Tuesday, December 19, 2017

December 19 On This Day in Australian History

1840 William Thomas, Aboriginal Protector, established a station at Narre Narre Warren which was visited by the chief protectorate, George Robinson, on this day.

1855 - A bill was passed like a rich man through the eye of a needle introducing this new fangled idea of a secret ballot.
So next time you wander down to toss your vote in the box without fear or favour of upsetting your neighbour, remember the smart-arse Melbournians dreamt the whole thing up.

1858 - The Post Office building in Sturt St, Ballarat was officially opened.

1859 - The St Kilda to Chapel Street (Windsor) section of railway line (Vic) opened.

1859 - The Windsor to North Brighton Railway line (Vic) opened.

1862 - A male was taken by a shark in the Brisbane River, QLD, whilst attempting to rescue a wounded bird.

1877 - The Hamilton to Portland Railway line (Vic) opened.

1877 - Cable communication to Europe restored after being broken for four months.
And you thought the NBN was bad...!

1881 - The Caulfield to Mordialoc section of railway line (Vic) opened.

1883 - Cuthbert Vere Lysaght was fatally injured by a shark whilst swimming in the Parramatta River, NSW.

1887 - The railway line from Kew Junction to Kew (Vic) was opened.

1896 - Sydney's Palace Theatre opened.

1906 - Commonwealth legislation authorised the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Scheme.

1919 - Royal Commission on high prices presented its final report to Parliament.
High prices on what I have not the foggiest but knowing politics it's probably something deathly boring so let's just leave well enough alone, shall we?

1930 – For the first time Perth was linked by telephone to the rest of Australia.

1932 - The British Broadcasting Corp. began transmitting overseas with its "Empire Service" to Australia. 

1938 - The works of Aboriginal artist Albert Namatjira were first exhibited at the Fine Art Society Gallery, Melbourne.

1940  - Jack Ryan suffered a minor injury to his leg from a shark while he was fishing at Double Island Beach, QLD.

1941 - Officals in Darwin evacuated 1066 women and 900 children by sea, with the first group leaving Darwin aboard the Koolinda on this day.

1943 - Crash of a C-47 of 22nd Troop Carrier Squadron 374th Transport Group 30 miles north of Rockhampton at Rossmoya Rd, Canal Creek, QLD.
Of the 31 people on board, 20 were American servicemen, 3 US Army nurses (Lieutenants Williams, Smith and Korranda), an Australian war correspondent, a YMCA and a Salvation Army Welfare Officer, as well as Australian servicemen.
This remains the second-worst air disaster in Australia.

1945 b- HMAS Air Mist, an Air/Sea Search and Rescue Vessel, ran aground and was lost  on rocks at Morna Point whilst under tow back to Australia.

1946 - The Japanese ship Koei Maru docked at the Port of Melbourne and took aboard 2,000 Japanese prisoners of war who were homeward bound.

1949 – Robert Menzies becomes Prime Minister of Australia for a second time, serving until 1966.

1949 - The last Sandringham air service, ZK-AME "New Zealand", Sydney Auckland, Captains P. Le Couteur and L. Parry. The Sandringhams were sold to Australia.

1950 - Two swimmers reported having their legs nipped by a Wobbegong shark at Jervis Bay, NSW.

1951 - The Springvale to Springvale Cemetery Railway line (Vic) closed.

1951 - HMAS Sydney completed a tour of operations off Korea's west coast.

1959 - Stanley Arthur Mullen was fatally attacked by a shark when he dived from his dingy to retrieve a dropped oar Off Wynnum in Moreton Bay, near Brisbane, QLD.

1964 - The newly-built town of Jindabyne, relocated for the building of the Snowy Mountain Hydro-electric scheme, was opened.

1967 – John McEwen becomes the eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia following the disappearance of Harold Holt.

1970 - Germaine Greer's controversial feminists book, The Female Eunuch, was published.

1972 - The full Whitlam ministry was sworn in.

1972 - Department of Aboriginal Affairs
One of the early reforms of the new Whitlam government was upgrading the Office of Aboriginal Affairs to ministerial level. This fulfilled an election promise designed to meet the responsibilities allocated by the 1967 Referendum.

1972 - The last Australian troops leave Vietnam. Of the 49,211 Australian personnel who served in Vietnam, 499 were killed, 2 missing believed killed, and 2,069 injured.

1984 - A meeting of National and State health ministers agree that HIV-positive test results are to be reported to state health authorities. The gay community is concerned that if individual details are to be reported, people will stop testing because of privacy concerns.

1989 - Wangi Power Station Railway Branch line (NSW) was closed.

1991 – Paul Keating makes his second Labor leadership challenge. This time, he wins 56–51 and becomes Australia's 24th Prime Minister the next day

1991 - The Belmont Railway Branch line (NSW) was closed for business.

1991 - The Clipsal Powerhouse, South Oz (now known as The Titanium Security Arena) was opened on this day at a cost of $16 million with the capacity to revert to a three-court international-standard facility.

2000 - Doctors call for urgent national research on Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), amid growing concerns that airlines are dealing with a major health problem.

2000 - The Queensland Government signed a Justice Agreement committing it to the goal of halving the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in prisons and appearing before the courts.

2002 - Victorian-based Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commissioner Chairman Geoff Clark was re-elected as ATSIC Chairman for a second term on this day.

2011 - Members of an Australian class action lawsuit, who blame a German pharmaceutical company's anti-morning sickness drug, Thalidomide, for causing birth defects, won the right to have their case heard in their own country. The class action against Grunenthal is open to Australians born between Jan. 1, 1958, and Dec. 31, 1970, who were injured after their mothers took thalidomide while pregnant.

2011 - The first people of the Gawler Ranges, the Kokotha people from the desert; Barngarla from the Eyre Peninsula; and Wirangu from the West Coast. won their 14-year battle for native title rights.
Families gathered at Paney Station to hear the judge make orders over 3.5 million hectares on the edge of the Nullarbor, between Eyre Highway and the Indian Pacific railway line.

2012 - A male surfer came away from an encounter with a Tiger shark at Trigg Beach, WA, with no injuries.

2013 - The Minister for Immigration issued a directive (No. 62) specifying that family visa applications lodged by refugees who arrived by boat should be the lowest processing priority, meaning that they have virtually no chance of success. The directive applied to all family visa applications currently in the pipeline as well as all future applications. People affected by the directive who have an application pending will not have their substantive visa fee refunded should they choose to withdraw their application. There is no priority for families facing compelling or compassionate circumstances. The directive does not apply to Australian citizens.

2016 - CSIRO and Environmental Resources Management (ERM) were joined by traditional custodian group representatives to salvage artefacts from two paddocks within the Ginninderra (Canberra) site ahead of the proposed future development. Artefact salvage, together with conservation measures in the landscape, are important for protecting heritage features and strengthening the connection between Aboriginal communities and their heritage values.
Joe House from Little Gudgenby River Tribal Council, Karen Denny from Buru Ngunawal Aboriginal Corporation, James Mundy from Ngarigu Currawong Clan and Carl Brown from the King Brown Tribal Group were in attendance, and the group was able to record and recover all artefacts required with the help of Bruce Isaac (CSIRO), Sarah Ward (ERM) and Katherine Deverson (ERM).

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