Thursday, February 14, 2019

February 14 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1779 Jimmy Cook aka Captain Cook met a sticky end at the end of a sharp stick aka spear on the Sandwich Islands aka Hawaii. [1]

1792 - Ann Brookes was sentenced to 14 years transportation for receiving stolen goods from her daughter. She arrived in Sydney on this day in the same ship as her daughter, the Pitt. She died a few weeks later and was buried on 3 March 1792. Her date of death is not known. [2]

1831 - Dr Elyard of Avondale Farm, Woollongong,  noted that Bob, Ned and Johnny (Dharawal men) accompanied Arthur Elyard on a shooting expedition to Lake Illawarra that netted 15 ducks . On the same day, Dr Elyard asked other Aboriginal people to cut bark but they went off hunting possums instead. He observed them smoking possums out of a hollow in a blue gum tree. [3]

1900 I hear pan pipes...run for the hills, Miranda ! According to the fictional book Picnic at Hanging Rock 3 fictional girls went missing during a fictional outing from their fictional snooty private girls school near factual Woodend. Just don't ask about that missing chapter that explains everything.... [4]

1910 - Valentine Bynoe McGinness, rights activist for Aboriginal people of mixed ancestry, musician and songwriter, was born today at the Lucy tin mine, Bynoe Harbour, west of Darwin. [5]

1922 - Tasmanian women became eligible to stand for State Parliament. [6]

1942 - The Vyner Brooke, carrying 65 Australian nurses and other refugees from Singapore, was sunk by Japanese aircraft one day after leaving the island. The survivors made their way to Banka Island where one group of nurses were massacred by their Japanese captors. 
Only Sister Vivian Bullwinkel survived the massacre. [7]

1958 - The Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines was founded on 13th February, with the first conference held in Adelaide from 14th - 16th February . [8]

1965 - The Freedom Ride Sunday Gulargambone.

Up at 6.30. Left at 9.15. Heard some radio publicity about us. Arrived in Gulargambone about 11.30. Very small. Told that only certain aborigines allowed in pub, and aborigines not served in the cafe (the only one). Got permission to go on the reserve (for 1 hour only), Everyone very pleased with the interviews. The people better off than at Wellington, but not much. Reserve closer in, seemed healthier. Spoke to Mr and Mrs Baxter - very old and very interesting. Apparently town jobs for aborigines impossible to get, shearing jobs pay well but are uncertain and seasonal. Welfare board and police very much disliked. Housing very poor. [9]

1984 -  Elton John got hitched to Renate Blauel at St Mark's Church in Sydney. [10]

2003- Information on Yorke Peninsula’s cultural heritage received a significant shot in the arm with the launch of a new book focusing on the history and genealogies of the Narungga people. [11]

2004 – The 2004 Redfern riots started in the inner-Sydney suburb Redfern following the death of an Aboriginal teenager Thomas Hickey. [12]

2008 - Senator Andrew Bartlett introduces the Stolen Generation Compensation Bill into the Senate. The bill calls for ex gratia payments (i.e. without any liability or legal obligation) to be made to the Stolen Generations of Aboriginal children. The Senate rejects the bill. [13]

2010 - The Yamba Not-Actually-A-Riot incident took place in Yamba; newspapers attempted to claim that an incident in which 15 youth (12 non-Indigenous, 3 Indigenous)  were arrested at a party was due to "racial tensions" in a "town divided".
Thankfully Patricia Laurie was able to state the facts. [14]

2012 - Three former Aboriginal children’s homes were added to the NSW State Heritage Register: Cootamundra, Bomaderry Aboriginal Children’s Home and Kinchela Aboriginal Boys Training Home. [15]

2014 - The House of Representatives Standing Committee on Indigenous Affairs announced an inquiry into the harmful use of alcohol in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, which will also recommend strategies to minimise alcohol misuse and alcohol-related harm. [16]

2017 - The Co-Chairs of the National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples and prominent Aboriginal leaders from across Australia formally presented the Redfern Statement to parliamentary leaders in Canberra. [17]


Sources;

[1]  https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/captain-cook-killed-in-hawaii

[2] http://womenaustralia.anu.edu.au/biography/brookes-ann-27793

[3] http://www.canberra.edu.au/researchrepository/file/bd49404f-b5f6-e8b1-f2d3-d0c60d622598/1/full_text_volume_1.pdf

  [4] https://www.news.com.au/entertainment/movies/secrets-of-hanging-rock-eerie-location-of-haunting-tale-about-schoolgirls-who-vanished-on-st-valentines-day-1900/news-story/74bfe0c67a61517375571ff77c79fe95

 [5] http://ia.anu.edu.au/biography/mcginness-valentine-bynoe-14671

  [6] http://www.parliament.tas.gov.au/tpl/InfoSheets/FemaleFranchise.htm

  [7] https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E84734

  [8] https://books.google.com.au/books?id=FD4eyBQXgxIC&pg=PA36&lpg=PA36&dq=14+february+1958The+Federal+Council+for+the+Advancement+of+Aborigines+was+founded&source=bl&ots=Axz9LTdnYx&sig=ACfU3U2GXj2P6QvBmpgs77uDQVt-rlxgUw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjj8rH497ngAhWHPo8KHZqJBV0Q6AEwCnoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=14%20february%201958The%20Federal%20Council%20for%20the%20Advancement%20of%20Aborigines%20was%20founded&f=false

[9] https://aiatsis.gov.au/collections-and-library/collections/items/freedom-ride/17234

  [10] http://digital.slv.vic.gov.au/view/action/nmets.do?DOCCHOICE=1977643.xml&dvs=1550102829713~541&locale=en_GB&search_terms=&adjacency=&VIEWER_URL=/view/action/nmets.do?&DELIVERY_RULE_ID=4&divType=&usePid1=true&usePid2=true

  [11] https://qram.com.au/black-jocks/february-jocks/

  [12] https://www.abc.net.au/news/2004-02-16/fifty-police-injured-in-redfern-riot/136268

  [13] https://qram.com.au/black-jocks/february-jocks/

  [14] https://www.dailyexaminer.com.au/news/yamba-blame-game/474718/

 [15] https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/heritagebranch/heritage/media/120214aboriginalchildrenshomes.pdf

   [16] https://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/indigenous/inquiry-to-examine-the-harmful-use-of-alcohol-in-indigenous-communities/news-story/51c1257dd67c04b3018132a092f4713c

  [17] https://antar.org.au/campaigns/redfern-statement

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