Monday, January 22, 2018

January 22 On This Day in Australian History

1787 - Oh how simply marvelous old chap, a spiffing good idea for the British Parliament to start a penal colony in that far off land Or-stray-lia.

1809 - Lieutenant William Lawson proceeded to Newcastle on the Estramina to take over the settlement as Commandant. He was accompanied by Charles Throsby.

1836 - A town began to grow, throwing out its tendrils of commerce, when the first land sales were held at Singleton in NSW.

1836 - The South Australian Company was constituted.

1848 - It cost over 2,000 pounds and took a year to complete but they built a powder magazine in the side of Batman's Hill. I'm guessing it's no longer there...

1853 - The Act to establish our own University of Melbourne, for all our clever clogs born in the colony, was passed along with the prunes by the Victorian Legislative Council and Queen Vicky gave it the royal nod.

1866 - James Martin (Premier) and Henry Parkes formed a coalition in NSW.

1870 - The Central Market in Adelaide was officially opened on this day At the early hour of seven in the morning the Mayor and Councillors were at the market when, after a short speech by the Mayor to the assembled crowd of growers, stall holders and citizens, the market was declared open for the sale of produce, marketable commodities, hay and wood. After the formalities the representatives of the Corporation adjourned to the Metropolitan Hotel nearby for breakfast where several toasts were proposed. The Artillery Band provided entertainment throughout the proceedings.

1882 - Royal Commission on employees in shops (Vic) was established.
To ask questions like,
 "Shop employees, can we eat them on Fridays?"
"Do these employees come in other colours to match my haberdashery?
"Can we sell them in pet shops?"

1889 - Louisa Collins was Hanged at Darlinghurst Gaol for the poisoning of her husband at Botany.She was the last woman hanged in New South Wales.

1891 - St Paul's Cathedral in Melbourne was officially consecrated.

1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies met in Melbourne to discuss confederation.

1900 - The Rozelle - Darling Harbour Goods Rail Line (NSW) was opened.

1907 - Cooktown, Qld, was devastated by a tropical cyclone.

1910 - Flinders Street Station that we know and love was officially opened.

1919 -The state of Victoria was declared infected by Spanish Influenza and placed in quarantine. Public meetings were prohibited, travel in long-distance trains was restricted, the NSW government closed the border with Victoria and public buildings were shut. Around 12,500 Australians – mostly young, healthy adults – died from the highly infectious virus.

1920 For the obligatory bit of politics - the Australian Country Party was not throwing another Democracy Sausage on the barbie but was, in fact, getting birthed at a meeting of farmers on this day.

1930 - Australia ratified the Geneva Protocol (1925) which banned the use of poisonous or other gases.

1931 - All wages were cut by 10 percent to cushion the effects of the economic depression.

1934 - An electric trolley bus came into service from Liverpool Street, Sydney, to Potts Point.

1934 - Cairns suffered damage and flooding from a cyclone.

1941 – Tobruk surrendered to Australian 6th Division.

1941 - The Tottenham Branch Rail Line (NSW) was closed from Tottenham - Mount Royal Smelters.

1943 – HMAS Patricia Cam was sunk by Japanese aircraft near the Wessel Islands.

1948 - The de Havilland DHA Drover, an Australian designed and built aircraft, had its maiden flight.

1953 - The NT Legislative Council passed legislation to give Northern Territory Aboriginals full citizenship rights unless they were under state care.

1954 - Australia acceded to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. It was the sixth nation to ratify the treaty, thereby bringing it into force, and a founding member of the UNHCR’s Executive Committee.

1956 - Circular Quay Loop, linking underground stations Wynyard, Town Hall, Museum, St James to the harbourside station Circular Quay, of Sydney's underground railway line was opened with flourish and fanfare.

1965 - No Archibald Prize was awarded that year as the picky,picky,picky judges judged no entry worthy of the esteemed art prize. Ohhhhhh-er !

1970 - The Victorian Kaye inquiry heard evidence that huge bribes had been paid to Melbourne police to protect an illegal abortion racket. It was alleged that the then-current and former heads of the Homicide Squad, Inspector Jack Ford and Superintendent Jack Matthews, had both been paid bribes of about $600 per month for eight years as part of the racket.

1976 - Malcolm Fraser didn't have much of an ear for music so he declared that Australia had four national anthems - 'Advance Australia Fair' for official functions; 'God Save The Queen' for Royal and Vice-regal functions; with either of the above or 'Waltzing Matilda' and 'Song of Australia (lyrics)' for other functions.

1984 - A Sydney Harbour Ferry, Karrabee, went down the gurgler at Circular Quay during the Great Ferry Race.

1988 - Tennant Creek, NT, was shaken by two earthquakes, one of which registers 7 on the Richter scale.

1994 - The citizen's pledge was changed so that no longer is allegiance pledged to the Queen.

1996 - The Rozelle - Darling Harbour Goods Line (NSW) was closed from Balmain Road Junction - Darling Island.

2008 -  North Korea said it will close its embassy in Australia because it can no longer afford it.

2011 - Activists protested at the fragile kutalayna Aboriginal site in Tasmania’s lower Jordan Valley, in dispute is the route of the Brighton bypass highway, north of Hobart.The kutalayna site is part of an old travelling route of the Mumirimina people, beside the Jordan River in the state’s south.
The site is rich in ancient artefacts, dating from 40,000 years ago right through to the 1800s The Tasmanian government is pushing ahead with a bridge that will damage the historic site. Aboriginal activists and their supporters want the bridge to be moved at least 300 metres away.

2015 - National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), the peak Aboriginal health organisation, on this day told a Senate inquiry today that more must be done to reduce the high rate of Hepatitis C infection among Aboriginal people.

2016 - It was announced that The Aboriginal Health Council of WA secured Federal Government funding to ensure the future of the Carnarvon Medical Service Aboriginal Corporation.

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