Friday, January 26, 2018

January 26 On This Day in Australian History

1788 - Two French frigates of the Lapérouse expedition sailed into Botany Bay as the British were relocating to Sydney Cove in Port Jackson.

1791 - Starting the Aussie tradition of throwing a party for no reason, the flag was flung up the mast to celebrate the beginning of the colony 3 years earlier.

1798 - Explorer George Bass transferred 5 escaped convicts from Glennie Island back to the mainland expecting them to walk back to Sydney.
Strangely they were never seen again....*cue alien music*

1798 - Something that was sighted, although they're fast disappearing, were the first koala and lyrebird near Bargo NSW, by John Price, Governor John Hunter's servant.
The animals didn't rate the Europeans very highly.

1808 - John Macarthur was arrested and gaoled, sparking the Rum Rebellion. Military officers forming the court demand Gov William Bligh granted Macarthur bail and stand down Atkins'; Bligh summons them to appear before him the next day; Major George Johnston signed an order for the release of Macarthur, proclaimed martial law, marched on Government House and arrested Bligh.

1818 - Starting the Aussie tradition of throwing a public holiday for no reason, Governor Macquarie let the populace have a day off from hard slog to celebrate and to build up history and pride.

1818 - Not celebrating on this day was Richard Collyer who was Hanged on the Newtown road, Hobart, for the murder in 1815 of Carlisle and O'Byrne at New Norfolk.

1827 - A public meeting was held in Sydney to demand trial by jury, taxation by representation, and a Legislative Assembly elected on manhood suffrage.

1838 - Waterloo Creek Massacre took place 50kms south-west of Moree.
5 white men were killed while between 120-300 Aboriginal People of the Kamilaroi Nation murdered by police commandant Major James Nunn.

1838  - The foundation stone for Holy Trinity Church North Terrace was laid by GovernorJohn Hindmarsh.

1838 - The 50th Anniversary of the Colony was celebrated with a regatta on Sydney Harbour and a Public Holiday.

1844 - Governor FitzRoy pottered across to NZ and, despite the demands for revenge in the Wairau Massacre of 22 settlers, he decreed the Maori had been provoked by the Europeans' unreasonable actions.
So revenge was off the menu.

1849 – The Australasian Anti-Transportation League was formed after a public meeting at Launceston, Tasmania.

1850 - Today saw the first issue of the Irish Exile: Freedom’s Advocate newspaper in Tassie.

1855 - Work commenced on foundations of the Victorian Legislative Assembly.

1858 - Adelaide was roasting nicely to the tune of 46.8 degrees C.

1858 - First telephone line began operation in NSW between Sydney GPO and South Head.

1865 - Bushrangers Ben Hall, John Gilbert and John Dunn raided the township of Collector, NSW; Const Samuel Nelson was shot dead by Dunn.

1866 - Colonial Office rebuked Gov Darling of Victoria for permitting financial and constitutional irregularities by the McCulloch government.

1874 - Explorer Peter Egerton Warburton arrived in Roebourne, WA. after trekking across the outback.

1882 - The rail line from St Arnaud to Cope Cope (Vic) was officially opened.
Yes, yes, I know, it's on your daily trek to the coalface...up a little from Gre Gre North and Gre Gre South, to the left of Teddywaddy West and south of Wachem West.
Easy to find.

1893 - The Peter Lalor Statue in Ballarat was unveiled.

1896 - Cyclone Sigma killed 18 in Townsville, Qld.

1914 - The South Coast Railway Line (NSW) was opened from South Waterfall Temporary Junction - Helensburgh Temporary Junction.

1924 - 3AR, Victoria's first radio station, began cluttering up the airwaves with chit-chat.

1925 - Not to be outdone by its southern counterpart, radio station 2UE began babbling into a mike from Sydney.

1927 - Perth magistrate, G.T Wood was appointed as Royal Commissioner to investigate the charred remains found on Forrest River by Aboriginal deacon and tracker, Rev James Nobel.

1938 - The first Day of Mourning was held when defiant Aboriginal protesters gathered in the Australian Hall in Sydney calling for citizens rights.

1938 -  The launch Rodney capsized in Sydney Harbour.

1940 - Brisvegas was baked to a crisp by 43.2 degrees C.

