Friday, June 29, 2018

June 29 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1754 - Marie Louise Girardin was pupped, a cross-dressing French lass who, disguised as a bloke, served as a ship's steward with the French expedition of d'Entrecasteaux and was probably the very first European sheila to set foot on the Apple Isle of Tassie.

1799 - Storeship Albion arrived at Port Jackson with Capt. Eber Bunker aboard. He subsequently went whaling.

1836 - St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, was consecrated by Bishop John Bede Polding.

1846 - The first river steamer service, the Experiment, began tootling between Brisbane and Ipswich, Qld.

1865 - St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, was destroyed by fire.

1865 - The first Horse Race Meeting held in Mackay.

1869 - The foundation stone for St Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide,  was laid on St Peter's Day by Bishop Short in the presence of more than 1000 people.

1869 - Chippendale station, between Sydney’s Central Station and Railway Square, originally opened as Mortuary Station and transported the dead and the grieving to their final resting place, Rookwood Cemetery.

1877 - Two young German Lutheran missionaries from Bethany, SA, reached the Finke River, NT, and prepared to establish Hermannsburg, a mission to the local Aborigines.

1881 - Ballarat was graced with His Graces on a Royal visit from Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence & Prince George, Duke of  York (George V).

1907 - In order to prevent the introduction of fruit-fly to Victoria, the Minister for Agriculture announced that regulations were to be passed immediately to prevent any fruit from New South Wales entering Victoria unless it had been packed in the orchard where it was grown and passed by the inspector stationed in Sydney. Additionally Queensland citrus was to be stored for a week before shipment south.

1912 - W.E Hart, the first to get his pilot's licence in The Land of Oz, won Australia's first air race (from Botany to Parramatta, 25 kms) when he beat the American daredevil A.B 'Wizard' Stone, who landed, lost, at Lakemba.

1914 - The Kulwin Railway Line (Vic) was extended from Sea Lake to Nandaly.

1918 - The Enoggera-Terrors Creek Railway Line (QLD) was extended from Mitchelton to Samford and was officially opened at the Samford Railway Station & Goods Yard.

1918 -  Cairns and Innisfail agreed the “new” Rugby League code had to be adopted for an inter-city game scheduled for the 29th June 1918 – with a view to implementing the code for Club games in both Cairns and Innisfail for the 1919 Season.

1922 - The Strzelecki Railway Branch Line (Vic) was opened from  Koo Wee Rup  to Strzelecki.

1942 – General Thomas Blamey reorganised the army for the defence of Australia.

1942 - The Ropes Creek Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Dunheved - Ropes Creek DE.

1942 - Contractors commenced on No. 3 sub depot, Marangaroo tunnel.
Marrangaroo was the administration headquarters for all of the Royal Australian Air Force Chemical Weapon Stores which were kept in tunnels and sidings at Marrangaroo (old tunnel and siding near correctional centre), Glenbrook tunnel in the Blue Mountains, Clarence Tunnel (that is now part of the Lithgow Zig Zag railway) and Picton tunnel in Sydney's south.

1951 - Tasman Empire Airways began its regular air service between Melbourne and Christchurch.

1951 - Long service leave and sick leave was first granted to employees under NSW state awards.

1953 - The Bittern to Red Hill (Vic) railway passenger service ended.

1954 - The Redesdale Junction to Redesdale Railway Line (Vic) closed.

1956 - A 6-month long rolling shearers' strike ended.

1956 - The Mossman Rex was officially opened by Mrs R.D. Rex. The manager was Mr K Traine. First film was ‘There’s No Business Like Show Business”. Proceeds went to the Mossman Ambulance.

1957 -  The people of Darwin elected for the first time a Mayor and 12 Councillors. There was much enthusiasm at the granting of self-governance with a voter turnout of more than 85 per cent on Election Day.  Council’s first elected Mayor was Lucius (Bill) Richardson.

1958 - Sydney's last tram ran out of Wynyard Station.

1960 - Frank Strahan arrived as the University of Melbourne's first archivist.

1964 -  After shows in New Zealand, The Beatles returned to Australia to perform two shows at Festival Hall, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

1972 - The Darwin River Dam was officially opened by the Prime Minister the Rt Hon William McMahon.

1982 - The Gay Rights Lobby (GRL)’s booklet, Homosexuality: Myths and Facts, was launched by Don Dunstan at the Sydney Gay Centre.

1982 - Australia lifted a ban on imports from Argentina after Britain defeated Argentina in the 3-month war in the Falklands Islands.

1983 - : The Australian Health Minister, the Hon Dr Neal Blewett MP, spoke out against what he terms the “growing AIDS hysteria”. On the same day, it was reported that Reverend Fred Nile called for gay men to be quarantined.

1991 – Six-year-old Sheree Beasley was kidnapped and raped and murdered by serial flasher and sex offender Robert Lowe at Rosebud.

2000 - A forum facilitated by the Cumberland Women’s Health Centre concerning violence against lesbians was held at Westmead Hospital.

2000 - The Australian Lesbian Medical Association Conference featured a discussion on isolation, workplace discrimination and homophobia.

2005 -  The Migration Act was amended to allow for the detention of children only as a last resort. In reality, families continued to be placed in “alternative places of detention” (as opposed to “detention centres”) where they are still denied freedom of movement and face strict conditions.

2009 - It was reported that Australian scientists have developed a "trojan horse" therapy to combat cancer, using a bacterially-derived nano cell to penetrate and disarm the cancer cell before a second nano cell kills it with chemotherapy drugs. Sydney scientists Dr Jennifer MacDiarmid and Dr Himanshu Brahmbhatt, who formed EnGenelC Pty Ltd in 2001, said they had achieved 100 percent survival in mice with human cancer cells by using the "trojan horse" therapy in the past two years.

2011 -  The Minister for Immigration announced that 62 per cent of children in immigration detention had been moved into community-based arrangements. He also announced the closure of the detention facilities at the Virginia Palms in Brisbane and the Asti Hotel in Darwin.

2014 - Australia seized 157 Sri Lankan Tamil asylum seekers near Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the Indian Ocean.

2015 - The first Indigenous woman to be elected to the New South Wales Parliament, Deputy Opposition Leader Linda Burney,  spoke publicly about her experience as a victim of domestic violence.

2017 - Cardinal George Pell (b.1941), a top adviser to Pope Francis, took a leave of absence as the Vatican's financial chief to fight criminal charges in his native Australia that alleged he committed sexual assault years ago.

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