Monday, June 4, 2018

June 4 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1629 - The Dutch ship The Batavia got into a spot of bother when it hit an island off the Westralia coast and did what boats usually do in that situation - she sank.

1770 - Captain James Cook was sailing the east coast of Australia in his ship The Endeavour on Sunday 3 June, and named the area 'Whit Sunday' in reference to a Christian holiday on the religious calendar.
Except it was actually Monday 4 June.
Should've gone to Spec Savers.

1788 - The King’s Birthday was roundly commemorated on the edge of the distant shore  with 21 guns fired at sunrise, noon and sunset, flags flying on every ship, a days’ holiday for the whole community while all the officers not on duty, both naval and marine, dined with the Governor. The soldiers drank the King’s health in porter and the convicts were allowed half a pint of rum. The governor also issued a free pardon to the three convicts then in confinement for trial.
Gov Arhtur Phillip named the settlement New Albion rather than Sydney on this day.

1789 - Guv Phillip gave a little whoopee shout when his first Government House was finally finished to lock up stage, though he obviously had to get the convict women in to run up a few curtains, polish the floor, decide on the shade of lining boards for the reception rooms and1,000 other important details that men's brains have a meltdown over.

1789 - Supposedly for King George III's birthday celebrations but probably as a double delight for Guv Phillip the first theatrical performance was put on by the convicts; titled The Recruiting Officer it was a comedy that had the shackled ones rolling in the aisles....along with their iron balls.

1799 - Sydney was rocked by violent storms that caused plenty of damage.
Several govt buildings were ruined including the Military Windmill.

1814 - The Sydney Gazette reported;
It is reported that Aborigines from Jervis Bay have joined with the ‘mountain tribes’ (Gundungurra) and say they will kill the white settlers ‘when the moon shall be as large as the sun’ (ie at full moon).
Cogie, the Murringong (Cow Pastures) chief stays on friendly terms with the settlers, fleeing to Broken Bay. He alleges that the mountain clans are cannibals.

1816 - In celebration of the King's 78th birthday Gov Macquarie declared a public holiday, held a formal nosh up and released the 15 Aboriginal men, women and children who were being held in gaol under suspicion of being involved in "recent hostilities".

1817 -  During the usual holiday festivities in the colony Macquarie inspected 260 Boys & Girls, Scholars belonging to the 1st. & 2d. Public Charity Schools, and Military School at Sydney.

1819 - Lachlan Macquarie threw another holiday for the King's 81st birthday, eyeballed the convicts tucking into a decent meal (which included Punch and plum pudding !) in their new barracks, inspected the parade of Govt carts and gee-gees and the 21 gun salute in Hyde Park.

1821 - Elizabeth Macquarie and hubby were gallivanting about Tassie, flinging out more place names than you could poke a stick at, the likes of which were Curzon-Downs, Meredith Forest, Meredith Peak, Curzon Peak ( named in honor of Miss Meredith and Miss Curzon Friends of Mrs. Macquarie).

1824 - That fairy was granting wishes again in the Illawarra region when lucky lad Richard Henry Browne was granted 600 acres.

1825 - William Bond, Patrick Hoy and Daniel Horrigan, belonging to the gaol gang, were very naughty boys when they slacked off and were cheeky to the boss man. Henry Smith, Deputy Overseer states....the prisoners were placed this morning in my charge to work at the church. I could not get either of them to do any work and when I asked them to they abused me very grossly and told me they would work as they liked. I desired them to remove some rubbish that was in the way and they would not move and called me a man killing scoundrel. Bond, Hoy and Horrigan sentenced to 25 lashes each

1829 - Newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the Perth mainland.

1843 - For want of a pretty penny, the Sydney Banking Company went belly up.

1849 - The two Pegg brothers were killed at the Foster and Blaxland Gin Gin station, was avenged in a large-scale punitive expedition with 'over 50 station-hands and squatters' catching up with 'more than a 100 myals' camped at the mouth of Burnett River allegedly on the ground of the later 'Cedar' sugar plantation or Gibson's Cedars Estate. No numbers were made but the 'affray' was later described as 'one of the bloodiest in Queensland frontier history'.
Over sixty years later ploughmen on the Cedar plantation unearthed skulls, bones and weapons which were believed to be the site of the battle.

1853 - Samuel Smith, coach driver made a public apology to Mrs. James Hannell for the insulting language he used towards her in his coach. Agreed to pay 5 pounds to the Newcastle Hospital.

1853 - Bushranger Francis Melville wasn't feeling the brotherly love when he tried to bite off a sergeants nose on this day whilst imprisoned in the prison hulk Prsident in Hobson's Bay. He earned a beating from the warders (odd, that!) and 20 days in solitary.

1857 - Wonderful writer Barbara Baynton was hatched. Do yourself a favour and go read some of her work today...you might even get a bit more kul-cha than in the bottom of your yoghurt pot!

1884 - The Gwabegar Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Capertee to Kandos.

1911 - Rev Dr Sir Alan Walker was found in the cabbage patch.
Never heard of him?
He has saved countless lives by his simple creation of Lifeline.

1924 - Finally they were all hearing voices in Perth when radio station 6WF started broadcasting.
Westralian Farmers Co-operative Limited (Wesfarmers) began operating radio station 6WF from the top floor of the company’s Wellington Street building, officially opened by the Labor Premier of WA, Mr. Philip Collier.

1924 - Hearing more voices were the shell-like ears of those in Roseville, Sydney when the first radio transmission of human voice, Marconi’s, flitted over the airwaves from Chelmsford, England.