1943 – The Defence (Citizen Military Forces) Act (1943) was passed which provided for the use of conscripts in the South-Western Pacific Zone (SWPZ) during the period of war.

1943 - Arrival of chemical weapons stocks on ship “Taranaki”

1949 - Australia’s first citizens
The Nationality and Citizenship Act came into operation, creating Australian citizenship. Although Australians remained British subjects, they were now citizens of their own country as well. The Act retained the definition of ‘aliens’ as those not British subjects. Irish citizens and ‘protected persons’ within the British Commonwealth were excepted.

1951 - Unable to pinch him for the allegations about John Wren in his book Power Without Glory, they tried it on by committing Frank Hardy to trial for criminal libel against Wren's missus.

1957 - The Argus ceased publication.

1958 - Thousands of frustrated Greek chappies vented their frustrations when they rioted in Melbourne after the bridal ship Castel Felice was 9 hours late.

1958 – Australia's first and only nuclear reactor HIFAR went critical for the first time, full power generation occurred for the first time in 1960.

1959 - Break open a Drawin stubbie, luv...Darwin was granted city status.

1960 - Build up the camp fire and bust out the marshmallows, Mildred, the Aussie of The Year Awards started.

1966 - Something that still makes us hug our children close and sends shivers down our spines was the Beaumont children disappearing into thin air.

1966 - Australia's first woman Government minister, Senator Dame Annabelle Rankin, was part of the new ministry of Harold Holt following the retirement of Prime Minister Robert Gordon Menzies.

1968 - Lionel Rose was the first Indigenous person to be named Australian of The Year.

1971 – In the capital city of Australia four children and three young adults were killed in the 1971 Canberra flood.

1972 - The Aboriginal Tent Embassy was set up in the wee hours on the lawns of Parliament House in Canberra.

1972 - In Brisbane homeless Aboriginal people drew attention to their plight with a planned tent city in Central Brisvegas.

1974 - Today saw us farewelling the swing doors on suburban trains (Vic) and beginning to slide open those lovely rattly noisome things.

1978 - Land rights in the Northern Territory
The proclamation of the Northern Territory Land Rights Act in 1976 enabled traditional owners to claim unalienated land. The Act provided for a Commission to hear claims and with power to grant a limited title. This was the first Australian law enabling claims to traditional ownership to be judged.

1981 – The Australian Institute of Sport was opened.

1988 - Australians celebrated the 200th White anniversary of their country as a grand parade of tall ships sailed in Sydney Harbor, re-enacting the voyage of the first European settlers.

1988 -  More than 40,000 people, including Aborigines from across the country and non-Indigenous supporters, staged what was the largest march in Sydney since the Vietnam moratorium. There were a dozen buses of Victorian Aborigines among those congregated. The protesters marched through Sydney chanting for land rights. The march ended at Hyde Park where several prominent Aboriginal leaders and activists spoke.

1988 - Standing below the cliffs of Dover, Aboriginal Burnum Burnum (Henry James Penrith) claimed Britain on behalf of the Aboriginal people as a gesture to highlight the plight of contemporary Aborigines in Australia.

1993 - 37-year old Aboriginal rock singer Mandawuy Yunupingu was declared Australian of the Year.

1994 - Prince Charlie Windsor was attacked by a chap who fired 2 shots from a starter's pistol during some kind of function at Darling Harbour.

1995 - Painter Arthur Boyd was named Australian of the Year.

1997 - Nobel Prize winner Professor Peter Doherty was named Australian of the Year.

1998 - Cathy Freeman was named Australian of The Year.

2000 - Sir Gustaf Nossol, 68-year old scientist and deputy chairman of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation, was named Australian of the Year.

2012 - Two Australian adventurers reached home and made Antarctic history by becoming the first team to travel unaided to the South Pole and back, surviving three months of "extreme hardship." James Castrission (29) an accountant, and Justin Jones (28), a scientist, skied 2,270 km (1,400 miles) to complete the arduous trek. The pair reached had the Pole on December 31.

2014 -  In northern Australia a crocodile was suspected to have taken a boy (12) after attacking his friend as they swam in a water hole in at Mudginberri Billabong in World Heritage-listed Kakadu National Park.

2014 -  A shark was shot and killed in Western Australian under a new strategy to protect swimmers.

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