Monday, July 2, 2018

July 2 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1841 -  First execution Brisbane at Windmill (Observatory) for murder of Staplyton and Tuck. (The First Execution).

1851 - The population of Ballarat exploded; not by the horizontal limbo shenanigans but by a shepherd finding the glittery stuff called gold.
Within days gold discoveries were made throughout Victoria prompting a huge explosion in the population. The colonys population of 76,162 in December 1850 rose to over 500,000 by the end of the decade.

1858 – Possible birth date of King O'Malley, one of the more colourful characters of the early federal period of Australian political history. He claimed to have been born in Canada which would have made him a British subject, if he was born in Vermont, as was likely, he would have been ineligible for a seat in Australian parliament.

1858 - Smarty pants Crow Eaters were leading the way  yet again when the Torrens System of Land Conveyancing and Registration (The Real Property Act) came into operation in SA. This was adopted Qld. 1861, NSW, Vic, Tas, in 1862, WA 1874 and progressively around the world.

1860 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was tossed open with gay abandon from Maitland - Lochinvar.

1883 - The Robinvale Railway Line (Vic) was opened from Korong Vale to Boort.

1883 - The Port Fairy Railway Line (Vic) was tossed open from Colac to Camperdown.

1907 - The dual-line cables necessary for telephone conversations first linked the Sydney and Melbourne exchanges.
Carrier pigeon still remains the most reliable and fastest form of the interwebs.

1908 - James (Joe) Coleman was hanged at Adelaide Gaol for the murder of Constable Albert Ring at Glenelg.

1910 - A 3.5 mag earthquake was felt in the Macleay district, NSW.

1913 - Philatelists were contemplating a quiet, orderly protest just as soon as they'd finished cataloging their latest stamps....a furore erupted over the announcement that the image of a kangaroo on the penny postage stamp would be replaced by the bust of the king.
What a bloody liberty!

1919 - Britain, New Zealand and Australia signed an agreement for Australian administration of Nauru, located 4000 km northeast of Sydney. Australia had captured the island from Germany in 1914 and in 1920 the League of Nations designated it an Australian mandate.

1931 - Australian National Airways, heard of it?
I certainly hope you didn't buy tickets through them as they folded up on this day after their aircraft Southern Cloud disappeared over the Great Dividing Range.

1934 - Two large earthquake shocks were felt in Bathurst, Orange and surrounding areas, with windows,doors and iron roofing sheets rattling. Measured 4.0.

1936 - Royal Commission on the alleged shooting at and wounding of John O'Connell Brophy, a superintendent of police presented its final report to Parliament.

1949 - A MacRobertson Miller Airlines Douglas DC-3 crashed near Guildford, WA, killing 18 people.

1950 -  No. 77 Squadron flew first combat mission in Korea.

1951 - The Foundation stone was laid for La Trobe Library Wing at the State Library of Victoria.

1952 - A Company, 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, raided Chinese positions on Hill 227 during Operation Blaze, Korea. The objective of the operation was to capture a prisoner and destroy the Chinese position's garrison.

1954 - Today saw the closure *sob* of the Beechworth to Yackandandah railway line with the last train tootling through the day before.

1955 - The Nature Conservation Council of NSW was founded at a meeting in Phillip St, Sydney.

1965 - Realising there'd been a long time between drinks, secondary teachers tossed together a strike in Victoria, the first throughout the whole island since 1920. Some would say they've been making up for lost time in recent years....

1968 - 30 protesters were arrested when police clashed with anti-conscription demonstrators in Sydney.

1970 - The multiple murders of the Crawford family were uncovered in Victoria.  The initial discovery was made by a tourist visiting scenic Loch Ard Gorge who saw a wrecked car balancing precariously on the lip of a small ledge, below the cliff top.  Late in the day, a search-and-rescue officer scaled the sheer cliff to examine the car in fading light. He found a loaded rifle inside, and noticed a strange smell emanating from the wreck, but the search has to be called off for the night.
Meanwhile, police traced the car's registration to a house hundreds of kilometres away in Cardinal Rd, Glenroy, the home of the Crawford family where they discovered a blood-spattered crime scene. When the car was retrieved the following day, police discovered the grisly remains of four people in the boot. Theresa Crawford, 35, pregnant with her fourth child and her three children Katherine, 13, James, 8 and Karen, 6, all savagely bashed with a hammer, shot and electrocuted. The bodies were loaded into the car and driven over the cliff. Had the car not lodged on the rock ledge, it would have undoubtedly plunged into the deep water, and the bodies would never have been found. The discoveries triggered one of the biggest manhunts the state had ever seen. The prime suspect was, and remains, husband and father Elmer Kyle Crawford but the time police uncovered the full extent of the crime, Crawford had fled the country and was never seen again. If still alive, he would now be 89. The unsolved case remains one of the most enduring murder mysteries in Australian criminal history.

1971 - Today saw the perennially youthful Evonne Goolagong Cawley defeat Margaret Court in the final at Wimbeldon.

1971 - Opposition leader Gough Whitlam lead a political delegation to China, becoming the first Western leader to visit there since the 1949 revolution.

1975 - Deputy Prime Minister Dr Jim Cairns resigned after misleading parliament over attempts to raise government loans overseas.

1978 - Having a hankering for the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, the Oz Govt made the owners - the Clunies-Ross family - an offer they couldn't refuse; accept the offer of $6,250,000 or get nothing under compulsory acquisition.
They accepted the cheque.

1991 - Reverend Fred Nile attempted to ban Mardi Gras in a notice of motion to the NSW Legislative Council.

1993 - The Governor General, Bill Hayden launched the Australian Centre for Gay and Lesbian Research at University of Sydney.

1993 - War hero and saviour of many soldiers on the Burma-Thailand Railway, Sir Edward 'Weary' Dunlop, died in Melbourne, age 85.

2001 - Finally, proof  that Melbourne is the thinking centre of the universe - or just full of weird notions the rest of the world disproved centuries ago - the wheel was patented.
Now we're just waiting for the Govt to realise transport involves wheels on trains, as well as on cars...

2002 - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO) suggested that drug resistance, an increase in unprotected sex by gay men and a larger than ever viral pool is fuelling a second wave of the AIDS epidemic in Australia. AFAO was so concerned about what it described as Australia’s “faltering response” to the epidemic that it called for the urgent fast tracking of a new HIV/AIDS strategy.

2005 - Australia and New Zealand agreed on tough new measures to pressure Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe to respect human rights, including a sports ban and action against him in the International Criminal Court.

2007 - And we all sang "...she's leavin', she's leavin'..." as the Pasha Bulker was once more afloat and ready to scurry away from Nobby's Beach where she'd been stranded for 25 days.

2012 - Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono arrived in Australia as a political storm over people-smuggling raged.

2016 - A record number of 13 Aboriginal candidates ran for the federal election: Linda Burney (electorate: Barton, NSW), Ken Canning (Sydney, NSW), Pat Dodson, Jacqui Lambie (TAS), Sharlene Leroy-Dyer (Senate, NSW), Kerryanne Liddle (Senate, SA), Joanna Lindgren, Carol Martin, Malarndirri McCarthy (NT), Kado Muir, Tammy Solonec (Swan, WA), Shea Taylor (Senate, QLD), Ken Wyatt (Hasluck, WA).