Wednesday, April 25, 2018

April 25 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

Sir.
Sir would it help if I shed a tear,
I swear it's the first time since this time last year.
My spine is a tingle - my throat is all dry,
As I stand to attention for all those who died.

I watch the flag dancing half way down the pole,
That damn bugle player sends chills to my soul,
I feel the pride and the sorrow- there's nothing the same
As standing to attention on ANZAC Day.

So Sir - on behalf of the young and the free
Will you take a message when you finally do leave
To your mates who are lying from Tobruk to the Somme
The legend of your bravery will always live on.

I've welcomed Olympians back to our shore
I've cheered baggy green caps and watched Wallabies score
But when I watch you marching (Sir) in that parade
I know these are memories that will never fade.

So Sir - on behalf of the young and the free
Will you take a message when you finally do leave
It's the least we can do (Sir) to repay the debt
We'll always remember you - Lest We Forget.
By Damian Morgan 1998.


1787 - Gov Phillip received instructions that designated the territory of New South Wales as including 'all the islands adjacent in the Pacific Ocean' and running westward to the 135th meridian, that is, about mid-way through the continent.
The Instructions advised Phillip about managing the convicts, granting and cultivating the land, and exploring the country. The Aborigines' lives and livelihoods were to be protected and friendly relations with them encouraged, but the Instructions make no mention of protecting or even recognising their lands. It was assumed that Australia was terra nullius, that is, land belonging to no one.

1789 - Following their departure from Tahiti, 1st Lieutenant Fletcher Christian and crew members threw a massive tanty - and a mutiny -  on HMS Bounty.

1809 - Isaac Nichols started blowing his whistle when he became the first Post Master in Sydney.

1815 Lt-Gov Davey thought the bushrangers were having far too good a time so he proclaimed martial law throughout Tassie.

1827 - Governor Darling’s “Gagging Act” was passed by Legislative Council, which meant that every news article and advertisement had to pass the censor of the press.

1829 – Captain Charles Fremantle fronted up off the coast of the present-day state of Western Australia, aboard HMS Challenger, with the intention of  completing his petite point needle work but settled for establishing the Swan River Colony, instead.

1851 - William Henry Stephens was hanged at Oatlands for Armed Assault on one James Moore.

1854 - It was reported on this day that,
"Some minor patches of paying ground are now being turned over to the north of the Black Hill (near Ballarat, VIC); this hill may well be called a golden centre, as to one standing on it summit, "leads," are observable diverging in all directions"

1854 - David Magee was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for murder of a man named McCarthy on the Avoca River.

1856 - The blokes who could tell time established the 8 hour Labour League in Melbourne.

1857 - Playing musical chairs William Pritchard Weston succeeded Thomas George Gregson as Premier of Tas; Dr William Clark Haines replaced John O'Shanassy as Premier of Vic.

1862 - The Woodend to Kyneton section of railway line (VIC) opened.

1862 - Jackey Bullfrog (also called "Flash Jack") Indigenous. Hanged at Bathurst for the murder of William Clark near Condobolin.

1862 - John Peisley  Bushranger. Hanged at Bathurst for the murder (fatal wounding) of William Benyon at Bigga. An associate of the Ben Hall Gang.

1876 - The University of Adelaide opened.

1885 - The Wilcannia courthouse was the scene of a very unlikely legal argument over the issue of cruelty to animals. It wasn't the case but the people involved which make the scene so memorable. One of the police magistrates was Edward Bulwer Lytton Dickens, the son of Charles Dickens, and one of the prosecution witnesses was Frederick James Anthony Trollope, the son of the novelist Anthony Trollope. An unusual meeting of the sons of two of the great literary figures of the day.

1887 - The pearling fleet at Cape Jaubert near Broome, WA, was decimated by a cyclone.

1892 - The Mount Dundas to Zeehan Railway Line in Tasmania opened.

1892 - Donald , Indigenous. Hanged at Boggo Road Gaol for the rape of Eva Scott at Hornet Bank Station near Taroom.

1896 - Women had something to say and they let their votes speak for themselves when they were allowed to cast a ballot in the South Oz Legislative Assembly election.

1898 - The Willoughby tram service (NSW) was officially opened as an extension of the North Sydney network that had operated since 1886.

1901 - Australian troops returned to Australia from the Boxer rebellion in China.

1902 - Aboriginal people, Africans, Asians, criminals and the insane were not entitled to vote at Federal elections due to a new Bill passed in Federal Government.

1911 - A.M. Longmore became the first Australian to receive an international aviation certificate.

