Saturday, March 31, 2018

March 31 On This Day in Australian History

March 31 is the International Transgender Day of Visibility.

1792 - At Sydney eighty-seven deaths were recorded; ‘most [new arrivals] so thoroughly exhausted that they expired without a groan’.

1809 - Tricking those sly dogs of the NSW Corps, Bligh arrived at Hobart and shifted into the renovators delight Government cottage with his daughter.

1813 - Richard Berry was Hanged for cattle stealing.

1813 - John Mahony was Hanged for cattle stealing (brother of Thomas Mahony who was hanged on 24 March 1813 for a separate offence).

1818 -  Daniel Deakin (Daykin) supplies a boat to Bidgee Bidgee, chief of Kissing Point (Ryde) and is paid £13.0.0 from the Police Fund.

1829 - Fort Dundas, on Melville Island, didn't live up to its promises as a 5 star resort so everyone upped sticks and hot footed it to the next fashionable place to be seen, Raffles Bay, NT.

1831 - Surprise, the first Aussie-built steamship, was launched with much aplomb and high spirits , of both kinds, in Sydney.

1839 - Bet there were a few celebrations all round that night too...Joseph Forbes aka Timor Joe, was rescued from Timorlaut Island where he'd not been voted off the island held captive for 14 years.

1863 - South Australians grew to love their woolly backs to the point that by this date there were almost 3.5 million Sunday roasts gambolling about the Adelaide Hills.

1868 - Bernard Cunningham was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of John Fairweather, near Keilor.

1868 - Joseph Whelan was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of farmer Tom Branley at Rokewood.

1869 - Michael Flannigan (or Flannagan) was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of Sgt Thomas Hull at Hamilton.

1871 - Young Griffo, the Lightweight Boxing Champion of The World, was born.

1883 - Robert Kinnear became the first Indigenous runner to win the famed Stawell Gift.

1885 - The Grey River Argus reported  that the West Island (aka Australia) had received warning from Singapore that The Russians are coming! The Russians are coming!

1887 - The Enrolled Pensioner Force in Westralia was abolished and a new unit called the Enrolled Guard was formed from among its members. It was placed under the command of Captain M.S. Smith, the Superintendent of Police and the final parade of the Enrolled Guard was held on this day.

1897 - Jumna Khan was Hanged at Fremantle Prison for the murder of William Griffiths in High Street, Fremantle.

1906 - In 1906 the Grey River Argus trumpeted the news of a huge fire that took out several Sydney warehouses, threatening the entire block, gutting the Berlin Piano Company.

1909 - Victoria finally woke up to itself the treasure trove it had in the form of women and proclaimed the Act giving them the right to vote in state elections. Goodness, next you know they'll let a woman be PM of a country somewhere...

1921 - The Aussie Air Force was formed, with the "Royal" being added further down in the year on August 13th.

1928 - First Aussie Grand Prix was held at Phillip Island.
I'd say send it back there but the Fairy Penguins have moved on from their ocker bogan days...

1930 - Lectures, and not of the nagging wife kind, begin at the illustrious Canberra Uni.

1931 - The Temora to Roto Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Hillston to Roto South, from Roto South Junction to Roto East Junction and from Roto South Junction to Roto West Junction.

1937 - Contract for central spire of St Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, was signed - Conolly and Vanheems.
1938 - Opening of Mackay Court House in Victoria Street by QLD Premier and Mackay Local Member William Forgan Smith.

1939 - Spires completed on St Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, and blessed by Archbishop Mannix.

1943 - Oooo-ah that won't make them popular! Aussie and American servicemen unloaded ships in Sydney during a strike by the wharf labourers.

1947 - Now that all the shouting was over, assisted migration for British migrants was reintroduced with free passage thrown in for all ex-servicemen.

1954 - The Pony Club Association of Victoria introduced instructors courses to Australia ; Colonel Pope announced a proposed Instructors Course to be held during the winter months, at the Showgrounds or at Frankston . As it turned out, it was held at “Carbrook” in Frankston, the home of Mr. and Mrs. Derry Francis, (Luckock). Colonel Pope anticipated that as a result of this and any future courses, certain people would be passed as Instructors suitable to conduct tests.

1955 - And the world was blessed with the musical genius trussed up in a school boys uniform in the guise of Angus Young from AC/DC.

1956 - The Marian railway bridge was washed away by raging floodwaters causing immense disruption to Pioneer Valley residents.

1957 - The poopheads closed the Hearns Oak to Yallourn railway line.
But at least you can *gag* walk or cycle the remaining rail trail.

1958 - Patrons packed into the North Melbourne venue to witness the hot favourite Rookie Rebel race to victory in the inaugural Australian Cup, which was to become the centre piece of the Melbourne Greyhound Racing Association (MGRA) and greyhound racing in the following years.

1966 - Sir Robert Menzies laid the Foundation Stone of the National Library of Australia.

1975 - Skyhooks were rocking the top of the Aussie pops with Horror Movie.

1977 - Old Iron Gloves, Rodney Marsh, took out his 188th wicket during the Centenary Test Match at the MCG creating a new record.

1983 - The fabulous Aussie kid's classic, Possum Magic, was released on this date.

1986 - ACON approached the Legal and Social Sub-committee of the National Advisory Committee on AIDS (NACAIDS) to hold a conference on insurance after insurance companies proposed to deny insurance to AIDS anti-body positive people.

1988 - The Andrew (Boy) Charlton Pool hosted the opening event of the Australia’s Celebration Games.

1989 - Steve Crabb, the then-Vic Minister for Tourism announced that the Grampians would revert back to their original Indigenous name of Gariwerd - and all heck in a handbasket broke loose with the then-Mayor of Stawell stating on this day,
 "It seems to me like a little group that can get what it wants like all the minority groups. The government just bows down to them and the government is ruled by the loudest noise all the time."
Which was complete tosh as no Aboriginal groups had been consulted nor had any so-called noise from local Koori groups been heard.

2000 - The Australian Broadcasting Authority received 124 complaints about internet content in the first 3 months of the Federal Government’s Internet Content Scheme.

2001 - The Lesbian and Gay Anti-Violence Project was transferred to the responsibility of ACON.

2002 - Janelle Patton became Norfolk Island's first murder victim in 150 years.

2004 - The L Word, a soap opera about a group of lesbians began on Channel 7.

2006 - The Age broadsheet fishwrapper announced ,
"HOMOPHOBIA is alive and well in Australia and linked to startling levels of depression among gays and lesbians, according to a study to be released today."

2007 - In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people took part in the first Earth Hour.

2010 - Veteran Aboriginal rights activist, Charles ‘Chicka’ Dixon, died aged 81. Dixon was active in the Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders and its campaign for the 1967 national referendum. Dixon was also active in the Aboriginal Tent Embassy movement in the 1970s and a major player in establishing Australia’s first Aboriginal legal and medical services. He received a state funeral on this day.

2017 - The annual regional Victorian Reconciliation Network Forum (including tours) took place on Dja Dja Wurrung Country.

Friday, March 30, 2018

March 30 On This Day in Australian History

1772 - Bonjour! The Fair Isle of Oz was annexed by France by Monsieur Louis de Saint Alouarn. At Baie de Prise de Possession ("Bay of Taking Possession"; later Turtle Bay), Dirk Hartog Island on 30 March 1772, Officer Jean Mengaud de la Hage became the first European to formally claim possession of Western Australia, on behalf of King Louis XV whilst St Aloüarn himself remained aboard the ship.

Ainsi, cher lecteur, nous devrions par des droites parler français, mai oui ?!

1791 - William and Mary Bryant, while on the run in the guv's boat they'd pinched, went ashore at current-day Newcastle and discovered coal. But, being on the run, they couldn't really shout their discovery to the hill tops.

1791 - Convict James Ruse was given the first land grant in the colony of New South Wales.

1804 - Charles Menzies (known to his mates as Chuckle-head Charlie...or maybe not) made his grand entrance on the Hunter River to re-establish some small settlement named Newcastle.

1809 - HMS Porpoise anchored in Sullivans Cove on the Derwent at Hobart. Governor David Collins boarded Popoise to welcome Governor Bligh. Mary, who suffered severe sea-sickness left the ship for more comfortable quarters in Government House, while Bligh elected to stay with his ship.

1816 - Tired of looking at the retro wattle and daub artistic architecture around the joint, Governor Macquarie appointed Francis Greenaway as the Government's official civil architect.

1827 - Earl Bathurst was an obsessed avid hoarder collector of stuff so he founded the oldest "publick" museum in Oz in 1827, the Australian Museum.

1850 - Dear, favoured British author Chas Dickens was a keen-as-mustard fan of Caroline Chisholm who assisted immigrants once their tootsies landed upon the shores of the Fair Isle of Oz so he published a pile of letters on this day in 1850 in which Brit emmigrants had scribed to support ballsy Caroline's commonsense organisation.

1856 - Residents of East Maitland, NSW were finally able to hang up their broomsticks as the railway line to Newcastle was opened for business.

1857 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was flung open with gay abandon from Islington Junction to Victoria Street, and from Islington Junction to Civic.

1870 - Harry Redford (aka Captain Starlight) and 4 mates nicked 1,000 head of cattle and overlanded them 2,400 kms from Qld to South Oz opening up the Strzelecki Track.

1871 - One of the famed Aboriginal cricketers who toured England, Johnny Cuzens, died but the Melbourne Cricket Club was too pissy and refused to contribute the 6 pounds needed for his burial.

1874 - The very first mention of the name of Gembrook was published in The Argus in relation to a government auction offering land for sale in the parish of Gembrook approximately 7 miles north of Pakenham.

1899 - On this day in 1899 Miles Franklin posted off her manuscript to Angus & Robertson.
Who rejected it.
My Brilliant Career was eventually published by a Scottish firm when Henry Lawson took it overseas with him.
My Brilliant Career has outlasted Angus & Robertson *snort*

1904 -  Walter E. Roth was appointed Chief Protector of Aboriginals in Queensland with Parry-Okeden remaining Protector for all districts in his capacity as Police Commissioner.

1914 - Norfolk Island was proclaimed a Commonwealth territory.

1920 - The Collah Branch Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Craboon to Coolah.

1932 - The Grey Street Bridge was pronounced open in Brisbane although inhabitants of that city might know it better as the William Jolly Bridge.

1935 - Samuel, a Thursday Islander, was non-fatally injured on his back by an unprovoked shark attack while diving for Trochus shell off the coast of Mackay.

1942 - Knowing how to kick us where it hurt the most, food rationing for the most important food groups, tea, sugar and butter, were introduced.

