Thursday, April 19, 2018

April 19 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1623 - After kidnapping an Aboriginal bloke the previous day it wasn't surprising that the Dutch sailors of the Pera were then greeted by over 200 angry and hostile Aboriginals in North QLD.

1770 - Lieut Zachary Hicks eyeballed the point of land which now bears his name as Point Hicks (Cape Everard).

1805 - Aboriginal people defending their land managed to kill several colonists which resulted in a Government Order today to Captain William Bligh to send soldiers to protect the settlers.

1818 – Phillip Parker King discovers Port Essington , later one of the first British settlements in what is now the Northern Territory.

1831 - The Sydney Gazette reported that: - Elizabeth Smith, an importation by the Earl of Liverpool, who made her first appearance ashore on Friday last was charged with insolence to her mistress. It appeared that the prisoner was assigned direct from the ship, to the service of a gentleman in Sydney, to whose house she was sent on the day she landed. In the afternoon obtained permission of her mistress to go out, on some business of her own, for a limited time, which she exceeded, and on being reprimanded on her return home, told her mistress she was " a-good-for nothing hussy," and that she (Elizabeth) " knew by the cut of her jib" that the service would not answer her. The bench sentenced her to the third class in the Factory for three months. Elizabeth Smith had been assigned to William Foster in Sydney on arrival.

1836 - Governor Bourke visited Newcastle on the Ceres. He inspected the site for the New Military Barracks and other buildings which were to be erected at Newcastle, proceeded overland to Brisbane Water and returned to Sydney.

1856 - Stoke up your boiler, Aunty Maud, the first steam railway from Adelaide to Port Adelaide started chuffing along.

1876 - Those erstwhile Fenian convicts all gallivanting aboard the whaling ship Catalpa were called to hove to by the armed guards aboard the Georgette after they'd fired a shot across her bow; the master of the Catalpa claimed they were in international waters, inquiring would the Water Police Superintendent J. F. Stone like to trigger An Incident?
As Britain had just then lost a 3 million pound case in similar circumstances Stone decided his wage didn't quite stretch far enough to cover his backside so he let the Catalpa go sailing off into the sunset with the escaped political prisoners.

1877 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Blayney to Orange.

1900 - Tired of twiddling their thumbs after the Sunday roast the Victorian pollies dreamt up a Royal Commission on local government laws.

From 1911 until 1916 today was proclaimed to be Discovery Day to celebrate the day on which Jimmy Cook tripped over some great lump of dirt now known as the coast of Oz; after 1916 teachers were encouraged to use ANZAC Day as a day to include patriotic pride in the European 'discovery' and exploration of our Fair Isle which no doubt resulted in the entwining of pioneer history with the ANZAC legend.

1931 - United Australia Party
Joseph Lyons formed the United Australia Party. It was a merger of the Nationalist Party and other groups, after Lyons left the Labor Party.

1940 - The Australian Labor Party formed.

1941 - Lady Muriel Barclay-Harvey, wife of the Governor, unveiled the Pioneer Women's Memorial Statue in the Garden of Remembrance just below Government House. The inscription on the pedestal of the statue reads:
"This Garden of Remembrance and the Flying Doctor Base at Alice Springs were established in the Centenary Year of 1936 by the women of South Australia as a tribute to the pioneer women of the State. "

1945 - Crash of a US Navy DC3 "Blue Goose" at Gooseberry Hill, Kalamunda, near Perth (WA).

1958 - Prime Minister Robert Gordon Menzies opened the Lucas Heights Nuclear Facility near Sydney.

1963 - Three weeks annual leave was granted to the majority of Australian workers.

1966 - Bob Dylan & The Band performed at the Melbourne Festival Hall.

1966 - Sydney: The first Australian conscripts flew out for Vietnam. Anti-conscription and anti-Vietnam War demonstrators could not get near the RAAF base at Richmond.

1967 - Oh, for a time machine to go back and see these line ups !!!!
Go-Set reported that Loved Ones members Gerry Humphries and Gavin Anderson were arrested, charged, convicted and fined £30 for stealing two blankets, two pillows and a lamp stand from the Palace Hotel, Kalgoorlie, after a visit to Perth, and that the Perth promoter had still not paid them the fee for their concerts there.
It also reported on the announcement of a forthcoming tour of the US by The Easybeats, Normie Rowe, Lynne Randell and Gene Pitney.
Go-Set also reported that top British group The Animals walked out of their second concert at Melbourne Festival Hall, because drummer Barry Jenkins has been left behind at the hotel and they refused to play without him, that support group Dave, Dee, Dozy Beaky Mick & Tich had also walked off during their performance because of technical problems and that the audience was also "unhappy" with the previous night's concert.
Aussie singer Lynne Randell broke her arm in a fall during a recording session at CBS Studios in Hollywood and would reportedly sue CBS over her injury.

1968 - The Desert Mounted Corps Memorial on ANZAC Parade was dedicated by PM John Gorton and is a replica of the memorial unveiled in Port Said, Egypt in 1932 by PM Billy Hughes that was destroyed during the Suez Crisis of 1956.

1974 - The New Art Cinema, in Glebe, NSW debuted The Rocky Horror Picture Show in all it's Reg Livermore- gartered glory.

1984 - Our national anthem became Advance Australia Fair, and the official colours were announced to be green and gold.
You'd think with all the sea we're girt by there'd have been a bit o' blue tossed in.

1985 - The Federal Government introduced controversial assets tests for pensioners.

1991 - A National Inquiry into Racial Violence, conducted by the Human Rights and Equal opportunities Commission, recommended major law reforms on racial violence and verbal abuse against Australian Aboriginal and ethnic minority communities.

1992 - The tip of Cape York, Queensland, is bought by the local Injinoo people from Australian Airlines for around $2.2 million.

1997 - Refurbished Darwin Civic Centre opened by Dr Neil Conn AO.

1998 - The Jack Russell Terrier Club of Australia celebrated 25 years with the National Show at Ballarat.

1999 - The annual Goldman Environmental Prize went to, amongst others, Jacqui Katona and Yvonne Margarula, Australian aboriginal women, who have led a fight against the mining of a uranium deposit by Kakadu National Park on lands owned by the Mirrar people.

1999 - Special envoy
Former prime minister Malcolm Fraser appointed special envoy of the Australian Government to seek release of CARE Australia workers Steve Pratt and Peter Wallace imprisoned in Yugoslavia.

2001 - The first Indigenous cricket match between the ATSIC XI and Prime Minister’s XI in Canberra.

2002 - An historic memorandum of understanding (MOU) covering the Miwatj (North East Arnhem Land) region was officially endorsed at a ceremony in Nhulunbuy on this day.

2006 - Severe Tropical Cyclone Monica makes landfall near the Lockhart River in Far North Queensland.

2005 - The issue of long-term detention has again been the focus of the latest visit to Baxter detention centre by federal politicians.
"The idea that you can keep people indefinitely is an idea that should never have come and should you know be immediately set behind," she said.
"It was a bad piece of policy and a bad piece of Australia's history."

2008 - The Oz 2020 summit had its get together to...get together to throw ideas around the room and to see which one would stick.
Which one did stick, after all that fuss...?

2012 - Australia vowed in an apparent U-turn to keep combat troops in Afghanistan through 2014 after PM Julia Gillard had indicated they would come home earlier than planned.

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