Monday, May 14, 2018

May 14 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1794 - On the 14th a party of two soldiers and an Aborigine set off from Sydney on an excursion south of Botany Bay, returning on the 20th. They travel to a small harbour "about twenty miles to the south of Botany Bay". It is unknown whether they reach as far south as Illawarra, though the report states: "The country they described as high and rocky in the neighbourhood of the harbour, which, on afterwards looking into the chart, was supposed to be somewhere about Red Point." Red Point, modern day Hill 60 at Port Kembla, is actually located about 50 miles south of Sydney. The party may actually have visited Wattamolla Bay, north of Stanwell Park.

1798 – HMS Nautilus arrived in Sydney, carrying missionaries from the London Missionary Society.

1803 - Sir Henry Browne Hayes held a meeting on this day which is regarded as the foundation day of Freemasonry in Australia.

1809 - Viscount Castlereagh to Governor Macquarie 14th May 1809 -
It has been represented to me that upon the arrival of a ship with female convicts in NSW the unfortunate females have been given into the possession of such of the inhabitants, free settlers, and convicts, indiscriminately, as made a demand for them from the Governor. If a practice so extraordinary and disgraceful has not been abolished, you will be no means suffer it to continue, and I am to desire you will take the proper means for having the female convicts upon their arrival, kept separate till they can be properly distributed in such a manner as may best encourage attention to industry and character....The female convict, it is stated, is seldom apprenticed, and she lived indiscriminately, first in one family, then in another.

1814 - First issue of Van Diemen’s Land Gazette and General Advertiser.

1814 - Gov Macquarie offered an amnesty to all bushrangers in Van Diemen's Land if they surrendered before December 1st...coz the Apple Isle was simply bursting at the seams with the lawless buggers...or so popular rumour said.

1829 – Aboriginal mission on Bruny Island was opened by George Augustus Robinson.

1838 -  Convict John Hayter was killed at New England by Aboriginals.

1853 - Alexander Stuart was directed by the board of the Bank of NSW to head to Maitland as manager taking with him a clerk, a supply of notes and coin plus office supplies.

1855  - Australia's first branch of the Royal Mint (London) commenced operations in Macquarie St, Sydney.

1858 - Explorer John McDouall Stuart set out with an assistant, an Aboriginal tracker and provisions for four weeks to explore beyond Lake Torrens and Lake Gairdner and to look for grazing land.

1859 – The Melbourne Football Club, Australia's oldest football club was founded.

1861 - The Moreton Bay Courier became a daily and changed its frock and name to the Courier.

1864 - Frank Jardine and his brother Alexander overlanded stock accompanied by four Europeans and four Aboriginals they left Rockhampton with 42 horses and 250 cattle. On the ten months' trek of 1200 miles (1931 km) they were constantly harassed by Aboriginals, forced their way through jungles, scrub and swamps and crossed at least six large rivers.

1872 - Edward Feeney was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of Charles Marks in the Treasury Gardens.

1874 - Following the death of Sydney business man Thomas Sutcliffe Mort a meeting of working men in Sydney on this day resolved to show the esteem and respect in which they held his memory; as a result his statue, sculpted by Pierce Connolly, stands in Macquarie Place.

1879 - The Rosstown Railway Station (Vic) opened, the name was later changed to Carnegie in 1909.

1879 - Kaawirn Kuunawarn, Aboriginal leader, also known as 'KING DAVID', chief of the Kirrae wurrung, or 'Davie', married with Anglican rites Mary Phillips ('Queen Mary'), widow of 'King Billy' of Ballarat, who had one son, at Coranderrk Aboriginal Station.

1879 - The Murrumbeena Railway Station (Vic) opened.

1883 - The Kinglake Post Office (Vic)  opened.

1883 - Explorers Harry and Caroline Creaghe,  Ernest Favenc and Lindsay Crawford reached the telegraph station at Powells Creek after a month travelling from Gregory Downs Station.

1894 - The Bendigo cattle yards rail line (Vic) opened.

1900 - The northern section of the Outer Circle Railway Line from Riversdale to Deepdene (Vic) was re-opened.

1900 - The Roystead Railway Station (Vic) was opened today, as "Stanley", to serve passengers on the so-called Deepdene Dasher shuttle service. This section of the line was in a cutting, and the station, with a single platform on the west side, was located south of a bridge, with red brick abutments and a green-painted iron superstructure, which took Mont Albert Road over the railway.

1900 - Caroling was hanged at Roebourne for the murder of Dr Edward Vines at Braeside station.

1900 -  Poeling was hanged at Roebourne for the murder of Dr Edward Vines at Braeside station.

1900 - Weedabong was hanged at Roebourne for the murder of Dr Edward Vines at Braeside station.

1900 - The  East Camberwell railway station (Vic) was opened.

1904 - The QLD-based Downs Co-operative Dairy Co. (later Association) Ltd was formed today.

1906 - Johannes. An Ceylonese man hanged at Boggo Road Gaol for the murder of Constable Albert Price.

1906 - Twadiga .A man from Gawa Island (now in Papua New Guinea) hanged at Boggo Road Gaol for the murder of a boy, William Baulch, at Homebush near Mackay.

1912 - Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahoney Griffin won the competition to design the national capital.

1917 - The Tumbarumba Railway Branch Line (NSW) was opened from Wagga Wagga to Ladysmith, then from Ladysmith to Humula.

