Saturday, June 30, 2018

June 30 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1802 - Proclamation was issued stating: "His Majesty forbids any act of injustice or wanton cruelty to the Natives, yet the settler is not to suffer his property to be invaded or his existence endangered by them, in preserving which he is to use the effectual, but at the same time the most humane, means of resisting such attacks".

1818 - Sydney's female orphans were moved to a new orphanage at Parramatta.

1821 - John Septimus Roe, sailing aboard the Bathurst, survived a 16 metre fall from the masthead.

1830 - Edward Sweeney was hanged at Launceston for the murder of his wife Mary Sweeney.

1830  - William Thomas was hanged at Launceston for the murder of John 'Smutty Jack' Warne.

1834 - Historic Public Meeting at Exeter Hall to explain the new colony of South Australia.
And we're still waiting for the explanation...

1849 - Betsy and George Langlands camped by the Wimmera River on this day, where the teamsters' tracks from many stations met at the crossing. The tiny settlement of Horsham received official recognition in October when Langlands opened his log store and post office. The site later became the corner of Hamilton and Darlot Streets. This little outpost served squatters spreading west as far as the new colony's border, north beyond Lake Hindmarsh to the mallee country and south to the Glenelg River.

1850 - First Unitarian Church congregation in Australia was formed in Sydney.

1861 - More attacks on the Chinese tent town at Lambing Flat gold diggings (Young), NSW. Five white leaders were arrested the next day.

1861 - James Torpy , miner and hotel-keeper at Lambing Flat (Young) was charged with riot, unlawful assembly and wilful destruction of Chinese property at Burrangong; denying the allegations, he was allowed bail and appeared in the Burrangong court. The charges were dismissed as the prosecution's witnesses could not be found.

1861 -  When miners tried to storm the police quarters to release three men arrested for the anti-Chinese riots at Lambing Flat (Young) Police Superintendent Zouch ordered his troopers to charge and in the mêlée one miner was killed and many injured. That night he ordered the withdrawal of the commissioners and police to Yass to avoid further bloodshed.

1864 - James Paul (Jim) Whelan aka Whelan the Wrecker was hatched in Stawell, Vic.

1865 - The Melbourne & Hobson's Bay United Railway Co. was formed by amalgamating the Hobson's Bay and Melbourne Railway companies.

1873 - The Sunnyside Woollen Mill commenced production at Ballarat.

1875 - A telegraph worker from Daly Waters was killed at the Roper River while his two mates were badly wounded thought to be by Mangarrayi men. In revenge a large group of civilians and police slaughtered Aboriginals along the length of the Roper River for four weeks throughout August.

1890 - The Adelaide Public Library opened in the Mortlock Library building.

1896 - The New South Wales Government took steps to stop a tick plague entering NSW from Qld.

1900 - The Woronora Cemetery Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Sutherland - Woronora Cemetery.

1904 - The Lancefield to Kilmore section of the Clarkefield and Lancefield Railway Line (Vic) was closed.

1905 - Aussie goldfish Annette Kellermann swam the Thames from Putney bridge to Blackwall pier (over thirteen miles (21 km)) in 3 hours, 54 minutes.

1909 - Perth Children's Hospital opened.

1910 - The government offered 5000 pounds for the invention of a military flying machine. Australia’s first five military aircraft, ordered in 1912, were French and British designs. They were first used in 1914 at the new Central Flying School at Point Cook, Victoria, the nucleus of the Royal Australian Air Force in 1921.

1913 - Royal Commission into the sufficiency or otherwise of life-saving equipment on vessels carrying passengers on rivers, lakes or land-locked waters within the State of Victoria presented its final report to Parliament.

1914 - The Benalla to Tatong Railway Branch Line (Vic) was opened.

1917 - Today saw the closure of all German schools in South Australia. These schools were mainly run by the Lutheran Church. In some cases the South Australian government then leased the buildings and took over the education of the children, while in others, such as the Hahndorf Lutheran School, the children were moved into the local public school. This action was the culmination of agitation, which began soon after the commencement of World War I, on the part of some people against anything German.

1921 - Lapsed nun Bridget Partridge sued Bishop Dwyer for £5000 for wrongful arrest and mistreatment at Mount Erin in a scandalous trial, after the bishop had the nun arrested for insanity when she voiced her wish to leave the church. Before a packed court and in a blaze of publicity, every detail of convent life was exposed.

1922 – The Industrial Court of Appeal rejected the concept of equal pay for women.

1927 - Charles Kingsford Smith and Charles Thomas Philippe Ulm circumnavigated Australia by air in a record 10 days, 5 hours and 15 minutes in a Bristol Tourer.

1937 - The Aborigines Protection Board (A.P.B) secured gazettal of a large block for Burnt Bridge Aboriginal station adjoining the farm belonging to Aboriginal farming family the Moseleys. Aborigines from various communities were accommodated there without adequate housing or a satisfactory water supply. The Moseleys refused to move and on 30 June the manager arrived at their cottages and the school and began to demolish the buildings. Percy Mosely nailed up the gate to stop him returning, so the manager called the police and with their assistance removed the family's water tank. The Macleay Chronicle published John Moseley's letter:
"I made a protest . . . and . . . was told that I own nothing . . . not even the land which I spent the best part of my life working and improving for the past forty-five years . . . I served my State with honesty. The very thing I took pride in, the Police Force, two days ago made me feel as small as a slug under an elephant foot."
When the manager began to erect a fence across what Percy regarded as the family's land, he chopped it down and reputedly fired a shotgun to warn off the workers. After Michael Sawtell's intervention, and the visit to Sydney of one of John's sons, the board directed that the old man was 'not to be removed' without authorization.