1961 - Clyde Buttery got up close and personal with a 2.4 metre Bronze Whaler shark that took his entire catch, lacerated his knee and tore his wet suit as it brushed past him as he spearfishing in the Glenelg Breakwater.

1965 - George Johnston won the Miles Franklin Award for his novel My Brother Jack.

1966 - Ronald Ryan was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. His accomplice Peter Walker was found guilty of manslaughter.

1967 - The Gurindji People occupied part of Wave Hill Station in the NT in the first mass civil disobedience act.

1967 - A charity variety show was held in the Regent Theatre, Adelaide, to mark its closure for major renovations and alterations. These alterations reduced the grand theatre to two small cinemas with the foyer, including the marble staircase, and stalls lost to create a shopping arcade. Since then a further small cinema has been incorporated into the complex.

1970 - To celebrate the Bicentenary of Jimmy Cook, the Queen and her mob , sans Princes Andy and Eddie, saw our lights on and thought they'd pop in for a cuppa beamed down from the Mothership.

1971 - South Australian Premier Steele Hall temporarily banned all ABC staff from government buildings. The ban was a reaction to alleged "editorialising" by Adelaide TDT host Clive Hale, who had raised an eyebrow when he announced that a government minister had declined to appear on the show.

1985 – Sallyanne Atkinson was elected as Brisbane’s Lord Mayor, the first woman to hold the post and the first woman Lord Mayor in Australia.

 1985 - The Cherbourg community elected 5 councillors to constitute an autonomous Cherbourg Aboriginal Council.

1987 - Filed under "it would only happen in Hollywood".... Paul Hogan gave the opening speech at the 59th Academy Awards in Hollywood. Pffft, that's not a speech, now this is a speech!

1987 - Grantley Butcher was surfing at Fourth Beach/Twilight Beach in WA when a 2 - metre Bronze Whaler shark lacerated his calf.

1987 - An editorial in the Sydney newspaper, Mirror, decided that they knew better than scientists when they began calling for a return to fidelity, faithfulness and to the sanctity of marriage as ways of limiting the spread of AIDS. *Insert eye rolling exasperation here*

1991 - A sex worker with HIV, Sharlene, appeared in NSW Central Court charged with assaulting and attempting to cause a policeman to contract AIDS, after police attended and broke up an argument she and her boyfriend were having in a hospital.

1993 - Submission to Parliamentary Scrutiny of Acts and Regulations Committee re: Review of the Equal Opportunity Act 1984 from Gay Men and Lesbians Against Discrimination (GLAD).

1996 – Gluttons for punishment Victoria re-elected the Liberal/National coalition government of Jeff Kennett for a second term.

2000 - A 26 year old male was bitten on his left calf whilst swimming at Main Beach, Gold Coast by a 2.5 metre shark.

2006 - Researchers in Australia's Outback launched a test flight of a supersonic jet designed to fly 10 times faster than conventional airplanes.

2006 - Australia's remote northwest shore was lashed by 80 mph winds as Cyclone Glenda made landfall. There were no immediate reports of substantial damage.

2007 - The military tribunal at Guantanamo Bay convicted Australian detainee David Hicks for providing material support for terrorism. Hicks accepted a plea deal in exchange for a maximum sentence of seven years in an Australian prison.

2007 - Leaked extracts of a UN report said Australia will suffer more droughts, fires, floods and storms due to global warming and its famous Great Barrier Reef will be devastated by 2030. Congratulations! We managed to decimate the Great Barrier Reef in record time!

2008 - Daylight Savings was extended for 1 week so everyone in NSW, Vic, Tassie, South Oz and the ACT could all have sleepy cows and faded wallpaper.

2009 - Downtown Sydney, Australia's largest city, was plunged into chaos during the late rush hour when a power cut blacked out traffic lights, caused gridlock on the roads and left tens of thousands of buildings in darkness. The blackout exposed a flaw in the city's terrorism warning system.

2009 - The Federal Court made the largest native title determination in South Australia’s history when it regognised rights of the Adnyamathanha people to land in and around the Flinders Ranges.

Source: https://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/history/aboriginal-history-timeline-2000-2010#ixzz54xklxngR

2010 - Australian media groups and sports bodies signed a code of conduct aimed at ending years of disputes and boycotts over press coverage of major sporting events.

2012 - Australian artist Tim Storrier won the 91st Archibald Prize at the Art Gallery of NSW in Sydney for his painting “The Histrionic Wayfarer (after Bosch)." The Archibald Prize is one of Australia’s oldest and most prestigious art prizes.

2012 - The Joint Select Committee on Australia’s Immigration Detention Network released its findings. Key recommendations included a 90-day time limit on detention for asylum seekers who pass inital identity, health, character and security checks; the publication of reasons for continued detention beyond 90 days; the replacement of the Minister for Immigration as the legal guardian of unaccompanied minors; using detention as a last resort for the shortest practicable time; and allowing the Administrative Appeals Tribunal to review negative ASIO assessments of refugees and asylum seekers. Yep, nice to see how they were ignored.

2015 -  $1.3 billion native title deal between the State Government and Noongar people is expected to go ahead.

2016 - A male surfer was severely injured on his thigh by a shark whilst surfing off Bombo Beach, NSW.

Thursday, March 29, 2018

March 29 On This Day in Australian History


1790 -  HMS Supply was back in Sydney with the terrible news that Sirius was lost and gone was all hope of a China rescue.

1809 - England: Mr John Macarthur, who supplied the wines that fuelled the Australia Day rebellion, together with Major George Johnston who led his troops against Governor Bligh, sailed for England in the Admiral Gambier to answer for their pivotal roles in the ‘Rum Rebellion’ .

1839 - The first recorded encounters in the vicinity of Langhorne’s Ferry/Rufus River took place in March 1839 and involved the combined parties of Coutts Crawford and McLeod and MacPherson, who were attacked by a large group of Aboriginal people at sunset: James Coutts Crawford's diary entry reads -
"Rose at daybreak – the stockmen on going to count the cattle, found our black friends of the night before all collected, to the number of 50 or 60, with their spears among the cattle with some difficulty they drove them across the river. Took 6 spears, a nullah nullah and some sharpening stones … Passed on over a flat alluvial land with a sand bank on our right … MacPherson & myself were on ahead on the sand bank when we heard a sound of firing behind us and on returning that another engagement had taken place with the same blacks several of whom had at last got a good peppering with small shot. Took several spears"

1841 - Edward John Eyre was in a bit of a pickle - or rather, he'd have preferred to have been in a pickle (or relish or jam) instead of the lack-of-water type of situation in which he found both himself and his travelling companions on this day. Noticing a heavy dew on leaves he began collecting water with a sponge while the Indigenous chaps used grasses; eventually they'd gathered 2 quarts of water and promptly celebrated by making a cuppa tea. After they'd sipped their tea they ambled along til they reached a spot now known as Eyre's Sandpatch, 50kms south-east of Cocklebiddy, where they dug down to six feet and found fresh H2O.

1841 - Joseph Orton, Wesleyan Methodist missionary, observed the destruction of Indigenous food supplies and the violence between different Aboriginal groups forced onto one another’s land by “the Christian Heathens who are enriching themselves on the spoil of the dispossessed and wallowing in the blood of their victims”.

1847 - Another gaol in our glorious history was that of the Adelaide Gaol which played host to the hanging of Thomas Donelly on this day in 1847 for the deliberate shooting murder of an Aboriginal chap, Kingberri at Rivoli Bay on September 1, 1846.

1852 - Patrick McNamara was Hanged at Maitland for the murder of his wife Rose McNamara at Aberglasslyn.

1857 - Today in 1857 a Census was taken in Gum Sucker territory known as Victoria; but all I can tell you is that the white population was counted at 408,998 because, being such forward-thinking chappies and knowing how it would infuriate future genealogists, the forms with personal details were all destroyed in 1892.

1876 - John Boyle O'Reilly was a Fenian sympathiser who'd done a runner from the salubrious surrounds of Fremantle Gaol in 1869 and rocked up to USA but he never forgot his Fenian brothers still languishing in Oz so he hatched a plan to rescue them; part of the plan involved helping them escape by whaling ship, the Catalpa, which parked in a berth at Bunbury on this day.

1878 - The Aussie Cricket Team bon voyaged themselves as they sallied forth on the SS Sydney to tour England.

1881-William Brown was Hanged at Darlinghurst Gaol for the rape of his twelve-year-old daughter Ann at Yappa Brush, The Bight, across the Manning from Wingham.

1885 - The NSW contingent arrived in the Sudan.

1888 - In Melbourne some bloke named Chidley got a nasty shock when the public display of his flying machine went uppity-up then downy down...with a kaBOOM at the end.
It always works in rehersal but when it comes to the premiere performance....!

1895 - "Queen" Nellie Hamilton, a proud Ngambri woman famous for her statement,
'I no tink much of your law. You come here and take my land, kill my possum, my kangaroo; leave me starve. Only gib me rotten blanket. Me take calf or sheep, you been shoot me, or put me in jail. You bring your bad sickness 'mong us', was either (according to some sites) THE honoured guest who opened the Tharwa Bridge over the Murrumbidgee or was ONE of the honoured guests present on the occasion.

1900 - Black Jack aka Sir John McEwen was pupped. Black Jack was Deputy PM, and caretaker PM for 3 weeks following the extra long post-lunchtime paddle PM Harold Holt was indulging in.

1901 - The first Federal election in the Fair Land of Oz was held on this day back in the dim dark ages of 1901 when *horror of horrors* WOMEN were not only allowed to VOTE! but four chickybabes also STOOD for election!
*swoon* where will this madness end...surely the gals won't aspire to the top office in the land...?

1902 - Not only did they murder Breaker Morant and Lt Handcock by firing squad they kinda sorta forgot to tell Handcock's missus who found out about his demise through the newspapers.
Nice one, cockheads.

1905 - The Wanganui Herald reported that *gasp* jam tins Did! Not! Contain! The! Correct! Advertised! Weight!
But, never fear! The War Office had the names of the Tassie and Aussie contractors (cos Tassie is a country of its own apparently)!

1906 - The Richmond Vale Railway Line (NSW) was thrown open from Richmond Vale Junction to Pelaw Main, 4.1kms of railway thrills.

1915 - Alicia Mary Kelly, ballsy chick and one of only 7 nurses to receive the Military Medal, enlisted in the Australian Army Nursing Service, AIF, on this day.

1926 - The Kooloonong to Yungera stretch of the Piangil Railway Line (Vic) was opened.

