Tuesday, April 3, 2018

April 3 On This Day in Australian History

1794 -  After a cross-Pacific voyage to North America, Gnung-a Gnung-a returned to Port Jackson in the storeship Daedalus. While in Hawaii, King Kamehameha unsuccessfully offered to buy him.

1805 - The Lady Nelson and Estramina left Sydney for Jervis Bay.

1816 - Benjamin Davis was accused of assisting runaways by giving them supplies in return for kangaroo skins

1819 - John Briggs and Thomas Crane were punished for their attempt at cutting out a boat {cutting out operation—a boarding attack by small boats, preferably at night and against an unsuspecting and anchored target.}.

1819 - Notice was given of removal of cattle from W. Wentworth's property at Illawarra.

1828 - John Batman's first known confrontation with the Aborigines occurred on this day, after his shepherd was chased off by a local tribe (Tas).

1838 - When Joseph Hawdon and Charles Bonney arrived in Adelaide on the 3 April 1838 they were greeted with some jubilation by the settlers as there had been a shortage of meat for some time and the herd of cattle they had brought was a welcome sight.

1848 - Explorer Ludwig Leichhardt was last eyeballed on the Darling Downs...if you happen to find him, can you send him home for his dinner,please?

1866 - ‘Frightful Immorality at the Industrial Schools’, was reported by the Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth) describing horrific sexual and physical abuse of the students by staff members with little or no action taken to remove the abusers.

1881 - It was BIG...REALLY big. The powers that be conducted a census across the far-flung 6 colonies of Or-stray-lia as part of the first simultaneous census of the British Empire and found the rabbits were being given a run for their money with a human population of 2,250,194.

1882 - Better wrap up the toaster....Alfred Deakin, he who would become the 2nd Aussie Pm, got hitched to Elizabeth Browne much to her parents disapproval. I think he's proven himself by now.

1882 - The Hawthorn to Camberwell Railway line (Vic) opened.

1884 - There was great excitement in Sunbury on this day, when the goods train from Melbourne exploded. The train left the Melbourne terminus at 2am, and made it as far as Sunbury when the boiler of the engine burst with a terrific explosion, killing the fireman instantaneously and the driver shortly after.

1885 - Tamai was the largest and most significant engagement in which the 770-man New South Wales contingent to the Sudan were involved. In comparison with the British units involved in the battle, Australian involvement was minimal.

1889 - United Kingdom: Judicial Committee of the Privy Council; Lord Watson, Lord Fitzgerald, Lord Hobhouse, Lord MacNaghton, Sir William Grove, Cooper V Stuart [1889] 14 AC ruled; ‘it [New South Wales] was peacefully annexed to the British Dominion’.

1897 - The Richmond Guardian reported that the East Richmond Church Harvest Festival was rockin' 'em in the aisles with the organist Miss Terrill.

1911 - The Mackay Standard Newspaper was published as a daily from today.

1912 - The Kiwi dredge Manchester sailed off into the sunset with her crew, Sydney-bound...only to vanish, never to be sighted by human eyes ever again.

1925 - May Holman thought she'd teach the blokes how it was done by winning the by-election for the seat of Forrest, in Westralia becoming the first labor sheila to sit in an Aussie parliament.

1936 - At 7:30AM, and in relatively calm conditions, Nairana, under command of Captain McIntyre, was approaching Port Phillip heads with a full load of cargo, while most of the 88 passengers were either in their cabins or having breakfast in the dining saloon. A few passengers were on the deck to experience their passing from Bass Strait into the Bay. Suddenly, and without warning, a huge wave rose up from the calm waters and and struck her starboard quarter. She rolled over to such an extent that the water came up to the boat deck, more than 40 feet above the water line. A passenger named Parsons, his wife and 20 year old daughter were swept from the promenade deck and were never seen again. (A fleet of small craft later searched). Robert Gillow, another passenger, was killed when the wave smashed him against the ship. His wife and infant daughter had a narrow escape as did stokers in the boiler room who became pinned against the bulkheads by barrows, shovels, and loose coal. Many passengers received injuries while in the dining room, food and crockery were thrown around and some were scalded by hot water.

1946 - Today the ‘Western Australian Basketball Association’ was formed by a small group of basketball enthusiasts at the Perth YMCA on Murray Street. The sport had already been played across the state for 35 years however there had been no official management or promotion of the sport. The newly formed Western Australian Basketball Association went on to achieve many great things for basketball and eventually saw the sport move into its own Perry Lakes Stadium in September 1962.

1961 - LEADBEATER’S POSSUM was rediscovered in Australia, after over 50 years of being presumed extinct.

1967 - On this day three months and one day after deviating fires ripped through the Cascade Brewery, brewing recommenced at Cascade and a month later, on May 10 the Cascade team and local volunteers came together to enjoy a richly deserved beer.

1982 - Can you remember what you were doing back on this day?
Well, if you parked your backside in Victoria your Saturday was ruined with an election that saw the Labor Party show their face at the door for the first time since 1955.

1988 - Congrats, the 21st RAT party was held at the Bondi Pavilion.

1989 - An ABC television drama, GP, airs an episode dealing with the possibility of discrimination resulting from a non-consensual blood screening of surgery patients, presenting a case strongly against compulsory screening.

April 3-4, 1989 - Cyclone Aivu crossed the coast between Townsville and Bowen and produced near-record April rainfalls in coastal and central interior districts. More than one metre of rain fell inland from Mackay over a three-day period. Local flooding also occurred in Townsville and Mackay.

1996 - South Australia grabbed an exciting draw vs W A to win Sheffield Shield.

1997 - The case of 14 year old gay student Christopher Tsakalos who was suing Cranebrook High School Penrith for failing to prevent anti-gay vilification, was rushed directly to the Supreme Court.

1997 - 12 months negotiations began between the Arakwal people, NSW State Government and the Byron Bay Shire that resulted in an agreement over a new recreation area in Byron Bay. The Arakwal sisters secure a say in the management of the new park in the area.

2006 - Australia agreed to sell China uranium for nuclear power stations despite concerns that Beijing could divert the material to atomic weapons.

2009 - Australia formally adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

2010 - Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd announced the country’s first population minister, citing concerns about sustainability as the number of people is tipped to balloon within decades.

2010 - The 230-meter (754-ft) Shen Neng I, a bulk coal carrier, was on its way to China when it ran aground on a shoal off offshore from the Australian city of Rockhampton. Australian government officials said the stranded ship was leaking oil into the sea and is in danger of breaking up and damaging the Great Barrier Reef. The ship was refloated on April 12.

2012 - An Australian court found Google Inc. guilty of breaching trade law by posting misleading or deceptive advertisements in a ruling that holds search engines responsible for their advertisers' content.

2014 - In Australia a large shark killed Christine Armstrong (63) near her terrified husband and friends as they took their daily morning swim off a popular east coast beach near the village of Tathra.

2017 - The Andrews Labor Government officially changed the name of Mt Eccles National Park to Budj Bim National Park, restoring the Aboriginal name and recognising the area’s Aboriginal history and significance.
Changing the name acknowledged the cultural importance of the Budj Bim area, which has been identified by scholars as the world’s first engineering project, dating back at least 6600 years and preceding Stonehenge or the Pyramids of Egypt.
The Gunditjama people view Budj Bim (meaning high head) as part of the ancestral creator’s body, which was revealed in the shape of the mountain following a volcanic eruption; with his forehead as the mountain and stones as the teeth.

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