1939 - Meatworks were denied paid annual leave by the Commonwealth Arbitration Court because the industry could not afford it.

1942 - The Commonwealth Widows' Pension Scheme was implemented.

1943 - As many as 178,000 US servicemen were stationed in Australia

1944 - Antonio Agostini was sentenced to six years gaol for the murder of his wife Linda, which wrapped up what became known as the 'Pyjama Girl' mystery.

1947 - 2nd AIF disbanded. Army serving in Japan now called British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF)

1949 -  The Annual Report of the Director of Native Affairs , the transfer of the Director to Thursday Island was made in an
"... effort to give the Northern Torres Strait Islanders and aboriginals a greater measure of control, direction, and management than had previously applied to them, and furthermore to give these people the same encouragement, industrial progress, and general amenities as prevails with Southern aboriginals,"

1957 - Darwin’s population reached 9395.
This figure does not include Aboriginal people.

1959 - National Service training ended.

1961 - The South Coast Railway Line (NSW) was closed from Nerang - Tweed Heads.

1962 - The Crowes Narrow Gauge Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed from Colac to Beech Forest, and from Beech Forest to Weeaproinah.

1962 - The remaining open section of the Gembrook Railway (Vic) closed due to a decline in business. It is eventually taken over by the Puffing Billy Preservation Society.

1964 - The Mont Park Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed.

1964 - The Beatles performed their last two Australian shows at Festival Hall, Brisbane, the final performances on their world tour.

1965 - Ina speech to the Australian Club in London PM Menzies declared war on Vietnam.

1965 - First national service intake began recruit training.

1966 - A national census was held, revealing Australia's full-blood [sic] Aboriginal population is 80,207.

1966 - While visiting Washington, Harold Holt promised complete support for the escalation of US military involvement, making his infamous "All the way with LBJ!" declaration. His visit coincided with the first US bombing raid on Hanoi.

1967 - Qualified disabled persons began receiving a disability allowance.

1967 - Prime Minister Harold Holt gave the go-ahead to assist in financing the controversial Lake Pedda and Gordon River Hydro-Electric Schemes.

1970 - The newspapers The Australian and the Canberra Times reported of gay liberation marches in the USA to commemorate the first anniversary of the Stonewall riot.

1971 - Some miners in NSW, Qld and Tas were awarded a 37 1/2 hour week.

1971 - Third and last of the big anti-war rallies.  About 110,000 demonstrated in State capitals.

1972 - Lake Argyle Dam, the second stage in the Ord River Irrigation Scheme, was completed.

1973 - The Saigon Embassy Guard Platoon were the last Australian troops to leave Vietnam.

1973 - The federal Tariff Board tabled the report of its inquiry into the film and TV industry, recommending a radical restructure of the production, distribution and exhibition industries.

1976 - Palmerston (Darwin) to Pine Creek Railway (NT) ceased operation by order of the Commonwealth Government.

1978 - In Melbourne 400-600 march against the Sydney arrests.

1978 - A protest was held in Brisbane against the Sydney arrests.

1978 - 400 people met at the Stanley Palmer Culture Palace in Darlinghurst and voted to hold a daytime march on 15th July.

1979 - A Saturday morning march ended with a rally in Hyde Park. 5000 took part in the second Gay Mardi Gras that night.

1982 - Australia's biggest uranium mining project, the $500 million Jabiluka Mine, was given the go-ahead by the Northern Land Council, NT.

1989 - Actor Tony Sheldon claimed that an illegal “pink list”, banning gay or gay associated actors was maintained by several television casting directors.

1992 - The Barry Beach Railway Branch Line (Vic) was closed.

1992 - The South Gippsland Railway Line (Vic) was closed from Leongatha to Welshpool.

2004 - The Superannuation Legislation Amendment (Choice of Superannuation Funds) Act 2004 was passed by the federal government and included the term “interdependent relationship” which will include many same sex couples. It failed to cover government and public sector employees.

2004 - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services (ATSIS) was abolished.

2005 - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) was abolished.

2005 - Storms lashed Australia's east coast in a violent end to one of the country's worst droughts on record.

2009 - Australian serial rapist John Xydias (45) was jailed for 28 years. For over 15 years he had dressed his unconscious victims in his collection of women's underwear and filmed assaults on them.

2014 - Australia’s Catholic church said Bishop Max Davis has stepped down after being accused of sexually abusing a teenage student decades ago. Davis denied the charges.

2014 -  In England Rolf Harris (84) an Australian-born artist, TV presenter and performer of songs like "Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport," was convicted at Southwark Crown Court on all 12 counts of indecently assaulting girls and young women from 1968-1986.

2017 - The Final Report of the Referendum Council was delivered to the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition.

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