1930 For some odd reason a jury in Perth found the station manager of Bedford Downs not guilty of the murder of 9 Aborigines as a reprisal for them killing and eating a bullock.

1930 - Bust out the bubbly for as long as you can for today electors in Victoria voted against prohibition.

1935 - The parking meter was invented by some twat Mr McGee.... who was suddenly crossed off many Xmas card lists after this!

1941 - HMA ships Perth, Vendetta and Stuart were among 13 Allied ships involved in the Battle of Matapan (Greece) which saw the loss of five Italian ships and 1,230 men. Victory at Matapan gave the Allies sea control of the Eastern Mediterranean until the end of the campaigns in Greece and Crete.

1946 - In 1673 English King Charles mark II accepted the Test Act which had nothing whatsoever to do with the first official Cricket Test match between New Zealand and Oz today in 1946; played at The Basin Reserve in Wellington where Oz won by a single innings and 103 runs. Charlie's Test Act outlawed Roman Catholics from all public functions. So they couldn't have attended any cricket matches, back in the day, had they taken place. How rude.

1949 - The Stawell to Grampians Railway Line (Vic) was closed.

1964 - The coast lines of NSW and Tassie were washed a little extra today in 1964 when the effects of a tsunami that originated in Alaska were noted to have drastically altered the motion of the tides.

1967 - Go-Set reported on hints from host Johnny Young that The Go!! Show may be cancelled and Ronnie Burns being injured when mobbed by Sydney fans.

1973 - Penny Short, who was studying to be a teacher on a scholarship at Macquarie Uni, was declared, by a psychologist, medically unfit to receive her scholarship when she had a lesbian poem published in a student paper. Over 7000 signatures were gathered calling upon the NSW Teachers Federation to take action. At first they did, helping her organise a protest on March the 29th. The rally was over 1,000 people strong and marched through the city and to the Department of Education. However, afterwards, right-wing sections of the Teachers Federation bureaucracy moved to limit support and stop a joint press conference from going ahead. The BLF also endorsed the rally and according to Jeremy Fisher ‘The BLF leadership[‘s] attitude towards civil rights in general is distinctly better than that of the NSW Teachers Federation and in sharp contrast to the Department of Education’s attitude.’

1976 - The Tasmanian Homosexual Law Reform Group was formed.

1978 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Jct (Whittingham) to Mount Thorley Coal Loader.

1979 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was closed for business from Old Main North DE to Old Main North DE.

1982 - The Sydney Swans Footy Club played their first match in Sydney.

1984 - The largest coal terminal in the world at Dalrymple Bay opened by QLD Premier Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen.

1987 - The West Coast Eagles made their debut in the VFL with a match at Subiaco Oval where they kicked the Richmond Tigers to the kerb 20.13.133 to 16.12.119.

1999 - The first meeting of the Western Business and Services Network, was held. It aimed to create a network of “sexuality friendly” businesses in Western Sydney.

2001 - A forum on gay male to male domestic violence was convened by LGBTQ community organisations and highlighted a lack of resources for gay men.

2014 - After 40 years on the re-established swamp in Adelaide’s western suburbs — and 24 seasons of AFL football at Football Park — SA football called Adelaide Oval home again.

2015 - Cricket World Cup: Australia defeated fellow host New Zealand by 7 wickets to win at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

2015 - Dambimangari traditional owners who have been granted exclusive possession native title rights of land and sea off the northern Kimberley coast were looking to charge fees and tighten the regulation of the cruise boat industry to protect the region’s sacred sites.

2015 - Anger was rising in Northern Territory as some residents of Jilkminggan community, 140 kilometres south-east of Katherine, say they were not adequately consulted on the granting of fracking permits on Aboriginal freehold land.

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

March 28 On This Day in Australian History

1791 - Convict William Bryant, his wife Mary and their two children, and seven other convicts escaped Port Jackson in Gov Arthur Phillip's cutter. In April they reached Port Stephens, and by June they arrived in Kupang, Timor. Here they were arrested by Capt Edward Edwards of the HMS Pandora, the victim of shipwreck on the Great Barrier Reef.

1795 - ‘Woods natives’ were blamed when Thomas Webb was wounded and his hut was plundered at the Hawkesbury. A spear was thrown at soldiers in a boat on the river.

1810 - The stork dropped off Edward Henty, the first permanent settler in Victoria.

 1818 - OOOh, ahh! Trouble for the Flogging Parson! Gov Lachlan Macquarie withdrew Rev. Samuel Marsden 's status as a JP and magistrate.

 1837 – The Hoddle Grid of streets for Melbourne's central business district was eyeballed by Robert Hoddle.

1839 - The first recorded encounters at Langhorn's Ferry and Rufus River involved the combined parties of Coutts Crawford and McLeod and MacPherson, ( James Coutts Crawford with 700 cattle and George McLeod and Huntly MacPherson with sheep) who were attacked by a large group of Aboriginal people at sunset:
"The cattle … were going into the point when a number of blacks came up at the head with their spears. Riley who was ahead ran for it. They chased him up to the drays where the men gave them a volley and drove them across the river. Took 4 spears …"

1845 - Wera Maldera was Hanged outside Adelaide Gaol for the murder of George McGrath at McGrath's Flat, on the Coorong.

1854 - James Button ,Bushranger. Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for Shooting With Intent.

 1864 - William Lonsdale, pioneer administrator of the Port Phillip colony, popped his clogs aged 64.

1870 - William Prendergast was Hanged at Brisbane Gaol for the murder of Patrick Hartnett.

1873 - Ballarat City Rowing Club participated in the inaugural Inter-Colonial four oared race scoring a creditable second to a combined crew from the Melbourne clubs. 'The Boys from the Rush Beds' also defeated the much-fancied Sydney crew. The race was rowed on the Saltwater River (Footscray).

1876 - Academic work was got down to at Adelaide Uni with sheilas being admitted from the very start.

1877 - The first shearing machine was patented by that clever dicky bird Frederick York Wolseley.

 1885 – The Queensland Navy was established with the arrival of two gunboats, HMQS Gayundah and HMQS Paluma from Britain. However, when HMQS Gayundah rocked up in Brisbane the Captain refused to relinquish his command and was removed by a boarding party of Queensland Police.

 1886 - The Convict system closed as a result of the crime rate in Britain and Ireland falling so low, only 300 convicts were sent to WA.

 1891 - Union leaders and shearers arrested around shearer's camps across Queensland during a shearers' strike.

1893 - The Donald to Birchip railway line opened of a distance of 32.3 miles.

 1908 - Witches Falls, the world's third oldest national park, was declared the first National Park in Queensland.  This makes it Australia's second-oldest National park after the Royal National Park, established in 1879, near Sydney, NSW, and the world's third-oldest national park, after Yellowstone (USA).

1916 -  Over one hundred residents of the Donald district attended the Railway Sports at Ballarat. The special trains were crowded, and large numbers joined at Cope Cope, Swanwater and St. Arnaud. The visitors were much impressed with the military pageant and the march of the khaki clad soldiers.

 1917 - Australia's first fatal air crash occured when Basil Watson died age 23 when his biplane crashed into Port Phillip.

 1918 - Sergeant S.R. McDougall, 47th Battalion, originally from Recherche, Tasmania, was awarded the Victoria Cross at Dernancourt.

1918 - When Private Richard Martin joined the Australian Imperial Force he declared on his papers that he was born in Dunedin, New Zealand, and that he had five years prior service in the Light Horse. He would not be the only Aboriginal person to lie about his heritage in order to serve. Richard in fact was born on Stradbroke Island in Queensland. Richard served on Gallipoli in the 15th Battalion; he went on to serve in France and Belgium and was wounded in action three times. He was killed in action on March 28 1918. He is believed to be buried in the Military Cemetery Dernancourt Railway Line.

 1922 - Neville Bonner was born today at Ukerabagh, near Tweed Heads in northern New South Wales. He worked as a farm labourer before settling on Palm Island, near Townsville, Queensland in 1946, where he rose to the position of Assistant Settlement Overseer. In 1960 he moved to Ipswich, where he joined the board of directors of the One People Australia League (OPAL), a moderate indigenous rights organisation, becoming its Queensland president in 1970. He joined the Liberal Party in 1967 and held local office in the party. Following the resignation of Liberal Senator Annabelle Rankin in 1971, Bonner was chosen to fill the vacancy. He thus became the first indigenous Australian to sit in the Australian Parliament. He was elected in his own right in 1972, 1974, 1975 and 1980. In 1979 Bonner was named Australian of the Year, and in 1984 he was awarded the title Officer of the Order of Australia. From 1992 to 1996 he was member of the Griffith University Council, and he was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1993. Bonner died at Ipswich on 5 February 1999: the Queensland federal electorate of Bonner, created in 2004, was named in his honour.

1927 - Millicent Bryant became the first australian woman to gain a pilots licence. She drowned later that same year in a Sydney ferry accident. Her funeral, at Manly, Sydney, had a flypast of five aircraft, which was widely reported in the press at the time.

1931 -  Holden's Motor Body Builders slipped into a merger of a marriage with American business General Motors to create General Motors-Holden's Ltd.

 1942 – The first shipload of 8398 American servicemen arrived in Sydney for action in the Pacific theater.

1942 -  The northern part of the Northern Territory was placed under military control.{sarcasm}Something to do with the bombing raids I suspect...{/sarcasm}

 1942 - Critchley Parker set off in search of a new Jewish homeland within Australia. Zionism was a political movement and an ideology that supported the formation of a Jewish homeland, prior to the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. Even before Hitler began his campaign of exterminating the Jewish race, the British Zionist League sought a new homeland for Jews hoping to flee the increasingly dangerous climate of pre-war Europe. The Kimberley region in northwest Australia was considered as a possibility, but vetoed by then-Prime Minister John Curtin. Critchley Parker was a young Tasmanian Zionist who took it upon himself to locate an appropriate site for the new Jewish homeland in Tasmania. On 28 March 1942, he set out to explore the area around Port Davey in the state's southwest. Parker's diary entries reflect his enthusiasm at the possibilities of settlement in the hitherto-untamed region. However, when he struck difficulties due to rain and gales and signalled for help, his pre-arranged signal went unseen. After some three weeks of subsisting on water and aspirin, he died in the wilderness, an Australian martyr for a Jewish cause.

