Wednesday, March 28, 2018

March 28 On This Day in Australian History

1791 - Convict William Bryant, his wife Mary and their two children, and seven other convicts escaped Port Jackson in Gov Arthur Phillip's cutter. In April they reached Port Stephens, and by June they arrived in Kupang, Timor. Here they were arrested by Capt Edward Edwards of the HMS Pandora, the victim of shipwreck on the Great Barrier Reef.

1795 - ‘Woods natives’ were blamed when Thomas Webb was wounded and his hut was plundered at the Hawkesbury. A spear was thrown at soldiers in a boat on the river.

1810 - The stork dropped off Edward Henty, the first permanent settler in Victoria.

 1818 - OOOh, ahh! Trouble for the Flogging Parson! Gov Lachlan Macquarie withdrew Rev. Samuel Marsden 's status as a JP and magistrate.

 1837 – The Hoddle Grid of streets for Melbourne's central business district was eyeballed by Robert Hoddle.

1839 - The first recorded encounters at Langhorn's Ferry and Rufus River involved the combined parties of Coutts Crawford and McLeod and MacPherson, ( James Coutts Crawford with 700 cattle and George McLeod and Huntly MacPherson with sheep) who were attacked by a large group of Aboriginal people at sunset:
"The cattle … were going into the point when a number of blacks came up at the head with their spears. Riley who was ahead ran for it. They chased him up to the drays where the men gave them a volley and drove them across the river. Took 4 spears …"

1845 - Wera Maldera was Hanged outside Adelaide Gaol for the murder of George McGrath at McGrath's Flat, on the Coorong.

1854 - James Button ,Bushranger. Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for Shooting With Intent.

 1864 - William Lonsdale, pioneer administrator of the Port Phillip colony, popped his clogs aged 64.

1870 - William Prendergast was Hanged at Brisbane Gaol for the murder of Patrick Hartnett.

1873 - Ballarat City Rowing Club participated in the inaugural Inter-Colonial four oared race scoring a creditable second to a combined crew from the Melbourne clubs. 'The Boys from the Rush Beds' also defeated the much-fancied Sydney crew. The race was rowed on the Saltwater River (Footscray).

1876 - Academic work was got down to at Adelaide Uni with sheilas being admitted from the very start.

1877 - The first shearing machine was patented by that clever dicky bird Frederick York Wolseley.

 1885 – The Queensland Navy was established with the arrival of two gunboats, HMQS Gayundah and HMQS Paluma from Britain. However, when HMQS Gayundah rocked up in Brisbane the Captain refused to relinquish his command and was removed by a boarding party of Queensland Police.

 1886 - The Convict system closed as a result of the crime rate in Britain and Ireland falling so low, only 300 convicts were sent to WA.

 1891 - Union leaders and shearers arrested around shearer's camps across Queensland during a shearers' strike.

1893 - The Donald to Birchip railway line opened of a distance of 32.3 miles.

 1908 - Witches Falls, the world's third oldest national park, was declared the first National Park in Queensland.  This makes it Australia's second-oldest National park after the Royal National Park, established in 1879, near Sydney, NSW, and the world's third-oldest national park, after Yellowstone (USA).

1916 -  Over one hundred residents of the Donald district attended the Railway Sports at Ballarat. The special trains were crowded, and large numbers joined at Cope Cope, Swanwater and St. Arnaud. The visitors were much impressed with the military pageant and the march of the khaki clad soldiers.

 1917 - Australia's first fatal air crash occured when Basil Watson died age 23 when his biplane crashed into Port Phillip.

 1918 - Sergeant S.R. McDougall, 47th Battalion, originally from Recherche, Tasmania, was awarded the Victoria Cross at Dernancourt.

1918 - When Private Richard Martin joined the Australian Imperial Force he declared on his papers that he was born in Dunedin, New Zealand, and that he had five years prior service in the Light Horse. He would not be the only Aboriginal person to lie about his heritage in order to serve. Richard in fact was born on Stradbroke Island in Queensland. Richard served on Gallipoli in the 15th Battalion; he went on to serve in France and Belgium and was wounded in action three times. He was killed in action on March 28 1918. He is believed to be buried in the Military Cemetery Dernancourt Railway Line.

