Wednesday, February 14, 2018

February 14 On This Day in Australian History

1779 - Jimmy Cook aka Captain Cook met a sticky end at the end of a sharp stick aka spear on the Sandwich Islands aka Hawaii.

1788 - Norfolk Island was reserved for the Lt Gidley King party, who sailed off on this day on the ship Supply, to found a settlement between ordering the entrees and desserts.

1792 - The first shop in the NSW colony opened (to rip off the customers) for business.

1792 - The convict ship Pitt rocked up to purge its cargo of Lieutenant Governor Grose and the company of the NSW Corps.

1800 - Robert Campbell returned to Sydney from Calcutta and established a trading and importing business.

1802 - John Murray pottered, peered and prodded around Port Phillip.

1807 - Spoil-sport party-pooper Gov Bligh stamped his foot and imperiously declared the banning of the use of spirits to barter for, the very odd case, of gaining a ball and chain (wife).

1827 - Frederick Tooth, Aussie brewer, was poured into the world.

1830 - Feeling all generous, magnanimous and with many digits crossed an experimental farm was established at York (West Oz).

1837 - A river boat was observed to sink shortly after leaving Birch’s Bay, Tasmania, with a cargo of timber for Hobart, with her two crew drowned.  The incident was seen by timber splitters who made no attempt to rescue them, despite having two dinghies ; they later being strongly condemned in the press.

1840 - The ship, the Adam Lodge arrived from Cork with 272 government emigrants, having made the passage in three months and one day. They were described as ,
".... The people with a few exceptions were of a very inferior description, and were moreover burdened with large and useless families, consequently the greatest difficulty was experienced in disposing of them and many remained disengaged in the Barracks for a very long period...."
1841 - SA Police pursued the French ship Ville De Bordeaux for evasion of Customs regulations Glenelg and Pt. Adelaide. It was a major French / British diplomatic incident.

1843 - Foundation stone of the Australian Subscription Library's new building in Macquarie Street, Sydney, was laid by Alexander Macleay.

1846 - Start strutting your neck to knee costume, Myrtle!
Robinson Baths in Sydney's Domain played host to the first ever Aussie swimming championships with Mr Redman taking a very un-Olympic-like 8 mins and 43 seconds to win a 440 yard freestyle splash 'n' dash.

1858 - The first mass was celebrated in the newly completed St Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne.

1879 - Ballina was a lovely old iron paddle steamer of the top drawer who was probably most embarrassed to have run her ample derriere aground when she was almost-but-not-quite-clear of the Port Macquarie channel, and thoroughly wrecked herself.

1882 - Romeo was sailing between Hamburg and Sydney when the captain mistook land for a fog bank and ran the vessel ashore five kilometres west of Ram Head, Victoria . All nineteen on board, including the captain’s wife and child, were saved. The coastal trader Rosetta notified officials at Melbourne that the vessel was ashore with all sails loose, and the Government vessel Despatch was sent immediately to the scene.
Should have gone to Spec Savers...

1885 - The Victorian Govt, always good at sending other people's loved ones away to conflicts, offered to send boys off to bloody battle war in the Sudan.

1887 - An agreement was signed between brothers William and Ben Chaffey and the South Australian Government to set up an irrigation colony on the River Murray at the site which is now Renmark. The Government made 20,000 acres of land available, with the right to acquire further sections, to the Chaffeys who had been persuaded to come to Australia from California by Alfred Deakin to start an irrigation scheme at Mildura.

1889 - The first through train travelled from Perth to Albany, WA

1900 - I hear pan for the hills, Miranda !
According to the fictional book Picnic at Hanging Rock 3 fictional girls went missing during a fictional outing from their fictional snooty private girls school near factual Woodend.
Just don't ask about that missing chapter that explains everything....

1900 - The relief of Kimberley, Orange Free State, South Africa, was a major operation undertaken to break the Boer siege of the town.  500 Australians of the Queensland Mounted Infantry, New South Wales Mounted Rifles and New South Wales Lancers were involved in the breaking of the siege as part of the cavalry division commanded by Lieutenant-General John French.

1909 - Lady Mildred was having a Very Bad No Good Shocker of a day ; as she was steaming along merrily from Newcastle to Melbourne she found herself blown ashore and wrecked at Waterloo Point, on the east side of Wilsons Promontory. Her crew were taken on to Melbourne by the SS Moorabool.