1932 - The Melbourne Motordrome (aka Olympic Park aka AAMI Stadium) became part of VFL/AFL history when Melbourne played the first of three VFL home games owing to the MCG undergoing resurfacing works. Melbourne lost all three games at the Motordrome.

1942 – The Uniform Income Tax Act, giving the Commonwealth government the sole right to collect tax for the duration of the war, came into effect.

1943 - The Albury Gaol was closed but was used by the Army for the remainder of WW2 as a lock-up.

1947 - The Roxy at Atherton, QLD, burnt down.

1959 – The Soviet embassy in Canberra re-opened after closing in 1954 as a result of the Petrov Affair.

1963 - A railway detective fatally shot an Aborigine running away from an attempted robbery. Kenneth (Ken) Brindle, community leader and Aboriginal rights campaigner, went to the Newtown police station seeking information; an exchange followed which ended with Detective-Constable Robert Armour charging Brindle with using insulting words. Brindle’s claim that he was assaulted by Armour was not recorded. In court in January 1964 six prosecution witnesses supported Armour’s evidence that Brindle was abusive and drunk but Rev. James Downing said that when he had inspected a wound on the inside of Brindle’s mouth on his release there was not a trace of alcohol on his breath. This testimony, together with other inconsistencies in the prosecution case, led to Brindle’s acquittal. The Council for Civil Liberties (New South Wales) supported a civil action against Constable Armour; the jury found in favour of Armour on the question of assault but awarded Brindle £400 damages plus costs for malicious prosecution. It was a significant victory for the Aboriginal community, which had rarely obtained redress through the legal system.

1964 - The British Blue Streak rocket was successfully fired from the Woomera rocket range in South Australia.

1966 - Concentration of 1ATF at Nui Dat was completed.

1969 - Hair premiered in Sydney at the Metro Theatre, Kings Cross. The Australian version of the controversial "tribal love rock musical" was by produced by Harry M. Miller, and directed by Jim Sharman. The cast included former Cam-Pact member Keith Glass, actor Reg Livermore and young African-American singer Marcia Hines, who had been specially imported for the show. The musical backing was provided by an augmented lineup of Tully, with special lighting effects by UBU and a specially-made 35mm film by UBU's Albie Thoms.

1973 - Gay Liberal activist Jeremy Fisher was chucked out of Dunmore Lang College at Macquarie University which resulted in the BLF banned any construction at the Uni at that time.

1973 - First meeting of the CAMP Women’s Association Research Group in Susan Street, Leichhardt.

1974 - The Federal Government announced a settlement of $1.7 million for 17 children who suffered catastrophic birth defects when their mothers took the anti-morning sickness drug Thalidomide while pregnant in the 1960s.

1978 - A demonstration was held outside Liverpool Street Court House where some of the original 78ers of Mardi Gras were being tried.

1985 - Melbourne claimed Grand Old Dame status (as opposed to Dirty Aged Tramp she'd been until the day before) when she turned 150.

1989 - Pink Ink, publishers of an anthology of lesbian and gay writers held a fund raiser at the Rose, Shamrock and Thistle Hotel, Evans Street, Rozelle.

1991 - Dick Cubadgee, Aboriginal guide and cultural broker, had passed to the stars in 1889 and, although his remains were buried his skeleton was mounted and displayed in the SA Museum. After consultation with the Warumungu community, Cubadgee's skeleton was buried in a moving ceremony in his ancestral country, at Jurnkurakurr on this day.

 1992 - Thw Mount Isa Parish Library and Resource Centre opened.

1998  - The Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation formally opened a six month process of public consultation leading up to a National Reconciliation Convention.

1999 - A new opportunity to focus the reconciliation debate was created. On this day, at a ceremony at the Sydney Opera House, the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation released its draft Declaration for Reconciliation.

2000 - Between 50,000 to 70,000 people joined a rally in Brisbane’s CBD to show support for reconciliation with the People’s Walk for Reconciliation.

2005 - Australian officials said a senior Chinese diplomat has sought Australian government protection for himself and his family, claiming he faces persecution if he goes home. Analysts said Chen Yonglin's defection could muddy Canberra's relations with Beijing.

2005 - The Pride History Group held a community forum on pre-Mardi Gras era gay and lesbian venues at the Taxi Club.

2008 - Melbourne researchers suggested that applying a weak oestrogen cream onto men’s foreskins, may increase the thickness of skin and generate a barrier to stop HIV passing into their bodies from an infected sexual partner. It stems from earlier work which found that apart from unprotected anal sex, men are most likely to contract the disease when the virus passes through the skin on the inside of the
foreskin.

2009 - Defense Minister Joel Fitzgibbon (47) stepped down after a series of scandals, in the first major embarrassment for PM Kevin Rudd. Fitzgibbon had been under pressure since March when he admitted not declaring to parliamentary authorities two trips to China paid for by wealthy businesswoman Helen Liu.

2013 - The Nina, a classic 85-year-old wooden vessel with 7 people onboard, went missing while sailing from New Zealand to Australia.

2015 - Nine months after the $55 million Cambodia deal, four refugees arrived in Phnom Penh from Nauru.

3 comments:

  1. As a long standing counsellor with Lifeline I did know of The Rev. Allan Walker. I didn't realise he had been knighted though.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Re the Cambodia deal (and what a woeful deal it was) I believe that one at least of those refugees has opted to go home. Which given the horrors they endured in Nauru says a lot.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Love the thought of convicts rolling in the aisle in their shackles while watching a comedy on stage!

    ReplyDelete

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