1911 - Herbert Barclay was asked to investigate and report on a stock route from Newcastle Waters westwards to Victoria River, NT, and the Barclay Expedition Northern Territory Survey & Exploration Party left Alice Springs today.

1914 - Saturday 25 April 1914 was a particularly bad day for tram accidents in Carlton. In the morning, Walter England, a clerk at the Carlton Court, fell from a moving tram on the corner of Lygon and Drummond streets, and was dragged some distance along the road. Mr. England suffered injuries to his ribs and hip and was admitted to the Melbourne Hospital for treatment. That afternoon, a more serious accident took place near the corner of Grattan and Lygon Streets. John Griffiths, a 26 year old tutor at the University High School, was crossing the road behind a north-bound tram when he was struck by another tram travelling towards the city. Mr. Griffiths was pinned beneath the dummy of the tram, which had to be lifted off the rails before he could be extricated. He was taken to the Melbourne Hospital, suffering from a compound fracture of the leg, extensive abrasions, and shock.

1915 - Soldiers were landed at the wrong beach and struggled to wade ashore at what is now known as Anzac Cove.

1916 - The first Anzac Day was observed with large crowds attending church and public ceremonies. Aussie and New Zealand servicemen in Egypt and London also commemorated the day.

1919 - Anzac Day first commemorated with returned soldiers across Australia marching in parades.
The parade through Sydney was cancelled as a result of the influenza epidemic, but a public commemorative service was held in the Domain. Participants were required to wear masks and stand three feet apart.

1920 - The 25th day of April was declared a national holiday although it was not observed in every state until 1927, partly because of opposition from businesses who were fearful of its effect on profits.

1925 - The Australian War Memorial was founded in Canberra.

1930 - First Dawn Service held in Australia by Rev Arthur White, himself a WW1 veteran, at Albany, Westralia. This was where the first convoy of Anzac's sailed away and was, for many, their last glimpse of Australia.
Rev White laid a wreath on the water and, as it floated away, he said,
"As the sun rises and goeth down, we will remember them".

1931 - The National Soldiers' Memorial to South Australian sailors and soldiers who fell in the Great War 1914-1918, located on the corner of North Terrace and Kintore Avenue, Adelaide, was unveiled.

1934 - The ANZAC Hill Memorial in Alice Springs was officially unveiled.The Reverend Harry Griffiths of the Australian Inland Mission suggested a memorial be erected on the crown of the hill and he was responsible for the design. The ashes of Reverend Griffiths and his wife are interred in the memorial.

1935 - While a recently caught shark was on show at the Coogee Aquarium it coughed up a man's arm, later identified as belonging to a former boxer, James Smith, who was, it turned out, missing.

1948 - British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines Ltd launches an air service between Australia and the US and Canada using Douglas DC-4 aircraft.

1960 - Hotels and theatres opened for the first time on Anzac Day. Organised sport allowed in the afternoon.

1975 – The Australian embassy in Saigon, South Vietnam, was closed and staff evacuated prior to the Fall of Saigon.

1986 - The 11th (and final) National Conference of Lesbians and Gay Men was held at the NSW University.

1990 - 75 years after the landing at Gallipoli Aussie WW1 veterans returned to pay their respects to those who didn't return.

1991 - Forty-six years after World War II, the Australian Government announced that 100 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander veterans, known as the “Black Diggers”, were to receive $1,400,000 compensation.

1993 - This was the first day Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people had ever marched on ANZAC Day as a distinct group under their own flags. As a contribution to the International Year of Indigenous People, Cec Fisher and Patricia O’Connor worked together to organise for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island servicemen and women to be recognised in the ANZAC Day celebrations in Brisbane.

1997 - The Gwabegar Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Kandos to Rylstone.

1998 - Retired Aboriginal Army Sergeant Tom Slockee, a Vietnam veteran, called for a special war memorial in Canberra’s Anzac Parade to commemorate Indigenous Australians.

 2003 - It was reported on this day the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission was to be gutted and reduced to just 20 staff from 1300.

 2007 - Aboriginal people decided to draw attention to their history and organised Australia’s first Coloured Diggers March on Anzac Day (25th April 2007) in Redfern, Sydney, with hundreds of Indigenous veterans and their descendants marching along Redfern Street to St Saviour’s church in Sydney’s first Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Anzac Day parade.


Those heroes who shed their blood and lost their lives...
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie by side here in this country of ours.
You the mothers who sent their sons from far away countries wipe away your tears.
Your sons are now living in our bosom and are now in peace.
Having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well.
Mustafa Kemel Ataturk 1934
ANZAC Memorial at Gallipoli, Turkey

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