Thursday, March 1, 2018

March 1 On This Day in Australian History

1816 - Thomas Hill was Hanged for cutting and maiming a police constable near Parramatta.

1816 - William Langford was Hanged for highway robbery on the Parramatta Road, robbing Wm. Wright of a silver watch.

1828 - William Fowler was Hanged at Hobart for the murder of a little girl.

1828 - Henry Williamson was Hanged at Hobart for the murder of Malcolm Logan at Green Ponds (Kempton).

1836 - The Newcastle Breakwater was inspected by Chief Engineer Captain Barney and declared to be a decided failure.
When those pioneers set out to fail they did it in spectacular fashion.

1845 - Taswegians everywhere busted open their mattresses to deposit their pennies in the Hobart Savings Bank on its first day of business.

1856 - Civil registration started in News South Wales (including Queensland).

1858 - Edward Brown was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for Robbery With Violence at Ararat Racecourse.

1858 - William Jones was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for Robbery With Violence at Ararat Racecourse.

1862 - The Police Regulation Act was passed by the colonial Parliament and on this day all existing police forces amalgamated to establish the NSW Police Force under former Army Captain John McLerie as Inspector General.

1864 - Bush blocks in the Northern Territory were going for a bargain in London and Adelaide today.

1869 - Although they claimed it was Monday-itis, thousands of pigeons went hungry as the city teemed with people busting a garter belt to spy the Duke of Edinburgh on his flying visit.

1870 - Today a riot occurred in the staid city of Adelaide during a recession and high unemployment which, at times, the government alleviated by employing men on public works. The men had been offered work digging trenches for the sum of 1s 10d per rod, (about 5 metres) allowing a good worker to earn 3s per day which they considered was insufficient to keep a family.
A large group of men gathered opposite the Treasury Building on King William Street. The numbers grew, they crossed the street and tried to rush into the government offices. They were expelled by police who had been called to the scene. The men re-grouped near the Town Hall and again marched towards the Treasury Building. This time they were thwarted by mounted police who used the flat of their swords to disperse the crowd. They retaliated by throwing stones. Several were arrested and sent for trial. But the men made their point and the government agreed to a better rate of pay.

1872 - The Wollongong Lighthouse came into permanent use.

1878 - The railway line from Moe to Bunyip (VIC) opened.

1889 - The Yarra Glen to Healsville Railway Line (Vic) opened.

1900 - The railway line from Quambatook to Ultima (Vic) opened.

1901 - Oooo-er, look at you!
Australia got Federated and got all fancy n frocked up.
The Postmaster-General's Department (PMG) became effective. It controlled all postal services in Australia, and later also controlled the telecommunications services.

1901 - Naval and military forces of the States transferred to Commonwealth control. With Federation state and federal authorities began planning for the establishment of federal military forces.

1901 - The Australian Navy was pupped.
*It didn't get dipped in Royalty until 10 July 1911.

1902 - The Colac to Beech Forest (narrow gauge)  Railway line (Vic) opened.

1905 - The Aboriginal Reserve near Woodford in the South Burnett district, Durundur, was closed and the remaining " inmates " were transferred to Barambah (later named Cherbourg)

1910 - RC Banks unsuccessfully attempted first powered flight in Australia at Digger's Rest, Victoria, using the same biplane used in earlier attempt by Colin Defries.

1913 - Most of the land in Northbridge was owned by the New North Sydney Investment and Tramway Company (a successor to the company which had built the Suspension Bridge). Its first subdivision was 127 blocks for which an auction was held on this day.

1914 - Australian military aviation was born on this day when Lieutenant Eric Harrison flew a Bristol Boxkite from Point Cook in Victoria.

1919 - The extraordinary newspaper Smith's Weekly hit the newstands for the first time and left many speechless, through fury and tears of laughter, with its editorials and cartoons.

1937 - The NSW Commissioner for Road Transport, Sydney Aubrey Maddocks was arrested by police at Lane Cove on the night of this date in the company of an 18-year-old who gave his name as Michael John Peterson.

1940 - In the establishment of the Australian Legation in the United States Richard Gardiner Casey presented his credentials as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Government of the United States.

1942 - HMAS Perth sunk in Sunda Strait. Having survived the battle of the Java Sea HMAS Perth and the United States Cruiser Houston were sunk in a battle against overwhelming Japanese forces off the western tip of Java. 353 of Perth's 680 crew were killed in the battle.

1943 - Senior Constable Frederick Edward Jones, Victoria Police, died whilst on duty.

