Australia agreed to send troops to occupy Japan as part of a British Commonwealth Occupational Force.

1952 - Const. George Howell (Vic) was shot by offender during car theft investigation.

1952 - Another (almost) privately operated passenger service was the Kerang to Koondrook train that opened in 1889 thanks to the Kerang Shire Council not having deep pockets and building the line.
Victoria Railways took it over and, after a while, The Powers That Be decided they were the ones with deep pockets and closed the line on this day.

1955 - The infamous Six O'Clock Swill died under a raucous cheer when NSW pubs were allowed to stay open serving the amber liquid until 10pm.

1957 - The Kunama Branch Railway line (NSW) was closed from Batlow to Kunama.

1957 - Rupert Murdoch used his newspaper The News (Adelaide) to claim that the Warburton Ranges report on sick and starving Aboriginal people " to be an exaggeration".

1961 - ‘No fault’ divorce
The Matrimonial Causes Act came into operation. It established a uniform basis for divorce law throughout Australia and recognised a specified period of separation as sufficient grounds to end marriage.

1962 - Qantas introduced Boeing 707 V-jets to its Sydney - London via Perth Kangaroo service.

1966 - Victoria extended hotel trading hours from 6pm to 10pm, ending the infamous "Six O'Clock Swill".

1966 - Driving with a blood alcohol level over 0.05% became a criminal offence.

1967 - The Seven Network premiered a new situation comedy series "My Name's McGooley - What's Yours?" starring Gordon Chater, John Meillon and Judy Farr.

1968 - Our Australian and NZ troops continued their resistance against the full-scale attack on their base at Nui Dat by Viet Cong forces.

1969 - Oz signed on to the International Convention of the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination...but the CERD treaty came to be closely eye-balled in the 1990s as Oz had failed to eliminate racial discrimination for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.

1977 – The Federal Court of Australia opened for business.

1978 - Korfball Australia was founded.
Korfball is a ball sport, with similarities to netball and basketball. It is played by two teams of eight players with four females and four males in each team or with eight females in each team.

1981 - Trevor Chappell bowled underarm to the Kiwis.
Yes Trev...we still remember!

1984 – Medicare came into effect.

1985 - Stereo AM broadcasting began.

1986 - Cyclone Winifred destroyed towns and property between Cairns and Ingham, Qld.

1992 - 1 cent and 2 cent coins began to be withdrawn from circulation.

2002 - Then UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Ruud Lubbers, expressed concerns about the vilification of asylum seekers in Australia and urged the Australian Government to provide its citizens with accurate information.

2002 - It was recommended that in Tasmania the AEC establish a separate register of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander voters:
The aim of this roll would be to determine eligibility (ie Aboriginality) to nominate and vote prior to the elections taking place. The then-Minister for Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs, Mr Philip Ruddock, announced the trial of such a role in the 2002 ATSIC Regional Council elections.

2004 - Tickets please! The first Ghan passenger train tootled across the landscape from Adelaide to Darwin.

2006 - The North Australian Justice Agency (NAAJA) was established.
NAAJA is an amalgamation of three separate Aboriginal Legal Aid organisations providing quality services.
They were the:
North Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service (NAALAS) established in Darwin in July 1973.
Katherine Regional Aboriginal Legal Aid Service (KRALAS) established in Katherine in 1985.
The Miwatj Aboriginal legal Service (MALS) established in 1996.

2008 - An  Australian report said that Japanese harpoonists killed five whales in one day after Greenpeace and Sea Shepherd ships, which had halted the hunt in Antarctic waters, were forced to return to port to refuel.

2011- Australia evacuated thousands of people from its northeast coast as a cyclone rivaling Hurricane Katrina bore down on tourism towns and rural communities.

2012 - Some 24,000 Australian ducks were being destroyed after testing positive for a low pathogenic strain of the bird flu virus, an outbreak which has prompted poultry export bans in parts of Asia.

2014 - The residents of Badu Island in the Torres Strait were granted freehold title over almost 10,000 hectares of land.
The title deed was formally handed over to the traditional owners of Badu Island at a ceremony , giving them full ownership and responsibility to manage, use and enjoy the land now and into the future.

2016 - Casual racism reared its ugly head when two Ballarat men sent social media into meltdown after dressing up in blackface as indigenous Australians at a dress-up party.

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