 1944 -  Flight Lieutenant David Paul, c.1945 On this day, the award was announced of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Pilot Officer David Paul, an Indigenous Australian pilot who had been serving in North Africa with No 454 Squadron (an RAAF Baltimore unit in the RAF). At the time of the announcement Paul was a prisoner of war in Germany, having been shot down by Me-109F fighters over the Aegean Sea on 4 December 1943 while making the final trip of his operational tour. Surviving the crash, he was plucked from the sea and became a prisoner of the Germans. He had enlisted in the RAAF in January 1941 and trained under the Empire Air Training Scheme in Rhodesia. After his release from Stalag IVb POW camp at Muhlberg in 1945, he returned to Australia and joined the New South Wales Police Force, becoming a detective sergeant. He also served in the RAAF Reserve and reached the rank of Squadron Leader.

1961 - The meeting which saw the formation of the Armadale/Kelmscott Wildflower Society. Many prominent citizens were present at the formation meeting called by the Armadale/Kelmscott Road Board on 28th March 1961. Although called by the Road Board, the real initiative for the formation of the Society came from the conservationists of the district. These included the Rev Ewan Watts of the Uniting Church; Mrs Rogerson, a local lover of wildflowers; and Michael Morcombe, then a young but talented nature photographer, and of course, many others.
At the formation meeting called by the Road Board the Rev Watts became first President of the Society, Mr Morcombe and Mrs Z. Paget were elected Vice Presidents, Mrs Rogerson was elected interim Secretary, and Mrs S. Fletcher, Messrs C. Sampson, Van Leeuwin, and Rogerson completed the Committee.

1968 - The Reserve Bank building on the corner of Smith and Bennett Streets, Darwin, opened.

1974 - A protest was held at Macquarie University against Penny Short losing her Teachers’ Scholarship after she published a lesbian poem.

1982 -  For the first time in the history of Aussie Rugby League no points were scored in the entire match between Canterbury and Newtown.
Men were heard a'weeping into their lagers that evening.

1982 - The Chameleons Social Club held the Gala Debutante Ball at the Sydney Hilton Hotel Ballroom.

1984 - Zoe, the 1st frozen-embryo child, was born in Melbourne, Australia. Scientists reported the birth 2 weeks later.

1987 - The Community Development and Employment Program (CDEP) was introduced to Woorabinda in central Queensland, 170km south-west of Rockhampton and 65km south of Duaringa.

1992 - Fred Hollows was handed a letter from gay activists calling on him to re-consider his views on HIV/AIDS, when he attended a Fred Hollows Benefit Concert at the UNSW.

1994 - The North Queensland Land Council Native Title Representative Body Aboriginal Corporation (NQLC) was registered as an Indigenous Corporation.

 1995 - Queensland beat Sth Australia to win 1st ever cricket Sheffield Shield.

1998 - Clover Women’s Club held a farewell dance at its Club Rooms at 122 Victoria Road, Drummoyne. It continued to operate but without permanent base.

2007 - A passenger ferry plowed into a pleasure boat under Sydney's iconic Harbor Bridge, killing at least 3 people, including two professional figure skating judges.

 2008 - A strange object found on an outback property in Queensland was identified as 'space junk'. Charleville is a town in western Queensland, some 750 km west of the Brisbane, the state's capital. Around 80km from Charleville is the small town of Cheepie which, although it once boasted a police station, blacksmith, railway station, tent boarding houses, butcher shop, bakery and two vegetable gardens, is now just a ghost town. On 7 November 2007, Cheepie farmer James Stirton found a 20kg burnt and unidentifiable object on his 40,500-hectare property. He noticed the object was about 54 cm in length, hollow, and covered in a carbon-fibre material. Stirton took it in to the Charleville school, where staff requested that a representative from the Brisbane Planetarium come and examine it. The identity of the object was confirmed on 28 March 2008 by Brisbane Planetarium curator Mark Rigby. The item, named 2006-047-C, was identified as a helium or nitrogen tank from a rocket which had been used to launch a US solar satellite into space in October 2006.

2011 - Australia launched its first national health TV advertising campaign aimed at Aboriginal people, hoping to halve the 50 percent of Indigenous people who smoke by 2018.

2011 - Australia's annual cane toad cull was declared a success by organizers who said that more than 14,000 of the noxious pests had perished as a result. The number of cane toads across Australia is estimated to have ballooned to more than 200 million since being introduced from Brazil in the 1930s to control scarab beetles infesting the country's sugar cane.

 2012 - The Government of Fiji took over controlling interest in Australia's Qantas airline subsidiary Air Pacific because it did not want foreigners to own or control Fijian airlines.

 2013 - Australian diplomat Peter Woolcott's draft for the first-ever treaty to regulate the conventional arms trade was discussed by members of the United Nations.

2013 - Richard Harding, formerly Inspector of Custodial Services, declared Western Australia a "state of imprisonment".

2013 - After 18 months of negotiations between the State and Dja Dja Wurrung People, the Government of Victorian and the Dja Dja Wurrung Clans Aboriginal Corporation entered into a ‘Recognition and Settlement Agreement’ (the Agreement). The Agreement formally recognising the Dja Dja Wurrung People as the traditional owners of the Appointed Lands and acknowledges the history of dispersement and dispossession that has affected the Dja Dja Wurrung People.

 2014 - Official opening of Willum Warrain gathering place, in Hastings (Vic) by Parliamentary Secretary for Health, Ms. Georgie Crozier took place.

2015 - Healesville Sanctuary’s biggest celebration of Indigenous culture, Corroboree, was launched.

Tuesday, March 27, 2018

March 27 On This Day in Australian History

1789 - 6 of the 7 marines found nicking food stuffs from the food stores were done a nasty mischief and sent into the great beyond ‘at 9 o’clock [they] was Executed between the 2 store houses….There was hardly a marine Present but Shed tears officers and men’.
The circumstances of their crime was thieving on a grand scale over an extended period; ‘100 gallons liquor – old rum and Rio rum – 16 lb butter, a bag of bread, 8 lb leaf tobacco and 500 hundred weight of flour’.
The marines’ used counterfeit keys. Nothing held in the ‘public stores’, including smallpox dried scab-matter part of the fleet’s medical supplies, had been secure for quite some time.
 Quelle surprise that so many First Nations people had been killed off by smallpox.

Those marines hanged for food theft were -
James Baker
James Brown
Richard Lukes
Thomas Jones
Luke Haynes
Richard Askew

1790 - Governor Phillip reduced the daily ration from approximately 1400 calories to less than one thousand (1,000).
Semi-starvation sustained over such a long period ( since 1788) had so weakened the prisoners they could hardly stand let alone work effectively. Phillip ordered work begin at sunrise as usual but cease at 1pm. Instead of  weekly food distribution, rations were now to be doled out each day between 1pm and 3pm.

1797 - The first animal pound - which didn't include male elephants or panda porn - was opened at Sydney Cove to mainly house stray pigs (no, not the 2 legged AFL variety, either).

1804 - Wade no more, my good madam! A stone bridge across the Tank Stream had the final stone superglued into place.

1804 - The new settlement at Newcastle, comprising convicts and a military guard, rocked up at the Hunter River in three ships, the Lady Nelson, the Resource and the James.

1820 - The very first Russian Orthodox Easter service was celebrated in The Fair Isle of Oz on the ship Vostok which "was decorated with lanterns and festoons. The crew appeared on deck in full parade uniform and the ship’s chaplain, a Fr Dionysius, commenced the Paschal services of the Orthodox Church. Easter was greeted in traditional Russian style. After Divine Services a lavish meal was prepared, with Easter kulich bread and painted eggs. Official guests were invited from the colony to join the ship’s company and the merriment continued all day."

1833 - Start advertising for housing developers as Goulburn was gazetted as a town.

1837 - Saw the first flogging...off of the first land allotment under Preliminary Land Orders in South Oz. The Govt stated there had to be £35 000 of land flogged off before anyone could even think about starting a settlement, so these "preliminary land orders"  entitled the buyer to one town acre and one section of country land. The holders of these preliminary orders could take first choice of the land when it had been surveyed and trot off to the Resident Commissioner in the Land Office, to receive their title deeds or "land grants".
See? Simples!

1838 - Eyre may or may not have discovered Lake Hindmarsh in South Australia.
Or maybe Lake Hindmarsh discovered Eyre.
You be the judge!

1848 - And Kangaroo Point on the Brisbane River played host to an horrific murder on this day, that of Robert Cox; his body had been butchered and his bits distributed all over the shop.
Turns out they hanged the wrong bloke (surprise!) cos Patrick Mayne, a wealthy businessman and butcher by trade (thought that would've given it away)  confessed on his deathbed 23 years later.
His children, having been shunned all their lives, later donated the land on which the University of Queensland now struts.

1851 - Brilliant and prolific Aussie author Rosa Praed was found in the petunia patch today. Rosa found fame, fortune and her way out of the closet after her marriage and move to England.

1869 - The schooner Gulnare arrived in Darwin with stores and reinforcements for George Woodruffe Goyder, Surveyor-General of South Australia, for his job to survey and establish a settlement
and to survey 320 acre blocks for the Land Order holders and any future settlers.

1900 - Today Archibald Meston, Special Commissioner of Police and Southern Aboriginal Protector (QLD) wrote to the home secretary saying how he'd removed two Woppaburra women (each with a child) from Keppel Island to Fraser Island due to being taken advantage of by white men on boating parties from the mainland.

1912 - Australia introduced compulsory enrolment and, in 1924, compulsory voting.

1914 – Eighteen people died in the shipwreck of the steamship Saint Paul at Cape Moreton, Queensland.

1915 - Early closing of hotel bars in South Oz -  A referendum was held to determine the closing hours of liquor bars. This was done partly in response to restrictions placed on the sale of liquor in Britain, France and Russia as an austerity measure during the war. In this instance the concerted efforts of some churchmen and the temperance groups won the day, and the 6 p.m. closing time won the majority of votes.

1917 - Twas a Tuesday when The Prime Minister (Mr. Billy Hughes) had a rousing reception when he opened the Win the War campaign at Bendigo.

1917 - The Victoria Powers Wot Were really let their hair down in opening the railway line from Neerim South to Nayook.

1917 - Those young lads who joined the 1st Light Railway Operating Company,  2nd Section, (Australian Railway Troops' were sponsored by the Victorian Railways) in WW1 had farewelled dear old Melbourne town in February and were sailing to England when they were torpedoed by a sub and their ship sunk on this day at the entrance to the English Channel.
They went on to arrive at Devonport, England on April 25.

1930 - Brisbane and Sydney were joined by Holy Matrimony....err,  standard-gauge rail link.

1939 - The Wirraway, the first Aussie-built military aircraft, was test flown in Melbourne for the first time.

