Sunday, December 10, 2017

December 10 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1790 - John McEntire was a convict gamekeeper to Governor Arthur Phillip, feared and hated by the Eora people he was speared by Pemulwuy and died soon after of his injuries, sparking a retaliatory expedition around Botany Bay.
On this day John McEntire was resting in a hide with a hunting party near Cooks River when they heard a noise in the bush and saw four Aboriginal men crawling towards them. 'Don't be afraid, I know them,' said McEntire, who spoke to the men in their own language, asking them to stop and offering them bread. McEntire believed Pemulwuy had been in Sydney because he was clean-shaven and had short hair. As the game shooter put down his gun, Pemulwuy stood on a log, fixed a spear in his womera (spear thrower) and threw it. 'I am a dead man', cried McEntire.
The jagged spearhead penetrated deep into McEntire's body, perforating his lung. When he extracted the spearhead, Surgeon John White found that it was barbed with 'small pieces of red stone' (silcrete flakes).
To show they were not at Cooks River during the attack on McEntire, Colebee and Bennelong separately travelled to Rose Hill (Parramatta) to visit Phillip that day. 

1792 – Governor of New South Wales Captain Arthur Phillip was granted leave and permitted to return to England.

1792 - Yemmerrawanne left his homeland on the banks of the Parramatta River to sail 10,000 miles to England with Governor Arthur Phillip and his Wangal kinsman Woollarawarre Bennelong, arriving at Falmouth in Cornwall on 19 May 1793.
1817 – Bushranger Michael Howe was caught, but escaped after killing his captors.

1858 - The first meeting of the Perth City Council was held on this day.

1859 - Today is Proclamation Day, marking Queensland's official separation from New South Wales.

1860 - The first annual Anniversary Regatta was held on this day and continued annually as one of Brisbane's most popular sporting fixtures of the year.

1862 - The Ebenezer Church Foundation Stone was laid today at Ballarat.

1877 - First issue of the Mackay Standard Newspaper.

1888 - Railway service to Burrundie, NT began.

1895 – Launceston, Tasmania became the first city in Australia to have streets lit by electricity; Launceston, becomes the first Australian city to be powered by hydro-electricity with the opening of the Duck Reach Power Station.

1897 - The Up side station building at Woodend, (Vic) was destroyed by fire.

1912 - The Jeparit to Lorquon Railway line (Vic) opened.

1915 – Father and son scientists William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg won the Nobel Prize in Physics, and were the first Australians awarded the prize.

1919 – Ross and Keith Macpherson Smith completed the first flight from Britain to Australia; Captain Ross Smith and his crew landed in Darwin and won a £10,000 Prize from the Australian Government for completing the first flight from London to Australia in under thirty days.

1923 – Sculptor Daphne Mayo became the first woman to receive a medal for sculpture from the Royal Academy.

1928 - The Department of Industry was established on this day as part of the Attorney-General's Dept to be responsible for industrial matters. The staff positions of the Dept were abolished in 1932 and the Dept superseded by the Dept of Labour and National Service in 1940.

1932 - The Great Emu War was declared over ; an abject failure after little more than 1 month with 986 emus killed with 9,860 rounds.

1934 – Qantas made its first international flight from Darwin to Singapore.

1941 - HM Ships Repulse and Prince of Wales sunk by Japanese torpedo bombers off Malaya , which came as a shock to those who had under-estimated Japan's military ability and had relied on the imagined impregnable Singapore naval base. The sinkings heralded the significance of air power in the Pacific war.

1945 - A deadly accident occurred at Labuan, off the north-west coast of Borneo, which killed six RAAF personnel including some senior officers. The Commanding Officer of No 93 Squadron, Squadron Leader D.K.M. Gulliver, was embarking on a communications flight in Beaufighter A8-184 when the aircraft swung on take-off and collided with two stationary Mustangs of No 77 Squadron parked alongside the strip. The Beaufighter sheared the engines off both Mustangs, A68-761 and A68-714, before bursting into flames. Five personnel on the ground were killed, including the Officer Commanding No 86 Wing, Group Captain L.C.M. Holswich. Squadron Leader Gulliver died in hospital 12 hours later as a result of burns. The cause of the accident could not be determined.