 1922 - Neville Bonner was born today at Ukerabagh, near Tweed Heads in northern New South Wales. He worked as a farm labourer before settling on Palm Island, near Townsville, Queensland in 1946, where he rose to the position of Assistant Settlement Overseer. In 1960 he moved to Ipswich, where he joined the board of directors of the One People Australia League (OPAL), a moderate indigenous rights organisation, becoming its Queensland president in 1970. He joined the Liberal Party in 1967 and held local office in the party. Following the resignation of Liberal Senator Annabelle Rankin in 1971, Bonner was chosen to fill the vacancy. He thus became the first indigenous Australian to sit in the Australian Parliament. He was elected in his own right in 1972, 1974, 1975 and 1980. In 1979 Bonner was named Australian of the Year, and in 1984 he was awarded the title Officer of the Order of Australia. From 1992 to 1996 he was member of the Griffith University Council, and he was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1993. Bonner died at Ipswich on 5 February 1999: the Queensland federal electorate of Bonner, created in 2004, was named in his honour.

1927 - Millicent Bryant became the first australian woman to gain a pilots licence. She drowned later that same year in a Sydney ferry accident. Her funeral, at Manly, Sydney, had a flypast of five aircraft, which was widely reported in the press at the time.

1931 -  Holden's Motor Body Builders slipped into a merger of a marriage with American business General Motors to create General Motors-Holden's Ltd.

 1942 – The first shipload of 8398 American servicemen arrived in Sydney for action in the Pacific theater.

1942 -  The northern part of the Northern Territory was placed under military control.{sarcasm}Something to do with the bombing raids I suspect...{/sarcasm}

 1942 - Critchley Parker set off in search of a new Jewish homeland within Australia. Zionism was a political movement and an ideology that supported the formation of a Jewish homeland, prior to the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. Even before Hitler began his campaign of exterminating the Jewish race, the British Zionist League sought a new homeland for Jews hoping to flee the increasingly dangerous climate of pre-war Europe. The Kimberley region in northwest Australia was considered as a possibility, but vetoed by then-Prime Minister John Curtin. Critchley Parker was a young Tasmanian Zionist who took it upon himself to locate an appropriate site for the new Jewish homeland in Tasmania. On 28 March 1942, he set out to explore the area around Port Davey in the state's southwest. Parker's diary entries reflect his enthusiasm at the possibilities of settlement in the hitherto-untamed region. However, when he struck difficulties due to rain and gales and signalled for help, his pre-arranged signal went unseen. After some three weeks of subsisting on water and aspirin, he died in the wilderness, an Australian martyr for a Jewish cause.

 1944 -  Flight Lieutenant David Paul, c.1945 On this day, the award was announced of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Pilot Officer David Paul, an Indigenous Australian pilot who had been serving in North Africa with No 454 Squadron (an RAAF Baltimore unit in the RAF). At the time of the announcement Paul was a prisoner of war in Germany, having been shot down by Me-109F fighters over the Aegean Sea on 4 December 1943 while making the final trip of his operational tour. Surviving the crash, he was plucked from the sea and became a prisoner of the Germans. He had enlisted in the RAAF in January 1941 and trained under the Empire Air Training Scheme in Rhodesia. After his release from Stalag IVb POW camp at Muhlberg in 1945, he returned to Australia and joined the New South Wales Police Force, becoming a detective sergeant. He also served in the RAAF Reserve and reached the rank of Squadron Leader.

1961 - The meeting which saw the formation of the Armadale/Kelmscott Wildflower Society. Many prominent citizens were present at the formation meeting called by the Armadale/Kelmscott Road Board on 28th March 1961. Although called by the Road Board, the real initiative for the formation of the Society came from the conservationists of the district. These included the Rev Ewan Watts of the Uniting Church; Mrs Rogerson, a local lover of wildflowers; and Michael Morcombe, then a young but talented nature photographer, and of course, many others.
At the formation meeting called by the Road Board the Rev Watts became first President of the Society, Mr Morcombe and Mrs Z. Paget were elected Vice Presidents, Mrs Rogerson was elected interim Secretary, and Mrs S. Fletcher, Messrs C. Sampson, Van Leeuwin, and Rogerson completed the Committee.