1943 -  RAAF No.84 Squadron moved from Richmond to Cairns.

1944 - The 2/2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion arrived in Townsville from south by troop trains, and left the same day for the Atherton Tablelands.

1944 - The Aussie Govt launched the first Victory Loan, one of 12 major Govt loans offered to the public, with the goal of raising £150 million for the War Effort.

1946 - RAAF No.20 Catalina Squadron disbanded.

1952 - The Federal Cabinet shook off a little of it's xenophobia by sending off a telegram to the Australian Mission in Tokyo announcing it would approve the admission to Oz of some Japanese wives of Aussie servicemen and ex-servicemen, providing they jumped through medical hoops (no inherited sanity allowed, we had more than enough) and underwent stringent investigation ( enough reds under beds of our own) before setting foot on our shores.

1954 - The Victoria Powers Wot Were really stuffed up bigly when they closed the railway line from Nayook to Noojee.

1981 - Oooooooooo Bust out the bubbly! The ABC got a prezzie...a brand-spanking-new news helicopter.

1983 - PM Malcolm Fraser resigned as leader of the Liberal Party...but fear not! He went on to dazzle the masses without his trousers afterwards.

1985 - The "Gays in Victorian History & Gay History of Victoria" project was initiated as a response to a request from the Museum of Victoria that the Australian Gay Archives might be interested in contributing to the "Story of Victoria" Exhibition that the Museum was planning as part of Victoria's 150th Birthday Celebrations.

1985 - The first ever Stinky rotten egg Unleaded petrol was on tap at a Chatswood service station in Sydney.

1986 - The federal Minister for Health, Dr Neal Blewett launched AIDS and the New Puritanism by Dennis Altman.

1986 - The cowardly Russell Street Bombing took place today in Melbourne,killed was 21 year old Constable Angela Taylor with 21 others injured .

1991 - Gays and Lesbians of University of Technology Sydney (GLUTS) held its first meeting.

1992 - Lang Hancock, who was pretty much larger than life while he was alive, was enshrined in Aussie folklore after his death today due to the biatchin' and scratchin' that went on over his estate and will between his widow and daughter.

1995 - Gay and Lesbian Assault Survivors created a forum to share information and support.

1999 - The Carr NSW Labor Party was re-elected. Clover Moore was the re-elected member for Bligh, defeating the ALP’s Vic Smith, gay Liberal candidate Peter Fussell and lesbian Green’s candidate Emelia Holdaway.

2001 - Company B Belvoir commenced a sold- out season of the Laramie Project, a new play about Matthew Shepard who was beaten and left to die in Laramie, Wyoming in 1998.

2001 - Feminist Eva Cox, addressed the first lesbian health forum, Stir It Up put on by ACON and the Lesbian Health Interagency Network.

2004 - Independent Bligh MP, Clover Moore iwa elected the Lord Mayor of the City of Sydney.

2006 - WorkChoices
The final element in the restructuring of industrial relations initiated by the Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act 1997 was introduced – the WorkChoices policy. This restructuring had also replaced the former Commonwealth Employment Service with a competitive market of private employment service businesses.

2009 - Const Morgan James Hill, NSW Police, died whilst on duty.

2013  - Australia’s longest road bridge, spanning the Macleay River and surrounding floodplains in New South Wales, was opened to traffic.

2015 - An opinion poll conducted by ANU found that 82 per cent support for removing race discrimination from the constitution.

2017 -  The Archives' Nick Henderson hosted the panel following a screening of Wind & Sky
Productions' 'Out of the closets' (2016) as part of Melbourne Queer Film Festival. The panel included
filmmaker Lucinda Horrocks, and three of the gay liberation figures who featured in the documentary,
Dennis Altman AM, Peter McEwan and Jude Munro AO.


Sources-
Botany Bay Medallion
Sydney's Pride History Group
Historical Records of the Illawarra Region
Discover South Australia's History
Past Tsunami Events
Vietnam Veterans Association
Darwin History 
NSW Rail
VR Timeline
Parliament of Victoria
Press Timeline
Ballarat Historic Timeline
Milesago Almanac
Mackay Timeline
Australia's Prime Ministers Timeline
Refugee Council of Australia Timeline
Chemical Warfare in Australia Timeline
HIV/AIDS Timeline
Shark Attack Data
List of People Legally Executed in Australia
World War II Timeline


Monday, March 26, 2018

March 26 On This Day in Australian History

1768 - Lieutenant James Cook RN, at the behest of Britain’s Royal Society, left Plymouth aboard the barque Endeavour for Tahiti to observe the transit of Venus.
The Admiralty supplied Endeavour paying captain and crew so once Cook’s obligation to the Royal Society was satisfied he was free to open his ‘secret instructions’ and search for; ‘the British Admiralty’s shadowy Great South Land’.

1789 - Of the 7 soldiers charged with stealing from the stores on the previous day Marine Joseph Hunt, who it is thought instigated the plot, ratted. He turned ‘king’s evidence’ and escaped death. His six companions were ‘found guilty …death was a foregone conclusion.’
‘About half-past 2 o’clock they all Received Sentenced to Death and the gallows was erected before the Sentence was Cast upon them’.

1795 - Bennelong's mate, Bing-y-wan-ne, had a really rough day at the Brickfields when a Burramuttagal man from Parramatta Yeranibe Goruey clubbed him to death when he found Bing-y-wan-ne with his wife, Mawberry.

1802 - Having run out of people he could brown nose name things and places after, Matthew Flinders named Investigator Strait after...(drum roll)...his ship.

1803 - John Brown was Hanged for feloniously entering the house of Thomas Neal of Richmond Hill.

1803 - James Connors was Hanged for feloniously entering the house of Thomas Neal of Richmond Hill

1812 - The Lady Nelson with Captain Overhand and Surveyor Evans shot through from Sydney for Jervis Bay to carry out a land survey.

1834 - Joseph Deane – Bushranger. Hanged at Hobart.

1834 - Henry Rutland – Bushranger. Hanged at Hobart.

1834 - Samuel (a 'man of colour') – Hanged at Hobart for attempted murder at Port Arthur.

1838 - Joseph Wyatt was a former convict who'd made good and it was pretty obvious when he threw open the doors of the Royal Victoria Theatre in Sydney.

 1838 -  George Grey discovers evidence to suggest other Europeans had explored Australia's northwest hinterland prior to white settlement ; he discovered numerous Aboriginal cave paintings near the head of the Glenelg River. Some of the figures depicted seemed to be wearing long garments, with helmets or hats. Another cave held an unusual painting of a non-Aboriginal man's figure, over 3m long, wearing a flowing reddish gown. Theories suggest that these paintings were early depictions of Portuguese or Spanish mariners or priests who may have visited the area long before any European settlement on the western coast.

1839 - Aboriginal Protector George Robinson penned a letter to the Colonial Secretary on this day describing how,
 "...Melbourne was visited by a very large body of Aboriginal natives who were invited by the resident tribes to attend a conference".

1856 - The first inter-colonial cricket match was hosted at the MCG between NSW (Cockroaches) and Victoria (Gum Suckers) over two days with the Cockroaches winning by 3 wickets.
No, they are state nicknames, like Banana Benders for Qlders, not the team mascots!

1857 - John Giles Price, Inspector General of Penal Establishments in Victoria had a really bad day; so bad, in fact, that he never recovered from it.
While investigating complaints lodged by convicts, who'd been dragged ashore from the prison hulk Success, working at Gellibrand Point at Williamstown Price was battered severely with rocks, stones, dirt, fists and a shovel and died the following day.
While 15 convicts were tried for his murder,  7 were hanged.

1863 - Henry Manns, Bushranger. Hanged at Darlinghurst for his part in the highway robbery of the gold escort at Eugowra Rocks. An associate of the Ben Hall Gang.

1866 - Barcroft Boake, a stockman who was a wonderful poet greatly admired by Banjo Paterson, Henry Lawson and countless other peers, was born.

1879 - After lying on the side of the railway for four years the bridge over the River Murray at Edward's Crossing, known these days as Murray Bridge, got tickled into shape and was officially opened for both rail and road traffic today.

1885 - The Blayney - Demondrille Railway Line (NSW) opened from Young - Demondrille.

1900 - William Robert Jones was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for murdering eight-year-old Rita Jones at Broadford.

 1904 - The Aboriginal Girls Home in South Brisbane was proclaimed a reserve for the benefits of the Aboriginal inhabitants of the state.

1909 - Chap who performed with gay abandon upon stage and screen and who was outed at Graham Kennedy's funeral, Chips Rafferty, was pupped.

1926 - The Barnes (NSW)  to Balranald Railway Line (Vic) was opened.

1927 - The Duke and Duchess, sans corgis, who later became King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mum, arrived on their rollerskates in Sydney on a visit to all Aussie states.

1934 - The Flying Doctor Service announced that it will expand from Queensland into Western Australia.

1945 - Alexander Rossi, a pharmacist who you've probably never heard of, was finally released from orders controlling his movements which included being held behind barbed wire in the Loveday Internment Camp, then the Aliens Construction Corps, then as a medical orderly in Alice Springs and reporting to police every month.
His crime?
 "He expressed pro-Axis views and associated with Italians."
Although he'd come to Oz as a child he was refused naturalisation as he was under 21, and, in turn, was refused enlistment in any Australian forces as he wasn't naturalised, and was under constant surveillance after trying to enlist.

1947 - The Banana Benders got all classical when the Queensland Symphony Orchestra made its debut performance.

1956 - The "Intercapital Daylight" commenced running from Melbourne - Albury.

1962 - Golden haired radio personality John Laws took his golden tonsils to the hospital as he was paralysed down his right side from polio.

1966 - The Bible Garden, at Palm Beach,  was officially opened at a ceremony performed by the Hon Mr Justice Richardson.

1974 - Ruth Dobson was appointed as Australia's envoy to Denmark, becoming Australia's first woman ambassador.

1977 - Her Royal Highness Queen Elizabeth II unveiled plaques at the Civic Centre to commemorate those that lost their lives in Cyclone Tracy.

1979 - Canelands Shoppingtown, Mackay, was officially opened by QLD Deputy Premier Dr. Llew Edwards.

1982 Aussie PM Malcolm Fraser fell off (the twig) a bench in the Treasury Gardens in Melbourne. Never mind Malcolm -Life wasn't meant to be easy.

1984 - Today we all rejoiced for we had the $100 note in circulation.
It's rumoured to have Douglas Mawson on it...let me know if you ever sight one.