1954 - Adelaide was rockin' and rollin', not to music but to the earthquake that topped the Richter Scale at 5.4

1957 - Mackay Regional Electricity Board (M.R.E.B.) created taking over supply of Electricity from the Mackay City Council.

1960 - A new pharmaceutical benefits scheme commenced, with a wider range of prescribed medicines subsidised by the government.

1961 - Echuca was celebrating as it was no longer a village but had graduated into a City.

1965 - The Australian Amateur Swimming Union stunned the nation with its decision that Olympic champion and 1964 Australian of the Year Dawn Fraser was to be banned from all amateur competition for ten years. The decision followed an inquiry into Fraser's alleged misbehaviour during the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.

1967 - Go-Set headlined with news of The Bee Gees signing to Brian Epstein's NEMS organisation and the banning of the annual Moomba pop concert by the Trustees of the Myer Music Bowl.

1967 - The Constitution Alteration (Aboriginals) Bill 1967 was presented to the House of Representatives.

1968 - UNSW student Roger Foley presented UBU films at an Orientation Day function, followed by a performance event (smashing a piano) and a "Psychedelic Party" using UBU lights.

1970 - Nine Australian troops were killed and 29 injured in heavy fighting in the Long Hai mountains, near Nui Dat in Vietnam.

1970 - The Indian Pacific transcontinental train successfully completed its first journey across Australia, covering 3961 kilometres in 65 hours.

1971 - The Federal Labor Party frontbencher, Bill Hayden backed gay law reform.

1972 - The first Australian commercial gay magazine William and John , ceased after 8 issues.

1975 - And life was never the same again after colour TV was officially introduced into lounge rooms everywhere. ABC-TV's starring show The Aunty Jack Show was the first full show in bright technicolour.

1975 - The Stanhope to Gigarre railway line (Vic) closed.

1975 - One of the first commercial shows to be broadcast in full colour was the Seven Network's Sounds, the national two-hour music show hosted by former DJ and sometime pop singer Donnie Sutherland.

1975 - Our Livvy aka Olivia Newton-John won the Grammy for Record of The Year for I Honestly Love You, a song many school choirs have butchered in now-banned school nativity plays.

1978 - Australian National Railways (ANR) took over operation of all non metropolitan services in South Australia.

1981 - The Bandiana to Cudgewa railway line (Vic) closed.

1981 - The Diggora West to Cohuna (Vic)  Railway line closed.

1981 - The Kerang to Koondrook railway line (Vic) closed.

1982 - Const. Stephen Henry, Victoria Police, died whilst on duty.

1989 - The first meeting of a self help group for young people affected by HIV was held at ACON, Surry Hills.

1990 - Perhaps the reason behind a low recruitment rate everywhere, the Royal NZ Navy were the last to put the kybosh on the daily ration of rum. *sob*

1993 - The Federal Disability Discrimination Bill made discrimination unlawful on the basis of AIDS/HIV in employment and accommodation.

1997 - Gumala Aboriginal Corporation (GAC) signed the Yandi Land Use Agreement (YLUA) with Rio Tinto (then called Hamersley Iron).

2000 - Freight Victoria changed its name to Freight Australia.

2001 - Queer City – Gay and Lesbian Politics in Sydney a collection of essays edited by Paul Van Reyk and Craig Johnston was launched.

2001 - The Bobby Goldsmith Foundation recorded its most demanding month, with 467 clients requesting assistance.

2001 - Dr Marie Bashir, Governor Elect of NSW granted vice regal patronage to the Gay and Lesbian Counselling Service (NSW).

2003 - The Sydney Mardi Gras flounced its fabulous way down the street to the theme of "25 Years of Gay, Lesbian, Transgender, Bisexual and Queer Culture:.

2008 - In Australia up to 300,000 people lined Sydney's streets to watch the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, as the largest gay pride march in the Asia Pacific region marked its 30th anniversary.
The theme was Brave New Worlds.

2010 - In Australia about 5,200 naked people embraced each other on the steps of Sydney's iconic Opera House for a photo shoot by Spencer Tunick.

2012 - The 150th Anniversary of Policing in NSW.

2014 - The fantastically wonderful Mardi Gras was frocked up and fitted out to wow them in the aisles with the theme of  Kaleidoscope.

2015 -  The Matagarup Aboriginal Refugee Camp was set up on Heirisson Island in Perth, anticipating the looming refugee crisis that will be caused by the remote community closures.

2016 - A coronial inquest into the death of an Aboriginal woman in police custody in Broome, Western Australia in November 2012 led to changes in local custodial procedures.

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