Friday, December 15, 2017

December 15 On This Day in Australian History

1807 - John Macarthur defied Atkins' arrest warrant over the Parramatta affair by giving a written refusal to comply to the issuing officer.

1810 - Shocked at the horrendous architectural styles of combining wattle and daub with tree houses Governor Lachlan Macquarie introduced a building code into the New South Wales colony.

1829 - Thomas Peel rocked up at the Swan River colony with 300 settlers. They were, however, too late to be eligible for the land grant for his colonisation scheme.

1852 - 1921 A lot of boring as batshit legal mumbo jumbo legislation was being twittered about the corridores of various parliaments throughout the Island of Oz.
I culled them to prevent you all from nodding off into your coffee.

1852 - Colonial Secretary Sir John Pakington authorises NSW Vic SA & Tas to draft new separate constitutions providing for an elected lower house and a nominated upper house.

1875 - A Bill in NSW Parliament granting married women the right to own property was rejected on the grounds that 'it would undo the God-founded institution of matrimony'.

1877 - Eleven year old Albert Thomas Burless had his leg severely bitten by a shark ( leg was later surgically amputated) whilst bathing at Peacock Point, Balmain, Sydney.

1882 - The first female union in the Land of Oz was formed when female tailoresses tossed their collective thimbles out the window and created The Victorian Tailoresses Union.

1891 - Rabbits were declared to be in plague proportions across Australia. Estimate of numbers was 100 per acre of outback Australia.

1897 - Laws were enacted in Queensland to prohibit Aboriginal people accessing liquor and opium. The 1897 Protection of Aborigines and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act was to affect Indigenous rights in Queensland for much of the 20th Century.

1900 - HMS Royal Arthur delivered the goods when it off-loaded the first Governor-General of Oz, Earl of Hopetoun, in Sydney.
Who proceeded to commit The Hopetoun Blunder and we shall never speak of this unfortunate event in his presence again.....
Hopetoun's error in calling on Lyne to form a government became known as the "Hopetoun Blunder", and it marked the beginning of what many historians consider to be his unsuccessful term as Governor-General.

1904 - The Arbitration Court established.

1905 - Gals in Queensland were cock-a-hoop when the male of the species graciously gave them the right to vote in state elections.

1909 - Mr. Witt was taken by a shark when he fell overboard 20 miles off the coast of Sydney.

1910 - Extension of the railway line from Cloncurry to Selwyn via Kuridala (QLD) was opened.

1915 - The Murray River Commission was established to develop and control irrigation along the Murray River.

1917 - F. W. Dean suffered lacerations to his leg from an unprovoked shark attack whilst swimming at 5.00am at Port Hedland, WA.

1920 - The Commonwealth Bank was given responsibility for issuing new bank notes.

1921 - The Tariff Board was established.

1922 - Queensland became the first state to abolish the death penalty.

1939 - Charles Mene, a Torres Strait Islander, joined the armed forces on this day. He served throughout the Second World War, the occupation of Japan and the Korean War where he earned the Military Medal.

1961 - Robert Gordon Menzies' Liberal Government is returned to power with a majority of just one seat after a General Election. Before the poll it had a majority of 32 seats.

1965 - The Sydney to Newcastle expressway opened.

1969 - The Ceduna, SA, OTC earth station was flung opened, linking Australia to Asia, Africa and Europe by satellite.

1972 - The Commonwealth of Australia ordered equal pay for women.

1974 - The first regular FM radio broadcast in Australia commences with Sydney station 2MBS-FM broadcasting classical music from its Crows Nest studio.

1978 - Artist Brett Whiteley became the first person to win the top three art prizes in one year - the Archibald, the Wynne and the Sulman prizes.

1993 -On this day Uluru became the first icon in Australia to be given back its Aboriginal name, giving birth to a wave of dual-named sites and landmarks across Australia.

1994 - The Mount Lyell copper mine at Queenstown, Tasmania, closed down after 101 years of operation.

1997 - The Central Land Council and traditional owners signed five new mining exploration agreements covering an area of land larger than the Australian Capital Territory. The agreements signed in Darwin with mining companies Otter Gold NL, Aberfoyle Resources Ltd and Adelaide Resources NL, covered 2,931 sq km of Aboriginal land in the western Tanami region of the Northern Territory.

1997 - On this evening, the first students to ever obtain a degree in Indigenous Australian Art graduated from Griffith University’s Queensland College of Art. The Queensland Conservatorium hosted the ceremony where five students received their Bachelor of Visual Art in Contemporary Australian Indigenous Art degrees.