1985 - The President of the Victorian AIDS Council, Phil Carswell, warned of the possibility of antibody apartheid developing in the gay community, where “negatives” would shun “positives” if widespread testing is encouraged and enacted. He recommended that instead of testing, all gay men should assume they are positive and practise safe sex

1986 - The Bombala Railway Line in NSW was closed.

1987 - The State Government dismissed the Sydney City Council.

1988 - The first Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras was held, previously it was titled Gay Mardi Gras.

1988 - The Rock Hudson radio show on 2RSR-FM ceased after 18 months on air.

1992 - Bruce Brown and Tony Carden had charges against them for causing malicious damage (anti-racist graffiti) outside Campaign’s offices, dismissed.

1995 - The Toronto Railway Branch Line (NSW) was closed.

1996 - A bronze statue to Captain Matthew Flinders' cat , Trim, was unveiled at the New South Wales State Library

1998 - The Sisters of Charity Health Service adopted an integration plan, handing over the Sacred Heart Hospice to St Vincents Hospital.

2001 - Obviously holding a grudge at being separated at birth for so long, the Cockroach (NSW) and Gum Sucker (Vic) State Cabinets held a joint meeting in Albury to not only observe the 150th anniversary of Victoria being cleft from the loving bosom of NSW but to weld the Albury and Wodonga Councils together.

2006 The long jump was over, the cycling was done, and the Pippy Longstocking Hurdling Your Grandmother While Crocheting A Duvet Race was complete when the 2006 Commonwealth Games finished in Melbourne with Oz winning a total of 84 gold, 69 silver and 68 bronze medals.

2015 - The Senate resolved to establish the Select Committee on the Recent Allegations relating to Conditions and Circumstances at the Regional Processing Centre in Nauru to inquire into and report on the responsibilities of the Commonwealth Government in connection with the management and operation of the Regional Processing Centre in Nauru.

Sunday, March 25, 2018

March 25 On This Day in Australian History


1789 - *gasp* 7 marines were charged with robbery from the food stores....it's not like they were on tiny rations and starving, now is it?!

1802 - The infamous NSW Corps was reduced in number and power to that of a Peace Establishment on this day.

1803 - Timothy Mulch was Hanged for feloniously entering the house of Thomas Neal of Richmond Hill.

1812 - Surveyor George William Evans took Young Bundle on the Lady Nelson to Jervis Bay. They walked to the Shoalhaven River and returned north through the bush, crossing the entrance to Lake Illawarra and passed through Kangaroo Valley.

1826 - On this day the Sydney Gazette & NSW Advertiser reported that ;
"His sable majesty, Bungaree, attended at the Police Office last week, by order of the Superintendent, and received instructions to warn his own immediate liegis, as well as the chiefs of other tribes, that rioting, drunkenness, and disturbing the quiet of the streets at night, would invariably be followed by the punishment of the tread-mill, or, confinement with hard labour. Bungaree bowed politely, promised to use every exertion to carry the orders of their Worships into effect, and retired."

1838 - Bobby Hoddle played 'Eeny Meeny Miny Mo' with a map and picked the site for Geelong.

1863 - Having nothing better to do with his time, John Jardine set up camp - and a settlement - on the tip of Cape York Peninsula dubbed Somerset...which was nothing like the original Somerset back in the Old Dart.

1874 - Queen Nellie Hamilton, a Ngunawal woman,  had her horse stolen whilst she was working as a cleaner at a pub in Ginninderra (NSW) and, although it was then on-sold, she succeeded in taking the man to court for return of the horse on this day.




Remember this gorgeous abode I posted back in 2009 as being for sale?
Alas, it is no more; the large block attracted the lesser-liked beast The Developer who crammed as many units upon the sod as one could.


1877 - The Australian Immigrants Friend, Caroline Chisholm (who will never be confused with any Aussie pollie) shuffled off this mortal coil in London.

 1878 - The City of Churches aka Adelaide reopened the new and improved model of the Theatre Royal
 in Hindley Street. The Adelaide Observer described the re-built and much larger Theatre Royal, costing £20 000, noting its saucer shaped ceiling and blue dome with gold stars. The dress circle had seats of white and gold with red plush, and in fact the whole theatre was far more luxurious than the one it replaced.
Fear not!
That luxury was not allowed to continue as, owing to age, cheap owners and an abundance of architectural arseholes the Theatre Royal was demolished to make way for a fecking car park.

1879 - The NSW Mungindi Railway Line was opened from Werris Creek to Breeza.

 1892 - Having changed the name from the "Hummer" to the "Worker" in September of that year those in charge of the "Worker" (The Australian Workers Union newspaper) decided to move house from Wagga Wagga to Sydney.

1894 - Finally the Perth choo-choo's had somewhere to stop when the Perth railway station was finished.

1900 – The SS Glenelg was wrecked off the Victorian coast, resulting in 31 deaths.

1904 -  Mary Frew was appointed Superintendent of the Reserve for Aborigines in South Brisbane.

1913 - Harry Butler was dropped off by the Bunyip in The Wild today.

1917 - Today in 1917 was to have been the day Daylight Savings was officially kicked to the kerb...until the following year when the Commonwealth dragged it kicking and screaming out of the cupboard for yet another year (due to WW1) then crammed it back in behind the really badly knitted cardigans from Aunty Gertrude until WW2 raised its ugly head.



Another beauty gone the way of the multi-unit apartment thingie that's as high as an elephant's eye - or possibly higher, we have yet to officially measure that distance.


1926 - On this day the Newcastle Morning Herald & Miners Advocate published a letter from William Thorpe who was beseeching all to appreciate the Aboriginal flakework found throughout the Newcastle region, and asked people to consider a museum exhibition to retain and protect this stonework.

1934 - Kitchen whiz and first home grown Aussie celebrity chef Bernard King was hatched today. 

1935 – An unnamed cyclone struck the northwest coast of Western Australia, killing 140 people.

1936 - Taswegians were able to retire their carrier pigeons at long last when the Apple Isle was connected to the rest of the nation by telephone.

1948 - The Macquarie Island ANARE (Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition) Station was opened and has been merrily trotting along ever since.

1948 - A Yass Tribune-Courier editorial on this day stated that “Incredible as it may seem, a new location for the Aborigine’s Reserve in Yass has been selected without the discussion of the Municipal Council.”
It went on to say, “In short, the new location is surrounded by ideal residential building sites… Where is the residential part of the town to extend if the Aborigines’ Reserve is dumped right at the back door of the few remaining building sites in south Yass?”
The town was successful in that the relocation plans were halted; Hollywood continued as an Aboriginal reserve until 1955.

1954 - Our good Queen Lilibet aka Queen Liz Mark II, was in the midst of a tremendous whirlwind tour of The Fair Isle of Oz; today saw her in Port Lincoln (South Oz), then Renmark (South Oz) then off to Mildura (Vic).
The poor girl probably needed a cuppa tea, a Bex and a good lie down after all of that!

1965 - Victoria was prettified by Their Royal Highnesses, Henry, The Duke of Gloucester and Alice, Duchess of Gloucester following by a State Reception.

1966 - Today saw Our Good QEII aka HRH Queen Elizabeth II opening Flinders University in South Oz, along with her Mama.

1968 - A second royal commission into the Voyager disaster found that the commander of HMAS Voyager, Capt. Duncan Stevens, was too ill to command at the time of the accident. Full blame was  placed on the executive staff of the Voyager, although the commission conceded that the full story could never be known since all the bridge officers, including Stevens, died in the accident. The second report controversially overturned the findings of the first, which laid partial blame with the captain and crew of the Melbourne.

1987 - ACON extended its AIDS education policies and programmes into the general community.

1987 - The bean counters in power in Victoria closed the Williamstown to Williamstown Pier railway line.

1993 - GLRL transgender activist, Norrie-May Welby was expelled at a management committee meeting for twice publically criticising the Lobby.

1995 - Finally! 
We could all stop pushing the locos to Cranbourne when the Dandenong to Cranbourne railway line was electrified.

1999 - Virginia Bell was sworn in as a Justice of the Supreme Court of NSW.

2000 - After many years of lobbying for their own council, members of the Mapoon community elected 5 councillors to constitute an autonomous Mapoon Aboriginal Council under the Community Services (Aborigines) Act 1984.  After its establishment, the Mapoon Aboriginal Council became one of the trustees of the Mapoon Land Trust.

2010 - The Albury Wodonga Aboriginal Health Service hosted a Family History Information Day in Albury. Joanne Taylor, Bringing Them Home Counsellor - Stolen Generations Support, organised the event to assist members of the local Aboriginal community in identifying services available for Indigenous family history research.

2015 -  Migration Amendment (Protection and Other Measures) bill passed Parliament. The new Amendment creates grounds to refuse a protection visa application when an applicant refuses or fails to establish their identity, nationality or citizenship; defines the risk threshold for assessing Australia’s non-refoulement obligations under certain treaties; and amends the framework in relation to unauthorised maritime arrivals and transitory persons who can make a valid application for a visa.

2017 - It was announced that two Aboriginal community leaders put in a bid to take over one of Sydney's most prestigious harbourside national parks at Watsons Bay, with the idea of turning it into an "all-encompassing indigenous experience".

Saturday, March 24, 2018

March 24 On This Day in Australian History

You can all begin by raising a glass to John Busby who was whelped on this day in 1765, and who began the 10 year construction of Sydney's first regular water supply known as Busby's Bore on his birthday in 1827.

1796 - Bass and Flinders did not find Lake Illawarra but instead fell over a noisy skinny dipping pool party.
They declined the invitation to join in due to their mortal fear of verdigris.

1804 - And after a plethora of names such as Mulumbinba, Coal River, Hunter's River,Coal Harbour, and King's Town they finally settled on calling the damn spot Newcastle.

1810 - David Collins dropped off the perch rather suddenly...probably been over-doing the little blue "performance" pills again, randy bugger.

1854 - An Act to Establish a Constitution in and for the Colony of Victoria or more commonly the first 'Constitution Act' was passed in the Victorian Legislative Council. This set out the principles and methods for Parliament and would comprise two houses the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly.

1862 - The Peeps in Power in NSW went completely nuts today when they madly threw open the Main North Railway Line from Lochinvar - Branxton.

1879 - The bridge at Murray Bridge in South Oz - as you can't have a Murray Bridge without a bridge - was opened for traffic. Playing catch up, as always, it was adapted for choo-choo's in 1886.

1883 - The Salvo's fish and chip wrapper newspaper Warcry was flogged sold for the first time in Sydney.