1948 - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly of which Australia is a member. The Declaration arose directly from the experiences of World War II, and represents the first global expression of basic rights and fundamental freedoms to which all human beings are entitled.

1954 - The Weeaproinah to Crowes (narrow gauge) Railway line (Vic) closed.

1958 - The Glenlee Colliery Railway Branch line (NSW) was opened.

1964 - Queensland Government declared a state of emergency in an attempt to end an industrial dispute at Mt Isa mines.

1966 - A helicopter crash in Sydney killed three people, the pilot and a man and a woman from an ABC-TV film crew. The chopper got into difficulty while filming over the centre of the city and attempted an emergency landing on the roof of the AMP building, but missed, careening off the wall of an adjoining office block before crashing through the roof of a third building. The helicopter narrowly missed the Rugby Union Club, where a Xmas party for 200 children is in progress. At the time of the crash UBU film makers David Perry and Aggy Read were shooting a new film, Harbour, at Darling Harbour and Read managed to capture a dramatic still shot of the doomed helicopter moments before it crashed; his picture was widely used in subsequent media reports of the crash.

1981 - Darwin Plaza on Smith Street, Darwin was opened by the Hon Paul Everingham Chief Minister.

1986 - The Australian Human Rights Commission (formerly known as the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission) was established on this day (International Human Rights Day) as Australia’s national human rights watchdog.

1988 - Gay Hate Murder 
Scott Johnson was killed for being gay. Fishermen found Johnson’s body at the bottom of a nearly 200-foot cliff at North Head in Manly, New South Wales on this day. His clothes were neatly folded at the top of the cliff. There was no suicide note.
At the time of Johnson’s death, it was common for groups of men in Sydney to go to these known spots at coastal cliffs, hunting for gay men to assault, rob and, at times, kill.

1992 - Former Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating delivered a speech at Redfern Park to officially launch of the Year of the Indigenous Person. Subsequently referred to as the ‘Redfern Speech’, it focused on reconciliation, and was the first acknowledgement by a Commonwealth Government of the dispossession of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

1997 - The Victorian Parliament passed the Audit Act Amendment Bill, reconstructing the office of the Auditor-General, after a three and a half hour debate in the Legislative Council. The WorkCover Bill abolishing the right of workers to sue their employers for workplace injuries was similarly passed next day.

1998 - The Derby Aboriginal Health Service (DAHS) was incorporated in June 1997 and opened its doors to the public in December 1998, with an official opening ceremony on December 10, 1998.

2002 – The High Court of Australia handed down judgment in the Internet defamation case, Gutnick v Dow Jones.

2006 - More than 3,000 firefighters battled some of Australia's worst wildfires in 70 years, as flames fanned by strong winds and searing temperatures destroyed one home and threatened dozens more.

2007 - Australia accepted seven asylum seekers from Myanmar as refugees as the country's new Labor government began unwinding tough immigration laws which force boatpeople into detention on Pacific island nations.

2008 - Taha Abdul-Rahman of Sydney was jailed for 3½ years for buying seven rocket launchers stolen from the military between 2001 and 2003, most of which have never been recovered by authorities.

2009 - In southeastern Australia more than 120 wildfires fanned by high winds and soaring temperatures raged, prompting emergency warnings for several towns.

2010 - Australia's attorney general declared 45 communities along the country's east coast disaster areas, following weeks of drenching rains that have submerged homes, destroyed crops and killed four people.

2012 - The Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia (ALSWA) was honoured with a Human Rights Award at the 25th Human Rights Awards, held in Sydney on this day.

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