1997 - In Australia a government report said that at least 1,045 retarded women and girls have been sterilized since a 1992 law that made it illegal without special approval.

1998 - A female surfer suffered leg injuries from a shark at Middleton Beach, South Oz.

2005 - Australia announced a major program to expand and upgrade its military forces to cope with increasing commitments at home and abroad.

2005 - An emergency sitting of Australia’s parliament passed special laws allowing Sydney police to "lockdown" parts of Sidney to stop racial unrest. The New South Wales (NSW) state parliament also increased the penalty for rioting from 10 to 15 years and doubled the sentence for affray to 10 years.

2007 - Josh Edwards sustained lacerations to his hand due to an attack from a small shark whilst he was swimming at South Stradbroke Island, QLD. 

2008 - Australia pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least five percent by 2020 to fight climate change, but critics said the plan was a "global embarrassment" and called for deeper reductions.

2009 - Australia said it would push ahead with a mandatory China-style plan to filter the Internet, despite widespread criticism that it will strangle free speech and is doomed to fail. Communications Minister Stephen Conroy said new laws would be introduced to ban access to "refused classification" (RC) sites featuring criminal content such as child sex abuse, bestiality, rape and detailed drug use.

2009 - Australian scientists reported the discovery of an octopus in Indonesia that collects coconut shells for shelter, unusually sophisticated behavior that the researchers believe is the first evidence of tool use in an invertebrate animal.

2010 - Australia signed an agreement with Brazil to share knowledge on putting on the Olympics to help preparations with Rio's hosting of the 2016 Games.

2010 - In New South Wales, Australia, police found seven boxes of chemical glassware used to make drugs when a van was stopped outside the town of Quirindi. A forensic search of the van later found 43 pounds of hidden ecstasy tablets with a street value of about 20 million Australian dollars ($19.7 million).

2010 - In violent seas off Australia’s Christmas Island at least 48 refugees, thought to be from Iran and Iraq, died after their wooden boat shattered before horrified witnesses. 42 survivors, including 9 children were rescued. On January 24, 2011, Australian authorities charged three Indonesian men with people smuggling. Iranian-born Ali Khorram Heydarkhani (40) was detained by Indonesian authorities on January 25 but only sent to Australia after overstaying his visa. On May 12, 2011, he was charged in Sydney with offences relating to the boatpeople disaster.

2010 - Ben Zygier (34) reportedly committed suicide in a high-security Israeli jail after being held for months in great secrecy. His body was soon flown from Israel to Melbourne for burial. The Australian man had reportedly been recruited by the Israeli spy agency Mossad. Zygier's crime was to inadvertently reveal the identity of Ziad al-Homsi to a Lebanese man he was trying to turn into a double agent, but who worked for Lebanese intelligence. Al-Homsi had been approached by Mossad in 2007 and flown to China on the pretext of attending a mayoral convention.

2011 - Australia’s independent Remuneration Tribunal recommended pay hikes for most politicians and public servants. PM Julia Gillard was recommended for a bumper 31 percent rise to take her salary past that of US President Barack Obama.

2012 - More than 30 years after the Mabo decision the Queensland government returns the title over the Murray Islands back to the Meriam people.

2014 - Lindt Cafe seige occurred. 

2014 - A male spearfisher was fatally injured by a Tiger shark at Rudder Reef, QLD.

2016 - The Tasmanian government passed into law an amended preamble to the Tasmanian Constitution Act to formally recognise Aboriginal people “as Tasmania’s First People and the traditional and original owners of Tasmanian lands and waters”. Tasmania was the last state that had to amend its constitution in that way.
An historic amendment to Tasmania’s Constitution to recognise Tasmanian Aboriginal people received Royal Assent today.

2016 - Jeremy Rockliff, Minister for Education and Training in Tasmania, announced new Aboriginal curriculum resources for schools including the first of the resources (five videos) were available to raise awareness and improve understanding of Tasmanian Aboriginal histories and cultures in schools, and to raise aspirations for levels of attainment and further education for Aboriginal students.

2016 - The Victorian Aboriginal and Local Government Action Plan was launched  in Shepparton, as an important resource for councils across the state to work towards:
improving relationships with Aboriginal communities
promoting reconciliation
engaging Aboriginal people in planning, decision-making, employment, programs and services across all areas of their organisations.

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