Tuesday, April 25, 2017

April 25

1789 - Following their departure from Tahiti, 1st Lieutenant Fletcher Christian and crew members threw a massive tanty - and a mutiny -  on HMS Bounty.

1815 - Lt-Gov Davey thought the bushrangers were having far too good a time so he proclaimed martial law throughout Tassie.

1829 – Captain Charles Fremantle fronted up off the coast of the present-day state of Western Australia, aboard HMS Challenger, with the intention of  completing his petite point needle work but settled for establishing the Swan River Colony, instead.

1854 - It was reported on this day that,
"Some minor patches of paying ground are now being turned over to the north of the Black Hill (near Ballarat, VIC); this hill may well be called a golden centre, as to one standing on it summit, "leads," are observable diverging in all directions"

1856 - The blokes who could tell time established the 8 hour Labour League in Melbourne.

1857 - Playing musical chairs William Pritchard Weston succeeded Thomas George Gregson as Premier of Tas; Dr William Clark Haines replaced John O'Shanassy as Premier of Vic.

1862 - The Woodend to Kyneton section of railway line (VIC) opened.

1876 - The University of Adelaide opened.

1885 - The Wilcannia courthouse was the scene of a very unlikely legal argument over the issue of cruelty to animals. It wasn't the case but the people involved which make the scene so memorable. One of the police magistrates was Edward Bulwer Lytton Dickens, the son of Charles Dickens, and one of the prosecution witnesses was Frederick James Anthony Trollope, the son of the novelist Anthony Trollope. An unusual meeting of the sons of two of the great literary figures of the day.

1887 - The pearling fleet at Cape Jaubert near Broome, WA, was decimated by a cyclone.

1892 - The Mount Dundas to Zeehan Railway Line in Tasmania opened.

1896 - Women had something to say and they let their votes speak for themselves when they were allowed to cast a ballot in the South Oz Legislative Assembly election.

1898 - The Willoughby tram service (NSW) was officially opened as an extension of the North Sydney network that had operated since 1886. 

1901 - Australian troops returned to Australia from the Boxer rebellion in China.

1911 - A.M. Longmore became the first Australian to receive an international aviation certificate.

1911 - Herbert Barclay was asked to investigate and report on a stock route from Newcastle Waters westwards to Victoria River, NT, and the Barclay Expedition Northern Territory Survey & Exploration Party left Alice Springs today.

1914 - Saturday 25 April 1914 was a particularly bad day for tram accidents in Carlton. In the morning, Walter England, a clerk at the Carlton Court, fell from a moving tram on the corner of Lygon and Drummond streets, and was dragged some distance along the road. Mr. England suffered injuries to his ribs and hip and was admitted to the Melbourne Hospital for treatment. That afternoon, a more serious accident took place near the corner of Grattan and Lygon Streets. John Griffiths, a 26 year old tutor at the University High School, was crossing the road behind a north-bound tram when he was struck by another tram travelling towards the city. Mr. Griffiths was pinned beneath the dummy of the tram, which had to be lifted off the rails before he could be extricated. He was taken to the Melbourne Hospital, suffering from a compound fracture of the leg, extensive abrasions, and shock.

1915 - Soldiers were landed at the wrong beach and struggled to wade ashore at what is now known as Anzac Cove.

1916 - The first anniversary of the Gallipoli landings was widely observed in Australia. The first Anzac Day was observed with large crowds attending church and public ceremonies. Aussie and New Zealand servicemen in Egypt and London also commemorated the day.

1919 - Anzac Day first commemorated with returned soldiers across Australia marching in parades.
The parade through Sydney was cancelled as a result of the influenza epidemic, but a public commemorative service was held in the Domain. Participants were required to wear masks and stand three feet apart.

1920 - The 25th day of April was declared a national holiday although it was not observed in every state until 1927, partly because of opposition from businesses who were fearful of its effect on profits.

1925 - The Australian War Memorial was founded in Canberra.

1930 - First Dawn Service held in Australia by Rev Arthur White, himself a WW1 veteran, at Albany, Westralia. This was where the first convoy of Anzac's sailed away and was, for many, their last glimpse of Australia.
Rev White laid a wreath on the water and, as it floated away, he said,
"As the sun rises and goeth down, we will remember them".

1931 - The National Soldiers' Memorial to South Australian sailors and soldiers who fell in the Great War 1914-1918, located on the corner of North Terrace and Kintore Avenue, Adelaide, was unveiled. 

1934 - The ANZAC Hill Memorial in Alice Springs was officially unveiled.The Reverend Harry Griffiths of the Australian Inland Mission suggested a memorial be erected on the crown of the hill and he was responsible for the design. The ashes of Reverend Griffiths and his wife are interred in the memorial.

1935 - While a recently caught shark was on show at the Coogee Aquarium it coughed up a man's arm, later identified as belonging to a former boxer, James Smith, who was, it turned out, missing.

1948 - British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines Ltd launches an air service between Australia and the US and Canada using Douglas DC-4 aircraft.

1975 – The Australian embassy in Saigon, South Vietnam, was closed and staff evacuated prior to the Fall of Saigon.

1986 - The 11th (and final) National Conference of Lesbians and Gay Men was held at the NSW University.

1990 - 75 years after the landing at Gallipoli Aussie WW1 veterans returned to pay their respects to those who didn't return.

1997 - The Gwabegar Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Kandos to Rylstone.

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