Thursday, February 7, 2019

February 7 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1788 - The Colony of New South Wales was formally proclaimed. The official ceremony was performed by Judge-Advocate David Collins and marked the effective commencement of the British colony. Captain Arthur Phillip assumed the Office of Governor.

1803 - Charles Grimes Survey Party went up the Yarra to a creek, believed to be Gardiner’s Creek, where they saw local Boonwurrung people.

1841 - Munangabum was an influential clan head of the Liarga balug and Spiritual Leader or neyerneyemeet of the Djadja wurrung. Munangabum was shot and wounded by settlers on this day while his companion Gondiurmin died at 14 Mile Creek (or Far Creek later Glen Mona station) on Bet Bet Creek, west of Maryborough, Victoria.
Three settlers were later apprehended and tried on 18 May 1841 but were acquitted for want of evidence as Kooris could not give evidence in courts of law.

1851 -The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News published on its front cover the "Annual Reports of The Guardians of Aborigines[sic] "
ual Reports of the Guardians of Aborigines.
1868 - Constable William Griffis (WA) was speared at Nickol Bay Roebourne.

1872 - Madame Ghurka, the Queen of fortune tellers aka Julia Gibson, was dropped off by the stork.
Read her colourful life story HERE

1890 - We dratted women were getting in everywhere, even in the doctorin' game when Dr Emma Constance Stone became the first registered female doctor in Oz.

1939 - Published in the Sydney Daily Mail was a headline “Nazis Behind Panic”, which alleged that the exodus of the Koori community from Cummeragunja had manifested as an act in support of the German press, to provide it with “material to further Nazi claims for the return of colonies.”
Jack Patten, a leader of the Cummeragunja walk-off later sued the Sydney Daily Mail for libel, but without success.

1944 - Esther Gwendolyn (Stella) Bowen became the second woman war artist to be appointed by the Australian government. This was arduous and often distressing work; some portraits of Royal Australian Air Force bomber crews based in England had to be finished with the aid of photographs. The Australian War Memorial, Canberra, holds forty-six of her wartime oils and pencil drawings.

1967 - Distinguished Aboriginal author and inventor David Unaipon died at Tailem Bend. His achievements were later commemorated by the national David Unaipon Award for Aboriginal writers, instituted in 1988, and by his portrait, featured on one side of the $50 note, first issued in 1995.

1972 - Gough Whitlam promised that a Labor government would grant Aboriginal land rights, provide free legal aid for Aborigines who believed that their rights are being denied, and overrule state laws which discriminated against them.

1975 - Daniel Alfred Yock , dancer, was born today at Cherbourg Aboriginal Settlement, QLD.
Yock became one of the best known of the Aboriginal people to have died in custody in Queensland. His short life and tragic death were commemorated by a songwriter, Kev Carmody, and by at least two poets, Fogarty and Kaylah Kayemtee Tyson.

1979 - Composition of the Tiwi Land Trust and the Tiwi Land Council was determined at a meeting of the Land Council held on this day. Selection procedures for membership was initially based on 12 clan or ‘country’ groups on the Tiwi Islands.

1986 – Lindy Chamberlain was released from prison after serving three years upon the finding of new evidence which eventually led a judge to overturn her conviction.

1997 - Brisbane City Council, churches and local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities began a series of events entitled Kul-gun Da ‘Lo-bol’ pa - The Journey Home, to recognise the Stolen Generation.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Elders led a procession to City Hall where they were formally welcomed by the Lord Mayor. Cultural and historical ceremonies were conducted to mark the start of a healing process and a commemorative plaque was placed near City Hall.

2017 - The University of Sydney announced;
" A vital resource of Australian academic work and engagement with Indigenous people, held by the University of Sydney, will be inscribed on the UNESCO Australian Memory of the World Register."
"Australia’s oldest collection of academic anthropology records documenting Aboriginal communities in Australia and Indigenous communities in the South Pacific region has been recognised by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Australian Memory of the World (AMW) Register."

1 comment:

  1. Of course the settlers were acquitted if the people they damaged were prohibited from giving evidence. Sigh.