1918 - The Port Huon Fruit Growers' Co-operative Association Ltd was incorporated.

1927 - The world famous Claremont Speedway opened on this day.

1927 - Joseph Young Lynch, a freelance cartoonist who worked for Melbourne Punch and Smith's Weekly, and was a friend of poet Kenneth Slessor, threw himself off a Mosman-bound ferry near Fort Denison while drunk. He fought off a would-be rescuer and drowned; his body was never recovered. Joe's unruly life and tragic death inspired Slessor's elegy, 'Five Bells'.

1932 - Harry Frank (Jim) Broadbent won the annual New South Wales Aerial Derby.

1935 - Politician Sir Thomas Henley fell from a Manly ferry and was drowned. The man who tried to rescue him reported seeing a phial floating nearby and there were rumours of suicide. The coroner found no suspicious circumstances but a record of ill health: he had recently stood down from all public offices.

1936 - Edwin John Hickey was hanged at Long Bay Gaol for the murder of former Conciliation Commissioner Montague Henwood on the train between Faulconbridge and Linden. Hickey was seventeen at the time of the crime.

1943 – Hospital ship AHS Centaur was sunk by Japanese torpedoes off the coast of Stradbroke Island during World War II, 64 of the 332 armed services personnel on board survived.

1968 -  Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie began a five-day state visit to Australia.

1970 - World-famous Australian painter Sir William Dobell died, aged 70

1974 - t was reported in the Advertiser that the record torrential rains in the north of South Australia had caused more than $2 million damage to outback roads. Coober Pedy was cut off and Andamooka isolated; food supplies were later flown in from Woomera by helicopter. A bus load of tourists which tried to travel from Kingoonya to Ceduna had been forced to turn back. Cooper's Creek was three miles wide at the crossing of the Birdsville track and it was expected to flow for another eight months.
Further rain that day washed away 20 cars and flooded shops in the main street of Clare, while a tornado tore through Eudunda bringing down roofs and power lines and uprooting trees. The heaviest fall reported was 442 points at a farm north of Gladstone and the Hutt and Lower Light Rivers burst their banks. By Tuesday night all roads out of Port Augusta were cut. The rail line to Alice Springs was also cut causing the 'Ghan' to postpone its departure. By the end of the week the rains had moved into Victoria leaving South Australia with a massive clean-up.

1974 - Diane Minnis and Gary Schliemann’s Gay Pride Week trial was held at Central Criminal Court, Liverpool Street.

1976 - Activists picketed Club Castellos in Kellett Street Kings Cross for refusing to admit women.

1976 - Formation of Socialist Lesbians and Male Homosexuals.

1980 - The Gay Theatre Company presented P.S. Your Cat is Dead at the Wayside Chapel with the assistance of the first grant from the Australia Council for an openly gay play.

1984 – The one dollar coin was introduced in Australia.

1987 - ACON President Don Baxter and Executive Director Bill Whittaker met with Dr Neal Blewett, the Federal Minister for Health, marking a milestone in the development of relationships between AIDS organisations and the Commonwealth.

1988 - The Plaque and the Governors dining room restoration at Moss Vale Railway Station (NSW) was opened.  It is the only Australian example of a railway station with Vice Regal facilities.

1994 - 150 people took part in the first Community Support Network Tree Planting Project in Sydney Park to commemorate those who have died of AIDS.

1995 - 15,000 gathered for the 12 th Annual International Candlelight AIDS Memorial procession from Darlinghurst to the Domain.

2004 – Hobart woman Mary Donaldson married Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark in Copenhagen to become Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark.

2005 - A Tribute to Ruby Reds re-united former patrons at the Paddington RSL Club.

2007 - A team of Monash University scientists was appointed to report on which groups or behaviours are responsible for the increasing rate of HIV infections over the past 3 years. The national project, to review clusters of infections occurring between 2004 - 2006, was approved by Health Minister Tony Abbott after a string of high-profile cases raise concern about how state health authorities are
managing PLWHA.

2007 - An Australian teenager was awarded record damages including a lifetime income after a court found that his life had been ruined by bullying at primary school.

2007 - Australian authorities said they want to shoot more than 3,000 kangaroos on the fringes of Canberra, noting the animals were growing in population and eating through the grassy habitats of endangered species.

2009 - In Australia a court suspended a government program to kill 7,000 kangaroos on federal land near the Australian capital, halting efforts to thin a mushrooming population of the beloved marsupials that authorities say are threatening endangered species.

2014 - The Darwin Queer Histories Symposium was held.

6 comments:

  1. Thinking how good it is records are kept..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The amount of census records that have been destroyed in the past make genealogists weep!
      But, record keepers are pretty good sorts !

      Delete
    2. The amount of census records that have been destroyed in the past make genealogists weep!
      But, record keepers are pretty good sorts !

      Delete
  2. The women were just handed over to anyone who asked for them? Hiss and spit.
    Sadly there is another kangaroo cull about to take place in Canberra.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yeah, chattels to be passed about at whim, stock animals had more care and deliberation in sales.
      Sadly, the spread of hoomans keeps bumping up against native animals, much to the detriment of the animals.

      Delete
    2. Yeah, chattels to be passed about at whim, stock animals had more care and deliberation in sales.
      Sadly, the spread of hoomans keeps bumping up against native animals, much to the detriment of the animals.

      Delete

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