Saturday, April 28, 2018

April 28 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1770 - Cook and his men were a little light fingered when they entered a Gweagal camp where they took artefacts, including a number of spears, and left trinkets in exchange.
"[We] threw into the house to them some beads, ribbands, cloths &c. as presents and went away. We however thought it no improper measure to take away with us all the lances [spears] which we could find about the houses, amounting in number to forty or fifty."
Joseph Banks, The Endeavour journal of Joseph Banks, 1768–1771, entry for 28 April 1770

1772 The goat who twice circumnavigated the world, including Cooks first merry sally about the big blue marble, passed into the great blue beyond only 2 days after she had been granted a State pension by the British Parliament, which started the trend to give all goats politicians a pension.

1795 Charles Sturt was hatched, an Aussie explorer who did something important like proving all the westward flowing creeks all ended up in the Murray River. Or something.

1806 - Herbert Keeling was hanged at Sydney for forging and uttering two promissory notes purporting to be drawn by Henry Kable.

1816 - In retaliation to attacks upon farms, Macquarie sends out three detachments of the 46th Regiment to 'chasten these hostile tribes, and to inflict terrible and exemplary punishments on them...'.
Captain Wallis’s detachment marched 12 miles along the Wingecarribee River; Colebee, acting as guide, reports that the hostile Aborigines were two days ahead.

Well!
Today was a free-for-all public hanging spree in Hobart!

1821 - Robert Hunter was publicly hanged at scaffold erected at the top of Macquarie Street, Hobart Town, for robbery.

1821 -- Edward Brady – Hanged at Hobart for robbery.

1821 - James Flynn was hanged at Hobart for robbery.

1821 - Joseph Potaski was hanged at Hobart for robbery.

1821 - John Oliver was hanged at Hobart for cattle-stealing.

1821 - John McGuinness was hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing.

1821 - Michael Riley was hanged at Hobart for bushranging.

1821 - Thomas Kenny was hanged at Hobart for bushranging.

1821 - John Higgins was hanged at Hobart for bushranging.

1821 - John Hill was hanged at Hobart for bushranging.

1857 - Thomas Williams was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for his part in the murder of Inspector-General John Giles Price.

1857 - Henry Smith (alias Brennan) was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for his part in the murder of Inspector-General Price.

1857 - Thomas Moloney was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for his part in the murder of Inspector-General Price.

1919 The interestingly titled Nayook to Noojee section of the Warragul train line was opened (no, Nanook of the North was not involved in the naming process , nor was Mork from Ork).

1923 Tired of using their broomsticks to cross the harbour Them Wot Was In Power got the first shovel work officially started on the Great Coathanger of Sydney...you know....two words, 3 syllables....
Thank you Skippy, it was indeed the Giant Earthworm (yes, I know that's 4 syllables but the 'roo needs encouragement after escaping the baking dish for Sunday roast).
You may visit the Giant Earthworm down Gippsland way near Poowong....

1926 - Inspector John Walsh  and Sergeant Alexander Pitman of the Gold Stealing Detecting Unit (GSDS) were murdered while investigating gold theft. Their bodies were dumped down the Belle of Kalgoorlie mine shaft at Miller's Find, Binduli, near Kalgoorlie. The murders and the subsequent press reporting about the limited resources available to the GSDS at the time had a similar effect of the 1907 reporting of issues. The lengthy investigation, eventual capture, and execution of the murderers, William Coulter and Phillip Trefene, was of considerable interest to the Perth press at the time.
Walsh's and Pitman's funeral in Perth on 17 May 1926 was a procession watched by thousands, and attended by a large number of police officers.

1928 Melbourne's Comedy Theatre opened it's doors just for laughs, on the corner of Lonsdale and Exhibition Streets, the site of the former Olympic Theatre from 1855.

1949 – At the 43rd session of the International Olympic Committee, held in Rome, Italy, Melbourne was announced as the host of the 1956 Summer Olympics, defeating bids from Buenos Aires, Los Angeles, and Detroit.

1963 The wreck of the Dutch ship Vergulde Draeck, lost in 1656, was found by divers approx. 95 km north of Perth.
So you can stop looking now.

1963 - Comalco commenced full scale bauxite mining at Weipa on Cape York Peninsular in Queensland.

1966 - The position of Aboriginal Protector of Mount Isa ceased on this day, after the passing of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs Act 1965 (Qld).

