Friday, April 13, 2018

April 13 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1814 - Angelo (Giuseppe) LeRose was hanged for the assault and robbery of Samuel Larkin on Parramatta Road, Iron Cove.

1814 -Francis Barry and Richard Dowling were hanged for stealing three oxen that were the property of the crown.

1823 - James Smith was hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing.

1829 – Melbourne's first post office opened.

1831 - Capt Collet Barker arrived at Gulf St. Vincent in Isabella. Barker climbed Mt. Lofty, saw the site of Port Adelaide (19th April), but Barker was killed at Lake Alexandrina 11 days later.

1836 - Gov Richard Bourke sent opposing petitions to the Colonial Office from ' exclusives' and 'emancipists'.

1839 - The good folk at Albury were no doubt popping their corks in celebration at the news their bush blocks were gazetted as a village.

1840 - The Kulin Nation, a collection of 5 tribes, complained to Aboriginal Protector William Thomas about the dispossession from their land, and that they were excluded from the Melbourne area where they had met for many generations for political and ceremonial reasons. Thomas told them they annoyed the white colonists, to which it was pointed out that the Woiworong had protected the European settlers from attack by the Wathaurong.
“no good white man, take away country, no good bush, all white man sit down”, “Big one hungry Black fellow by & by – no Kangaroo – White man take away Black fellows’ Country”

1841 – The first photograph was taken in Australia by a visiting naval captain, Captain Augustin Lucas.
Not a selfie.
Or his lunch.
Twas a view of Bridge Street, Sydney.
Which has since been misplaced.
Like most of our history.

1841 - Get to the milliners, gals!
The first races held at Flemington were on this day.
No, I have not the foggiest who won or the odds involved....but I'll bet my last dollar that Eddie MacGuire was calling the Fashions on the Field even then.

1853 - Regulations were published (in the Govt Gazette) under which a public competition was to be conducted in order to discover designs for Legislative Council chambers and a Government House.

1855 – The University of Melbourne was established by act of the Parliament of Victoria.

1869 - Vida Goldstein, tireless Aussie feminist and reformer, was found in the carrot patch.

1887 - The first Intercontinental Medical Conference was held in Adelaide.

1892 – Singer Gladys Moncrieff was born in Bundaberg, Queensland.

1893 - The E.S & A Bank (English, Scottish and Aussie, Aussie, Aussie, Oi, Oi, Oi Counting House) shut up shop for *ahem* "reconstruction" during the savage 1890's depression caused by a huge boom where people could build castles in the air with money on the Never-Never....
Yep, almost exactly like today.

1895 - An article in the Observer reported on the disappearance of many of Adelaide's early landmarks. Shops along King William Street, including the two-storey building on the Beehive Corner, 'familiar to Adelaideans for half a century', were being demolished to make way for new buildings.

1898 - Thomas Joseph Byrnes became Queensland Premier.

1910 - The Commonwealth Government took over state debts.

1922 - Pioneer aviators Ross Smith and Lieutenant J.M. Bennett were killed on a test flight in England.

1927 - The first public overseas radio service, known as the Beam Service, begin operation between Australia and England.

1932 - Winthrop Hall at the University of Western Australia was officially opened by the Chancellor in the presence of a distinguished gathering.

1937 -  Site selected for RAAF Base in Darwin.

1937 - Darwin's first power station built on Lindsey Street and 24-hour service was provided.

1943 - Australian treasurer Joseph Benedict (Ben) Chifley announces a freeze on all prices until further notice.

1954 - On the eve of the last Parliamentary sitting day before the 1954 election campaign, Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced the defection of Vladimir Petrov. He called for a Royal Commission to investigate evidence of espionage contained in the documents Petrov brought with him.

1962 - Springhurst to Wahgunyah (car goods) passenger service ended (VIC).

1962 - The standard gauge rail link between Melbourne and Sydney was completed, allowing the Southern Aurora to travel the full journey without passengers having to change trains at Albury.

1966 - The Library Council of Victoria, established by an Act of Parliament in 1965, began operations with three divisions -- the State Library of Victoria, the Public Library Services and the Public Records Office.

1969 - The last tram to operate in Brisbane completed its final run,the last one scurrying down Queen St to the Milton tram workshop with a heavy police escort.

1973 - The LGBT telephone counselling service started in the front room of 16 Terry Street, Balmain; this was on the 13th April 1973 – Friday the 13th, for the triskaidekaphobics. It followed the huge response to the Chequerboard report, and the number of phone calls became so great that CAMP regularised the system, at 33A. This is the other evidence of the organisation’s members’ commitment. As soon as we were in Glebe Point Road, we set up Phone-A- Friend. We had unbelievable difficulties getting that, as well as any other business name, registered.

1977 - A Premier's conference agreed to a three month wages and prices freeze.

1981 - A committee into governmental functions, known as the Razor Gang, submited its findings.

1982 – Sir Ninian Stephen was appointed Governor General.

1983 - Dedication of the Rats of Tobruk memorial.

1987 - The Bowser to Myrtleford Railway Line (VIC) closed.

1991 – Schoolgirl Karmein Chan was abducted from her Melbourne home and later found murdered.

1998 - Honoring Emily Kame Kngwarreye Alhalkere – Paintings from Utopia, a Queensland Art Gallery Travelling Exhibition at Queensland Art Gallery, ended.

1999 - The Nundah Reconciliation Group presented a forum titled ‘High Cost Low Life – Aboriginal Health: issues and causes’ featuring Stanley Nangala, Director of the Queensland Office of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health.

2016 - Telstra was facing a growing social media backlash over a report that claims the brand retreated from its public support for same sex marriage following pressure from the Catholic Church.
A report in The Australian today claimed Australia’s largest telco quietly pulled support for marriage equality after it was threatened with a boycott via a the Catholic archdiocese of Sydney business manager, Michael Digges, writing to the company to pressure it on the issue.

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