1916 - AIF soldiers weren't too impressed with the strict training conditions at Casula Camp in NSW; their rioting, ransacking pubs and hijacking trains might have got the message across somehow.

1922 - Tasmanian women became eligible to stand for State Parliament.

1924 - A new fan-dangled cooking doohickey wowed the housewives in Melbourne who could finally put a fancy name to throwing all the left overs together in the Casserole.

1926 - Black Sunday fires on this day killed 31 people in Warburton, near Melbourne. Over the two-month period, a total of 60 people were killed.

1928 - Brisbane was hit by a cyclone causing serious flooding with 5 people drowned.

1935 - A lucky chap escaped with only abrasions after an encounter with a shark whilst surfing at Austinmer, NSW,

1936 - Rowers, store your oars!
The Brisbane River Bridge was opened at Indooroopilly.

1942 - The Japanese attacked Sumatra. Aidan MacCarthy’s RAF unit flew to Palembang, in eastern Sumatra, where 30 Royal Australian Air Force Lockheed A-28 Hudson bombers were waiting. The elation was short-lived as Japanese soldiers were parachuting into the jungle that surrounded the airfield.

1942 - The Vyner Brooke, carrying 65 Australian nurses and other refugees from Singapore, was sunk by Japanese aircraft one day after leaving the island. The survivors made their way to Banka Island where one group of nurses were massacred by their Japanese captors. Only Sister Vivian Bullwinkel survived the massacre.

1944 - Feeling a tad warm in the luxury of the coal mines the miners began a strike in NSW.

1946 - Disposal of No. 1 Central Reserve chemical warfare stocks by burning commenced at Newnes State Forest.

1946 - Frederick Thompson 32 became the last person to be executed in Tasmania when he was hanged on this day at Campbell Street Gaol for the murder of eight year old Evelyn Maughan.

1949 - Showing the trend they intended to follow come Hell or high water the Victorian Govt proved its leadership skills by closing the meandering 6.80kms (4.2 miles in the calorie counter) the Alberton (you remember that pitiful station platform?) to Port Albert railway line....but there might be a rail trail to tramp along IF the Vic Govt has coughed up the necessary....but check with proper authorities.

1956 - The Man From Snowy River star Tom Burlinson was hatched.

1958 - The Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines was founded.

1958 - Queen Elizabeth II and the Queen Mother arrived in Canberra at the start of an Australia-wide visit.

1966 - Aussies started warbling the following ditty to the tune of "Click Go The Shears" when decimal currency was thrown at the masses -
In come the dollars, in come the cents,
To replace the pounds and shillings and the pence,
Be prepared for changes when the coins begin to mix,
on the 14th February 1966.

1966 - The Avon Valley railway deviation in the Darling Ranges east of Perth opened, thereby completing the standard guage railway link from east to west.

1970 - The final Sydney Proms concert featured the premiere of Peter Sculthorpe's Love 200, with words by Tony Morphett, performed by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra conducted by John Hopkins, augmented by Tully and Jeannie Lewis, with special effects by Ellis D. Fogg.

1973 -  The Rolling Stones played music, not tennis, at Milton Park Tennis Courts, in Brisbane.

1975 - Feeling a little less regal but still puffed up with hot air importance The Order of Or-Stray-Lia was introduced.

1975 - The cruise liner Patris arrived in Darwin to act as a floating hostel post Cyclone Tracy.

1984 - Elton John did the unthinkable during a brain fart moment and got hitched to Renate Blauel at St Mark's Church in Sydney.

1986 - Jupiter's Casino opened its doors and the piggy banks of its patrons.

2004 – The 2004 Redfern riots started in the inner-Sydney suburb Redfern.

2008 - Legendary country singer/songwriter Smoky Dawson rode off into the sunset, as all country singers have wont to do, aged 94.

2011 - Australian scientists have been able to cure HIV-like infections in mice by boosting their immune systems using a hormone known as Interleukin-7 which stimulates the body’s response to an infection, causing it to clear the virus. This process is called immune exhaustion. The findings may lead to a cure for chronic viral infections like HIV, hepatitis B and C, as well as bacterial infections such as tuberculosis.

2012 - Three former Aboriginal children’s homes were added to the NSW State Heritage Register: Cootamundra, Bomaderry Aboriginal Children’s Home and Kinchela Aboriginal Boys Training Home.

2017 - The Co-Chairs of the National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples and prominent Aboriginal leaders from across Australia formally presented the Redfern Statement to parliamentary leaders in Canberra.

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