Monday, December 11, 2017

December 11 On This Day in Australian History

1823 – Richmond Bridge (Tas) was opened, it is the oldest bridge in Australia still in use.

1848 - Edmund Kennedy was killed by Aborigines just short of his destination of Cape York.

1862 - A large number of people gathered in the streets of Adelaide to see the procession bearing the remains of Burke and Wills. From Kapunda the bodies were brought by train to North Adelaide and were then conveyed in a hearse drawn by four black horses along Port Road to the city where a band played the ‘Dead March from Saul’. The ill-fated pair was then transported to Melbourne by rail.

1922 - The Eugowra Branch Railway line (NSW) was opened.

1922 - Electric train services commenced from Oakleigh to Dandenong (Vic) and from Springvale to Springvale Cemetery (Vic).

1931 - Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland (not then part of Canada).

1941 - Single men aged 18 to 45 and married men aged 18 to 35 were called up for war.

1942 - Australian Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia.

1950 - Prostitute Jean Lee was sentenced to hang at Pentridge with 2 of her pimps after being convicted of the killing of SP bookmaker William Kent.
Lee is the first woman to be hanged at Pentridge since 1894

1950 - A Town Like Alice by Nevil Shute was published.

1952 - The 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment begins Operation Fauna in Korea, its objective is to capture prisoners and destroy enemy defences. Operation Fauna was a major trench raid on Chinese positions near Hill 355 to snatch a prisoner. Although no prisoners were taken, Chinese dispositions near Hill 355 were seriously disrupted.

1958 – The ICI House opened in Melbourne, the tallest building in Australia at the time.

1964 - Easybeats guitarist Harry Vanda married; in the evening The Easybeats met future manager Mike Vaughan at a dance in the the northern Sydney suburb of Hornsby.

1967 - The ABC premiered its new children's TV series, Adventure Island.

1972 - The Whitlam government announced the withdrawal of the last Australian forces in Vietnam.

1978 - The third Flinders St. to Spencer St.(Vic)  railway viaduct was opened.

1989 - Australia & Indonesia signed the Timor Gap Treaty

1990 – John Fairfax Holdings was placed into receivership.

1990 – Christine Woolgar and Noel Hayman graduated from the University of Queensland, to become the state's first Aboriginal doctors.

1991 - Loyalists crowded into PM Bob Hawke's office on this day and urged him to resign in the face of a challenge from Paul Keating. Gareth Evans' very colloquial advice to Hawke became part of political folklore:
"Pull out, digger, the dogs are pissing on your swag."

1993 – Dean Brown and the Liberal Party won the South Australian elections, winning government from Lynn Arnold and the ALP.

2001 - Australia reported that an Australian citizen, David Hicks (26), who had trained with the al Qaeda, had been captured in Afghanistan.

2005 – The Cronulla riots took place; racial tension erupted into violence on a Sydney beach when around 5,000 people, some yelling racist chants, attacked youths of a Middle Eastern background. White youths were angered by reports that youths of Lebanese descent had assaulted two lifeguards. Young men of Arab descent retaliated in several Sydney suburbs, fighting with police and smashing cars.

2006 - The Government announced its intention to introduce a citizenship test and values statements for permanent and selected temporary visa applicants.

2007 - Australia's Deputy PM Julia Gillard (46) took charge of government in the absence of the prime minister, becoming the first woman to run the country in its 106 years as an independent nation. Gillard will lead the government for just 60 hours while PM Kevin Rudd is in Bali for the United Nations climate conference.

2007 - Us Taken-Away Kids was launched – a magazine commemorating ten years since the Bringing Them Home Report was released.

2007 - Australian officials conceded that the welfare system failed a girl who was removed from a remote Aboriginal community after being sexually abused at age 7, then gang raped in 2006 at age 10 when she was returned to live in the town.

2008 - Australian police said detectives have charged 22 men including a policeman, a senior lawyer and a child care worker in connection with a child pornography-sharing network spanning 70 countries. Brazilian information, which was shared via the international policing network Interpol, identified more than 200 suspects in 70 countries.

2009 - Australia's PM Kevin Rudd threatened legal action against Japan if it does not stop its research whaling program that kills up to 1,000 whales a year.

2012 - In response to the heavy-handed police tactics (cars were stopped and Christmas hampers seized from Aboriginal people), and in the middle of a significant initiation ceremony, Garawa, Gudanji, Mara, Waanyi and Yanyuwa leaders and community members met with the police. It was a hot day and a hot meeting. Senior Aboriginal people were dismayed that they hadn’t been spoken to about the problem that unfolded at Borroloola, NT.

2013 - Amnesty International Australia released a report of its visit to the offshore processing facility in Manus Island. Entitled This is Breaking Peoplethe report asserts that offshore processing in Papua New Guinea “has resulted in a host of human rights violations” and recommends that the Manus Island facility be closed and all asylum seekers be transferred back to Australia to have their claims processed.

2015 - Australian naturalist and controversial conservationist Harry Butler dropped off the perch.

1 comment:

  1. How I wish that the Amnesty Report on Manus hadn't fallen on deaf ears.