1968 - The Reserve Bank building on the corner of Smith and Bennett Streets, Darwin, opened.

1974 - A protest was held at Macquarie University against Penny Short losing her Teachers’ Scholarship after she published a lesbian poem.

1982 -  For the first time in the history of Aussie Rugby League no points were scored in the entire match between Canterbury and Newtown.
Men were heard a'weeping into their lagers that evening.

1982 - The Chameleons Social Club held the Gala Debutante Ball at the Sydney Hilton Hotel Ballroom.

1984 - Zoe, the 1st frozen-embryo child, was born in Melbourne, Australia. Scientists reported the birth 2 weeks later.

1987 - The Community Development and Employment Program (CDEP) was introduced to Woorabinda in central Queensland, 170km south-west of Rockhampton and 65km south of Duaringa.

1992 - Fred Hollows was handed a letter from gay activists calling on him to re-consider his views on HIV/AIDS, when he attended a Fred Hollows Benefit Concert at the UNSW.

1994 - The North Queensland Land Council Native Title Representative Body Aboriginal Corporation (NQLC) was registered as an Indigenous Corporation.

 1995 - Queensland beat Sth Australia to win 1st ever cricket Sheffield Shield.

1998 - Clover Women’s Club held a farewell dance at its Club Rooms at 122 Victoria Road, Drummoyne. It continued to operate but without permanent base.

2007 - A passenger ferry plowed into a pleasure boat under Sydney's iconic Harbor Bridge, killing at least 3 people, including two professional figure skating judges.

 2008 - A strange object found on an outback property in Queensland was identified as 'space junk'. Charleville is a town in western Queensland, some 750 km west of the Brisbane, the state's capital. Around 80km from Charleville is the small town of Cheepie which, although it once boasted a police station, blacksmith, railway station, tent boarding houses, butcher shop, bakery and two vegetable gardens, is now just a ghost town. On 7 November 2007, Cheepie farmer James Stirton found a 20kg burnt and unidentifiable object on his 40,500-hectare property. He noticed the object was about 54 cm in length, hollow, and covered in a carbon-fibre material. Stirton took it in to the Charleville school, where staff requested that a representative from the Brisbane Planetarium come and examine it. The identity of the object was confirmed on 28 March 2008 by Brisbane Planetarium curator Mark Rigby. The item, named 2006-047-C, was identified as a helium or nitrogen tank from a rocket which had been used to launch a US solar satellite into space in October 2006.

2011 - Australia launched its first national health TV advertising campaign aimed at Aboriginal people, hoping to halve the 50 percent of Indigenous people who smoke by 2018.

2011 - Australia's annual cane toad cull was declared a success by organizers who said that more than 14,000 of the noxious pests had perished as a result. The number of cane toads across Australia is estimated to have ballooned to more than 200 million since being introduced from Brazil in the 1930s to control scarab beetles infesting the country's sugar cane.

 2012 - The Government of Fiji took over controlling interest in Australia's Qantas airline subsidiary Air Pacific because it did not want foreigners to own or control Fijian airlines.

 2013 - Australian diplomat Peter Woolcott's draft for the first-ever treaty to regulate the conventional arms trade was discussed by members of the United Nations.

2013 - Richard Harding, formerly Inspector of Custodial Services, declared Western Australia a "state of imprisonment".

2013 - After 18 months of negotiations between the State and Dja Dja Wurrung People, the Government of Victorian and the Dja Dja Wurrung Clans Aboriginal Corporation entered into a ‘Recognition and Settlement Agreement’ (the Agreement). The Agreement formally recognising the Dja Dja Wurrung People as the traditional owners of the Appointed Lands and acknowledges the history of dispersement and dispossession that has affected the Dja Dja Wurrung People.

 2014 - Official opening of Willum Warrain gathering place, in Hastings (Vic) by Parliamentary Secretary for Health, Ms. Georgie Crozier took place.

2015 - Healesville Sanctuary’s biggest celebration of Indigenous culture, Corroboree, was launched.

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