1890 - The train travellers were most pleased when the railway line from Burnley to Oakleigh (Vic) was flung open for intrepid tripsters.

1891 - Dr Richard Schomburgk, the Director of Adelaide's Botanic Gardens, suddenly dropped off the perch.
Read more about this former Prussian rebel who dreamt up fabulous flora for Adelaide that's still enjoyed to this day.

1891 - The peeps wot made decisions at that extinct beast Victoria Railways were sniffing some sort of adhesive when they closed the Dunkeld to Penshurst railway line.

1891 - But obviously not all of them at Victoria Railways were as high as Harry Highpants' Top Hat cos they opened the line from Fairfield Park to Riversdale.

1891 - They were on a roll when they opened the railway line from Maldon (Laanecoorie Junction) to Shelbourne (Vic).

1900 - In Queensland 1,280 acres were gazetted as an Aboriginal reserve at Barambah.

1907 - The world's first surf reel was demonstrated at Bondi Beach. They seemed to be doing a lot of lifesaving firsts at Bondi for some reason...

1916 - Always keeping their fingers in every pie on the pulse, the govt introduced war time price control.

1919 The Red Flag Riots were rampaging through Merivale Street in Brisvegas. Read more about this almost completely forgotten episode in Aussie history that was orchestrated by the puppet masters in the Governor-General's office HERE.

1920 - The railway line from Piangil to Kooloonong (Vic) was opened.

1925 - Insomnia was cured at last! The first broadcast of a parliamentary debate had everyozzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz
1926 - At an Australian Farmers Federation Association conference in dear old Melbourne saw the birth of The Australian Country Party Association.

1927 - The Feds parked their posteriors in Melbourne for the final time then they upped sticks to polish the seats of their suits in the p0rn capital of Oz, Canberra.

1930 - Shadrach Livingstone James, Aboriginal activist, teacher, unionist and all-round nice bloke, was today published in the Herald newspaper calling for help for the Aboriginal people, stating,
"......We are the descendants of the people you have unjustly disinherited of their land, and of their privileges. We are not unreasonable in asking you to secure for the us the best prospects of free development and to provide for us a full opportunity to display our capacities, and so legislate that we should know that we live and move and have our being in Australia as right, not on sufferance. We are at present-shame on the Governments of this land-landless and homeless wanderers..."

1939- Today John Kinmont Moir raised the idea of an award to recognise a persons efforts toward protecting native flora and fauna - thus the Australian Natural History Medallion was pupped.

 1942 - Response to Australia’s request from the United Kingdom that “immediate action was being taken to supply Australia's chemical weapons needs”.

1944 - Royal Commission to inquire into the place of origin and the causes of the fires which commenced at Yallourn on the 14th day of February, 1944 presented its final report to Parliament.

1946 - The kid who became famous as Smiley in the Smiley films of the 1950's, Colin Petersen, was pupped. He also worked briefly as a drummer with the Bee Gees after acting.


1977 - Don Chipp did doth rent his Liberal Party membership in two, and then birthed the Australian Democrats (To keep the bastards honest).

1980 - The Aussie Olympic Federation stood their ground and announced they'd send a delegation to Moscow despite the PM having a hissy fit and finding every excuse under the sun to stop them.

1981 - GAYTAS members Eddy Ashmore and Geoff Ostling who were creating a school kit on homosexuality, come under a sustained attack from the Festival of Light, the Sun Herald and John Laws. Their grant was withdrawn.

1983 - The Mardi Gras Show/Fun for all the Family exhibition of photography and video of the 1983 Mardi Gras and selected “extravaganza” costumes, opened at the Link Gallery.

1983- Mr Frank Walker, the then-Minister for Aboriginal Affairs, introduced the Aboriginal Land Rights Bill into the NSW Legislative Assembly.

1988 - The National Council on AIDS replaced the AIDS Task Force and the National Advisory Committee on AIDS.

1991 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Camberwell Junction - Rixs Creek Coal Loader.

1993 - Gay and lesbian couples were specifically excluded from child adoption legislation which passed the ACT Legislative Assembly.

1997 - Today saw the Australian Federal Govt overturn the Euthanasia Law that had been passed in the Northern Territory 1st July 1996.

2004 - Eight drag queens protested at Myers store in the city against the ejection of Kirsten Damned from the store by police following complaints about how she was dressed.

2005 - The board of ATSIC, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission, was abolished under the then-Howard Federal Govt following allegations of corruption.

2011 - The Lowitja Institute opened in Melbourne, the first national body solely committed to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research. Its naming patron is Aboriginal woman Dr Lowitja O’Donoghue from the Luritja clan of Central Australia.

2012 - Indigenous mental health continued to be overlooked, despite worrying statistics, according to a leading Aboriginal psychologist and member of the Government’s new National Mental Health Commission on Close The Gap Day.

2012 - The single processing system for asylum seekers, regardless of their mode of arrival, came into effect.

2014 - The Stronger Land Account Bill was released and endorsed on the same day at Old Parliament House by a group of senior Indigenous leaders, including three who had helped negotiate the Mabo settlement and served on the first ILC board: Lowitja O’Donoghue, David Ross and Noel Pearson. This leaders group also includes Patrick Dodson, Aden Ridgway, Tom Calma and Kirstie Parker, co-chair of the National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples. The Bill developed by the ILC was largely adopted by the Australian Greens and introduced to the Senate in June 2014.

2015 - PKU-BHP Billiton Chair Professor of Australian Studies, Professor David Walker welcomed Rhonda Black, Director of Aboriginal Studies Press, to a roundtable discussion. Held at the Australian Embassy in Beijing, the discussion allowed Chinese editors and directors of several Australian Studies Centres in China to speak with Ms Black about how to increase the profile of Australian Aboriginal scholarship in China. Participating universities included: Peking University (Professor Liu Shusen), Tsinghua University (Professor Wang Jinghui), Beijing Foreign Studies University (Li Jianjun) and Beihang University (Mr Shen Fei, editor of College English) as well as  Professor Li Yao and Yang Yumei Director of Literature of National Minorities.

2016 - It was announced that historic buildings in Green Square and a network of wetlands in Sydney Park were set to be renamed with Aboriginal words that would help bring Sydney’s original language back into everyday use.
The four wetlands in Sydney Park have been given Aboriginal language names for local wildlife that reflect the biodiversity of the park. They are:
Wirrambi Wetland – meaning ‘bat’, relates to the newly-created habitat for microbats at the park;
Guwali Wetland – meaning ‘cormorant’, recognises the water habitat island in the wetlands that’s attracting cormorants and other wetland birds to the park;
Bunmarra Wetland – meaning ‘lizard’, refers to the growing blue-tongue lizard population in the park; and
Gilbanung Wetland – meaning ‘grasshopper’, an insect prevalent in the park that can be heard singing at night around the wetlands.

2017 - After 10 years of celebrating the life of indigenous minister Pastor Cec Grant OAM (Wongamarr/Wungamaa), the Australian Centre for Christianity and Culture (ACC&C) hosted the final Lecture.

Friday, March 23, 2018

March 23 On This Day in Australian History

1789 - London: The first news from Botany Bay hit London’s newspapers the following day.

1789 - Shipping more convicts – one thousand (1,000) males and  three hundred (300)  females to Australia had been held up because, not until the Prince of Wales a returning ‘First Fleet’ transport reached Falmouth on 23 March 1789, could anyone in England be certain any of the  ‘First Fleet’ Robinson Crusoes marooned 13,000 miles (21,000 km) from their homeland since 1788 were still alive.

1790 - Norfolk Island: HMS Sirius, had successfully discharged her evacuees and most cargo, when she ran aground. Stuck fast in ‘pounding surf on every side’ Sirius broke up over a number of days; ‘happily, however captain Hunter and every other person belonging to her were saved’.

1791 -  Tahiti: Edwards reached Tahiti but by then Fletcher Christian, who always knew the Navy would come after him, had fled. Eight (8) crew members and their Tahitian wives sailed with him to Pitcairn Island where the Bounty was scuttled.
Captain Edwards arrested fourteen (14) mutineers who had settled happily on Tahiti. Some had married into local families, two (2) had fathered a child and resisted arrest. Others, among them William Morrison and midshipman Peter Heywood, surrendered willingly but Edwards treated both groups with savage brutality.

1795 - The first cargo exported from Oz to India, of cedar logs and mahogany (you can drop some off at my joint, thanks!) was launched in the bath tub today.

1803 - Patrick Gannon, Hanged at Castle Hill for rape, attempted murder and robbery.

1803 - Francis Simpson, Hanged along with Patrick Gannon at Castle Hill for robbery.

1827 - Governor Darling  posted off a few notes on a forest of paper to Under Secretary Hay dealing with several matters in The Fair Isle of Oz, one being the rumoured murder of an Aboriginal in police custody...
"The circumstance of the Native shot at Wallis's Plains... has occasioned infinite trouble , without the possibility of coining satisfactorily at the facts. The case is briefly this. A Native, who was supposed to have been concerned in the murder of a Stockman, was seized and delivered over to the Mounted Police at Wallis's Plains under Lieut. Lowe of the 40th Regt. It was rumoured that the man had been taken out and shot in cold blood. Orders were immediately sent to the Magistrates to investigate the matter. The report of their proceedings was unsatisfactory; and they were reprimanded by my directions for not having taken the necessary steps to ascertain the facts referred to them. Conceiving it would be unavailing to employ them further in this matter, the Chairman of the Quarter Sessions was directed to proceed to Wallis's Plains and pursue the enquiry. He was wrecked on the Coast, and obliged to return to Sydney. The Acting Attorney General was then sent to Wallis's Plains; but the indisposition of everyone to give information on the subject rendered his journey, after a detention of some time, totally abortive. The matter is still in his hands; and he is endeavouring to find one or two individuals, whose testimony he understands would be important; but I strongly suspect they will be kept out of the way, the inhabitants of every class being at least indifferent to the fate of the Natives, and unwilling that any one, that has been actuated by the same feelings, should be made answerable for his conduct. I have only to add on this subject that Lieut. Lowe is detained in Sydney (his Regiment being at Van Diemen's Land), awaiting the result of the investigation, and that the subject has been repeatedly brought before the Executive 'Council, the Chief Justice being present, who in fact recommended the course which has been pursued. "

1829 - William Riddell was Hanged at Sydney for the murder of John Heley in the Muswellbrook district. Riddell apparently desired Heley's wife; Heley was found dismembered in a stump hole. Riddell was an atheist, republican, radical, autodidact. He ran up the steps to the gallows, took snuff and said "I prefer death to living in chains and fetters in such a country as this"
So the hangman obliged him.

