Tuesday, December 12, 2017

December 12 On This Day in Australian History

1787 - Eleanor Higgins was a Convict and early settler of the Epping area. She was tried at the Old Bailey, London on 12 December 1787 for stealing four linen sheets and was sentenced to transportation for 7 years. She married David Kilpack who received a grant of 80 acres in Ryde which was known as the 'Field of Mars'. When David died she sold part of the land but continued to farm in her own right.

1787 - Rachel Moore was convicted of 'feloniously stealing' a range of clothing items including a muslin apron, silk border and velvet hood at the Old Bailey on 12 December 1787, she was transported to Sydney for seven years. In Sydney she formed a relationship with First Fleet surgeon John White with whom she had a son, and she later married Thomas Moore.

1815 – Captain James Kelly set out on circumnavigation of Tasmania, during which important observations were made on the resources of the west coast.

1851 - Standing Orders were adopted, the rules and protocols that govern Parliament. John Barker was appointed the Clerk of the Legislative Council, Captain Conran the Serjeant-at-Arms and Charles Ridgway the Librarian.

 1859 - The Richmond to Cremorne Railway line (Vic) opened.

 1860 – Initial riots on the Lambing Flat goldfields near present day Young, New South Wales.

1877 - Two males were washed overboard from the barque Mary Eady, near Sydney, and were both killed by sharks.

1882 - Australia’s worst gold mining disaster, to date, occured in Creswick, Victoria; water which had been accumulating in the Australasia No 1 mine burst through the wall of the reef drive, trapping 27 workers. Hearing the noise of the flooding above ground, water pump engine driver James Spargo increased the speed of the pump, and was quickly joined by two other engine drivers, James Harris and Thomas Clough. Over the next few days, the men ran the engines at more than 10 times their normal speed, trying to lower the water to save the trapped men. Unable to escape from the mine, the men sought respite from the rising waters in the small space of the No 11 jump-up, one of several cutaways where the men would “jump up” out of the way of the mine trucks. A special train was dispatched from Melbourne with equipment to dive into the water. Diving equipment borrowed from the HMS Cerberus, together with experienced divers, was sent up from Melbourne. It was Thursday (some sources say Friday) before the trapped men could be reached, and by that time, 22 had died. Only 5 were brought out alive.

 1884 - The Railway Construction Act, called the 'Octopus Act', authorizing 66 new railway lines in Victoria was assented to.

1895 -  T'was a dark day indeed when land and income tax was introduced in NSW.
 1906 – Australian federal election, 1906: The government of Prime Minister Alfred Deakin was returned to power, however voter turn-out was low.

1917 - The battle cruiser HMAS Australia was danaged in a collision with the battle cruiser HMS Repulse.

1917 -  Billy Hughes' Commonwealth Police were born, to protect the Little Digger against those nasty-pasties who frew a wotten eggie-weggie at poor widdle Biwwy.
1910 - The Oaklands Railway line (NSW) was opened from Lockhart to Yuluma.

1923 - Leo Wohill was swimming in the Tweed River at Murwillumbah, NSW, when he sustained non-fatal
lacerations to his leg following an unprovoked shark attack.

1928 -  Men! Gird your loins and brace yourselves with boardshorts, for goodness sake!
Speedos aka Budgie Smugglers were first produced.
1936 - George Lundberg was swimming at Throsby Creek, Newcastle when he was attacked by a shark, his leg was severed at the knee, an injury which proved fatal.

1941 - General evacuation of women, children, the aged and infirm of Darwin began, five days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

1943 - The Royal Australian Air Force Armament School moved from Hamilton to Nhill and the ChemicalWarfare School was established as a section of the Armament School.

1945 - Burning disposal of chemical warfare stocks at No. 19 Replenishing Centre commenced.

 1945 - Australian pathologist Professor Howard Florey awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his development of the antibiotic penicillin.

1961 - A Woman was fined for being "unsuitably dressed" ; wearing a bikini at Bondi Beach!

1966 - Lone round-the-world yachtsman Francis Chichester arrived in Sydney in his yacht Gypsy Moth IV.

1974 - A 32 year old male survived an unprovoked shark attack whilst swimming at Geographe Bay, WA.

1978 - Hundreds were arrested in Brisvegas after wild demonstrations in protest against Queensland's anti street march laws.

1981 – A referendum was held in Tasmania to vote for whether or not the Franklin Dam should be built. 47% voted for the original proposal, 8% vote for the compromise solution and 45% voted informally. It is estimated that up to one-third of all votes were for "no dams", which was not a sanctioned option.

1997 - Port Adelaide joined the AFL

1997 - NT introduced mandatory sentencing.

1997 - Federal Government signed Greenhouse Gas Emissions Protocol.

2002 - Australia's highest court dismissed one of the nation's longest running tribal land claims. The Yorta tribe began the battle in 1994 for a special property right known as native title in 800 square miles of land around the Murray River in eastern Australia. The area is now occupied by farmers.

2005 - Young people riding in vehicles smashed cars and store windows in suburban Sydney, a day after thousands of drunken white youths attacked people they believed were of Arab descent at a beach in the same area in one of Australia's worst outbursts of racial violence. About 50 cars had swept into the area, disgorging men of Middle Eastern appearance who began trashing every car in sight with baseball bats.

2007 - In Indonesia new Australian PM Kevin Rudd completed ratification of the Kyoto Protocol as he pressed for all nations, rich and poor, to commit to fighting global warming.

2008 - A court in Australia approved the use of Facebook, a popular social networking Web site, to notify a couple that they lost their home after defaulting on a loan.

2010 - Australia unveiled tough changes to finance laws, banning unpopular mortgage fees and cracking down on price collusion between major banks in a bid to boost competition in the sector.

2011 - Senior Australian naval officer Lieutenant Commander John Alan Jones (58) was convicted by a court martial of repeatedly spanking a junior female sailor to test her discipline and obedience.

2012 - In an historic day for Australia, SBS begin broadcasting nationally a dedicated Aboriginal TV service available free-to-air for the first time. The new channel incorporates NITV (National Indigenous Television) on SBS4 (digital channel 34) and starts at 12pm on 12/12/2012.

2013 - Australia's top court struck down gay marriage in the nation's capital, ruling that parliament must decide on same-sex unions.

2014 - Inverbrackie Detention Facility in South Australia, considered a detention facility with more humane conditions, closed and people detained there were relocated (the majority to the community after being granted a bridging visa).

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