Sunday, January 14, 2018

January 14 On This Day in Australian History

1788 - Convicts disembarked from their world trip cruise at Botany Bay, but they didn't get much sight-seeing done, for some reason...

1803 - Lieutenant-Colonel David Collins drew the short straw to found a new settlement at Port Phillip... give up now David, it'll all end in tears....and Bill Buckley doing a runner!

1816 - Micky Micky, an Indigenous man, was admitted to Newcastle Gaol from Brisbane charged with various attempts to murder. Sent for trial.

1815 - The road over the Blue Mountains was completed to the Macquarie River.

1830 - In a classic lesson to update your maps when trekking around a new colony, Charles Sturt named a puddle of H2o the Murray River, not realising the oh-so-modest Hamilton Hume had had the honour of naming it after himself 6 years earlier.

1834 - Charles Waldron of the Illawarra district was belted to death although he took a good long 4 days to expire when convicts Mary Maloney and Sarah McGregor battered their tyrant boss (though not with a nice beer fish batter).
Over-whelming public sympathy saw their death sentences changed to 3 years imprisonment.

1837 - Gov Hindmarsh got hisself in print when the first printing press in South Oz became operational with the printing of the Guv's Proclamation "Establishment of Government".

1839 - Breakout attempt at Carter's Barracks by 19 soldiers confined there because of severe punishment such as being worked on the ring. The punishment of the ring was similar to the practice of breaking in horses. The men were made to form four deep and march round the ring twenty times, and afterwards ten times at double quick pace.

1840 - The SA Land Commissioners were dissolved by Lord John Russell, Secretary of State For The Colonies, and replaced by three Land & Emigration Commissioners, whose powers were extended over the sale of the waste lands of the Crown throughout the British Colonies and for applying the proceeds to emigration. Col Robert Richard Torrens continues as Chairman.

1842 – Mary MacKillop, the only Australian to be canonised, was hatched in Fitzroy, Victoria.

1852 - William A'Beckett was appointed first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria.

1852 - Beruke, or Gellibrand, member of Native Police Corps, buried at South Yarra Depot, near Clara Street.

1852 - Melbourne failed in its bid to become Australia's capital.

1856 - Weenpulta, Weellanna , Yardulunulkarna and Eelanna were Hanged at Franklin Harbour for the murder of Peter Brown.

1856 - John Scott was Hanged at Perth Gaol for the murder of William Longmate at Vasse.

1866 - Bushranger John Dunn escaped briefly from Dubbo Gaol, NSW.

1875 - Bobbinett was arrested (and later Hanged) for the murder of Police Lance-Corporal William Archibald Armstrong on this day near Kojonup (WA).

1876 - Just for Eddie McGuire....Collingwood was proclaimed a city.

1878 - A cyclone damaged every building in Palmerston (Darwin), NT.

1888 - Sydney to Brisbane rail link opened with the completion of the Hawkesbury River railway bridge.

1896 - A Brisbane ferry steamer capsized on the Brisbane River, killing 28.

1896 - Camden N.S.W. reported that the heatwave reached temperatures of 123°F = 50.5°C
Headlines shouted ..”Great Heat Wave ” “LIST OF CASUALTIES.”

1901 - Jackie Underwood was Hanged at Old Dubbo Gaol for the murder of Percival Mawbey at Breelong. He and Jimmy Governor also killed Helen Josephine Kerz, Mrs Sarah Mawbey, Grace Mawbey and Hilda Mawbey in the same incident.

1914 - Charles H. Odgers was Hanged at Fremantle Prison for the murder of Edith Molyneaux at Balgobin, Dandalup on 3 October 1913; also charged with murder of Richard Thomas Williams on 14 September 1913 at Waroona.

1939 - Grab an icy pole and head down to Bondi...Sydney was feeling all furnace-like today as the temperature climbed to 45.3 degrees Celsius.

1939 Bushfires throughout NSW claimed 8 lives with temperatures in Sydney reaching 113.6 F (45.3 C).

1950 - The Fair Isle of Oz went against the popular trend when Ho Chi Minh declared the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was the only government; Oz barracked for the French-sponsored government of Emperor Bao Dai.

1952 - Gheringhap to Maroona (Vic) railway passenger service ended.

1956 - Murchison to East Rushworth (Vic) railway passenger service ended.

1958 - Qantas began flapping its wings for around-the-world air services. The prices are still out of this world, too!

1960 - A Reserve Bank The proclamation of the Commonwealth Banks Act and the Reserve Bank Act split the Commonwealth Bank of Australia into the Commonwealth Banking Corporation and the Reserve Bank of Australia.

1962 - Bush-fires swept through Lara and the Dandenong Ranges claiming 14 lives.

1966 - Robert Helpmann was named Australian Of The Year.

1968 - Isobel Mackellar, better known as Dorothea Mackellar who rhapsodised about sunburnt torsos and speedos in The Fair Isle of Oz in her poem My Country, popped her clogs on this day after a long period of illness.

1976 - The effects of a tsunami, originating in the Kermadec Islands, was felt along the NSW coastline.

1976 - Cyclone Terry-Dance (later shortened to Dance when it entered the Mauritius Tropical Cyclone region) approached maturity when sustained winds reached 150 km/h.

1985 - Bushfires in Victoria and South Australia took 5 lives.

1988 - Cyclone Agi ceased to meet the requirements of a cyclone as it passed into the Fiji region.

1991 - The oldest examples of prehistoric artistic expression in the world, estimated as being up to 45,00 years old, were found in the South Australian outback.

2002 - David Hicks was branded a 'terrorist' by the then Attorney-General of Oz, Daryl Williams.

2007 - Australia's Environment Minister Ian Campbell told national radio that Japanese whaling ships on their annual hunt in the Antarctic are banned from docking in Australia and should use restraint in looming clashes with protesters.

2011 - The flood peaked in Charlton (Vic) with 80% of properties inundated with water.

2014 - Bangor bushfire (SA) began on this day; it wasn't declared safe until a month later. While 5 houses were destroyed, dozens were saved. A number of sheds were lost, with extensive damage sustained to fencing, and at least 700 sheep perished in the fire. 24 injuries were recorded but none serious, most involving smoke inhalation and heat exhaustion due to the extreme weather conditions that crews were working in.

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