1849 - The natives were restless and revolting en masse when they got together in Sydney and Melbourne to vent their spleen against the idea of re-introducing convict transportation to these sunny climes.

1873 - The first Dubbo Pastoral and Agricultural Show took place on this day at the present Dubbo racecourse.

1887 – 81 miners were killed during a coal gas explosion at Bulli, New South Wales.

1891 - John Wilson was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of his fiancée Estella Marks at Darling Gardens, Clifton Hill.

1896 - On this day the sheilas of South Oz got to flex their electionary muscles when they cast their votes for the very first time.

1896 - Today a mere three years after being declared a town, the first train steamed into the newly completed Coolgardie Railway Station.

1901 - Dame Nellie Melba shared her Melba Toast recipe...and some, still today, wish she'd kept it to herself.

1902 - Post Offices refused to deliver any snail mail addressed to Tattersall's Sweeps in Hobart - and thus the internet and email was born!
Hoorah!
No, not quite.
The conniving public got around this obstacle (as the ban wasn't lifted till long after hems were lifted in 1930) by addressing all their correspondence to Tatt's by addressing it to an "aunt".

1902 - Ohhh he's not the brightest spark in the box of Redheads... a night watchman, who wasn't watching an awful lot, noticed a little puff of smoke puffing up from the back of Her Majesty's Theatre in Sydney but by the time he got around to gossiping with the fire brigade about it, the whole building was roaring along like a log fire.

1908 - Harry G. Smith was hanged at Fremantle Prison for the murder of William John Clinton at Day Dawn.

1911 - Best you weren't onboard the SS Yongala with the 122 passengers as it was lost under the ravages of a cyclone on this day off the coast of Townsville.

1913 - Today Dr. Daniel Mannix frocked up to the shores of Oz from Ireland to act as Coadjutor the then-Melbourne Archbishop Carr; Dr. Mannix became Archbishop in 1917 ("...Happy and glorious ,
Long to reign over us ...".

1918 - Alick Wickham, the Bloke with the Stroke, a Solomon Islander who invented the Australian Crawl swimming stroke, today set the World High Diving Record (that still stands today) when he swan dived from the cliffs into the Yarra River from a height of 62.4 mts (205' 9" in the old money).

1919 - The Red Flag Riots of 1919 kicked off today in Bris-Vegas with ex-pat Russians demanding the repeal of the War Precautions Act that saw them stuck in Oz without being natualised or getting gainful employment, nor were they allowed to return to their homeland.

1922 - Qld Parliament was cleaning House - literally - by abolishing the Legsilative Council.

1944 - Start of movement of {chemical} stocks to 88 mile.
The site at 88 mile (Northern Territory) was locted on the North South Road.

1954 - At a State Banquet at Parliament House Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh were presented with opal jewellery: gifts from the people of South Australia. The large oval-shaped opal presented to the Queen weighed 203 carats. It was set in a necklace with 180 diamonds, in a filigree design, surrounding it. The stone was found in Andamooka in 1949. The Duke received cufflinks of Coober Pedy opal set in white gold.

1956 - William Feast was Hanged for the murder of Eunice Gwynne at Wingfield, SA.

1977 - The Legislative Council rejected homosexual provisions of the Anti-Discrimination Act. Change to the Act by Regulation was omitted and the Anti-Discrimination Board was required to conduct research into discrimination against homosexuals.

1986 - The Gemini Social Club in Canterbury, held its first dance and show at the Leichhardt Town Hall.

1989 - Central Oz had its worst floods since European settlement.

1998 - Green WA Senator Dee Margetts amendment to the Family Trust Distribution (Primary Liability) Bill 1997, to include same sex partners in the Bill’s definition of a de fact spouse, was defeated in the Australian Senate.

1998 -Asian Gay Proud, a new education campaign targeting Asian gays was launched at Sydney Town Hall. It was the initiative of the Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations.

2014 - Desecration of a sacred scar tree, located between Dubbo and Gilgandra, and the shelter erected to protect it was reported with much anger and sadness.

Thursday, March 22, 2018

March 22 On This Day in Australian History

1791 - Young Bundle/Bundall was an orphaned Aboriginal lad from the Cowpastures area of Sydney who attached himself to Cap. William Hill of the NSW Corps; when Cap. Hill went for a leisurely Sunday sail on board the Supply to Norfolk Island today Young Bundle naturally went with him.

1810 - Determined to learn them kids right a charity school was opened by Gov Macquarie in Parramatta.

1814 - Yippie Aunty Mildred, no more bush bashing in the 4WD as the road from Sydney to Liverpool was finally completed.

1819 - Macquarie, ever the man of the people, forwarded to the Colonial Office in London a petition from the 1,260 colonists who wanted, nay, demanded a new legal system that included trial by jury and the removal of restrictions on trade and distillation of spirits.
They wanted to brew up, get pissed and be judged by their own peers....I'd say they were successful!

1830 - Captain Stirling issued a Government notice advising those who were entitled to grants of land to select in the southern district. He made preparations to assist settlement, and sent several persons there from Perth within a few weeks. One farmer who accompanied the first expedition expressed the conviction that "with proper industry we shall all do better there than in the country round about Perth, for the climate is cooler and certainly the land preferable, and therefore on both accounts better adapted to the growth of vegetables and corn."

1831 - Australia's oldest school, The King's School was founded on this day and no doubt if you look closely in the dark recesses you'll find the original teachers and pupils still trying to master the 7 times table during their school day from 7am - 9pm.

1843 - At an encampment near the Merri Creek, nearly two hundred Kulin people came to join the Wurundjeri-willam in the ceremony of Tanderrum (to establish bonds of friendship between different Aboriginal clans). They had travelled from their own territories along the Delatite River to make a special visit to the land of the Wurundjeri-willam.
The newcomers carried torches or burning boughs in their hands which they used to purify the air. Water was brought to the newcomers but the locals drank first to show that there was no danger.
A young man visiting the Wurundjeri-willam for the first time stopped to drink from the Yarra without observing any preliminary ritual. He immediately lost the use of his voice.
{From ‘People of the Merri Merri, the Wurundjeri in Colonial Days’, by Isabel Ellender and Peter Christiansen, published by the Merri Creek Management Committee.
This book is available at the MCMC office and selected book stores for $19.80.}

1845 - The Moreton Bay correspondent scribbled out some observations which the Sydney Morning Herald published today,
"As past experience has shewn that whenever an assembly of blacks takes place, either for a corroboree or pullen-pullen, depredations on the white man's property are sure to ensue, owing to their hunger, from fasting the most of the time the dance or fight lasts; it certainly would be advisable for the authorities to put a stop when practicable, to these meetings, and as we have a military guard down here, the sight of a few bayonets, and an explanation through an interpreter of the unlawfulness of their meetings, would cause them to have the fear of the white man's anger in their heads."

1848 - The first two females of the species were admitted and treated at the Royal Melbourne Hospital.

1859 - The Political Labour League of Victoria (please note they had their spelling thumped into them good and proper) was established in Melbourne, which was the first political party dedicated to the working class of Oz.

1880 Crikey! They let sheilas women into universities in Melbourne ! Next thing you know they'll be letting them vote and become PM of the joint!

1897 - Back in 1897 our dearly beloved *cough cough* leader-to-be, Edmund Barton (otherwise known as Toby Tosspot due to his habit of tossing back the alcohol) led a conference to discuss the proposed Constitution for the future Commonwealth of Oz.

1911 - The Lake Cargelligo Branch Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Cootamundra North Junction - Cootamundra West.

1918 - The Great Ocean Road Trust was formed at a public meeting held on this day in Colac.

1921 - Riverton Railway Station, in South Oz, was not the place to be today as a Russian chappie by the name of Koormah Tomayeff began shooting practice with his pistol using the general public as his targets; 4 men and a woman were injured in the fray with two of the men (one of them Percy Brookfield a NSW MP) dying from their wounds.
Tomayeff was not tried as he was deemed insane and shuffled off to an asylum.

1922 - Mr Box was a bit of a worry....he held a demo in Melbourne to show how to extract gas from your average bin of household rubbish. He's probably been agitating for installing piping in cows for methane gas extraction ever since...

1924 - Today in 1924 saw the defeat of Edith Cowan, our first chickybabe pollie who'd served in The Seats of Power since 1921, at the State ballot box.
She argued for child endowment and infant health centres, for the welfare of migrants, for a housewives’ union and for the legal and political rights of all women. Less popularly, she was a firm advocate of state schools introducing *gasp* sex education.
In 1923 she introduced a Women's Legal Status Bill as a private member; this passed both Houses of Parliament and was enacted, enabling women in Western Australia to practice law.

1942 - Katherine in the NT had the absolute buggery bombed out of it when 9 Japanese aircraft dumped 91 bombs on the Katherine Airfield today; the town itself had minimal damage but there was one death that of an Aboriginal man Dodger Kodjawal who had hidden near The Rocks.

1950 - Alfred Griffin was Hanged at Adelaide Gaol for the murder of Elsie Wheeler at a Hutt Street boarding house.

1971 -  The last episode of "The Village Glee Club" aired on ABC Radio. The long-running series, featuring old-time music, was first broadcast in 1942 and was hosted throughout by Philip Derbyshire.

1971 - Ian Black was interviewed by Anne Deveson on 2GB about CAMP Inc.

1974 - Tassie, not to be outdone by Toby Tosspot's hydration levels, recorded the highest rainfall in a single day when 352mm of cloud juice was dumped on the Apple Isle.

1975 - The Second Seminar on Female Homosexuality, funded by the Federal Government was held.

1980 - 1000 marchers and some floats participated in a march for gay rights in the city as the culmination of the Summer Offensive. A festival, dinner and a dance were later held at Bondi Pavilion.

1986 - Alan Bond, he of the dodgy memory, had a spare $232 million lying around so he bought up Thorm EMI. Nice pocket change!

1986 - The Ropes Creek Railway Line (NSW) was slammed shut.

1991 - South Australian football performed a delicate pirouette into Aussie Rules Football with the new Adelaide Football Club, hastily created and built over five hectic months.

1995 - The Palmerston campus of the Northern Territory University opened.

1999 - A fire in a major Darwin sub-station caused more than $400,000 worth of damage and blacked out 9,000 northern suburbs houses.

2010 - Perth on this day got the bejebus thrashed out of it by a super-nasty storm that left the people and state reeling with an estimated $1.8 billion bill in damages.

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