Saturday, December 2, 2017

December 2 On this day in Australian History

1642 Members of Tasman's crew became the first Europeans to tip toe through the tulips ...set foot on Van Diemen's Land (later renamed Tasmania).

1811 Samuel "The Flogging Parson" Marsden was on a winner when he shipped 1,800 kgs of wool to England.

1823 Oxley eyeballed the entrance to the Brisbane River.

1826 Anglican leader Samuel Marsden to Archdeacon Scott,”Report on the Aborigines of N.S.W" described Aborigines as incapable of industry, reflection or future planning, roaming the bush “like the fowls of the air or the beasts of the field”.

1829 The penal colony's surgeon Dr Thomas Braidwood Wilson with a small party consisting of two convicts, an Aboriginal guide named Mokare, a soldier and a Mr Kent, Albany's commissariat officer, set off from Albany to explore the hinterland. They reached Mount Barker (which was named after Captain Collett Barker, the settlement's commandant) in late 1829 and then turned west and south reaching the coast near the present day site of Denmark.

1831 Major-General Sir Richard Bourke (who obvioucly liked a title or two) rocked up to Port Jackson to start his new gig as Governor.

1842 First home buyers were able to buy the first specks of dirt for sale at Gundagai.

1854 - The Eureka Stockade was constructed; about 4 feet high it was made of wooden slabs and reinforced with wooden carts turned on their sides, encircling approx. an acre of land that included civilian tents that housed men, women and children alike.
The password at the Eureka Stockade on the night of 2nd December 1854 was "Vinegar Hill".

1911 - Mawson and his mob of hardy, hearty explorers sailed off from Hobart to check out the night life and fun times to be had mapping Antarctica.

1914 The first Aussie military aircraft were sent off to war.

1917 The "temporary" war-time law of pubs closing at 6pm came into being and birthed The Six O'Clock Swill with thousands binge drinking as much grog as they could between finishing work and 6pm closing.
The "temporary" measure lasted , like Australia, for 50 years.

1920 The Enemy Aliens Act prohibited the entry into the Fair Isle of Oz by any Turks, Germans, Bulgarians, Hungarians and those who generally encouraged the overthrow of the Aussie Govt. from December 2, 1920 for five years.

1920 - That new-fangled elec-trickery black magic stuff was used to convey the first electric train services from Flinders Street Station to Fawkner.

1953 The trial of Mr One-by-One aka Edward Windeyer began in Sydney. Wineyer forged 10 pound notes and used them, only one at a time, at various race meetings; he got 7 yrs gaol.

1956 ATN7 Sydney was officially opened.

1967 - The still-recuperating Max Merritt & The Meteors played their comeback show at Berties Disco in Melbourne. It was their first gig since the near-fatal crash in July that seriously injured three of the band's four members, and their only gig in the second half of the year.

1970 The numbat was officially listed as endangered.

1972 After 23 years in the outer the Aussie Labo(u)r Party was voted back into power under the leadership of the mighty Gough Whitlam.

1972 Neville Bonner (1922-1999) became the first Aborigine to be elected to the federal Parliament.

1975 In 1975, the Queensland Government, under Premier Bjelke-Petersen, passed legislation which facilitated bauxite mining on the Aurukun Aboriginal Reserve. The Aurukun Associates Agreement Act (1975) (Qld) required a mining consortium to pay 3% of profits into an ‘Aboriginal Welfare Fund’ as compensation to Aurukun mission residents.The government claimed to have consulted the Aurukun community and obtained agreement on the compensatory measures included in the legislation.
Aurukun residents, including Donald Peikinna, then Chairman of the Aurukun Council, disagreed and obtained a Supreme Court injunction against Killoran, the Director of the Department of Aboriginal and Islander Advancement.This was supported by the Presbyterian Church, and financed by the Australian government. The Supreme Court injunction was lodged on 2 December 1975 before the third reading of the Aurukun Associates Agreement Act 1975.
The matter went to the Privy Council in London and mining in the area halted for 3 years pending the Privy Council’s decision. Eventually, the case was lost by Peikinna on appeal and the Queensland Government was granted permission to continue mining the area.

1977 - A 4.7 earthquake from Balliang, near Geelong, rocked many across the state with one boy suffering a broken arm as he was shaken from his top bunk on the Morninton Peninsula, and minor damage in Anakie.

1986 - Justice Mary Gaudron became our first chickybabe appointed to the High Court of Oz.

1997 Two die in bushfires at Lithgow in NSW.

1998 n Alice Springs a Forum of educationalists attended by over sixty (60) people including many experienced Indigenous educators gathered to discuss the future of Aboriginal education in Alice Springs, particularly for Arrernte-speaking high school age students. As the Forum was listening to a proposal concerning the implementation of Arrernte and Warlpiri languages as part of the curriculum for Aboriginal children in Alice Springs schools, news arrived that the Northern Territory Government Minister for Education Peter Adamson had just announced in the parliament his government's intention to replace bi-lingual education with ESL programs throughout the Territory.

1998 Bushfire claims five firefighters at Linton in Victoria.

1999 A rail collision outside Sydney killed 7 passengers and injured over 50. A commuter train with 450 people slammed into the back of the transcontinental Indian Pacific with 159 passengers.

2000 350,000 walk for reconciliation in Melbourne and Perth

2004 The Long Walk officially came to an end as the walkers arrived in Canberra. The final leg wound its way through the heart of the city and the weary walkers were joined by thousands of supporters as they made their way to the Prime Minister's office.

2007 Night time thieves stole 17.6 tons of ham and bacon from a warehouse in suburban Sydney and left behind a message saying “Thanks" and “Merry Christmas." The stolen meat was worth up to $88,000.

2013 A class action over birth defects linked to the morning sickness drug thalidomide was settled in a court, with the British distributor agreeing to pay victims Aus$89 million (US$81 million).

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