1976 On this day the first asylum seekers arrived by boat in Darwin Harbour; a 17 metre long fishing boat with a WHOLE 5 Vietnamese on board sought refuge from communist rule.
Not "illegal" boat people, not "illegal" asylum seekers.
Because it's far from "illegal" to request refuge or asylum status.

1976 - Auntie Mollie Dyer was a proud Yorta Yorta woman who was a fierce fighter for Aboriginal rights; on this day she spoke at the First National Adoption Conference, one of the first platforms offered to Aboriginal people to speak about their concerns over the high rates of adoptions of Aboriginal children, about issues around cultural identity, confusion and genealogical bewilderment of the Stolen Generations and the need to show caution when placing Aboriginal children in white foster families.

1985 – Thirty-three members, including Senator Jo Vallentine , resigned from the Nuclear Disarmament Party at the national conference held in Melbourne, claiming the party had been taken over by members of the Socialist Workers Party.

1986 - A national AIDS seminar was held at the YWCA Conference Centre as an adjunct to the National Homosexual Conference. It called for a national toll-free AIDS information service to reach people who didn’t identify as gay.

1987 Dick Smith became the first human to get himself to the North Pole in a solo helicopter flight.
Cause we all know Santa uses reindeer.
And Red Bull.

1987 - The 1987 CAPS Awards for Sydney’s gay entertainment achievements, were held at the Imperial Hotel.

1989 - The Northern Territory University, formed on 1 January by the amalgamation of the Darwin Institute of Technology and the University College of the Northern Territory, was officially opened.

1994 An event that had exciting repercussions all over the world(no, not really but I'm dragging the Poms along for a misery ride with me anyway) was back in the day when the then State Premier Jeff Kennett Jeffed the whole State of Victoria but gave us the free City Circle Tram Service.
Woohoo....

1995 - A new information kit to help prevent discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B and C, was launched by the NSW Department of Community Services.

1996 - In an horrific event 35 people were killed and 23 wounded at Port Arthur, Tasmania.

1997 - The release of Jeanie Bell’s book about community and the family memories of Celia Smith called “Talking About Celia …”. “Talking About Celia …” contained a montage of memories and pictures taking the reader inside the life of an extraordinary Murri woman and her Aboriginal community.

1998 - A report containing 26 recommendations to cut corruption and better manage the NSW Aboriginal Land Council system was released in Sydney. The report aimed to better manage the NSW Aboriginal Land Council system for the benefit of all Indigenous people through the State’s 118 local land councils.

2000 - Over 100 Indigenous young people met in Melbourne to discuss major issues of importance to them and to make recommendations to the Federal Government about its policies relating to youth. The Statewide Indigenous Youth Conference brought together 15- to 28-year-olds from across Victoria – an initiative of the Youth Pathways Action Plan Taskforce.

2003 - It was announced on this day the remains of 300 Aboriginal people taken from their graves more than a century ago would be returned to the Ngarrindjeri people in the lower Murray Lakes and Coorong area in South Australia.

2006 - A VLocity railcar collided with truck at the Ercildoune level crossing near Trawalla while running an Ararat to Melbourne service resulting in 2 passengers deaths and 40 injured.

2007 - In a partial victory for the Tasmanian Aboriginal Community the British Natural History Museum agreed to hand back 4 of the 17 Aboriginal remains it held.

2011 - The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council launched the first contemporary Aboriginal rights-based magazine in Australia, Tracker, aimed to fill a vital gap in the media landscape for accurate and comprehensive reportage and analysis of Aboriginal issues.

2017 - A statewide forum was held in Melbourne, detailing the outcomes of the consultations for a State Treaty to date and to discuss the next steps. At the forum, the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs, the Hon Natalie Hutchins MP, announced that the 2017-18 Victorian State Budget would provide $28.5 million to support the treaty process over the next four years, out of a total of $68.2 million towards Aboriginal self-determination.

2017 - In a press release from University of Glasgow regarding a paper published in the journal Quaternary Geochronology, geologists based in Scotland and Australia outlined how they used a sophisticated rock dating technique to determine when the eruption of the Kinara volcano in northeastern Australia occurred. They also described a potential link between the volcanic eruption and stories from Gugu Badhun Aboriginal verbal traditions, which would have been passed down for around 230 generations – further back in time than even the oldest written historical records of Egypt or Mesopotamia.

2017 - A press release announced that Aboriginal recruits were training to become Fisheries Officers, as part of the South Oz State Government's Aboriginal Fisheries Officer Career Pathways Program.

2017 - Australia’s first ever Aboriginal animation series – Little J and Big Cuz –  debuted on NITV.

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